Study of charm production in Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Decamp, D. ; Ghez, Philippe ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C16 (2000) 597-611, 2000.
Inspire Record 507422 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49183

The production rates of D*+-, Ds*+-, D+-, D0 / D0bar, Ds+, and Lambda_c in Z to ccbar decays are measured using the LEP I data sample recorded by the ALEPH detector. The fractional energy spectrum of the D*+- is well described as the sum of three contributions: charm hadronisation, b hadron decays and gluon splitting into a pair of heavy quarks. The probability for a c quark to hadronise into a D*+ is found to be f(c to D*+) = 0.233 +- 0.010 (stat.) +- 0.011 (syst.). The average fraction of the beam energy carried by D*+- mesons in Z to cc events is measured to be < X_E (D*+-) >_cc = 0.4878 +- 0.0046 (stat.) +- 0.0061 (syst.). The D*+- energy and the hemisphere mass imbalance distributions are simultaneously used to measure the fraction of hadronic Z decays in which a gluon splits to a cc pair: n_{gluon to cc} = (3.23 +- 0.48 (stat.) +- 0.53 (syst.) %. The ratio of the Vector/(Vector+Pseudoscalar) production rates in charmed mesons is found to be P_V = 0.595 +- 0.045. The fractional decay width of the Z into cc pairs is determined from the sum of the production rates for various weakly decaying charmed states to be Rc = 0.1738 +- 0.0047 (stat.) +- 0.0116 (syst.).

3 data tables

The differential D*+- production rate. Statistical errors only.

The multiplicity of D*+- events using a MC shape to do the very small extrapolation over the entire X range.

Fraction of hadronic Z0 decays into charm quark pairs summing all the contributions of the fundamental charmed states and including a contribution from baryons not decaying to LAMBDA/C+. The second DSYS error is due to the uncertainty in the branching ratio.


Measurement of the spectral functions of axial - vector hadronic tau decays and determination of alpha(S)(M**2(tau))

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C4 (1998) 409-431, 1998.
Inspire Record 467093 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68902
7 data tables

Total vector spectral function. The error has been set to zero if it is smaller than the point size.

Invariant mass-squared distributions of the decay $\tau^- \to 2\pi^- \pi^+ \nu_\tau$. The error has been set to zero if it is smaller than the point size.

Invariant mass-squared distributions of the decay $\tau^- \to \pi^- 2\pi^0 \nu_\tau$. The error has been set to zero if it is smaller than the point size.

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Measurement of the spectral functions of vector current hadronic tau decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C76 (1997) 15-33, 1997.
Inspire Record 440588 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68475
6 data tables

Invariant mass-squared distribution of the $\tau^- \to h^- \pi^0 \nu_{\tau}$ decay. The error has been set to zero if it is smaller than the point size. A dash indicates a data point lying outside the plot range.

Invariant mass-squared distributions of the $h^- 3\pi^0 \nu_{\tau}$ decay channel. The error has been set to zero if it is smaller than the point size.

Invariant mass-squared distribution of the $2h^- h^+ \pi^0 \nu_{\tau}$ decay channel. The error has been set to zero if it is smaller than the point size.

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A Study of tau decays involving eta and omega mesons

The ALEPH collaboration Buskulic, D. ; De Bonis, I. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C74 (1997) 263-273, 1997.
Inspire Record 421984 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68382
6 data tables

$\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ mass distribution (two entries per event) in the $\pi^{\pm}\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ final state for the one-photon sample. The bin size has been chosen to display the detailed shape of the $\omega$ peak. The non-resonant contribution is represented by a simple polynomial. Non-$\tau$ background has been subtracted. The error has been set to zero if it is smaller than the point size.

$\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ mass distributions (two entries per event) in the $\pi^{\pm}\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ final state for the two-photon sample. The bin size has been chosen to display the detailed shape of the $\omega$ peak. The non-resonant contribution is represented by a simple polynomial. Non-$\tau$ background has been subtracted. The error has been set to zero if it is smaller than the point size.

