Search for new particles decaying to a jet and an emerging jet

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP, 2018.
Inspire Record 1700173 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88380

A search is performed for events consistent with the pair production of a new heavy particle that acts as a mediator between a dark sector and normal matter, and that decays to a light quark and a new fermion called a dark quark. The search is based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 16.1 fb$^{-1}$ from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016. The dark quark is charged only under a new quantum-chromodynamics-like force, and forms an `emerging jet' via a parton shower, containing long-lived dark hadrons that give rise to displaced vertices when decaying to standard model hadrons. The data are consistent with the expectation from standard model processes. Limits are set at 95% confidence level excluding dark mediators with masses between 400 and 1250 GeV that have dark pion decay lengths between 5 and 225 mm, with a wider mass-dependent range excluded at lower masses. The dependence of the limit on the dark pion mass is weak for masses between 1 and 10 GeV. This analysis is the first dedicated search for the pair production of a new particle that decays to a jet and an emerging jet.

10 data tables

Distributions of $\langle IP_{\mathrm{2D}}\rangle$ for background (black) and for signals with a mediator mass of 1 TeV and a dark pion proper decay length of 25 mm, for various dark pion masses.

Distributions of $\alpha_\mathrm{3D}$ for background (black) and for signals with a mediator mass of 1 TeV and a dark pion mass of 5 GeV for dark pion proper decay lengths ranging from 1 to 300 mm.

The signal acceptance A, defined as the fraction of simulated signal events passing the selection criteria, for models with a dark pion mass $m_{\pi_\mathrm{DK}}$ of 5 GeV as a function of the mediator mass $m_{\mathrm{X_{DK}}}$ and the dark pion proper decay length $c\tau_{\pi_\mathrm{DK}}$. The corresponding selection set number for each model is indicated as text on the plot.

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Search for top quark partners with charge 5/3 in the same-sign dilepton and single-lepton final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP, 2018.
Inspire Record 1697570 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85767

A search for the pair production of heavy fermionic partners of the top quark with charge 5/3 (X$_{5/3}$) is performed in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The data sample analyzed corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The X$_{5/3}$ quark is assumed always to decay into a top quark and a W boson. Both the right-handed and left-handed X$_{5/3}$ couplings to the W boson are considered. Final states with either a pair of same-sign leptons or a single lepton are studied. No significant excess of events is observed above the expected standard model background. Lower limits at 95% confidence level on the X$_{5/3}$ quark mass are set at 1.33 and 1.30 TeV respectively for the case of right-handed and left-handed couplings to W bosons in a combination of the same-sign dilepton and single-lepton final states.

19 data tables

Summary of yields from simulated prompt same-sign dilepton (SSP MC), same-sign nonprompt (Nonprompt), and opposite-sign prompt (ChargeMisID) backgrounds after the full analysis selection. Also shown are the number of expected events for an RH $X_{5/3}$ particle with a mass of 1 TeV. The uncertainties include both statistical and all systematic components (as described in Section 8). The number of events and uncertainties correspond to the background- only fit to data for the background, while for the signal they are based on the yields before the fit to data.

Distributions of $\min[M(\ell,\mathrm{b})]$ in the $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ control region, for 1 b-tagged jet category. Example signal distributions are also shown. The background distributions correspond to background-only fit to data while signal distributions are before the fit to data. Electron and muon event samples are combined. The last bin includes overflow events and its content is divided by the bin width. The distributions in each category have variable-size bins, chosen so that the statistical uncertainty in the total background in each bin is less than 30%. The lower panel in each plot shows the difference between the observed and the predicted numbers of events in that bin divided by the total uncertainty. The total uncertainty is calculated as the sum in quadrature of the statistical uncertainty in the observed measurement and the statistical and systematic uncertainties in the background-only fit to data.

Distributions of $\min[M(\ell,\mathrm{b})]$ in the $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ control region, for 2 or more b-tagged jet category. Example signal distributions are also shown. The background distributions correspond to background-only fit to data while signal distributions are before the fit to data. Electron and muon event samples are combined. The last bin includes overflow events and its content is divided by the bin width. The distributions in each category have variable-size bins, chosen so that the statistical uncertainty in the total background in each bin is less than 30%. The lower panel in each plot shows the difference between the observed and the predicted numbers of events in that bin divided by the total uncertainty. The total uncertainty is calculated as the sum in quadrature of the statistical uncertainty in the observed measurement and the statistical and systematic uncertainties in the background-only fit to data.

