A study of the b-quark fragmentation function with the DELPHI detector at LEP I and an averaged distribution obtained at the Z Pole

The DELPHI collaboration Abdallah, J. ; Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C71 (2011) 1557, 2011.
Inspire Record 890503 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73739

The nature of b-quark jet hadronisation has been investigated using data taken at the Z peak by the DELPHI detector at LEP. Two complementary methods are used to reconstruct the energy of weakly decaying b-hadrons, E^weak_B. The average value of x^weak_B = E^weak_B/E_beam is measured to be 0.699 +/- 0.011. The resulting x^weak_B distribution is then analysed in the framework of two choices for the perturbative contribution (parton shower and Next to Leading Log QCD calculation) in order to extract measurements of the non-perturbative contribution to be used in studies of b-hadron production in other experimental environments than LEP. In the parton shower framework, data favour the Lund model ansatz and corresponding values of its parameters have been determined within PYTHIA~6.156 from DELPHI data: a= 1.84^{+0.23}_{-0.21} and b=0.642^{+0.073}_{-0.063} GeV^-2, with a correlation factor rho = 92.2%. Combining the data on the b-quark fragmentation distributions with those obtained at the Z peak by ALEPH, OPAL and SLD, the average value of x^weak_B is found to be 0.7092 +/- 0.0025 and the non-perturbative fragmentation component is extracted. Using the combined distribution, a better determination of the Lund parameters is also obtained: a= 1.48^{+0.11}_{-0.10} and b=0.509^{+0.024}_{-0.023} GeV^-2, with a correlation factor rho = 92.6%.

2 data tables

The combined unfolded and weighted results, per bin, for $f(x^{\rm weak}_{\rm B})$. Quoted uncertainties have been scaled by 1.31.

The average value of the $x^{\rm weak}_{\rm B}$ distribution.


Inclusive single-particle production in two-photon collisions at LEP II with the DELPHI detector

The DELPHI collaboration Abdallah, J. ; Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B678 (2009) 444-449, 2009.
Inspire Record 824322 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52859

A study of the inclusive charged hadron production in two-photon collisions is described. The data were collected with the DELPHI detector at LEP II. Results on the inclusive single-particle p_T distribution and the differential charged hadrons dsigma/dp_T cross-section are presented and compared to the predictions of perturbative NLO QCD calculations and to published results.

1 data table

Differential inclusive DSIG/DPT distribution of charged particles produced in GAMMA* GAMMA* interaction with two pseudorapidity cut offs.


Di-jet production in gamma gamma collisions at LEP2

The DELPHI collaboration Abdallah, J. ; Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C58 (2008) 531-541, 2008.
Inspire Record 806241 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51688

The production of two high-p_T jets in the interactions of quasi-real photons in e+e- collisions at sqrt{s_ee} from 189 GeV to 209 GeV is studied with data corresponding to an integrated e+e- luminosity of 550 pb^{-1}. The jets reconstructed by the k_T cluster algorithm are defined within the pseudo-rapidity range -1 < eta < 1 and with jet transverse momentum, p_T, above 3 GeV/c. The differential di-jet cross-section is measured as a function of the mean transverse momentum ptmean of the jets and is compared to perturbative QCD calculations.

11 data tables

Total cross section for dijet production. Errors are combined statistics and systematics.

Measured dijet production cross section as a function of the mean jet transverse momentum. Errors include both statistics and systematics.

Measured dijet production cross section as a function of jet pseudorapiditydifference. Errors include both statistics and systematics.

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Masses, Lifetimes and Production Rates of Xi- and anti-Xi+ at LEP 1

The DELPHI collaboration Abdallah, J. ; Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B639 (2006) 179-191, 2006.
Inspire Record 719387 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26952

Measurements of the Xi- and anti-Xi+ masses, mass differences, lifetimes and lifetime differences are presented. The anti-Xi+ sample used is much larger than those used previously for such measurements. In addition, the Xi production rates in Z -> b anti-b and Z -> q anti-q events are compared and the position xi* of the maximum of the xi distribution in Z -> q anti-q events is measured.

3 data tables

Corrected LN(1/X) distribution for (XI- + XIBAR+) production.

Measured and extrapoplated production rates.

Extrapolated production rate in b-bbar events.


Measurement of the gluon fragmentation function and a comparison of the scaling violation in gluon and quark jets

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C13 (2000) 573-589, 2000.
Inspire Record 511099 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49028
7 data tables

Charged hadron XE(=Z) distributions. Durham algorithm. XISTAR is peak position in XI=LOG(-XE) distribution.

