Production of deuterons, tritons, $^{3}$He nuclei and their antinuclei in pp collisions at $\mathbf{\sqrt{{\textit s}}}$ = 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 97 (2018) 024615, 2018.
Inspire Record 1625294 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.81951

Invariant differential yields of deuterons and anti-deuterons in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV and the yields of tritons, $^{3}$He nuclei and their anti-nuclei at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV have been measured with the ALICE detector at the LHC. The measurements cover a wide transverse momentum ($p_{\text{T}}$) range in the rapidity interval $|y|<0.5$, extending both the energy and the $p_{\text{T}}$ reach of previous measurements up to 3 GeV/$c$ for $A=2$ and 6 GeV/$c$ for $A=3$. The coalescence parameters of (anti-)deuterons and $^{3}\overline{\text{He}}$ nuclei exhibit an increasing trend with $p_{\text{T}}$ and are found to be compatible with measurements in pA collisions at low $p_{\text{T}}$ and lower energies. The integrated yields decrease by a factor of about 1000 for each increase of the mass number with one (anti-)nucleon. Furthermore, the deuteron-to-proton ratio is reported as a function of the average charged particle multiplicity at different center-of-mass energies.

11 data tables

Invariant differential yield of deuterons and antideuterons in inelastic pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9 TeV. The uncertainties of $_{-0.8}^{+2.2}$% due to the extrapolation to inelastic pp collisions are not included in the systematic uncertainties.

Invariant differential yield of deuterons and antideuterons in inelastic pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 2.76 TeV. The uncertainties of $_{-2.8}^{+5.2}$% due to the extrapolation to inelastic pp collisions are not included in the systematic uncertainties.

Invariant differential yield of deuterons and antideuterons in inelastic pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV. The uncertainties of $_{-2.0}^{+5.0}$% due to the extrapolation to inelastic pp collisions are not included in the systematic uncertainties.

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Forward-backward multiplicity correlations in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s} $ = 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2015) 097, 2015.
Inspire Record 1342496 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68880

The strength of forward-backward (FB) multiplicity correlations is measured by the ALICE detector in proton-proton (pp) collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$, 2.76 and 7 TeV. The measurement is performed in the central pseudorapidity region ($|\eta| < 0.8$) for the transverse momentum $p_{\rm T}>0.3$ GeV/$c$. Two separate pseudorapidity windows of width ($\delta \eta$) ranging from 0.2 to 0.8 are chosen symmetrically around $\eta=0$. The multiplicity correlation strength ($b_{\rm cor}$) is studied as a function of the pseudorapidity gap ($\eta_{\rm gap}$) between the two windows as well as the width of these windows. The correlation strength is found to decrease with increasing $\eta_{\rm gap}$ and shows a non-linear increase with $\delta\eta$. A sizable increase of the correlation strength with the collision energy, which cannot be explained exclusively by the increase of the mean multiplicity inside the windows, is observed. The correlation coefficient is also measured for multiplicities in different configurations of two azimuthal sectors selected within the symmetric FB $\eta$-windows. Two different contributions, the short-range (SR) and the long-range (LR), are observed. The energy dependence of $b_{\rm cor}$ is found to be weak for the SR component while it is strong for the LR component. Moreover, the correlation coefficient is studied for particles belonging to various transverse momentum intervals chosen to have the same mean multiplicity. Both SR and LR contributions to $b_{\rm cor}$ are found to increase with $p_{\rm T}$ in this case. Results are compared to PYTHIA and PHOJET event generators and to a string-based phenomenological model. The observed dependencies of $b_{\rm cor}$ add new constraints on phenomenological models.

11 data tables

Correlation strength $b_{\rm corr}$ for $\eta$-windows in $p_{\rm T}$ range $0.3-1.5$ (GeV/c) at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ TeV.

Correlation strength $b_{\rm corr}$ for $\eta$-windows in $p_{\rm T}$ range $0.3-1.5$ (GeV/c) at $\sqrt{s}=2.76$ TeV.