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Jet shapes of isolated photon-tagged jets in PbPb and pp collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett., 2018.
Inspire Record 1695278 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85627

We report the first measurement of jet shapes for jets tagged with an isolated photon in pp and heavy-ion collisions. Jet shapes give crucial information on the evolution of parton shower in the plane transverse to parton's propagation. Photons constrain the associated parton's flavor and, not interacting with the QCD matter, provide precise information about the parton's momentum before traversing the medium. With this experimental control, available only with samples delivered by the LHC, jet shapes are observed to be strongly modified in the hot QCD medium, the results impose unprecedented constraints on theories for parton-medium interactions.

9 data tables

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp collisions.

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in 50-100% centrality PbPb collisions.

The differential jet shape, $\rho(r)$, for jets associated with an isolated photon in 30-50% centrality PbPb collisions.

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Search for leptoquarks coupled to third-generation quarks in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 241802, 2018.
Inspire Record 1694381 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85765

Three of the most significant measured deviations from standard model predictions, the enhanced decay rate for B→D(*)τν, hints of lepton universality violation in B→K(*)ℓℓ decays, and the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, can be explained by the existence of leptoquarks (LQs) with large couplings to third-generation quarks and masses at the TeV scale. The existence of these states can be probed at the LHC in high energy proton-proton collisions. A novel search is presented for pair production of LQs coupled to a top quark and a muon using data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb-1, recorded by the CMS experiment. No deviation from the standard model prediction has been observed and scalar LQs decaying exclusively into tμ are excluded up to masses of 1420 GeV. The results of this search are combined with those from previous searches for LQ decays into tτ and bν, which excluded scalar LQs below masses of 900 and 1080 GeV. Vector LQs are excluded up to masses of 1190 GeV for all possible combinations of branching fractions to tμ, tτ and bν. With this analysis, all relevant couplings of LQs with an electric charge of -1/3 to third-generation quarks are probed for the first time.

6 data tables

Distributions for $M_{LQ}^{rec}$ (category A) after applying the full selection. All backgrounds are normalized according to the post-fit nuisance parameters based on the corresponding SM cross sections.

Distributions for $S_{T}$ (category B) after applying the full selection and estimating the $t\overline{t}$ and DY+jets background contributions from data in category B. All backgrounds are normalized according to the post-fit nuisance parameters based on the corresponding SM cross sections.

Observed upper limits on the production cross section for pair production of LQs decaying into a top quark and a muon or a $\tau$ lepton at 95% CL in the $M_{LQ} - B(LQ \rightarrow t\mu)$ plane.

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Studies of ${\mathrm {B}} ^{*{\mathrm {s}}2}(5840)^0 $ and ${\mathrm {B}} _{{\mathrm {s}}1}(5830)^0 $ mesons including the observation of the ${\mathrm {B}} ^{*{\mathrm {s}}2}(5840)^0 \rightarrow {\mathrm {B}} ^0 \mathrm {K} ^0_{\mathrm {S}} $ decay in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 939, 2018.
Inspire Record 1693614 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85740

Measurements of $\mathrm{B}^*_\mathrm{s2}(5840)^0$ and $\mathrm{B}_\mathrm{s1}(5830)^0$ mesons are performed using a data sample of proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.6 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The analysis studies $P$-wave $\mathrm{B}^0_\mathrm{S}$ meson decays into $\mathrm{B}^{(*)+}\mathrm{K}^-$ and $\mathrm{B}^{(*)0}\mathrm{K}^0_\mathrm{S}$, where the $\mathrm{B}^+$ and $\mathrm{B}^0$ mesons are identified using the decays $\mathrm{B}^+\to\mathrm{J}/\psi\,\mathrm{K}^+$ and $\mathrm{B}^0\to\mathrm{J}/\psi\,\mathrm{K}^*(892)^0$. The masses of the $P$-wave $\mathrm{B}^0_\mathrm{S}$ meson states are measured and the natural width of the $\mathrm{B}^*_\mathrm{s2}(5840)^0$ state is determined. The first measurement of the mass difference between the charged and neutral $\mathrm{B}^*$ mesons is also presented. The $\mathrm{B}^*_\mathrm{s2}(5840)^0$ decay to $\mathrm{B}^0\mathrm{K}^0_\mathrm{S}$ is observed, together with a measurement of its branching fraction relative to the $\mathrm{B}^*_\mathrm{s2}(5840)^0\to\mathrm{B}^+\mathrm{K}^-$ decay.

