Study of dijet events with large rapidity separation in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 2.76 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-FSQ-13-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1963239 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113660

The cross sections for inclusive and Mueller-Navelet dijet production are measured as a function of the rapidity separation between the jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 2.76 TeV for jets with transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T} \gt $ 35 GeV and rapidity $\vert y\vert\lt $ 4.7. Various dijet production cross section ratios are also measured. A veto on additional jets with $p_\mathrm{T} \gt $ 20 GeV is introduced to improve the sensitivity to the effects of the Balitsky-Fadin-Kuraev-Lipatov (BFKL) evolution. The measurement is compared with the predictions of various Monte Carlo models based on leading-order and next-to-leading-order calculations including the Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi leading-logarithm (LL) parton shower as well as the LL BFKL resummation.

24 data tables

Summary of the systematic uncertainties on the cross section dσincl/d∆y.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties on the cross section dσMN/d∆y.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties on the ratio Rincl.

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First search for exclusive diphoton production at high mass with tagged protons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The TOTEM & CMS collaborations Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Bergauer, Thomas ; et al.
CMS-EXO-18-014, 2021.
Inspire Record 1942141 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113659

A search for exclusive two-photon production via photon exchange in proton-proton collisions, pp $\to$ p$\gamma\gamma$p with intact protons, is presented. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 9.4 fb$^{-1}$ collected in 2016 using the CMS and TOTEM detectors at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV at the LHC. Events are selected with a diphoton invariant mass above 350 GeV and with both protons intact in the final state, to reduce backgrounds from strong interactions. The events of interest are those where the invariant mass and rapidity calculated from the momentum losses of the forward-moving protons matches the mass and rapidity of the central, two-photon system. No events are found that satisfy this condition. Interpreting this result in an effective dimension-8 extension of the standard model, the first limits are set on the two anomalous four-photon coupling parameters. If the other parameter is constrained to its standard model value, the limits at 95% CL are $\lvert\zeta_1\rvert\lt$ 2.88$\times$10$^{-13}$ GeV$^{-4}$ and $\lvert\zeta_2\rvert\lt$6.02$\times$10$^{-13}$GeV$^{-4}$.

6 data tables

Cut flow for the diphoton selection stages defined in the text (signal contribution is magnified by a factor 5000).

Invariant mass distribution of the diphoton pairs for the elastic selection region with events satisfying a < 0.005 (signal contribution is magnified by a factor 5000).

Predicted number of events having an elastic diphoton pair in association with a pair of protons observed within the range where the proton detectors have a radiation inefficiency less than 10%. The yields where the two-photon and two-proton systems mass and rapidity are matching at 2 and 3$\sigma$ are also quoted. This corresponds to a search region of $m_{\gamma\gamma} > 350$ GeV, $0.070 < \xi^+ < 0.111$, and $0.070 < \xi^- < 0.138$.

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Measurement of double-parton scattering in inclusive production of four jets with low transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-SMP-20-007, 2021.
Inspire Record 1932460 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102460

A measurement of inclusive four-jet production in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13\TeV is presented. The transverse momenta of jets within $\lvert\eta\rvert \lt$ 4.7 reach down to 35, 30, 25, and 20 GeV for the first-, second-, third-, and fourth-leading jet, respectively. Differential cross sections are measured as functions of the jet transverse momentum, jet pseudorapidity, and several other observables that describe the angular correlations between the jets. The measured distributions show sensitivity to different aspects of the underlying event, parton shower, and matrix element calculations. In particular, the interplay between angular correlations caused by parton shower and double-parton scattering contributions is shown to be important. The double-parton scattering contribution is extracted by means of a template fit to the data, using distributions for single-parton scattering obtained from Monte Carlo event generators and a double-parton scattering distribution constructed from inclusive single-jet events in data. The effective double-parton scattering cross section is calculated and discussed in view of previous measurements and of its dependence on the models used to describe the single-parton scattering background.

62 data tables

Comparison of the pT spectrum for the leading jet from data to different PYTHIA8 (P8),HERWIG++ (H++),and HERWIG7 (H7) tunes.

