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Search for Higgs Boson Decays into a $Z$ Boson and a Light Hadronically Decaying Resonance Using 13 TeV $pp$ Collision Data from the ATLAS Detector

The ATLAS collaboration
Phys.Rev.Lett. 125 (2020) 221802, 2020.

Abstract (data abstract)
A search for Higgs boson decays into a $Z~\text{boson}$ and a light resonance in two-lepton plus jet events is performed, using a $pp$ collision dataset with an integrated luminosity of $139~fb^{-1}$ collected at $\sqrt{s}=13~\text{TeV}$ by the ATLAS experiment at the CERN LHC. The resonance considered is a light boson with a mass below $4~\text{GeV}$ from a possible extended scalar sector, or a charmonium state. Multivariate discriminants are used for the event selection and for evaluating the mass of the light resonance. No excess of events above the expected background is found. Observed (expected) 95% confidence-level upper limits are set on the Higgs boson production cross section times branching fraction to a $Z~\text{boson}$ and the signal resonance, with values in the range $17~\text{pb}$ to $340~\text{pb}$ ($16^{+6}_{-5}~\text{pb}$ to $320^{+130}_{-90}~\text{pb}$) for the different light spin-0 boson mass and branching fraction hypotheses, and with values of $110~\text{pb}$ and $100~\text{pb}$ ($100^{+40}_{-30}~\text{pb}$ and $100^{+40}_{-30}~\text{pb}$) for the $\eta_c$ and $J/\psi$ hypotheses, respectively.

  • Table 1

    Data from analysis


    Observed number of data events and expected number of background events in the signal region.

  • Table 2

    Data from TABLE 1 of AUXMAT


    Efficiencies of the MLP selection, complete selection and total expected signal yields for each signal sample, assuming B$(H\to Z(Q/a))=100\%$ and...

  • Table 3

    Data from TABLE 1


    Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on $\sigma(pp\to H)B(H\to Za)/$pb. These results are quoted for $B(a\to gg)=100\%$ and $B(a\to...

  • Table 4

    Data from analysis


    Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on $\sigma(pp\to H)B(H\to Z(\eta_c~\text{or}~J/\psi))/$pb. The smaller (larger) quoted ranges around the expected limits...

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