Azimuthal correlations for inclusive 2-jet, 3-jet, and 4-jet events in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}= $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 78 (2018) 566, 2018.
Inspire Record 1643640 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86140

Azimuthal correlations between the two jets with the largest transverse momenta $ {p_{\mathrm{T}}} $ in inclusive 2-, 3-, and 4-jet events are presented for several regions of the leading jet $ {p_{\mathrm{T}}} $ up to 4 TeV. For 3- and 4-jet scenarios, measurements of the minimum azimuthal angles between any two of the three or four leading $ {p_{\mathrm{T}}} $ jets are also presented. The analysis is based on data from proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS Collaboration at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Calculations based on leading-order matrix elements supplemented with parton showering and hadronization do not fully describe the data, so next-to-leading-order calculations matched with parton shower and hadronization models are needed to better describe the measured distributions. Furthermore, we show that azimuthal jet correlations are sensitive to details of the parton showering, hadronization, and multiparton interactions. A next-to-leading-order calculation matched with parton showers in the MC@NLO method, as implemented in HERWIG 7, gives a better overall description of the measurements than the POWHEG method.

41 data tables

Normalized inclusive 2-jet cross section differential in $\Delta\phi_{1,2}$ for $200 < p_{T}^{max} < 300$ GeV

Normalized inclusive 2-jet cross section differential in $\Delta\phi_{1,2}$ for $300 < p_{T}^{max} < 400$ GeV

Normalized inclusive 2-jet cross section differential in $\Delta\phi_{1,2}$ for $400 < p_{T}^{max} < 500$ GeV

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Studies of inclusive four-jet production with two $b$-tagged jets in proton-proton collisions at 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 112005, 2016.
Inspire Record 1486238 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75375

Measurements are presented of the cross section for the production of at least four jets, of which at least two originate from b quarks, in proton-proton collisions. Data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV are used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 inverse picobarns. The cross section is measured as a function of the jet transverse momentum for pt > 20 GeV, and of the jet pseudorapidity for abs(eta) < 2.4 (b jets), 4.7 (untagged jets). The correlations in azimuthal angle and pt between the jets are also studied. The inclusive cross section is measured to be sigma(pp to 2 b + 2 j + X) = 69 +/- 3 (stat) +/- 24 (syst) nb. The eta and pt distributions of the four jets and the correlations between them are well reproduced by event generators that combine perturbative QCD calculations at next-to-leading-order accuracy with contributions from parton showers and multiparton interactions.

12 data tables

The measured fiducial cross section. The first uncertainty is the statistical one, the second uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty including luminosity, jet energy scale, sample purity, model dependence and jet energy resolution and trigger efficiency correction.

Differential cross section as a function of the transverse momentum PT of the leading b-jet. The first uncertainty is the statistical one, the second uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty including luminosity, jet energy scale, sample purity, model dependence and jet energy resolution and trigger efficiency correction.

Differential cross section as a function of the transverse momentum PT of the subleading b-jet. The first uncertainty is the statistical one, the second uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty including luminosity, jet energy scale, sample purity, model dependence and jet energy resolution and trigger efficiency correction.

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Study of hard double-parton scattering in four-jet events in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ TeV with the ATLAS experiment

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
JHEP 11 (2016) 110, 2016.
Inspire Record 1479760 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73908

Inclusive four-jet events produced in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV are analysed for the presence of hard double-parton scattering using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 37.3 pb$^{-1}$, collected with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The contribution of hard double-parton scattering to the production of four-jet events is extracted using an artificial neural network, assuming that hard double-parton scattering can be approximated by an uncorrelated overlaying of dijet events. For events containing at least four jets with transverse momentum $p_{\mathrm{T}} \geq 20$ GeV and pseudorapidity $\eta \leq 4.4$, and at least one having $p_{\mathrm{T}} \geq 42.5$ GeV, the contribution of hard double-parton scattering is estimated to be $f_{\mathrm{DPS}} = 0.092 ^{+0.005}_{-0.011} (\mathrm{stat.}) ^{+0.033}_{-0.037} (\mathrm{syst.})$. After combining this measurement with those of the inclusive dijet and four-jet cross-sections in the appropriate phase space regions, the effective overlap area between the interacting protons, $\sigma_{\mathrm{eff}}$, was determined to be $\sigma_{\mathrm{eff}} = 14.9 ^{+1.2}_{-1.0} (\mathrm{stat.}) ^{+5.1}_{-3.8} (\mathrm{syst.})$ mb. This result is consistent within the quoted uncertainties with previous measurements of $\sigma_{\mathrm{eff}}$, performed at centre-of-mass energies between 63 GeV and 8 TeV using various final states, and it corresponds to $21^{+7}_{-6}$% of the total inelastic cross-section measured at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV. The distributions of the observables sensitive to the contribution of hard double-parton scattering, corrected for detector effects, are also provided.

