Non-Gaussian elliptic-flow fluctuations in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{\smash[b]{s_{_\text{NN}}}} = 5.02$ TeV

The CMS collaboration
Phys.Lett.B 789 (2019) 643-665, 2019.

Event-by-event fluctuations in the elliptic-flow coefficient $v_2$ are studied in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\text{NN}}} = 5.02$ TeV using the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. Elliptic-flow probability distributions ${p}(v_2)$ for charged particles with transverse momentum 0.3$< p_\mathrm{T} <$3.0 GeV and pseudorapidity $| \eta | <$ 1.0 are determined for different collision centrality classes. The moments of the ${p}(v_2)$ distributions are used to calculate the $v_{2}$ coefficients based on cumulant orders 2, 4, 6, and 8. A rank ordering of the higher-order cumulant results and nonzero standardized skewness values obtained for the ${p}(v_2)$ distributions indicate non-Gaussian initial-state fluctuation behavior. Bessel-Gaussian and elliptic power fits to the flow distributions are studied to characterize the initial-state spatial anisotropy.

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