Comparison of the pT spectrum for the sub-leading from data to different PYTHIA8 (P8),HERWIG++ (H++),and HERWIG7 (H7) tunes.

Comparison of the pT spectrum for the third-leading from data to different PYTHIA8 (P8),HERWIG++ (H++),and HERWIG7 (H7) tunes.

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Observation of B$^0_s$ mesons and measurement of the B$^0_s$/B$^+$ yield ratio in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Ambrogi, Federico ; et al.
CMS-HIN-19-011, 2021.
Inspire Record 1917092 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95232

The B$^0_s$ and B$^+$ production yields are measured in PbPb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV. The data sample, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 1.7 nb$^{-1}$. The mesons are reconstructed in the exclusive decay channels B$^0_s$$\to$ J/$\psi(\mu^+\mu^-)\phi($K$^+$K$^-)$ and B$^+$$\to$ J/$\psi(\mu^+\mu^-)$K$^+$. The B$^0_s$ meson is observed with a statistical significance in excess of five standard deviations for the first time in nucleus-nucleus collisions. The measurements are performed as functions of the transverse momentum of the B mesons and of the PbPb collision centrality. The ratio of production yields of B$^0_s$ and B$^+$ is measured and compared to theoretical models that include quark recombination effects.

6 data tables

The acceptance- and efficiency-corrected yields for the $\mathrm{B}^{0}_{\mathrm{s}}$ mesons, scaled by $T_{\mathrm{AA}}$ and $N_{\text{MB}}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV. The results are shown as a function of the meson $p_{T}$.

The acceptance- and efficiency-corrected yields for the $\mathrm{B}^{+}$ mesons, scaled by $T_{\mathrm{AA}}$ and $N_{\text{MB}}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV. The results are shown as a function of the meson $p_{T}$.

The acceptance- and efficiency-corrected yields for the $\mathrm{B}^{0}_{\mathrm{s}}$ mesons, scaled by $T_{\mathrm{AA}}$ and $N_{\text{MB}}$ in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV. The results are shown as a function of the event $\langle N_{part} \rangle$.

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$\mathrm {K_S}^{0}$- and (anti-)$\Lambda $-hadron correlations in pp collisions at ${\sqrt{s}} = 13$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 81 (2021) 945, 2021.
Inspire Record 1891391 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114015

Two-particle azimuthal correlations are measured with the ALICE apparatus in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV to explore strangeness- and multiplicity-related effects in the fragmentation of jets and the transition regime between bulk and hard production, probed with the condition that a strange meson (K$^{0}_{\rm S}$) or a baryon ($\Lambda$) with transverse momentum $p_{\rm T} > 3$ GeV/c is produced. Azimuthal correlations between kaons or $\Lambda$ hyperons with other hadrons are presented at midrapidity for a broad range of the trigger ($3 < p_{\rm T}^{\rm trigg} < 20$ GeV/$c$) and associated particle $p_{\rm T}$ (1 GeV/$c$$< p_{\rm T}^{\rm assoc} < p_{\rm T}^{\rm trigg}$), for minimum-bias events and as a function of the event multiplicity. The near- and away-side peak yields are compared for the case of either K$^{0}_{\rm S}$ or $\Lambda$($\overline{\Lambda}$) being the trigger particle with that of inclusive hadrons (a sample dominated by pions). In addition, the measurements are compared with predictions from PYTHIA 8 and EPOS LHC event generators.

81 data tables

Two-dimensional $K_S^0$-h correlation function with $3<p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{trigg}}< 4 \mathrm{GeV}/c$ and $1 \mathrm{GeV}/c<p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{assoc}}< p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{trigg}} $

$\Delta\varphi$ projection of h-h correlation function with $3<p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{trigg}}< 4 \mathrm{GeV}/c$ and $1 \mathrm{GeV}/c<p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{assoc}}< p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{trigg}} $

$\Delta\varphi$ projection of $K_S^0$-h correlation function with $3<p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{trigg}}< 4 \mathrm{GeV}/c$ and $1 \mathrm{GeV}/c<p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{assoc}}< p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{trigg}} $