21 data tables

Normalized distribution of the variable $\Delta^{p_{\mathrm{T}}}_{34}$, defined in Eq (16) of the paper, in data after unfolding to particle level.

Normalized distribution of the variable $\Delta\phi_{34}$, defined in Eq (16) of the paper, in data after unfolding to particle level.

Normalized distribution of the variable $\Delta^{p_{\mathrm{T}}}_{12}$, defined in Eq (16) of the paper, in data after unfolding to particle level.

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Measurement of electroweak production of a W boson and two forward jets in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 11 (2016) 147, 2016.
Inspire Record 1477806 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76993

A measurement is presented of the cross section for the electroweak production of a W boson in association with two jets in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The data set was collected with the CMS detector and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.3 inverse femtobarns. The measured fiducial cross section for W bosons decaying to electrons or muons and for pT(j1) > 60 GeV, pT(j2) > 50 GeV, |eta(j)| < 4.7, and m(jj) > 1000 GeV is 0.42 +/- 0.04 (stat) +/- 0.09 (syst) +/- 0.01 (lumi) pb. This result is consistent with the standard model leading-order prediction of 0.50 +/- 0.02 (scale) +/- 0.02 (PDF) pb obtained with MADGRAPH5_aMC@NLO 2.1 interfaced to PYTHIA 6.4. This is the first cross section measurement for this process.

1 data table

The measured values for the EW W(-->env, munv)+2-jets fiducial cross section.


Search for heavy resonances decaying to two Higgs bosons in final states containing four b quarks

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 76 (2016) 371, 2016.
Inspire Record 1424833 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73976

A search is presented for narrow heavy resonances X decaying into pairs of Higgs bosons (H) in proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The search considers HH resonances with masses between 1 and 3 TeV, having final states of two b quark pairs. Each Higgs boson is produced with large momentum, and the hadronization products of the pair of b quarks can usually be reconstructed as single large jets. The background from multijet and t t-bar events is significantly reduced by applying requirements related to the flavor of the jet, its mass, and its substructure. The signal would be identified as a peak on top of the dijet invariant mass spectrum of the remaining background events. No evidence is observed for such a signal. Upper limits obtained at 95% confidence level for the product of the production cross section and branching fraction sigma(gg to X) B(X to HH to b b-bar b b-bar) range from 10 to 1.5 fb for the mass of X from 1.15 to 2.0 TeV, significantly extending previous searches. For a warped extra dimension theory with a mass scale Lambda[R] = 1 TeV, the data exclude radion scalar masses between 1.15 and 1.55 TeV.

7 data tables

Observed $m_\mathrm{jj}$ spectrum (black points) compared with a background estimate (black line), obtained in background only hypothesis, for HPHP category. The simulated radion resonances of $m_\mathrm{X} = 1.5$ and 2 TeV are also shown.

Observed $m_\mathrm{jj}$ spectrum (black points) compared with a background estimate (black line), obtained in background only hypothesis, for HPLP category. The simulated radion resonances of $m_\mathrm{X} = 1.5$ and 2 TeV are also shown.

Observed $m_\mathrm{jj}$ spectrum (black points) compared with a background estimate (black line), obtained in background only hypothesis, for LPHP category. The simulated radion resonances of $m_\mathrm{X} = 1.5$ and 2 TeV are also shown.

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Dijet production in $\sqrt{s}=$ 7 TeV $pp$ collisions with large rapidity gaps at the ATLAS experiment

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 754 (2016) 214-234, 2016.
Inspire Record 1402356 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70762

A $6.8 \ {\rm nb^{-1}}$ sample of $pp$ collision data collected under low-luminosity conditions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider is used to study diffractive dijet production. Events containing at least two jets with $p_\mathrm{T} > 20$ GeV are selected and analysed in terms of variables which discriminate between diffractive and non-diffractive processes. Cross sections are measured differentially in $\Delta\eta^F$, the size of the observable forward region of pseudorapidity which is devoid of hadronic activity, and in an estimator, $\tilde{\xi}$, of the fractional momentum loss of the proton assuming single diffractive dissociation ($pp \rightarrow pX$). Model comparisons indicate a dominant non-diffractive contribution up to moderately large $\Delta\eta^F$ and small $\tilde{\xi}$, with a diffractive contribution which is significant at the highest $\Delta\eta^F$ and the lowest $\tilde{\xi}$. The rapidity-gap survival probability is estimated from comparisons of the data in this latter region with predictions based on diffractive parton distribution functions.

6 data tables

The cross section differential in the forward rapidity gap size, DELTA(C=RAPGAP), for events with at least two jets of pt > 20 GeV found by the anti-kt jet algorithm with R=0.6.

The cross section differential in the forward rapidity gap size, DELTA(C=RAPGAP), for events with at least two jets of pt > 20 GeV found by the anti-kt jet algorithm with R=0.4.

The cross section differential in the fraction of the proton four-momentum carried by the Pomeron, LOG10(C=XI), for events with at least two jets of pt > 20 GeV found by the anti-kt jet algorithm with R=0.6.

