Measurement of away-side broadening with self-subtraction of flow in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=200$ GeV
Chin.Phys.C 44 (2020) 104001, 2020.
The STAR collaboration

Abstract
High transverse momentum ($p_T$) particle production is suppressed due to parton (jet) energy loss in the hot dense medium created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Redistribution of energy at low-to-modest $p_T$ has been elusive to measure because of large anisotropic backgrounds. We report a novel data-driven method for background evaluation and subtraction, exploiting the away-side pseudorapidity gaps, to measure the jetlike correlation shape in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}}=200$ GeV with the STAR experiment. The correlation shapes, for trigger particle $p_T>3$ GeV/$c$ and various associated particle $p_T$ ranges within $0.5<p_T<10$ GeV/$c$, are consistent with Gaussians and their widths are found to increase with centrality. The results indicate jet broadening in the medium created in central heavy-ion collisions.

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