Background-subtracted $\omega\pi$ mass spectrum for the data presented here, plotted as black dots. The error has been set to zero if it is smaller than the point size.

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K0 production in one prong tau decays

The ALEPH collaboration Buskulic, D. ; Casper, D. ; De Bonis, I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B332 (1994) 219-227, 1994.
Inspire Record 373752 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68011
1 data table

Invariant mass distribution for the $K^0\pi$ system data. The numbers have been read from the plot in the paper.


One prong tau decays into charged kaons

The ALEPH collaboration Buskulic, D. ; Casper, D. ; De Bonis, I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B332 (1994) 209-218, 1994.
Inspire Record 373751 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68012
1 data table

Invariant mass distribution of the $K\pi^0$ final state, as obtained from a $dE/dx$ fit in each mass bin. The numbers have been read from the plot in the paper, with the errors simply set to zero if they are smaller than the point size.


Study of the fragmentation of b quarks into B mesons at the Z peak

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B512 (2001) 30-48, 2001.
Inspire Record 558327 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48926

The fragmentation of b quarks into B mesons is studied with four million hadronic Z decays collected by the ALEPH experiment during the years 1991-1995. A semi-exclusive reconstruction of B->l nu D(*) decays is performed, by combining lepton candidates with fully reconstructed D(*) mesons while the neutrino energy is estimated from the missing energy of the event. The mean value of xewd, the energy of the weakly-decaying B meson normalised to the beam energy, is found to be mxewd = 0.716 +- 0.006 (stat) +- 0.006 (syst) using a model-independent method; the corresponding value for the energy of the leading B meson is mxel = 0.736 +- 0.006 (stat) +- 0.006 (syst). The reconstructed spectra are compared with different fragmentation models.

6 data tables

Normalized binned spectra for weakly-decaying (WD) leading (L) B-mesons.

The extracted spectra spectra for weakly-decaying (WD) leading (L) B-mesons.

Statistical error matrix for the Weakly Decaying distribution in units of 10**-6.

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Measurement of Z-pair production in e+ e- collisions and constraints on anomalous neutral gauge couplings

The ALEPH collaboration Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; Bruneliere, R. ; et al.
JHEP 0904 (2009) 124, 2009.
Inspire Record 824816 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52431

The ZZ production cross section is measured from a data sample corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 452 pb(-')(1), collected by the ALEPH experiment at LEP at centre-of-mass energies from 192 to 209 GeV. Individual cross sections, ext racted at six centre-of-mass energies, are found to be in agreement with Standard Model calculations. The results are used to set limits on anomalous neutral gauge couplings.

1 data table

Measured E+ E- --> Z0 Z0 cross sections.


Measurement of the Cross Section for open b-Quark Production in Two-Photon Interactions at LEP

The ALEPH collaboration Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; Bruneliere, R. ; et al.
JHEP 0709 (2007) 102, 2007.
Inspire Record 753710 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48802

Inclusive beauty-quark production in two-photon collisions has been measured at LEP using an integrated luminosity of 698 pb-1 collected by the ALEPH detector with sqrt(s) between 130 and 209 GeV. The b quarks were identified using lifetime information. The cross section is found to be sigma(e+ e- --> e+ e- b \bar{b} X) = (5.4 +/- 0.8 (stat) +/- 0.8 (syst)) pb which is consistent with Next-to-Leading Order QCD.

1 data table

Cross section for the process E+ E- --> E+ E- BQUARK BQUARKBAR X.


Comparison of deep inelastic electron photon scattering data with the HERWIG and PHOJET Monte Carlo models

The ALEPH L3 OPAL LEP Working Group collaborations Achard, P. ; Andreev, V. ; Braccini, S. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C23 (2002) 201-223, 2002.
Inspire Record 535230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49877

Deep inelastic electron-photon scattering is studied in the Q**2 range from 1.2 to 30 GeV**2 using the LEP1 data taken with the ALEPH, L3 and OPAL detectors at centre-of-mass energies close to the mass of the Z boson. Distributions of the measured hadronic final state are corrected to the hadron level and compared to the predictions of the HERWIG and PHOJET Monte Carlo models. For large regions in most of the distributions studied the results of the different experiments agree with one another. However, significant differences are found between the data and the models. Therefore the combined LEP data serve as an important input to improve on the Monte Carlo models.