Correlation strength $b_{\rm corr}$ for $\eta$-windows in $p_{\rm T}$ range $0.3-1.5$ (GeV/c) at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV.

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Inclusive photon production at forward rapidities in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 146, 2015.
Inspire Record 1328669 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69495

The multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions of inclusive photons have been measured at forward rapidities ($2.3 < \eta < 3.9$) in proton-proton collisions at three center-of-mass energies, $\sqrt{s}=0.9$, 2.76 and 7 TeV using the ALICE detector. It is observed that the increase in the average photon multiplicity as a function of beam energy is compatible with both a logarithmic and a power-law dependence. The relative increase in average photon multiplicity produced in inelastic pp collisions at 2.76 and 7 TeV center-of-mass energies with respect to 0.9 TeV are 37.2% $\pm$ 0.3% (stat) $\pm$ 8.8% (sys) and 61.2% $\pm$ 0.3% (stat) $\pm$ 7.6% (sys), respectively. The photon multiplicity distributions for all center-of-mass energies are well described by negative binomial distributions. The multiplicity distributions are also presented in terms of KNO variables. The results are compared to model predictions, which are found in general to underestimate the data at large photon multiplicities, in particular at the highest center-of-mass energy. Limiting fragmentation behavior of photons has been explored with the data, but is not observed in the measured pseudorapidity range.

8 data tables

Photon multiplicity distribution for INEL proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=0.9 TeV.

Photon multiplicity distribution for INEL proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=2.76 TeV.

Photon multiplicity distribution for INEL proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV.

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Charged-particle multiplicity measurement with Reconstructed Tracks in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9 and 7 TeV with ALICE at the LHC

The ALICE collaboration
ALICE-PUBLIC-2013-001, 2013.
Inspire Record 1387699 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62030

This note describes the details of the analysis of charged-particle pseudorapidity densities and multiplicity distributions measured by the ALICE detector in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9 and 7 TeV in specific phase space regions. The primary goal of the analysis is to provide reference measurements for Monte Carlo tuning. The pseudorapidity range |h| < 0.8 is considered and a lower $p_T$ cut is applied, at 0.15, 0.5 GeV/c and at 1 GeV/c. The choice of such phase space regions to measure the charged-particle multiplicity allows a direct comparison with the analogous results obtained by other LHC collaborations, namely ATLAS and CMS. The class of events considered are those having at least one charged particle in the kinematical ranges just described. In the note, the analysis procedure is presented, together with the corrections applied to the data, and the systematic uncertainty evaluation. The comparison of the results with different Monte Carlo generators is also shown.

9 data tables

dNch/deta versus eta obtained at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 7 TeV with pT > 0.15 GeV.

dNch/deta versus eta obtained at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 7 TeV with pT > 0.50 GeV.

dNch/deta versus eta obtained at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 7 TeV with pT > 1.00 GeV.

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Multiplicity dependence of two-particle azimuthal correlations in pp collisions at the LHC

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
JHEP 09 (2013) 049, 2013.
Inspire Record 1241570 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62319

We present the measurements of particle pair yields per trigger particle obtained from di-hadron azimuthal correlations in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$, $2.76$, and $7$ TeV recorded with the ALICE detector. The yields are studied as a function of the charged particle multiplicity. Taken together with the single particle yields the pair yields provide information about parton fragmentation at low transverse momenta, as well as on the contribution of multiple parton interactions to particle production. Data are compared to calculations using the PYTHIA6, PYTHIA8, and PHOJET event generators.

27 data tables

Per-trigger near-side pair yield for pT(trig) > 0.7 GeV and pT(assoc) > 0.4 GeV measured at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV.

Per-trigger near-side pair yield for pT(trig) > 0.7 GeV and pT(assoc) > 0.7 GeV measured at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV.

Per-trigger away-side pair yield for pT(trig) > 0.7 GeV and pT(assoc) > 0.4 GeV measured at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV.