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Measurements of fiducial cross-sections for $t\bar{t}$ production with one or two additional b-jets in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ =8 TeV using the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 76 (2016) 11, 2016.
Inspire Record 1390114 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72856

Fiducial cross-sections for $t\bar{t}$ production with one or two additional $b$-jets are reported, using an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb$^{-1}$ of proton--proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV at the Large Hadron Collider, collected with the ATLAS detector. The cross-section times branching ratio for $t\bar{t}$ events with at least one additional $b$-jet is measured to be 950 $\pm$ 70 (stat.) $^{+240}_{-190}$ (syst.) fb in the lepton-plus-jets channel and 50 $\pm$ 10 (stat.) $^{+15}_{-10}$ (syst.) fb in the $e \mu$ channel. The cross-section times branching ratio for events with at least two additional $b$-jets is measured to be 19.3 $\pm$ 3.5 (stat.) $\pm$ 5.7 (syst.) fb in the dilepton channel ($e \mu$,\,$\mu\mu$, and \,$ee$) using a method based on tight selection criteria, and 13.5 $\pm$ 3.3 (stat.) $\pm$ 3.6 (syst.) fb using a looser selection that allows the background normalisation to be extracted from data. The latter method also measures a value of 1.30 $\pm$ 0.33 (stat.) $\pm$ 0.28 (syst.)\% for the ratio of $t\bar{t}$ production with two additional $b$-jets to $t\bar{t}$ production with any two additional jets. All measurements are in good agreement with recent theory predictions.

8 data tables

Measured fiducial cross section for $t\bar{t}$ events with exactly one lepton and at least five jets, of which at least three are b-jets. The definition of the cross-section includes $t\bar{t}+Z / H$ events that pass the fiducial requirements.

Measured fiducial cross section for $t\bar{t}$ events with two leptons and at least three b-jets. The definition of the cross-section includes $t\bar{t}+Z / H$ events that pass the fiducial requirements.

Measured fiducial cross section for $t\bar{t}$ events with two leptons and at least four b-jets. The definition of the cross-section includes $t\bar{t}+Z / H$ events that pass the fiducial requirements.

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Search for New Phenomena in Dijet Angular Distributions in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 8$ TeV Measured with the ATLAS Detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 114 (2015) 221802, 2015.
Inspire Record 1357594 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68404

A search for new phenomena in LHC proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV was performed with the ATLAS detector using an integrated luminosity of 17.3 fb$^{-1}$. The angular distributions are studied in events with at least two jets; the highest dijet mass observed is 5.5 TeV. All angular distributions are consistent with the predictions of the Standard Model. In a benchmark model of quark contact interactions, a compositeness scale below 8.1 TeV in a destructive interference scenario and 12.0 TeV in a constructive interference scenario is excluded at 95 % CL; median expected limits are 8.9 TeV for the destructive interference scenario and 14.1 TeV for the constructive interference scenario.

7 data tables

mjj region 600 - 800 GeV. The observed systematic is the experimental uncertainty, while the SM prediction systematic is the theoretical uncertainty.

mjj region 800 - 1200 GeV. The observed systematic is the experimental uncertainty, while the SM prediction systematic is the theoretical uncertainty.

mjj region 1200 - 1600 GeV. The observed systematic is the experimental uncertainty, while the SM prediction systematic is the theoretical uncertainty.

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Measurement of dijet $k_T$ in p–Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s}_{NN}$=5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 746 (2015) 385-395, 2015.
Inspire Record 1351451 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69477

A measurement of dijet correlations in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$ TeV with the ALICE detector is presented. Jets are reconstructed from charged particles measured in the central tracking detectors and neutral energy deposited in the electromagnetic calorimeter. The transverse momentum of the full jet (clustered from charged and neutral constituents) and charged jet (clustered from charged particles only) is corrected event-by-event for the contribution of the underlying event, while corrections for underlying event fluctuations and finite detector resolution are applied on an inclusive basis. A projection of the dijet transverse momentum, $k_{\rm Ty} = p_\rm{T,jet}^\rm{ch+ne} \; \rm{sin}(\Delta\varphi_{\rm{dijet}})$ with $\Delta\varphi_{\rm{dijet}}$ the azimuthal angle between a full and charged jet and $p_\rm{T,jet}^\rm{ch+ne}$ the transverse momentum of the full jet, is used to study nuclear matter effects in p-Pb collisions. This observable is sensitive to the acoplanarity of dijet production and its potential modification in p-Pb collisions with respect to pp collisions. Measurements of the dijet $k_{\rm Ty}$ as a function of the transverse momentum of the full and recoil charged jet, and the event multiplicity are presented. No significant modification of $k_{\rm Ty}$ due to nuclear matter effects in p-Pb collisions with respect to the event multiplicity or a PYTHIA8 reference is observed.

10 data tables

Dijet |k_{T,y}| distributions in p-Pb collisions in the 0-40% V0A multiplicity event class.

