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Detection of $B$-Mode Polarization at Degree Angular Scales by BICEP2

The BICEP2 collaboration
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 241101, 2014

Abstract (data abstract)
BICEP2. Results are reported from the BICEP2 experiment, a Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarimeter specifically designed to search for the signal of inflationary gravitational waves in the B-mode power spectrum around angular multipole ~ 80. BICEP2 observed from the South Pole for three seasons from 2010 to 2012. An excess of B-mode power over the base lensed-LambdaCDM expectation is found in the range 30 < multipole < 150, inconsistent with the null hypothesis at a significance of > 5 sigma. The observed B-mode power spectrum is well-fit by a lensed-LambdaCDM + tensor theoretical model with tensor/scalar ratio r = 0.20 +0.07,-0.05, with r = 0 disfavoured at 7.0 sigma. Subtracting the best available estimate for foreground dust modifies the likelihood slightly so that r = 0 is disfavoured at 5.9 sigma.

  • Table 1

    Data from Figure 2


    BICEP2 TT, TE, EE, BB, TB, and EB bandpowers, ell*(ell+1)*C(ell)/(2*PI), and uncertainties, corresponding to Figure 2. Uncertainties are statistical only,...

  • Table 2

    Data from Figure 10


    Likelihood for the tensor-to-scalar ratio, r, derived from the BICEP2 BB spectrum, corresponding to the black curve from the middle...

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