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Anisotropic flow of identified hadrons in Xe-Xe collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} $ = 5.44 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2021) 152, 2021.
Inspire Record 1889989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.114014

Measurements of elliptic ($v_2$) and triangular ($v_3$) flow coefficients of $\pi^{\pm}$, K$^{\pm}$, p+$\rm \overline{p}$, K$^0_{\rm S}$, and $\Lambda + \overline{\Lambda}$ obtained with the scalar product method in Xe-Xe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.44 TeV are presented. The results are obtained in the rapidity range $\left | y \right |<0.5$ and reported as a function of transverse momentum, $p_{\rm T}$, for several collision centrality classes. The flow coefficients exhibit a particle mass dependence for $p_{\rm T}<3$ GeV/$c$, while a grouping according to particle type (i.e., meson and baryon) is found at intermediate transverse momenta (3< $p_{\rm T}$ <8 GeV/$c$). The magnitude of the baryon $v_{2}$ is larger than that of mesons up to $p_{\rm T}$ = 6 GeV/$c$. The centrality dependence of the shape evolution of the $p_{\rm T}$-differential $v_2$ is studied for the various hadron species. The $v_2$ coefficients of $\pi^{\pm}$, K$^{\pm}$, and p+$\rm \overline{p}$ are reproduced by MUSIC hydrodynamic calculations coupled to a hadronic cascade model (UrQMD) for $p_{\rm T} <1$ GeV/$c$. A comparison with $v_{\rm n}$ measurements in the corresponding centrality intervals in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV yields an enhanced $v_2$ in central collisions and diminished value in semicentral collisions.

46 data tables

$v_2\{2, |\Delta\eta| > 2.0\}$ of $\pi^{\pm}$ as a function of $p_{\rm T}$ for the 0-5% centrality interval.

$v_2\{2, |\Delta\eta| > 2.0\}$ of $\pi^{\pm}$ as a function of $p_{\rm T}$ for the 5-10% centrality interval.

$v_2\{2, |\Delta\eta| > 2.0\}$ of $\pi^{\pm}$ as a function of $p_{\rm T}$ for the 10-20% centrality interval.

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Fragmentation of jets containing a prompt J$/\psi$ meson in PbPb and pp collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Bergauer, Thomas ; et al.
CMS-HIN-19-007, 2021.
Inspire Record 1870319 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95234

Jets containing a prompt J$/\psi$ meson are studied in lead-lead collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV, using the CMS detector at the LHC. Jets are selected to be in the transverse momentum range of 30 $\lt p_\mathrm{T} \lt$ 40 GeV. The J$/\psi$ yield in these jets is evaluated as a function of the jet fragmentation variable $z$, the ratio of the J$/\psi$$p_\mathrm{T} $ to the jet $p_\mathrm{T}$. The nuclear modification factor, $R_\mathrm{AA}$, is then derived by comparing the yield in lead-lead collisions to the corresponding expectation based on proton-proton data, at the same nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy. The suppression of the J$/\psi$ yield shows a dependence on $z$, indicating that the interaction of the J$/\psi$ with the quark-gluon plasma formed in heavy ion collisions depends on the fragmentation that gives rise to the J$/\psi$ meson.

4 data tables

Normalized $z$ distribution in pp collisions.

The J/$\psi$ differential cross section in pp and the $T_{AA}$-scaled yield in PbPb collisions, as a function of $z$.

The nuclear modification factor R$_{\rm AA}$, as a function of $z$.

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Study of Z boson plus jets events using variables sensitive to double-parton scattering in pp collisions at 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2021) 176, 2021.
Inspire Record 1866118 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110665

Double-parton scattering is investigated using events with a Z boson and jets. The Z boson is reconstructed using only the dimuon channel. The measurements are performed with proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ collected in the year 2016. Differential cross sections of Z + $\geq$ 1 jet and Z + $\geq$ 2 jets are measured with transverse momentum of the jets above 20 GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta|$$\lt$ 2.4. Several distributions with sensitivity to double-parton scattering effects are measured as functions of the angle and the transverse momentum imbalance between the Z boson and the jets. The measured distributions are compared with predictions from several event generators with different hadronization models and different parameter settings for multiparton interactions. The measured distributions show a dependence on the hadronization and multiparton interaction simulation parameters, and are important input for future improvements of the simulations.