Charged hadron XE(=Z) distributions. Durham algorithm. XISTAR is peak position in XI=LOG(-XE) distribution.

Charged hadron XE(=Z) distributions. Durham algorithm. XISTAR is peak position in XI=LOG(-XE) distribution.

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Identified charged particles in quark and gluon jets

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C17 (2000) 207-222, 2000.
Inspire Record 524696 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50064

A sample of 2.2 million hadronic Z decays, selected from the data recorded by the Delphi detector at LEP during 1994-1995 was used for an improved measurement of inclusive distributions of pi+, K+ and p and their antiparticles in gluon and quark jets. The production spectra of the individual identified particles were found to be softer in gluon jets compared to quark jets, with a higher multiplicity in gluon jets as observed for inclusive charged particles. A significant proton enhancement in gluon jets is observed indicating that baryon production proceeds directly from colour objects. The maxima, xi^*, of the xi-distributions for kaons in gluon and quark jets are observed to be different.

11 data tables

Jet flavor tagging is used. (C=DUSCB), (C=DUSC), (C=UDS) mean quark-jet flavors. CONST(C=GLUON/JET) is the ratio gluon/jet for all charged particles. 'Y' events, mirror symmetric events, the angle between the most energetic jet and other two jets is 150 +- 15 deg.

Jet flavor tagging is used. (C=DUSCB), (C=DUSC), (C=UDS) mean quark-jet flavors. CONST(C=GLUON/JET) is the ratio gluon/jet for all charged particles. 'Y' events, mirror symmetric events, the angle between the most energetic jet and other two jets is 150 +- 15 deg.

Jet flavor tagging is used. (C=DUSCB), (C=DUSC), (C=UDS) mean quark-jet flavors. CONST(C=GLUON/JET) is the ratio gluon/jet for all charged particles. 'Y' events, mirror symmetric events, the angle between the most energetic jet and other two jets is 150 +- 15 deg.

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Charged and identified particles in the hadronic decay of W bosons and in e+ e- ---> q anti-q from 130-GeV to 200-GeV

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C18 (2000) 203-228, 2000.
Inspire Record 526164 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43294

Inclusive distributions of charged particles in hadronic W decays are experimentally investigated using the statistics collected by the DELPHI experiment at LEP during 1997, 1998 and 1999, at centre-of-mass energies from 183 to around 200 GeV. The possible effects of interconnection between the hadronic decays of two Ws are not observed. Measurements of the average multiplicity for charged and identified particles in q qbar and WW events at centre-of-mass energies from 130 to 200 GeV and in W decays are presented. The results on the average multiplicity of identified particles and on the position xi^* of the maximum of the xi_p = -log(2p/sqrt(s)) distribution are compared with predictions of JETSET and MLLA calculations.

16 data tables

Corrected multiplicites and dispersions of charged particles produced in hadronic decays from QQBAR events. The 200 GeV results are a weighted average fromthe 192, 196 and 200 GeV data.

Average multiplicities of identified hadrons produced in hadronic decays from QQBAR events.

Corrected multiplicites and dispersions of charged particles produced in fully hadronic W decays from two W 4Q and 2Q events.

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Consistent measurements of alpha(s) from precise oriented event shape distributions

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C14 (2000) 557-584, 2000.
Inspire Record 522656 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13245

An updated analysis using about 1.5 million events recorded at $\sqrt{s} = M_Z$ with the DELPHI detector in 1994 is presented. Eighteen infrared and collinear safe event shape observables are measured as a function of the polar angle of the thrust axis. The data are compared to theoretical calculations in ${\cal O} (\alpha_s^2)$ including the event orientation. A combined fit of $\alpha_s$ and of the renormalization scale $x_{\mu}$ in $\cal O(\alpha_s^2$) yields an excellent description of the high statistics data. The weighted average from 18 observables including quark mass effects and correlations is $\alpha_s(M_Z^2) = 0.1174 \pm 0.0026$. The final result, derived from the jet cone energy fraction, the observable with the smallest theoretical and experimental uncertainty, is $\alpha_s(M_Z^2) = 0.1180 \pm 0.0006 (exp.) \pm 0.0013 (hadr.) \pm 0.0008 (scale) \pm 0.0007 (mass)$. Further studies include an $\alpha_s$ determination using theoretical predictions in the next-to-leading log approximation (NLLA), matched NLLA and $\cal O(\alpha_s^2$) predictions as well as theoretically motivated optimized scale setting methods. The influence of higher order contributions was also investigated by using the method of Pad\'{e} approximants. Average $\alpha_s$ values derived from the different approaches are in good agreement.