11 data tables

The individual differential cross sections (DSIG/DW) in the low Q**2 regions for the three experiments.. The data are corrected using the HERWIG-kt model.

The combined differential cross sections (DSIG/DW) separately for the low and high Q**2 regions. The data are corrected using the HERWIG-kt model.

The combined differential cross sections (DSIG/DW) separately for the low and high Q**2 regions. The data are corrected using the PHOJET model.

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Measurement of W-pair production in e+ e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies from 183-GeV to 209-GeV

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C38 (2004) 147-160, 2004.
Inspire Record 653296 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48582
13 data tables

The measured cross section for the E NU E NU final state. The DSYS error is the typical systematic error.

The measured cross section for the E NU MU NU final state. The DSYS error is the typical systematic error.

The measured cross section for the E NU TAU NU final state. The DSYS error is the typical systematic error.

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Single vector boson production in e+ e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies from 183-GeV to 209-GeV

The ALEPH collaboration Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; Bruneliere, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B605 (2005) 49-62, 2005.
Inspire Record 656811 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48763
4 data tables

Measured cross sections for single W production in the leptonic and hadronic decay channels of the W separately and combined.

The measured single Z0 production cross section.

Z0 --> MU+ MU- cross section averaged over all c.m. energies.

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Studies of QCD at e+ e- centre-of-mass energies between 91-GeV and 209-GeV

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C35 (2004) 457-486, 2004.
Inspire Record 636645 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.12794
67 data tables

Mean charged particle multiplicities at different c.m. energies.

XP distribution at c.m. energy 133.0 GeV.

XP distribution at c.m. energy 161.0 GeV.

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Measurement of the tau polarization at LEP

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C20 (2001) 401-430, 2001.
Inspire Record 555653 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49751

The polarisation of $\tau$'s produced in Z decay is measured using 160 pb$^{-1}$ of data accumulated at LEP by the ALEPH detector between 1990 and 1995. The variation of the polarisation with polar angle yields the two parameters ${\cal A}_e = 0.1504 \pm 0.0068 $ and ${\cal A}_{\tau} = 0.1451 \pm 0.0059$ which are consistent with the hypothesis of $e$-$\tau$ universality. Assuming universality, the value ${\cal A}_{e{-}\tau} = 0.1474 \pm 0.0045$ is obtained from which the effective weak mixing angle $\sin^2 {\theta_{\mathrm{W}}^{\mathrm{eff}}} =0.23147 \pm 0.00057 $ is derived.

1 data table

No description provided.


A Direct measurement of |V(cs)| in hadronic W decays using a charm tag

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Decamp, D. ; Ghez, Philippe ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B465 (1999) 349-362, 1999.
Inspire Record 507736 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49085
1 data table

VCS is the CKM matrix element.


Measurement of triple gauge boson couplings at LEP energies up to 189-GeV

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C21 (2001) 423-441, 2001.
Inspire Record 555574 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49832

The triple gauge-boson couplings involving the W are determined using data samples collected with the ALEPH detector at mean centre-of-mass energies of 183 GeV and 189 GeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 57 pb^-1 and 174 pb^-1, respectively. The couplings, g^Z_1, Kappa_gamma and lambda_gamma, are measured using W-pair events, single-W production and single-gamma production. Each coupling is measured individually with the other two coupling fixed at their Standard Model value. Including ALEPH results from lower energies, the 95% confidence level intervals for the deviation to the Standard Model are -0.087 < Dg^Z_1 < 0.141 -0.200 < DKappa_gamma < 0.258 -0.062 < Lambda_gamma < 0.147. Fits are also presented where two or all three couplings are allowed to vary. In addition, W-pair events are used to set limits on the C- or P-violating couplings g^V_4, g^V_5, Kappa_V, and Lambda_V, where V denotes either gamma or Z. No deviations from the Standard Model expectations are observed.

