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Neutral pion cross section and spin asymmetries at intermediate pseudorapidity in polarized proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration
Phys.Rev.D 89 (2014) 012001, 2014.

Abstract (data abstract)
The differential cross section and spin asymmetries for neutral pions produced within the intermediate pseudorapidity range 0.8 < $\eta$ < 2.0 in polarized proton-proton collisions at $sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV are presented. Neutral pions were detected using the endcap electromagnetic calorimeter in the STAR detector at RHIC. The cross section was measured over a transverse momentum range of 5 < $p_{T}$ < 16 GeV/c and is found to be within the scale uncertainty of a next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculation. The longitudinal double-spin asymmetry, $A_{LL}$, is measured in the same pseudorapidity range. This quantity is sensitive to the gluonic contribution to the proton spin, $\Delta$g(x), at low Bjorken-x (down to x $\approx$ 0.01), where it is less constrained by measurements at central pseudorapidity. The measured $A_{LL}$ is consistent with model predictions. The parity-violating asymmetry, $A_{L}$, is also measured and found to be consistent with zero. The transverse single-spin asymmetry, $A_{N}$, is measured within a previously unexplored kinematic range in Feynman-x and $p_{T}$. Such measurements may aid our understanding of the on-set and kinematic dependence of the large asymmetries observed at more forward pseudorapidity ($\eta \approx 3$) and their underlying mechanisms. The $A_{N}$ results presented are consistent with a twist-3 model prediction of a small asymmetry within the present kinematic range.

  • Figure 1

    Data from Figure 1

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    Distributions of x1 and x2 in two different bins of reconstructed $\pi^{0}$ pT for events at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV...

  • Figure 2 left panel

    Data from Figure 2 left panel

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    Comparison of data to Monte Carlo for the distributions of two-photon invariant mass (left) and energy for the higher (center)...

  • Figure 2 right panel

    Data from Figure 2 right panel

    10.17182/hepdata.103061.v1/t3

    Comparison of data to Monte Carlo for the distributions of two-photon invariant mass (left) and energy for the higher (center)...

  • Figure 2 center panel

    Data from Figure 2 center panel

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    Comparison of data to Monte Carlo for the distributions of two-photon invariant mass (left) and energy for the higher (center)...

  • Figure 3

    Data from Figure 3

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    Invariant mass distribution for the two-photon system with 7 < pT < 8 GeV/c.

  • Figure 4 left panel

    Data from Figure 4 left panel

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    Signal fractions calculated within the “peak region” of 0.1 < $M_{\gamma\gamma}$ < 0.2 $GeV/c^{2}$. Fractions for the full dataset as...

  • Figure 4 right panel

    Data from Figure 4 right panel

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    Signal fractions calculated within the “peak region” of 0.1 < $M_{\gamma\gamma}$ < 0.2 $GeV/c^{2}$. Fractions for the full dataset as...

  • Figure 5 Data

    Data from Figure 5 Data

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    Upper panel, the $\pi^{0}$ cross section (blue markers) is shown compared with an NLO pQCD cal- culation with three options...

  • Figure 5 Theory

    Data from Figure 5 Theory

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    Upper panel, the $\pi^{0}$ cross section (blue markers) is shown compared with an NLO pQCD cal- culation with three options...

  • Figure 7 Data

    Data from Figure 7 Data

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    The ALL results (blue markers) are presented with the DSSV prediction and the GRSV prediction using the best fit to...

  • Figure 7 Theory 1

    Data from Figure 7 Theory 1

    10.17182/hepdata.103061.v1/t11

    The ALL results (blue markers) are presented with the DSSV prediction and the GRSV prediction using the best fit to...

  • Figure 7 Theory 2

    Data from Figure 7 Theory 2

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    The ALL results (blue markers) are presented with the DSSV prediction and the GRSV prediction using the best fit to...

  • Figure 8 Data 1

    Data from Figure 8 Data 1

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    The AN results are plotted versus $x_{F}$ integrated over 5 < pT < 12 GeV/c (left panel) and versus pT...

  • Figure 8 Data 2

    Data from Figure 8 Data 2

    10.17182/hepdata.103061.v1/t14

    The AN results are plotted versus $x_{F}$ integrated over 5 < pT < 12 GeV/c (left panel) and versus pT...

  • Figure 8 Theory 1

    Data from Figure 8 Theory 1

    10.17182/hepdata.103061.v1/t15

    The AN results are plotted versus $x_{F}$ integrated over 5 < pT < 12 GeV/c (left panel) and versus pT...

  • Figure 8 Theory 2

    Data from Figure 8 Theory 2

    10.17182/hepdata.103061.v1/t16

    The AN results are plotted versus $x_{F}$ integrated over 5 < pT < 12 GeV/c (left panel) and versus pT...

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