25 data tables

Differential cross sections as function of Delta Phi between Z boson and the leading jet for Z+ ≥ 1 jet events.

Differential cross sections as function of transverse momentum imbalance between Z boson and the leading jet for Z+ ≥ 1 jet events.

Differential cross sections as function of Delta Phi between Z boson and dijet for Z+ ≥ 2 jets events.

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Measurements of the pp $\to$ W$^\pm\gamma\gamma$ and pp $\to$ Z$\gamma\gamma$ cross sections at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV and limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2021) 174, 2021.
Inspire Record 1865855 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.113759

The cross section for W or Z boson production in association with two photons is measured in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The W $\to$$\ell\nu$ and Z $\to$$\ell\ell$ decay modes (where $\ell =$ e, $\mu$) are used to extract the W$\gamma\gamma$ and Z$\gamma\gamma$ cross sections in a phase space defined by electron (muon) with transverse momentum larger than 30 GeV and photon transverse momentum larger than 20 GeV. All leptons and photons are required to have absolute pseudorapidity smaller than 2.5. The measured cross sections in this phase space are $\sigma$(W$\gamma\gamma$) = 13.6 $^{+1.9}_{-1.9}$ (stat) ${}^{+4.0}_{-4.0}$ (syst) $\pm$ 0.08 (PDF + scale) fb and $\sigma$(Z$\gamma\gamma$) = 5.41 $^{+0.58}_{-0.55}$ (stat) ${}^{+0.64}_{-0.70}$ (syst) $\pm$ 0.06 (PDF + scale) fb. Limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings are set in the framework of an effective field theory with dimension-8 operators.

8 data tables

Distribution of the transverse momentum of the diphoton system for the $\mathrm{W}\gamma\gamma$ electron channel. The predicted yields are shown with their pre-fit normalisations. The observed data, the expected signal contribution and the background estimates are presented with error bars showing the corresponding statistical uncertainties.

Distribution of the transverse momentum of the diphoton system for the $\mathrm{W}\gamma\gamma$ muon channel. The predicted yields are shown with their pre-fit normalisations. The observed data, the expected signal contribution and the background estimates are presented with error bars showing the corresponding statistical uncertainties.

Distribution of the transverse momentum of the diphoton system for the $\mathrm{Z}\gamma\gamma$ electron channel. The predicted yields are shown with their pre-fit normalisations. The observed data, the expected signal contribution and the background estimates are presented with error bars showing the corresponding statistical uncertainties.

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Search for strongly interacting massive particles generating trackless jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Bergauer, Thomas ; et al.
CMS-EXO-17-010, 2021.
Inspire Record 1864485 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101628

A search for dark matter in the form of strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs) using the CMS detector at the LHC is presented. The SIMPs would be produced in pairs that manifest themselves as pairs of jets without tracks. The energy fraction of jets carried by charged particles is used as a key discriminator to suppress efficiently the large multijet background, and the remaining background is estimated directly from data. The search is performed using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 16.1 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed above the expected background. For the simplified dark matter model under consideration, SIMPs with masses up to 100 GeV are excluded and further sensitivity is explored towards higher masses. These are the first results from a search for the production of strongly interacting dark matter candidates at a collider.

5 data tables

Distribution of the number of jets with pT > 30 GeV and |eta| < 5. The simulated QCD multijet background is compared with the signal expected for three different SIMP masses, with their cross sections scaled as indicated in the legend. The baseline selection is applied, except the events with three or more jets with pT > 30 GeV and |eta| < 5 are included.

Distribution of the value of ChF of the two leading jets. The simulated QCD multijet background is compared with the signal expected for three different SIMP masses, with their cross sections scaled as indicated in the legend. The baseline selection is applied.

The number of background events obtained from the 1- and 2-leg predictions using reconstructed objects in simulation, compared to the direct prediction from MC simulation, shown for various upper ChF thresholds. The bottom panel shows the ratios of the MC prediction to the 1-leg and the 2-leg background predictions.

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