Charged-hadron production in $pp$, $p$+Pb, Pb+Pb, and Xe+Xe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\text{NN}}}=5$ TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC

The ATLAS collaboration
JHEP 07 (2023) 074, 2023.

Abstract (data abstract)
CERN-LHC. Charged-hadron spectra obtained in $pp$, $p$+Pb, and Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ or $\sqrt{s_{_\text{NN}}}=5.02$TeV, and in Xe+Xe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\text{NN}}}=5.44$TeV. The data recorded by the ATLAS detector at the LHC have total integrated luminosities of 25pb${}^{-1}$, 28nb${}^{-1}$, 0.50nb${}^{-1}$, and 3$\mu$b${}^{-1}$, respectively. The nuclear modification factors $R_{p\text{Pb}}$ and $R_\text{AA}$ are obtained by comparing the spectra in heavy-ion and $pp$ collisions in a wide range of charged-particle transverse momenta and pseudorapidity. The nuclear modification factor $R_{p\text{Pb}}$ shows a moderate enhancement above unity with maximum at $p_{\mathrm{T}} \approx 3$GeV; the enhancement is stronger in the Pb-going direction. The nuclear modification factors in both Pb+Pb and Xe+Xe collisions feature a significant, centrality-dependent suppression. They show a similar distinct $p_{\mathrm{T}}$-dependence with a local maximum at $p_{\mathrm{T}} \approx 2$GeV and local minimum at $p_{\mathrm{T}} \approx 7$GeV. This dependence is more distinguishable in more central collisions. No significant $|\eta|$-dependence is found.

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