33 data tables

The weighted value of ALPHA-S from all the measured observables using experimentally optimized renormalization scale values and corrected for the b-mass toleading order.

The value of ALPHA-S derived from the JCEF and corrected for heavy quark mass effects. The quoted errors are respectively due to experimental error, hadronization, renormalization scale and heavy quark mass correction uncertainties.

Energy Energy Correlation EEC.

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Inclusive Sigma- and Lambda(1520) production in hadronic Z decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B475 (2000) 429-447, 2000.
Inspire Record 524694 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49984

Production of Sigma- and Lambda(1520) in hadronic Z decays has been measured using the DELPHI detector at LEP. The Sigma- is directly reconstructed as a charged track in the DELPHI microvertex detector and is identified by its Sigma -> n pi decay leading to a kink between the Sigma- and pi-track. The reconstruction of the Lambda(1520) resonance relies strongly on the particle identification capabilities of the barrel Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector and on the ionisation loss measurement of the TPC. Inclusive production spectra are measured for both particles. The production rates are measured to be <N_{Sigma-}/N_{Z}^{had}> = 0.081 +/- 0.002 +/- 0.010, <N_{Lambda(1520)}/N_{Z}^{had}> = 0.029 +/- 0.005 +/- 0.005. The production rate of the Lambda(1520) suggests that a large fraction of the stable baryons descend from orbitally excited baryonic states. It is shown that the baryon production rates in Z decays follow a universal phenomenological law related to isospin, strangeness and mass of the particles.

4 data tables

The measured differential cross section for SIGMA- production.

The total production rate of SIGMA-. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation to the fullx-range.

The measured differential cross section for LAMBDA(1520) production. The first error is the fit error.

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Measurement of inclusive rho0, f(0)(980), f(2)(1270), K*0(2)(1430) and f-prime(2)(1525) production in Z0 decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B449 (1999) 364-382, 1999.
Inspire Record 482816 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49345
2 data tables

Differential production cross sections. The error is the quadratic combination of the errors from the fits and the systematic uncertainty.

Integrated rates extrapolated to the full x range.


The Scale dependence of the hadron multiplicity in quark and gluon jets and a precise determination of C(A) / C(F)

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B449 (1999) 383-400, 1999.
Inspire Record 495414 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49173

Data collected at the Z resonance using the DELPHI detector at LEP are used to determine the charged hadron multiplicity in gluon and quark jets as a function of a transverse momentum-like scale. The colour factor ratio, \cacf, is directly observed in the increase of multiplicities with that scale. The smaller than expected multiplicity ratio in gluon to quark jets is understood by differences in the hadronization of the leading quark or gluon. From the dependence of the charged hadron multiplicity on the opening angle in symmetric three-jet events the colour factor ratio is measured to be: C_A/C_F = 2.246 \pm 0.062 (stat.) \pm 0.080 (syst.) \pm 0.095 (theo.)

3 data tables

Charged multiplicity in events with a hard photon, as a function of the apparent centre-of-mass energy (SQRT(S)) of the hadronic system. The errors shown are statistical only.

Charged multiplicity in symmetric three jet events as function of the opening angle between the low energetic jets, THETA1. Jets are defined from charged and neutral particles using the DURHAM algorithm. The errors shown are statistical only.

Twice the difference of the multiplicity in three jet events and in qqbar events of comparable scale 2(N_3jet-N_qqbar). The three-jet event multiplicity isequal to the data of Fig. 3c), the qqbar-multiplicity is taken from a fit of th e e+e- data corrected for the varying b-quark contribution. This multiplicity can be identified with the multiplicity of a hypothetical gluon-gluon event. Thereis a normalization uncertainty (i.e. a scale independent constant) of the gluon -gluon event multiplicity which should not influence the slope of the gg-multiplicity with scale (see paper). The errors shown are statistical only.


pi+-, K+-, p and anti-p production in Z0 ---> q anti-q, Z0 ---> b anti-b, Z0 ---> u anti-u, d anti-d, s anti-s

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C5 (1998) 585-620, 1998.
Inspire Record 473409 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49385
39 data tables

Mean particle multiplicities for Z0-->Q-QBAR events. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation of the differential distributions to the full kinematic range.

Mean particle multiplicities for Z0-->B-BBAR events. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation of the differential distributions to the full kinematic range.