12 data tables

The $\mathrm{J}/\psi\mathrm{K}^+$ invariant mass distribution in data

The $\mathrm{J}/\psi\mathrm{K}^{*0}$ invariant mass distribution in data

The $\mathrm{B}^+\pi^-$ invariant mass distribution of the selected candidates in data

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Charged-particle nuclear modification factors in XeXe collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.44 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1810 (2018) 138, 2018.
Inspire Record 1692558 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85626

The differential yields of charged particles having pseudorapidity within |η| < 1 are measured using xenon-xenon (XeXe) collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = 5.44 $ TeV. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.42 μb$^{−1}$, were collected in 2017 by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The yields are reported as functions of collision centrality and transverse momentum, p$_{T}$, from 0.5 to 100 GeV. A previously reported p$_{T}$ spectrum from proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=5.02 $ TeV is used for comparison after correcting for the difference in center-of-mass energy. The nuclear modification factors using this reference, R$_{AA}^{*}$ , are constructed and compared to previous measurements and theoretical predictions. In head-on collisions, the R$_{AA}^{*}$ has a value of 0.17 in the p$_{T}$ range of 6–8 GeV, but increases to approximately 0.7 at 100 GeV. Above ≈6 GeV, the XeXe data show a notably smaller suppression than previous results for lead-lead (PbPb) collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02 $ TeV when compared at the same centrality (i.e., the same fraction of total cross section). However, the XeXe suppression is slightly greater than that for PbPb in events having a similar number of participating nucleons.

10 data tables

The per-event differential invariant yield of charged particles having |eta|<1 in XeXe collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=5.44 TeV. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. Bins where no data point has been reported are denoted as 'empty'.

The per-event differential invariant yield of charged particles having |eta|<1 in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=5.44 TeV, after extrpolation from 5.02 TeV data. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. The data is measured and extrapolated as a differential cross section, and transformed into a differential yield using an inelastic cross-section of 70 mb.

The nuclear modification factor of charged particles having |eta|<1 in XeXe collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=5.44 TeV. The first systematic uncertainty describes uncertainties that are not fully correlated across points, while the second systematic uncertainty is a normalization uncertainty that is fully correlated across all points. Bins where no data point has been reported are denoted as 'empty'.

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Observation of Higgs boson decay to bottom quarks

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A. M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 121801, 2018.
Inspire Record 1691854 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86132

The observation of the standard model (SM) Higgs boson decay to a pair of bottom quarks is presented. The main contribution to this result is from processes in which Higgs bosons are produced in association with a W or Z boson (VH), and are searched for in final states including 0, 1, or 2 charged leptons and two identified bottom quark jets. The results from the measurement of these processes in a data sample recorded by the CMS experiment in 2017, comprising 41.3  fb-1 of proton-proton collisions at s=13  TeV, are described. When combined with previous VH measurements using data collected at s=7, 8, and 13 TeV, an excess of events is observed at mH=125  GeV with a significance of 4.8 standard deviations, where the expectation for the SM Higgs boson is 4.9. The corresponding measured signal strength is 1.01±0.22. The combination of this result with searches by the CMS experiment for H→bb¯ in other production processes yields an observed (expected) significance of 5.6 (5.5) standard deviations and a signal strength of 1.04±0.20.

2 data tables

Expected and observed significances, in number of standard deviations, and observed signal strengths for the VH production process with H-->b bbar. Results are shown separately for 2017 data, combined Run 2 (2016 and 2017 data), and for the combination of the Run 1 and Run 2 data. For the 2017 analysis, results are shown separately for the individual mu value for each channel from a combined simultaneous fit to all channels. All results are obtained for mH=125.09 GeV. Data are from Table 2 and 2016 added from Figure 1b.

Best-fit value of the H-->b bbar signal strength with its 1 sigma systematic (red) and total (blue) uncertainties for the five individual production modes considered, as well as the overall combined result. The vertical dashed line indicates the standard model expectation. All results are extracted from a single fit combining all input analyses, with mH = 125.09 GeV. Data from Figure 3.


Version 2
Measurement of jet substructure observables in $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ events from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A. M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D98 (2018) 092014, 2018.
Inspire Record 1690148 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84716

A measurement of jet substructure observables is presented using tt¯ events in the lepton+jets channel from proton-proton collisions at s=13  TeV recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb-1. Multiple jet substructure observables are measured for jets identified as bottom, light-quark, and gluon jets, as well as for inclusive jets (no flavor information). The results are unfolded to the particle level and compared to next-to-leading-order predictions from powheg interfaced with the parton shower generators pythia 8 and herwig 7, as well as from sherpa 2 and Dire 2. A value of the strong coupling at the Z boson mass, αS(mZ)=0.115-0.013+0.015, is extracted from the substructure data at leading-order plus leading-log accuracy.