Dijet |k_{T,y}| distributions in p-Pb collisions in the 0-40% V0A multiplicity event class.

Dijet |k_{T,y}| distributions in p-Pb collisions in the 0-40% V0A multiplicity event class.

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Distributions of Topological Observables in Inclusive Three- and Four-Jet Events in pp Collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 302, 2015.
Inspire Record 1345159 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75115

This paper presents distributions of topological observables in inclusive three- and four-jet events produced in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with a data sample collected by the CMS experiment corresponding to a luminosity of 5.1 inverse femtobarns. The distributions are corrected for detector effects, and compared with several event generators based on two- and multi-parton matrix elements at leading order. Among the considered calculations, MADGRAPH interfaced with PYTHIA6 displays the best overall agreement with data.

7 data tables

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF THREE-JET MASS IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF SCALED ENERGY OF THE LEADING-JET IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF SCALED ENERGY OF THE SECOND-LEADING-JET IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

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Search for resonances and quantum black holes using dijet mass spectra in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 052009, 2015.
Inspire Record 1340084 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66764

A search for resonances and quantum black holes is performed using the dijet mass spectra measured in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. In a search for narrow resonances that couple to quark-quark, quark-gluon, or gluon-gluon pairs, model-independent upper limits, at 95% confidence level, are obtained on the production cross section of resonances, with masses above 1.2 TeV. When interpreted in the context of specific models the limits exclude: string resonances with masses below 5.0 TeV; excited quarks below 3.5 TeV; scalar diquarks below 4.7 TeV; W' bosons below 1.9 TeV or between 2.0 and 2.2 TeV; Z' bosons below 1.7 TeV; and Randall-Sundrum gravitons below 1.6 TeV. A separate search is conducted for narrow resonances that decay to final states including b quarks. The first exclusion limit is set for excited b quarks, with a lower mass limit between 1.2 and 1.6 TeV depending on their decay properties. Searches are also carried out for wide resonances, assuming for the first time width-to-mass ratios up to 30%, and for quantum black holes with a range of model parameters. The wide resonance search excludes axigluons and colorons with mass below 3.6 TeV, and color-octet scalars with mass below 2.5 TeV. Lower bounds between 5.0 and 6.3 TeV are set on the masses of quantum black holes.

10 data tables

Inclusive dijet mass spectrum from wide jets (points) compared to a fit (solid curve) and to predictions including detector simulation of multijet events and signal resonances. The predicted multijet shape (QCD MC) has been scaled to the data (see text). The vertical error bars are statistical only and the horizontal error bars are the bin widths. For comparison,the signal distributions for a W resonance of mass 1900 GeV and an excited quark of mass 3.6 TeV are shown. The bin-by-bin fit residuals scaled to the statistical uncertainty of the data , (data - fit)/$\sigma_{data}$, are shown at the bottom and compared with the expected signal contributions.

Observed 95% CL upper limits on $\sigma B A$ for narrow qq, qg, and gg resonances, from the inclusive analysis for signal masses between 1.2 and 5.5 TeV.

Observed 95% CL upper limits on $\sigma B A$ for narrow gg/bb, qq/bb, and bg resonances from the b-enriched analysis, for signal masses between 1.2 and 4.0 TeV. The upper limits are given for different ratios $f_{bb}$ for gg/bb and qq/bb resonances, and for 100% branching fraction into bg.

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Measurement of the cross section ratio $\sigma_\mathrm{t \bar{t} b \bar{b}} / \sigma_\mathrm{t \bar{t} jj }$ in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 746 (2015) 132-153, 2015.
Inspire Record 1328962 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67150

The first measurement of the cross section ratio $\sigma_\mathrm{ t \bar{t} b \bar{b}} / \sigma_\mathrm{ t \bar{t} jj }$ is presented using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.6 fb$^{-1}$ collected in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. Events with two leptons ($\mathrm{e}$ or $\mu$) and four reconstructed jets, including two identified as b quark jets, in the final state are selected. The ratio is determined for a minimum jet transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$ of both 20 and 40 GeV/$c$. The measured ratio is 0.022 $\pm$ 0.003 (stat) $\pm$ 0.005 (syst) for $p_\mathrm{T}$ greater than 20 GeV/$c$. The absolute cross sections $\sigma_\mathrm{ t \bar{t} b \bar{b}}$ and $\sigma_\mathrm{ t \bar{t} jj }$ are also measured. The measured ratio for $p_\mathrm{T}$ greater than 40 GeV/$c$ is compatible with a theoretical quantum chromodynamics calculation at next-to-leading order.

3 data tables

The number of events for each physics process and for each dilepton category after fitting to the data, their total, and the observed total number of events. The results are after the final event selection. The $Z/\gamma^* \to \ell\ell$ uncertainty is from data, while all other uncertainties include only the statistical uncertainties in the MC samples.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties from various sources contributing to $\sigma_{t\bar{t}b\bar{b}}$, $\sigma_{t\bar{t}jj}$, and the ratio $\sigma_{t\bar{t}b\bar{b}/t\bar{t}jj}$ for a jet pt threshold of $p_{\rm T}$ > 20 GeV in the visible phase space.