Mean particle multiplicities for Z0-->(U-UBAR,D-DBAR,S-SBAR) events. The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to the extrapolation of the differential distributions to the full kinematic range.

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Investigation of the splitting of quark and gluon jets

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C4 (1998) 1-17, 1998.
Inspire Record 467927 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49547
14 data tables

Scaled energy distribution of charged hadrons produced in Quark jets in 'Y'topology 3-JET events.

Scaled energy distribution of charged hadrons produced in Gluon jets in 'Y'topology 3-JET events.

Scaled energy distribution of charged hadrons produced in Quark jets in 'Mercedes' topology 3-JET events.

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Search for the B(c) Meson

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B398 (1997) 207-222, 1997.
Inspire Record 428162 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47617
1 data table

B/C life-time equals (0.4 to 1.4) ps.


Energy dependence of the differences between the quark and gluon jet fragmentation

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C70 (1996) 179-196, 1996.
Inspire Record 403254 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48064
2 data tables

No description provided.

Durham and JADE algoritms were used.


Identified particles in quark and gluon jets

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B401 (1997) 118-130, 1997.
Inspire Record 428228 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47615
2 data tables

Y events.

Mercedes events.


Measurement of the spin density matrix for the rho0, K*0 (892) and phi produced in Z0 decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B406 (1997) 271-286, 1997.
Inspire Record 444150 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47452
3 data tables

Helicity density matrices elements. The statistical and systematic errors are combined quadratically.

Helicity density matrices elements. The statistical and systematic errors are combined quadratically.

Helicity density matrices elements. The statistical and systematic errors are combined quadratically.


Measurement of the multiplicity of gluons splitting to bottom quark pairs in hadronic Z0 decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B405 (1997) 202-214, 1997.
Inspire Record 442880 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47486
1 data table

No description provided.


Measurement of the quark and gluon fragmentation functions in Z0 hadronic decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C6 (1999) 19-33, 1999.
Inspire Record 448370 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47405
9 data tables

Transverse component of the differential cross section.

Longitudinal component of the differential cross section.

Asymmetric component of the differential cross section.

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Charged particle multiplicity in e+ e- ---> q anti-q events at 161-GeV and 172-GeV and from the decay of the W boson

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B416 (1998) 233-246, 1998.
Inspire Record 449290 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47398
3 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.


Measurement of event shape and inclusive distributions at S**(1/2) = 130-GeV and 136-GeV

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C73 (1997) 229-242, 1997.
Inspire Record 424629 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47715
26 data tables

mean values for event shape variables.

Integral of event shape distribution over the specified interval.

Integral of event shape distribution over the specified interval.

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A Measurement of alpha-s from the scaling violation in e+ e- annihilation

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B398 (1997) 194-206, 1997.
Inspire Record 428178 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47581
2 data tables

SIG(Q=BQ, Q=CQ, Q=UDS) corresponds to BQ, CQ, and U,D,S quarks fragmentation into charged hadron.

alpha_s was evaluated from the scaling violation of the fragmentation func tions. The data from other experiments are used for the fitting procedure.


Tuning and test of fragmentation models based on identified particles and precision event shape data

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C73 (1996) 11-60, 1996.
Inspire Record 424112 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47800
56 data tables

Transverse momentum PTIN w.r.t. the Thrust axis. For the first table Thrust axis definition is from seen charged particles corrected to final state particles. For the second table Thrust axis definition is from seen charged plus neutral particles corrected to final state charged plus neutral particles.

Transverse momentum PTOUT w.r.t. the Thrust axis. For the first table Thrust axis definition is from seen charged particles corrected to final state particles. For the second table Thrust axis definition is from seen charged plus neutral particles corrected to final state charged plus neutral particles.

Transverse momentum PTIN w.r.t. the Sphericity axis. For the first table Sphericity axis definition is from seen charged particles corrected to final state particles. For the second table Sphericity axis definition is from seen charged plus neutral particles corrected to final state charged plus neutral particles.

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First measurement of f2-prime (1525) production in Z0 hadronic decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B379 (1996) 309-318, 1996.
Inspire Record 416741 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47972
2 data tables

SIG in (1/SIG) is the total hadronic cross section.

No description provided.


First measurement of the strange quark asymmetry at the Z0 peak

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C67 (1995) 1-14, 1995.
Inspire Record 382285 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48256
4 data tables

Measured forward backward asymmetries.

Forward-backward s-quark asymmetries from the separate processes.

Final s-quark forward-backward asymmetries.

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