Dihadron azimuthal correlations in Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 200 GeV
Phys.Rev.C 78 (2008) 014901, 2008.
The PHENIX collaboration

Abstract (data abstract)
BNL-RHIC. Azimuthal angle ($\Delta\phi$) correlations are presented for a broad range of transverse momentum ($0.4 < p_{\rm T} < 10$~GeV/$c$) and centrality (0-92%) selections for charged hadrons from di-jets in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 200 GeV. With increasing $p_{\rm T}$, the away-side $\Delta\phi$ distribution evolves from a broad and relatively flat shape to a concave shape, then to a convex shape. Comparisons to $p+p$ data suggest that the away-side distribution can be divided into a partially suppressed "head" region centered at $\Delta\phi\sim\pi$, and an enhanced "shoulder" region centered at $\Delta\phi\sim \pi\pm 1.1$. The $p_{\rm T}$ spectrum for the associated hadrons in the head region softens toward central collisions. The spectral slope for the shoulder region is independent of centrality and trigger $p_{\rm T}$. The properties of the near-side distributions are also modified relative to those in $p+p$ collisions, reflected by the broadening of the jet shape in $\Delta\phi$ and $\Delta\eta$, and an enhancement of the per-trigger yield. However, these modifications seem to be limited to $p_{\rm T}\lesssim4$ GeV/$c$, above which both the hadron pair shape and per-trigger yield become similar to $p+p$ collisions. These observations suggest that both the away- and near-side distributions contain a jet fragmentation component which dominates for $p_{\rm T}\gtrsim5$ GeV and a medium-induced component which is important for $p_{\rm T}\lesssim4$ GeV/$c$. We also quantify the role of jets at intermediate and low $p_{\rm T}$ through the yield of jet-induced pairs in comparison to binary scaled $p+p$ pair yield. The yield of jet-induced pairs is suppressed at high pair proxy energy (sum of the $p_{\rm T}$ magnitudes of the two hadrons) and is enhanced at low pair proxy energy. The former is consistent with jet quenching; the latter is consistent with the enhancement of soft hadron pairs due to transport of lost energy to lower $p_{\rm T}$.

Version 2 modifications: Multiple corrections of plots

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