The measured cross sections $\sigma_{t\bar{t}b\bar{b}}$ and $\sigma_{t\bar{t}jj}$ and their ratio are given for the visible phase space (PS) defined as two leptons with $p_{\rm T}$ > 20 GeV and $|\eta|$ < 2.4 plus four jets, including two b jets with $p_{\rm T}$ > 20 GeV and $|\eta|$ < 2.5, and the full phase space, corrected for acceptance and branching fractions. The full phase-space results are given for jet thresholds of $p_{\rm T}$ > 20 and 40 GeV. The predictions of a NLO theoretical calculation for the full phase space and $p_{\rm T}$ > 40 GeV are also given.


Search for quark contact interactions and extra spatial dimensions using dijet angular distributions in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt s =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 746 (2015) 79-99, 2015.
Inspire Record 1327224 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68776

A search is presented for quark contact interactions and extra spatial dimensions in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV using dijet angular distributions. The search is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns collected by the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. Dijet angular distributions are found to be in agreement with the perturbative QCD predictions that include electroweak corrections. Limits on the contact interaction scale from a variety of models at next-to-leading order in QCD corrections are obtained. A benchmark model in which only left-handed quarks participate is excluded up to a scale of 9.0 (11.7) TeV for destructive (constructive) interference at 95% confidence level. Lower limits between 5.9 and 8.4 TeV on the scale of virtual graviton exchange are extracted for the Arkani-Hamed--Dimopoulos--Dvali model of extra spatial dimensions.

5 data tables

Measured dijet angular distributions in bin of dijet invariant mass. P=3 and P=4 refers to the two jets in the final state.

Measured dijet angular distributions in bin of dijet invariant mass.P=3 and P=4 refers to the two jets in the final state.

Measured dijet angular distributions in bin of dijet invariant mass. P=3 and P=4 refers to the two jets in the final state.

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Measurement of three-jet production cross-sections in $pp$ collisions at 7 TeV centre-of-mass energy using the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 228, 2015.
Inspire Record 1326641 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71311

Double-differential three-jet production cross-sections are measured in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV using the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The measurements are presented as a function of the three-jet mass $(m_{jjj})$, in bins of the sum of the absolute rapidity separations between the three leading jets $(|Y^\ast|)$. Invariant masses extending up to 5 TeV are reached for $8< |Y^\ast| < 10$. These measurements use a sample of data recorded using the ATLAS detector in 2011, which corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.51 fb$^{-1}$. Jets are identified using the anti-$k_t$ algorithm with two different jet radius parameters, R=0.4 and R=0.6. The dominant uncertainty in these measurements comes from the jet energy scale. Next-to-leading-order QCD calculations corrected to account for non-perturbative effects are compared to the measurements. Good agreement is found between the data and the theoretical predictions based on most of the available sets of parton distribution functions, over the full kinematic range, covering almost seven orders of magnitude in the measured cross-section values.

10 data tables

Measured three-jet double-differential cross sections as a function of M(3JET) in |Y*|<2 for anti-kt R=0.4 jets. The three columns correspond to nominal, stronger or weaker correlations between jet energy scale uncertainty components.

Measured three-jet double-differential cross sections as a function of M(3JET) in 2<=|Y*|<4 for anti-kt R=0.4 jets. The three columns correspond to nominal, stronger or weaker correlations between jet energy scale uncertainty components.

Measured three-jet double-differential cross sections as a function of M(3JET) in 4<=|Y*|<6 for anti-kt R=0.4 jets. The three columns correspond to nominal, stronger or weaker correlations between jet energy scale uncertainty components.

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Measurement of the $WW+WZ$ cross section and limits on anomalous triple gauge couplings using final states with one lepton, missing transverse momentum, and two jets with the ATLAS detector at $\sqrt{\rm{s}} = 7$ TeV

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
JHEP 01 (2015) 049, 2015.
Inspire Record 1324374 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66704

The production of a $W$ boson decaying to $e\nu$ or $\mu\nu$ in association with a $W$ or $Z$ boson decaying to two jets is studied using $4.6 \mathrm{fb}^{-1}$ of proton--proton collision data at $\sqrt{\rm{s}} = 7$ TeV recorded with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The combined $WW+WZ$ cross section is measured with a significance of 3.4$\sigma$ and is found to be $68 \pm 7 \ \mathrm{(stat.)} \pm 19 \ \mathrm{(syst.)} \ pb$, in agreement with the Standard Model expectation of $61.1 \pm 2.2 \ \mathrm{pb}$. The distribution of the transverse momentum of the dijet system is used to set limits on anomalous contributions to the triple gauge coupling vertices and on parameters of an effective-field-theory model.