4 data tables

The errors included the statistical and systematic uncertainties. Deviation from SM values.

The errors included the statistical and systematic uncertainties. Combined results, lower sqrt(s) data are also included.

The errors included the statistical and systematic uncertainties. Combined results, lower sqrt(s) data are also included. Three-parameter fit.

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Study of the CP asymmetry of $B^0 \to J/\psi K^0_{S}$ decays in ALEPH

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Decamp, D. ; Ghez, Philippe ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B492 (2000) 259-274, 2000.
Inspire Record 533961 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49841

The decay B0 -> J/psi K0_S is reconstructed with J/psi -> e+ e- or mu+ mu- and K0_S -> pi+ pi-. From the full ALEPH dataset at LEP1 of about 4 million hadronic Z decays, 23 candidates are selected with an estimated purity of 71%. They are used to measure the CP asymmetry of this decay, given by sin 2beta in the Standard Model, with the result sin 2beta = 0.84 +0.82-1.04 +-0.16. This is combined with existing measurements from other experiments, and increases the confidence level that CP violation has been observed in this channel to 98%.

1 data table

Standard Model predicts the time-dependent rate asymmetry as follows: A(t) = (B0(t)-BBAR0(t))/(B0(t)+BBAR0(t)) = SIN(2*BETA)*SIN(Delta(M)*t), where Delta(M) is the mass difference between the two B0 mass eigenstates.


Exclusive production of pion and kaon meson pairs in two photon collisions at LEP

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B569 (2003) 140-150, 2003.
Inspire Record 626022 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49730
4 data tables

Measured angular distribution for pion production.

Measured angular distribution for kaon production.

Measured cross section for pion production as a function of W.

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Measurement of the hadronic photon structure function F2(gamma)(x, Q**2) in two-photon collisions at LEP

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C30 (2003) 145-158, 2003.
Inspire Record 631231 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43218
4 data tables

Measured value of F2/ALPHAE at a mean Q**2 of 17.3 GeV**2.

Measured value of F2/ALPHAE at a mean Q**2 of 67.2 GeV**2.

Statistical correlation coefficients for the F2 measurements at Q**2 = 17.3 GeV**2.

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Study of hadronic final states from double tagged gamma gamma events at LEP

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2003.
Inspire Record 619958 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49702

The interaction of virtual photons is investigated using double tagged gammagamma events with hadronic final states recorded by the ALEPH experiment at e^+e^- centre-of-mass energies between 188 and 209 GeV. The measured cross section is compared to Monte Carlo models, and to next-to-leading-order QCD and BFKL calculations.

10 data tables

Differential cross section as a function of the relative energy of the scattered electrons.

Differential cross section as a function of the polar angle THETA of the scattered electrons.

Differential cross section as a function of the virtuality Q**2 of the photons.

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Measurement of the inclusive D*+- production in gamma gamma collisions at LEP

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C28 (2003) 437-449, 2003.
Inspire Record 612223 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48891

The inclusive production of D$^{*\pm}$ mesons in two-photon collisions is measured with the ALEPH detector at $\epem$ centre-of-mass energies from 183$\unit{GeV}$ to 209$\unit{GeV}$. A total of $360 \pm 27$ D$^{*\pm}$ meson events were observed from an integrated luminosity of 699\unit{pb^{-1}}$. Contributions from direct and single-resolved rocesses are separated using the ratio of the transverse momentum $p_{\rm t}^{\rm D^{*\pm}}$ of the D$^{*\pm}$ to the visible invariant mass $W_{\mathrm{vis}}$ of the event. Differential cross sections of D$^{*\pm}$ production as functions of $p_{\rm t}^{\rm D^{*\pm}}$ and the pseudorapidity $|\eta^{\rm D^{*\pm}}| $ are measured in the range $ 2\unit{GeV}/c < p_{\rm t}^{\rm D^{*\pm}} < 12\unit{GeV}/c $ and $ |\eta^{\rm D^{*\pm}}| < 1.5 $. They are compared to next-to-leading order (NLO)perturbative QCD calculations. The extrapolation of the integrated visible D$^{*\pm}$ cross section to the total charm cross section, based on the Pythia Monte Carlo program, yields $ \sigma (\epem \to \epem \ccbar)_ {=197\unit{GeV}} = 731 \pm 74_{\mathrm{stat}} \pm 47_{\mathrm{syst}} \pm 157_{\mathrm{extr}} \unit{pb} $.

