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Measurement of the forward $Z$ boson production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration
JHEP 1508 (2015) 039, 2015

Abstract (data abstract)
CERN-LHC. A measurement of the production cross-section for $Z$ bosons that decay to muons is presented. The data were recorded by the LHCb detector during $pp$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb$^{-1}$. The cross-section is measured for muons in the pseudorapidity range $2.0 < \eta < 4.5$ with transverse momenta $p_{T} > 20$ GeV/c. The dimuon mass is restricted to $60 < M_{\mu^{+}\mu^{-}} < 120$ GeV/c$^{2}$. The measured cross-section is $$\sigma_{Z\rightarrow\mu^{+}\mu^{-}} = (76.0 \pm 0.3 \pm 0.5 \pm 1.0 \pm 1.3) \, \text{pb}$$ where the uncertainties are due to the sample size, systematic effects, the beam energy and the luminosity. This result is in good agreement with theoretical predictions at next-to-next-to-leading order in perturbative quantum chromodynamics. The cross-section is also measured differentially as a function of kinematic variables of the $Z$ boson. Ratios of the production cross-sections of electroweak bosons are presented using updated LHCb measurements of $W$ boson production. A precise test of the Standard Model is provided by the measurement of the ratio $$\frac{\sigma_{W^{+}\rightarrow\mu^{+}\nu_{\mu}} + \sigma_{W^{-}\rightarrow\mu^{-}\bar{\nu}_{\mu}}}{\sigma_{Z\rightarrow\mu^{+}\mu^{-}}} = 20.63\pm0.09\pm0.12\pm0.05,$$ where the uncertainty due to luminosity cancels. The updated $W^\pm$ boson cross-sections used to derived the above ratio are $$\sigma_{W^{+}\rightarrow\mu^{+}\nu_{\mu}} = 878.0 \pm 2.1 \pm 6.7 \pm 9.3 \pm 15.0 \text{ pb} $$ and $$\sigma_{W^{-}\rightarrow\mu^{-}\bar{\nu}_{\mu}} = 689.5 \pm 2.0 \pm 5.3 \pm 6.3 \pm 11.8 \text{ pb}, $$ where the uncertainties are due to the sample size, systematic effects, the beam energy and the luminosity determination.

  • Table 1

    Data from T 3

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t1

    Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of rapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

  • Table 2

    Data from T 4

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t2

    Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of transverse momentum. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

  • Table 3

    Data from T 5

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t3

    Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of PHI*. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

  • Table 4

    Data from T 6

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t4

    Inclusive cross-section for $W^+$ and $W^-$ boson production in bins of muon pseudorapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and...

  • Table 5

    Data from T 7

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t5

    Ratio of $W^+$ to $W^-$ cross-section in bins of muon pseudorapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic and beam.

  • Table 6

    Data from T 8

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t6

    Lepton charge asymmetry in bins of muon pseudorapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic and beam.

  • Table 7

    Data from T 9

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t7

    Correlation coefficients of differential cross-section measurements as a function of $y_{Z}$. The beam energy and luminosity uncertainties, which are fully...

  • Table 8

    Data from T 10

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t8

    Correlation coefficients of differential cross-section measurements as a function of transverse momentum. The beam energy and luminosity uncertainties, which are...

  • Table 9

    Data from T 11

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t9

    Correlation coefficients of differential cross-section measurements as a function of $\phi^{*}$. The beam energy and luminosity uncertainties, which are fully...

  • Table 10

    Data from T 12

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t10

    Correlation coefficients of differential cross-section measurements as a function of lepton $\eta$. The beam energy and luminosity uncertainties, which are...

  • Table 11

    Data from T 13

    10.17182/hepdata.2114.v1/t11

    Correlation coefficients between differential cross-section measurements as a function $y_{Z}$ and $W^{\pm}$ boson muon $\eta$. The beam energy and luminosity...

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