1 data table

The total and fiducial cross sections for the production of W(LEPTON NU) W(JET JET) or W(LEPTON NU) Z(JET JET). The cross sections are the sum of the WW and WZ processes.


Search for pair production of third-generation scalar leptoquarks and top squarks in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 739 (2014) 229-249, 2014.
Inspire Record 1309874 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66933

A search for pair production of third-generation scalar leptoquarks and supersymmetric top quark partners, top squarks, in final states involving tau leptons and bottom quarks is presented. The search uses events from a data sample of proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC with sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. The number of observed events is found to be in agreement with the expected standard model background. Third-generation scalar leptoquarks with masses below 740 GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level, assuming a 100% branching fraction for the leptoquark decay to a tau lepton and a bottom quark. In addition, this mass limit applies directly to top squarks decaying via an R-parity violating coupling lambda'[333]. The search also considers a similar signature from top squarks undergoing a chargino-mediated decay involving the R-parity violating coupling lambda'[3jk]. Each top squark decays to a tau lepton, a bottom quark, and two light quarks. Top squarks in this model with masses below 580 GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level. The constraint on the leptoquark mass is the most stringent to date, and this is the first search for top squarks decaying via lambda'[3jk].

9 data tables

The estimated backgrounds, observed event yields, and expected number of signal events for the leptoquark search. For the simulation-based entries, the statistical and systematic uncertainties are shown separately, in that order.

The estimated backgrounds, observed event yields, and expected number of signal events for the top squark search. For the simulation-based entries, the statistical and systematic uncertainties are shown separately, in that order.

Selection efficiencies in % for the signal in the leptoquark search, estimated from the simulation.

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Measurements of jet vetoes and azimuthal decorrelations in dijet events produced in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7\,\mathrm{TeV}$ using the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 74 (2014) 3117, 2014.
Inspire Record 1307243 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66091

Additional jet activity in dijet events is measured using $pp$ collisions at ATLAS at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, for jets reconstructed using the anti-kt algorithm with radius parameter R=0.6. This is done using variables such as the fraction of dijet events without an additional jet in the rapidity interval bounded by the dijet subsystem and correlations between the azimuthal angles of the dijets. They are presented, both with and without a veto on additional jet activity in the rapidity interval, as a function of the mean transverse momentum of the dijets and of the rapidity interval size. The double differential dijet cross section is also measured as a function of the interval size and the azimuthal angle between the dijets. These variables probe differences in the approach to resummation of large logarithms when performing QCD calculations. The data are compared to POWHEG, interfaced to the PYTHIA 8 and HERWIG parton shower generators, as well as to HEJ with and without interfacing it to the ARIADNE parton shower generator. None of the theoretical predictions agree with the data across the full phase-space considered; however, POWHEG+PYTHIA 8 and HEJ+ARIADNE are found to provide the best agreement with the data.These measurements use the full data sample collected with the ATLAS detector in 7 TeV $pp$ collisions at the LHC and correspond to integrated luminosities of 36.1 pb$^-1$ and 4.5 fb$^-1$ for data collected during 2010 and 2011 respectively.

40 data tables

Gap fraction as a function of leading dijet rapidity separation.

Gap fraction as a function of leading dijet scalar mean pT in GeV.

Mean number of jets in rapidity interval as a function of leading dijet rapidity separation.

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Search for new phenomena in the dijet mass distribution using $p-p$ collision data at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 052007, 2015.
Inspire Record 1305096 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66572

Dijet events produced in LHC proton--proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV are studied with the ATLAS detector using the full 2012 data set, with an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb$^{-1}$. Dijet masses up to about 4.5 TeV are probed. No resonance-like features are observed in the dijet mass spectrum. Limits on the cross section times acceptance are set at the 95% credibility level for various hypotheses of new phenomena in terms of mass or energy scale, as appropriate. This analysis excludes excited quarks with a mass below 4.09 TeV, color-octet scalars with a mass below 2.72 TeV, heavy $W'$ bosons with a mass below 2.45 TeV, chiral ${W^\ast}$ bosons with a mass below 1.75 TeV, and quantum black holes with six extra space-time dimensions with threshold mass below 5.82 TeV.

14 data tables

The reconstructed dijet mass distribution (observed) fitted with a smooth functional form (expected) of 4-parameter or 5-parameter.

Dijet mass resolution obtained from fully simulated PYTHIA QCD Monte Carlo PYTHIA 8.175 [43], with the AU2 tune obtained from ATLAS data [45].

Total cross sections, branching ratios in qg only and acceptances for qg, qgamma, qW, qZ decays (A) for the q* model.

