Search for a new Z' gauge boson in $4\mu$ events with the ATLAS experiment

The ATLAS collaboration
CERN-EP-2022-251, 2023.

Abstract (data abstract)
This paper presents a search for a new $Z'$ vector gauge boson with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider using $pp$ collision data collected at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb$^{-1}$.The new gauge boson $Z'$ is predicted by $L_{\mu}-L_{\tau}$ models to address observed phenomena that can not be explained by the Standard Model.The search examines the four-muon (4$\mu$) final state, using a deep learning neural network classifier to separate the $Z'$ signal from the Standard Model background events.The di-muon invariant masses in the $4\mu$ events are used to extract the $Z'$ resonance signature.No significant excess of events is observed over the predicted background.Upper limits at a 95% confidence level on the $Z'$ production cross-section times the decay branching fraction of $pp \rightarrow Z'\mu\mu \rightarrow 4\mu$ are set from 0.31 to 4.3 fb for the $Z'$ mass ranging from 5 to 81 GeV.The corresponding common coupling strengths, $g_{Z'}$, of the $Z'$ boson to the second and third generation leptons above 0.003 -- 0.2 have been excluded.

  • Table 1

    Data from Table 1

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t1

    Summary of the chosen $Z'$ hypotheses and corresponding coupling, width, and cross-section (calculated at LO accuracy in QCD) at each...

  • Table 2

    Data from Table 2

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t2

    The $Z'$ signal event selection efficiencies compared to the events passing the previous cut level for several representative mass points....

  • Table 3

    Data from Table 3

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t3

    The selected 4$\mu$ events in data and the estimated backgrounds and their combined statistical and systematic uncertainties.

  • Table 4

    Data from Figure 2 (a)

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t4

    Distributions of $p_{T}^{Z_1}$. Small background contributions are denoted as "other backgrounds", including 4$\mu$ events containing non-prompt muons estimated from data...

  • Table 5

    Data from Figure 2 (b)

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t5

    Distributions of $p_{T}^{Z_2}$. Small background contributions are denoted as "other backgrounds", including 4$\mu$ events containing non-prompt muons estimated from data...

  • Table 6

    Data from Figure 2 (c)

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t6

    Distributions of the mass difference of the $Z_1$ and $Z_2$ candidates. Small background contributions are denoted as "other backgrounds", including...

  • Table 7

    Data from Figure 3 (a)

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    The pDNN output discriminant variable distributions for low mass with a signal sample at 35 GeV and 51 GeV, respectively.

  • Table 8

    Data from Figure 3 (b)

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    The pDNN output discriminant variable distributions for high mass with a signal sample at 35 GeV and 51 GeV, respectively.

  • Table 9

    Data from Figure 4 (a)

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    Mass spectra of $m_{Z2}$ for the pDNN-selected events with a signal sample at 15 GeV.

  • Table 10

    Data from Figure 4 (b)

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    Mass spectra of $m_{Z1}$ for the pDNN-selected events with a signal sample at 51 GeV.

  • Table 11

    Data from Figure 5

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    The $p_0$-value scan across the Z' mass signal regions.

  • Table 12

    Data from Figure 6 (a)

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    95% CL upper limits (expected and observed) on the cross-sections times branching fraction. The discontinuity at 42 GeV represents the...

  • Table 13

    Data from Figure 6 (b)

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    95% CL upper limits (expected and observed) on the coupling parameter. The discontinuity at 42 GeV represents the border of...

  • Table 14

    Data from Figure 8 in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t14

    The parameterized mass resolution $\sigma_{m_{\mu\mu}}$ as a function of $m_{Z'}$ using fully simulated $Z' \rightarrow \mu^+\mu^-$ events.

  • Table 15

    Data from Figure 12 (a) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t15

    The transverse momentum $p_{T}$ distributions for each muon (ordered with $p_{T}$ from (a) to (d)). In addition to the major...

  • Table 16

    Data from Figure 12 (b) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t16

    The transverse momentum $p_{T}$ distributions for each muon (ordered with $p_{T}$ from (a) to (d)). In addition to the major...

  • Table 17

    Data from Figure 12 (c) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t17

    The transverse momentum $p_{T}$ distributions for each muon (ordered with $p_{T}$ from (a) to (d)). In addition to the major...

  • Table 18

    Data from Figure 12 (d) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t18

    The transverse momentum $p_{T}$ distributions for each muon (ordered with $p_{T}$ from (a) to (d)). In addition to the major...

  • Table 19

    Data from Figure 13 (a) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t19

    Kinematic distributions of the pre-selected $4\mu$ events. The plots (a) to (d) are the $\eta$ distributions of the 4 muons...

  • Table 20

    Data from Figure 13 (b) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t20

    Kinematic distributions of the pre-selected $4\mu$ events. The plots (a) to (d) are the $\eta$ distributions of the 4 muons...

  • Table 21

    Data from Figure 13 (c) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t21

    Kinematic distributions of the pre-selected $4\mu$ events. The plots (a) to (d) are the $\eta$ distributions of the 4 muons...

  • Table 22

    Data from Figure 13 (d) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t22

    Kinematic distributions of the pre-selected $4\mu$ events. The plots (a) to (d) are the $\eta$ distributions of the 4 muons...

  • Table 23

    Data from Figure 14 (a) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t23

    Kinematic distributions of the pre-selected $4\mu$ events. Plots (a) to (d) are the angular separations, $\Delta R$ of the two...

  • Table 24

    Data from Figure 14 (b) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t24

    Kinematic distributions of the pre-selected $4\mu$ events. Plots (a) to (d) are the angular separations, $\Delta R$ of the two...

  • Table 25

    Data from Figure 14 (c) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t25

    Kinematic distributions of the pre-selected $4\mu$ events. Plots (a) to (d) are the angular separations, $\Delta R$ of the two...

  • Table 26

    Data from Figure 14 (d) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t26

    Kinematic distributions of the pre-selected $4\mu$ events. Plots (a) to (d) are the angular separations, $\Delta R$ of the two...

  • Table 27

    Data from Figure 15 (a) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t27

    Data and MC comparison of the $Z \to 4\mu$ invariant mass using pre-selected 4$\mu$ events. Figure (b) shows the distribution...

  • Table 28

    Data from Figure 15 (b) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t28

    Data and MC comparison of the $Z \to 4\mu$ invariant mass using pre-selected 4$\mu$ events. Figure (b) shows the distribution...

  • Table 29

    Data from Figure 15 (c) in the auxiliary material

    10.17182/hepdata.130818.v1/t29

    Data and MC comparison of the $Z \to 4\mu$ invariant mass using pre-selected 4$\mu$ events. Figure (b) shows the distribution...

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