Measurement of differential cross sections and charge ratios for $t$-channel single top quark production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration
Eur.Phys.J.C 80 (2020) 370, 2020.

Abstract (data abstract)
A measurement is presented of differential cross sections for $t$-channel single top quark and antiquark production in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $13~\rm{TeV}$ by the CMS experiment at the LHC. From a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $35.9~\rm{fb}^{-1}$, events containing one muon or electron and two or three jets are analysed. The cross section is measured as a function of the top quark transverse momentum ($p_{\rm{T}}$), rapidity, and polarisation angle, the charged lepton $p_{\rm{T}}$ and rapidity, and the $p_{\rm{T}}$ of the W boson from the top quark decay. In addition, the charge ratio is measured differentially as a function of the top quark, charged lepton, and W boson kinematic observables. The results are found to be in agreement with standard model predictions using various next-to-leading-order event generators and sets of parton distribution functions. Additionally, the spin asymmetry, sensitive to the top quark polarisation, is determined from the differential distribution of the polarisation angle at parton level to be $0.440 \pm 0.070$, in agreement with the standard model prediction.

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