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Measurement of the underlying event in jet events from 7 TeV proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abajyan, Tatevik ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 74 (2014) 2965, 2014.
Inspire Record 1298811 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.65229

Distributions sensitive to the underlying event in QCD jet events have been measured with the ATLAS detector at the LHC, based on 37/pb of proton-proton collision data collected at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. Charged-particle mean $p_T$ and densities of all-particle $E_T$ and charged-particle multiplicity and $p_T$ have been measured in regions azimuthally transverse to the hardest jet in each event. These are presented both as one-dimensional distributions and with their mean values as functions of the leading-jet transverse momentum from 20 GeV to 800 GeV. The correlation of charged-particle mean $p_T$ with charged-particle multiplicity is also studied, and the $E_T$ densities include the forward rapidity region; these features provide extra data constraints for Monte Carlo modelling of colour reconnection and beam-remnant effects respectively. For the first time, underlying event observables have been computed separately for inclusive jet and exclusive dijet event selections, allowing more detailed study of the interplay of multiple partonic scattering and QCD radiation contributions to the underlying event. Comparisons to the predictions of different Monte Carlo models show a need for further model tuning, but the standard approach is found to generally reproduce the features of the underlying event in both types of event selection.

36 data tables

Transverse $\langle \sum p_T^\text{ch} / \delta\eta\,\delta\phi \rangle$ vs. $p_T^\text{lead}$ in $|\eta| < 2.5$ in incl jet / excl dijet events.

Trans-max $\langle \sum p_T^\text{ch} / \delta\eta\,\delta\phi \rangle$ vs. $p_T^\text{lead}$ in $|\eta| < 2.5$ in incl jet / excl dijet events.

Trans-min $\langle \sum p_T^\text{ch} / \delta\eta\,\delta\phi \rangle$ vs. $p_T^\text{lead}$ in $|\eta| < 2.5$ in incl jet / excl dijet events.

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Evidence for Electroweak Production of $W^{\pm}W^{\pm}jj$ in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS Detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 113 (2014) 141803, 2014.
Inspire Record 1298023 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64182

This Letter presents the first study of $W^{\pm}W^{\pm}jj$, same-electric-charge diboson production in association with two jets, using 20.3 fb$^{-1}$ of proton--proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV recorded by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. Events with two reconstructed same-charge leptons ($e^\pm e^\pm$, $e^\pm \mu^\pm$, and $\mu^\pm \mu^\pm$) and two or more jets are analyzed. Production cross sections are measured in two fiducial regions, with different sensitivities to the electroweak and strong production mechanisms. First evidence for $W^{\pm}W^{\pm}jj$ production and electroweak-only $W^{\pm}W^{\pm}jj$ production is observed with a significance of $4.5$ and $3.6$ standard deviations respectively. The measured production cross sections are in agreement with Standard Model predictions. Limits at 95% confidence level are set on anomalous quartic gauge couplings.

1 data table

The fiducial cross sections for the production of W+- W+- JET JET in the inclusive and VBS regions.


Search for massive resonances in dijet systems containing jets tagged as W or Z boson decays in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s} $ = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 08 (2014) 173, 2014.
Inspire Record 1294937 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2348

A search is reported for massive resonances decaying into a quark and a vector boson (W or Z), or two vector bosons (WW, WZ, or ZZ). The analysis is performed on an inclusive sample of multijet events corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns, collected in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The search uses novel jet-substructure identification techniques that provide sensitivity to the presence of highly boosted vector bosons decaying into a pair of quarks. Exclusion limits are set at a confidence level of 95% on the production of: (i) excited quark resonances q* decaying to qW and qZ for masses less than 3.2 TeV and 2.9 TeV, respectively, (ii) a Randall-Sundrum graviton G[RS] decaying into WW for masses below 1.2 TeV, and (iii) a heavy partner of the W boson W' decaying into WZ for masses less than 1.7 TeV. For the first time mass limits are set on W' to WZ and G[RS] to WW in the all-jets final state. The mass limits on q* to qW, q* to qZ, W' to WZ, G[RS] to WW are the most stringent to date. A model with a "bulk" graviton G[Bulk] that decays into WW or ZZ bosons is also studied.

9 data tables

DATA - Double W/Z tagged events in HIGH purity bin.

BACKGROUND - Double W/Z tagged background in HIGH purity bin estimated from a fit to data.

BACKGROUND PLUS - Double W/Z tagged background variation upward (1 sigma) in HIGH purity bin estimated from a fit to data.

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Measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry in the distribution of leptons in $t\bar{t}$ events in the lepton$+$jets channel

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 90 (2014) 072001, 2014.
Inspire Record 1283842 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64673

We present measurements of the forward-backward asymmetry in the angular distribution of leptons from decays of top quarks and antiquarks produced in proton-antiproton collisions. We consider the final state containing a lepton and at least three jets. The entire sample of data collected by the D0 experiment during Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider, corresponding to 9.7 inverse fb of integrated luminosity, is used. The asymmetry measured for reconstructed leptons is $A_{FB}^l = \big(2.9 \pm 2.1(stat.) ^{+1.5}_{-1.7}(syst.) \big)$%. When corrected for efficiency and resolution effects within the lepton rapidity coverage of $|y_l|<1.5$, the asymmetry is found to be $A_{FB}^l = \big(4.2 \pm 2.3(stat.) ^{+1.7}_{-2.0}(syst.) \big)$%. Combination with the asymmetry measured in the dilepton final state yields $A_{FB}^l = \big(4.2 \pm 2.0(stat.) \pm 1.4(syst.) \big)$%. We examine the dependence of $A_{FB}^l$ on the transverse momentum and rapidity of the lepton. The results are in agreement with predictions from the next-to-leading-order QCD generator \mcatnlo, which predicts an asymmetry of $A_{FB}^l = 2.0$% for $|y_l|<1.5$.