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Mid-rapidity anti-baryon to baryon ratios in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV measured by ALICE

The ALICE collaboration Abbas, E. ; Abelev, B. ; Adam, J. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 73 (2013) 2496, 2013.
Inspire Record 1232209 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61965

The ratios of yields of anti-baryons to baryons probes the mechanisms of baryon-number transport. Results for $\bar{\rm p}/{\rm p}$, $\bar{\rm \Lambda}/{\rm \Lambda}$, $\rm\bar{\Xi}$$^{+}/{\rm \Xi}^{-}$ and $\rm\bar{\Omega}$$^{+}/{\rm \Omega}^{-}$ in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$, 2.76 and 7 TeV, measured with the ALICE detector at the LHC, are reported. Within the experimental uncertainties and ranges covered by our measurement, these ratios are independent of rapidity, transverse momentum and multiplicity for all measured energies. The results are compared to expectations from event generators, such as PYTHIA and HIJING-B, that are used to model the particle production in pp collisions. The energy dependence of $\bar{\rm p}/{\rm p}$, $\bar{\rm \Lambda}/{\rm \Lambda}$, $\rm\bar{\Xi}$$^{+}/{\rm \Xi^{-}}$ and $\rm\bar{\Omega}$$^{+}/{\rm \Omega^{-}}$, reaching values compatible with unity for $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV, complement the earlier $\bar{\rm p}/{\rm p}$ measurement of ALICE. These dependencies can be described by exchanges with the Regge-trajectory intercept of $\alpha_{\rm {J}} \approx 0.5$, which are suppressed with increasing rapidity interval ${\rm \Delta} y$. Any significant contribution of an exchange not suppressed at large ${\rm \Delta} y$ (reached at LHC energies) is disfavoured.

20 data tables

The pbar/p ratio at sqrt(s) = 2.76 TeV as a function of pT.

The pbar/p ratio at sqrt(s) = 2.76 TeV as a function of rapidity.

The LambdaBar/Lambda ratio at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV as a function of pT.

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Centrality dependence of the pseudorapidity density distribution for charged particles in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abbas, Ehab ; Abelev, Betty ; Adam, Jaroslav ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 726 (2013) 610-622, 2013.
Inspire Record 1225979 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68753

We present the first wide-range measurement of the charged-particle pseudorapidity density distribution, for different centralities (the 0-5%, 5-10%, 10-20%, and 20-30% most central events) in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 2.76$ TeV at the LHC. The measurement is performed using the full coverage of the ALICE detectors, $-5.0 < \eta < 5.5$, and employing a special analysis technique based on collisions arising from LHC "satellite" bunches. We present the pseudorapidity density as a function of the number of participating nucleons as well as an extrapolation to the total number of produced charged particles ($N_{\rm ch} = 17165 \pm 772$ for the 0-5% most central collisions). From the measured ${\rm d}N_{\rm ch}/{\rm d}\eta$ distribution we derive the rapidity density distribution, ${\rm d}N_{\rm ch}/{\rm d}y$, under simple assumptions. The rapidity density distribution is found to be significantly wider than the predictions of the Landau model. We assess the validity of longitudinal scaling by comparing to lower energy results from RHIC. Finally the mechanisms of the underlying particle production are discussed based on a comparison with various theoretical models.

5 data tables

$\rm dN_{ch}/d\eta$ versus $\eta$ for different centralities. Errors are systematic as statistical errors are negligible.

Total number of produced charged particles extrapolated to beam rapidity as a function of the number of participating nucleons in the collision. Statistical errors are negligible. The first(sys) error is the correlated systematic error and the second is that which is uncorrelated to the other points.

$\rm dN_{ch}/d\eta$ per participant pair versus the number of participating nucleons in the collision for different eta ranges. Errors are systematic as statistical errors are negligible.

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Neutral pion and $\eta$ meson production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ TeV and $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, B. ; Abrahantes Quintana, A. ; Adamova, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 717 (2012) 162-172, 2012.
Inspire Record 1116147 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.58871

The first measurements of the invariant differential cross sections of inclusive $\pi^0$ and $\eta$ meson production at mid-rapidity in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ TeV and $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV are reported. The $\pi^0$ measurement covers the ranges $0.4<p_T<7$ GeV/$c$ and $0.3<p_T<25$ GeV/$c$ for these two energies, respectively. The production of $\eta$ mesons was measured at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV in the range $0.4<p_T<15$ GeV/$c$. Next-to-Leading Order perturbative QCD calculations, which are consistent with the $\pi^0$ spectrum at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ TeV, overestimate those of $\pi^0$ and $\eta$ mesons at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV, but agree with the measured $\eta/\pi^0$ ratio at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV.

