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Measurement of the (anti-)$^{3}$He elliptic flow in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration
Phys.Lett.B 805 (2020) 135414 , 2020.

Abstract
The elliptic flow ($v_{2}$) of (anti-)$^{3}$He is measured in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV in the transverse-momentum ($p_{\rm{T}}$) range of 2-6 GeV/$c$ for the centrality classes 0-20%, 20-40%, and 40-60% using the event-plane method. This measurement is compared to that of pions, kaons, and protons at the same center-of-mass energy. A clear mass ordering is observed at low $p_{\rm{T}}$, as expected from relativistic hydrodynamics. The violation of the scaling of $v_{2}$ with the number of constituent quarks at low $p_{\rm{T}}$, already observed for identified hadrons and deuterons at LHC energies, is confirmed also for (anti-)$^{3}$He. The elliptic flow of (anti-)$^{3}$He is underestimated by the Blast-Wave model and overestimated by a simple coalescence approach based on nucleon scaling. The elliptic flow of (anti-)$^{3}$He measured in the centrality classes 0-20% and 20-40% is well described by a more sophisticated coalescence model where the phase-space distributions of protons and neutrons are generated using the iEBE-VISHNU hybrid model with AMPT initial conditions.

  • Table 1

    Figure 3

    10.17182/hepdata.95240.v1/t1

    Event-plane resolution $R_{\Psi_{2}}$ of the second harmonic as a function of the collision centrality.

  • Table 2

    Figure 4

    10.17182/hepdata.95240.v1/t2

    Elliptic flow ($v_{2}$) of (anti-)$^{3}$He measured in Pb-Pb collisions at \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.02 TeV for the centrality classes 0--20$\%$, 20--40$\%$,...

  • Table 3

    Figure 4

    10.17182/hepdata.95240.v1/t3

    Elliptic flow ($v_{2}$) of (anti-)$^{3}$He measured in Pb-Pb collisions at \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.02 TeV for the centrality classes 0--20$\%$, 20--40$\%$,...

  • Table 4

    Figure 4

    10.17182/hepdata.95240.v1/t4

    Elliptic flow ($v_{2}$) of (anti-)$^{3}$He measured in Pb-Pb collisions at \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.02 TeV for the centrality classes 0--20$\%$, 20--40$\%$,...

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