14 data tables

Observed ASYMFB(LEPTON) as a function of PT(LEPTON) at reconstruction level.

Observed production-level ASYMFB(LEPTON) as a function of PT(LEPTON).

Observed production-level ASYMFB(LEPTON) as a function of ABS(YRAP(LEPTON)).

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Search for $s$-Channel Single-Top-Quark Production in Events with Missing Energy Plus Jets in $p\bar p$ Collisions at $\sqrt s=$1.96 TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, Timo Antero ; Amerio, Silvia ; Amidei, Dante E ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 231805, 2014.
Inspire Record 1281537 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64737

The first search for single top quark production from the exchange of an $s$-channel virtual $W$ boson using events with an imbalance in the total transverse momentum, $b$-tagged jets, and no identified leptons is presented. The full data set collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9.45 fb$^{-1}$ from Fermilab Tevatron proton-antiproton collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV, is used. Assuming the electroweak production of top quarks of mass 172.5 GeV/$c^2$ in the $s$-channel, a cross section of $1.12_{-0.57}^{+0.61}$ (stat+syst) pb, with a significance of 1.9 standard deviations, is measured. This measurement is combined with a previous result obtained from events with an imbalance in total transverse momentum, $b$-tagged jets, and exactly one identified lepton, yielding a cross section of $1.36_{-0.32}^{+0.37}$ (stat+syst) pb, with a significance of 4.2 standard deviations.

2 data tables

The s-channel single top quark cross section measured assuming top quarks of mass 172.5 GeV. The measurement uses a sample of events with large missing transverse energy, two or three jets of which one or more are b-tagged and no detected electron or muon candidates.

The combined s-channel single top quark cross section measurement assuming top quarks of mass 172.5 GeV. The measurement uses two samples of events. The first sample includes events with large missing transverse energy, two or three jets of which one or more are b-tagged and no detected electron or muon candidates. The second sample includes events with large missing transverse energy, one isolated muon or electron and two jets, at least one of which is b-tagged.


Double Parton Interactions in $\gamma+3$ Jet and $\gamma+b/cjet+2$ Jet Events in $p \bar p$ Collisions at $\sqrt s=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 89 (2014) 072006, 2014.
Inspire Record 1280531 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64745

We determine the fraction of events with double parton (DP) scattering in a single ppbar collision at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV in samples of photon + 3 jet and photon + b/c jet + 2 jet events collected with the D0 detector and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 8.7 fb^{-1}. The DP fractions and effective cross sections (sigma_eff) are measured for both event samples using the same kinematic selections. The measured DP fractions range from 0.21 to 0.17, with effective cross sections in the photon + 3 jet and photon + b/c jet + 2 jet samples of sigma_eff^incl = 12.7 +- 0.2 (stat) +- 1.3 (syst) mb and sigma_eff^HF = 14.6 +- 0.6 (stat) +- 3.2 (syst) mb, respectively.

1 data table

The effective cross sections measured for the inclusive and heavy flavour event samples.


Measurement of the electroweak production of dijets in association with a Z-boson and distributions sensitive to vector boson fusion in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV using the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abajyan, Tatevik ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2014) 031, 2014.
Inspire Record 1279489 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62729

Measurements of fiducial cross sections for the electroweak production of two jets in association with a Z-boson are presented. The measurements are performed using 20.3 inverse femtobarns of proton-proton collision data collected at a centre-of-mass energy of sqrt(s)=8 TeV by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The electroweak component is extracted by a fit to the dijet invariant mass distribution in a fiducial region chosen to enhance the electroweak contribution over the dominant background in which the jets are produced via the strong interaction. The electroweak cross sections measured in two fiducial regions are in good agreement with the Standard Model expectations and the background-only hypothesis is rejected with significance above the 5 sigma level. The electroweak process includes the vector boson fusion production of a Z-boson and the data are used to place limits on anomalous triple gauge boson couplings. In addition, measurements of cross sections and differential distributions for inclusive Z-boson-plus-dijet production are performed in five fiducial regions, each with different sensitivity to the electroweak contribution. The results are corrected for detector effects and compared to predictions from the SHERPA and POWHEG event generators.

23 data tables

Unfolded normalised differential Z+2j cross section as a function of dijet invariant mass in the baseline region.

Unfolded normalised differential Z+2j cross section as a function of dijet invariant mass in the search region.

Unfolded normalised differential Z+2j cross section as a function of the rapidity separation between the leading jets in the baseline region.

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