4 data tables

The measured invariant differential section for inclusive PI0 production at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV.

The measured invariant differential section for inclusive PI0 production at a centre-of-mass energy of 0.9 TeV.

The measured invariant differential section for inclusive ETA production at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV.

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Transverse sphericity of primary charged particles in minimum bias proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$, 2.76 and 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 72 (2012) 2124, 2012.
Inspire Record 1115186 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.58857

Measurements of the sphericity of primary charged particles in minimum bias proton--proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$, 2.76 and 7 TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC are presented. The observable is linearized to be collinear safe and is measured in the plane perpendicular to the beam direction using primary charged tracks with $p_{\rm T}\geq0.5$ GeV/c in $|\eta|\leq0.8$. The mean sphericity as a function of the charged particle multiplicity at mid-rapidity ($N_{\rm ch}$) is reported for events with different $p_{\rm T}$ scales ("soft" and "hard") defined by the transverse momentum of the leading particle. In addition, the mean charged particle transverse momentum versus multiplicity is presented for the different event classes, and the sphericity distributions in bins of multiplicity are presented. The data are compared with calculations of standard Monte Carlo event generators. The transverse sphericity is found to grow with multiplicity at all collision energies, with a steeper rise at low $N_{\rm ch}$, whereas the event generators show the opposite tendency. The combined study of the sphericity and the mean $p_{\rm T}$ with multiplicity indicates that most of the tested event generators produce events with higher multiplicity by generating more back-to-back jets resulting in decreased sphericity (and isotropy). The PYTHIA6 generator with tune PERUGIA-2011 exhibits a noticeable improvement in describing the data, compared to the other tested generators.

7 data tables

pp @ 900 GeV, Mean Transverse Sphericity (y) vs Multiplicity.

pp @ 7000 GeV, Mean Transverse Sphericity (y) vs Multiplicity.

pp @ 2760 GeV, Mean Transverse Sphericity (y) vs Multiplicity.

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Underlying Event measurements in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ and 7 TeV with the ALICE experiment at the LHC

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty ; Abrahantes Quintana, Arian ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
JHEP 07 (2012) 116, 2012.
Inspire Record 1080735 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.58863

We present measurements of Underlying Event observables in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9 and 7 TeV. The analysis is performed as a function of the highest charged-particle transverse momentum $p_{\rm T, LT}$ in the event. Different regions are defined with respect to the azimuthal direction of the leading (highest transverse momentum) track: Toward, Transverse and Away. The Toward and Away regions collect the fragmentation products of the hardest partonic interaction. The Transverse region is expected to be most sensitive to the Underlying Event activity. The study is performed with charged particles above three different $p_{\rm T}$ thresholds: 0.15, 0.5 and 1.0 GeV/$c$. In the Transverse region we observe an increase in the multiplicity of a factor 2-3 between the lower and higher collision energies, depending on the track $p){\rm T}$ threshold considered. Data are compared to Pythia 6.4, Pythia 8.1 and Phojet. On average, all models considered underestimate the multiplicity and summed $p_{\rm T}$ in the Transverse region by about 10-30%.

23 data tables

Number density as a function of the leading charged-particle PT at a centre-mass-energy of 900 GeV for events having charged-particle PT > 0.15 GeV. The data is shown for the three azimuthal regions.

Number density as a function of the leading charged-particle PT at a centre-mass-energy of 7000 GeV for events having charged-particle PT > 0.15 GeV. The data is shown for the three azimuthal regions.

Number density as a function of the leading charged-particle PT at a centre-mass-energy of 900 GeV for events having charged-particle PT > 0.5 GeV. The data is shown for the three azimuthal regions.

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