7 data tables

Total extrapolated charm production cross section. The second DSYS error isdue to the uncertainty in the extrapolation.

Visible cross section with the acceptance range.

Visible cross section within the acceptance ranges for the three decay modes observed.

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Inclusive production of the omega and eta mesons in Z decays, and the muonic branching ratio of the omega

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B528 (2002) 19-33, 2002.
Inspire Record 569165 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48894

The inclusive production of the omega(782) vector meson in hadronic Z decays is measured and compared to model predictions. The analysis is based on 4 million hadronic Z decays recorded by the ALEPH detector between 1991 and 1995. The production rate for x_p = p_meson/p_beam > 0.05 is measured in the omega -> pi^+ pi^- pi^0 decay mode and found to be 0.585 +- 0.019_stat +- 0.033_sys per event. Inclusive eta meson production is also measured in the same decay channel for x_p > 0.10, obtaining 0.355 +- 0.011_stat +- 0.024_sys per event. The branching ratio for omega -> mu^+ mu^- is investigated. A total of 18.1 +- 5.9 events are observed, from which the muonic branching ratio is measured for the first time to be BR(omega -> mu^+ mu^-) = (9.0 +- 2.9_stat +- 1.1_sys)*10^-5.

3 data tables

Extrapolation using JETSET 7.4 is used to correct down to X = 0.0. The second DSYS error, where relevant, shows the estimated uncertainty on the extrapolation.

Production rate and differential cross sections for the ETA.

Production rate and differential cross sections for the OMEGA.


Measurements of BR (b ---> tau- anti-nu(tau) X) and BR (b ---> tau- anti-nu(tau) D*+- X) and upper limits on BR (B- ---> tau- anti-nu(tau)) and BR (b---> s nu anti-nu)

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Decamp, D. ; Ghez, Philippe ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C19 (2001) 213-227, 2001.
Inspire Record 534887 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49822

Inclusive branching ratios involving b to tau transitions are measured in approximately four million hadronic Z decays collected by the ALEPH detector at LEP. The fully-inclusive branching ratio b -> tau nu X and the semi-inclusive branching ratio b -> tau nu D*+/- X are measured to be (2.43 +/- 0.20 +/- 0.25)% and (0.88 +/- 0.31 +/- 0.28)%, in agreement with the standard model predictions. Upper limits on the branching fractions b -> tau nu and b -> s nu nubar are set to 8.3 10**-4 and 6.4 10**-4 at the 90% C.L. These results allow a 90% C.L. lower limit of 0.40 (GeV/c**2)**-1 to be set on the tan(beta)/mH+/- ratio, in the framework of type-II two-Higgs-doublet mode

1 data table

TAN(BETA) is the two-Higgs-doublet model parameter, while M_H is the mass of charged Higgs.


Measurements of the structure of quark and gluon jets in hadronic Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C17 (2000) 1-18, 2000.
Inspire Record 467225 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49549
6 data tables

The measured jet broadening distributions (B) in quark and gluon jets seperately.

Measured distributions of -LN(Y2), where Y2 is the differential one-subjet rate, that is the value of the subjet scale parameter where 2 jets appear from the single jet.

The mean subjet multiplicity (-1) for gluon jets and quark jets for different values of the subject resolution parameter Y0.

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Measurement of the fraction of hadronic Z decays into charm quark pairs

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C4 (1998) 557-570, 1998.
Inspire Record 468852 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49530
1 data table

No description provided.