132 data tables

Distribution of $C_{1}^{(0.0)}$ reconstructed from all particles with pt > 1 GeV, unfolded to the particle level.

Distribution of $C_{1}^{(0.0)}$ reconstructed from charged particles with pt > 1 GeV, unfolded to the particle level.

Distribution of $C_{1}^{(0.2)}$ reconstructed from all particles with pt > 1 GeV, unfolded to the particle level.

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Search for pair-produced resonances decaying to quark pairs in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1685989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85857

A search for the pair production of resonances, each decaying to two quarks, is reported. The search is conducted separately for heavier resonances (masses above 400 GeV), where each of the four final-state quarks generates a hadronic jet resulting in a four-jet signature, and for lighter resonances (masses between 80 and 400 GeV), where the pair of quarks from each resonance is collimated and reconstructed as a single jet resulting in a two-jet signature. In addition, a b-tagged selection is applied to target resonances with a bottom quark in the final state. The analysis uses data collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$, from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The mass spectra are analyzed for the presence of new resonances, and are found to be consistent with standard model expectations. The results are interpreted in the framework of $R$-parity-violating supersymmetry assuming the pair production of scalar top quarks decaying via the hadronic coupling $\lambda_{312}"$ or $\lambda_{323}"$, and upper limits on the cross section as a function of the top squark mass are set. These results probe lower masses than previously explored at the LHC, and extend the top squark mass limits in the $\widetilde{\mathrm{t}}$$\to$qq$'$ scenario.

8 data tables

Resolved search distribution of average dijet mass for the data, along with the resulting fit to the functional form for the b-tagged selection

Resolved search distribution of average dijet mass for the data, along with the resulting fit to the functional form for the inclusive selection

Boosted search average pruned mass distribution for data and for the total background prediction for the b-tagged selection.

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Search for long-lived particles with displaced vertices in multijet events in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}= $13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D98 (2018) 092011, 2018.
Inspire Record 1685992 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85138

Results are reported from a search for long-lived particles in proton-proton collisions at s=13  TeV delivered by the CERN LHC and collected by the CMS experiment. The data sample, which was recorded during 2015 and 2016, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 38.5  fb-1. This search uses benchmark signal models in which long-lived particles are pair-produced and each decays into two or more quarks, leading to a signal with multiple jets and two displaced vertices composed of many tracks. No events with two well-separated high-track-multiplicity vertices are observed. Upper limits are placed on models of R-parity violating supersymmetry in which the long-lived particles are neutralinos or gluinos decaying solely into multijet final states or top squarks decaying solely into dijet final states. For neutralino, gluino, or top squark masses between 800 and 2600 GeV and mean proper decay lengths between 1 and 40 mm, the analysis excludes cross sections above 0.3 fb at 95% confidence level. Gluino and top squark masses are excluded below 2200 and 1400 GeV, respectively, for mean proper decay lengths between 0.6 and 80 mm. A method is provided for extending the results to other models with pair-produced long-lived particles.

24 data tables

Distribution of the distance between vertices in the $x$-$y$ plane, $d_{VV}$, for simulated multijet signals with $m$ = 800 GeV, production cross section 1 fb, and $c\tau$ = 0.3, 1.0, and 10 mm, with the background template overlaid. All vertex and event selection criteria have been applied. The last bin includes the overflow events.

Distribution of $d_{BV}$ in $\geq$5-track one-vertex events for data and simulated multijet signals with $m$ = 800 GeV, production cross section 1 fb, and $c\tau$ = 0.3, 1.0, and 10 mm. Event preselection and vertex selection criteria have been applied. The last bin includes the overflow events.

Signal efficiency as a function of signal mass and lifetime for the multijet signal samples. All vertex and event selection criteria have been applied, as well as the requirement $d_{VV}$ > 0.4 mm.

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Search for heavy resonances decaying into two Higgs bosons or into a Higgs boson and a W or Z boson in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1901 (2019) 051, 2019.
Inspire Record 1685235 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88169

A search is presented for massive narrow resonances decaying either into two Higgs bosons, or into a Higgs boson and a W or Z boson. The decay channels considered are HH$\to \mathrm{b\overline{b}}\tau^{+}\tau^{-}$ and VH$ \to \mathrm{q\overline{q}}\tau^{+}\tau^{-}$, where H denotes the Higgs boson, and V denotes the W or Z boson. This analysis is based on a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV by the CMS Collaboration, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. For the TeV-scale mass resonances considered, substructure techniques provide ways to differentiate among the hadronization products from vector boson decays to quarks, Higgs boson decays to bottom quarks, and quark- or gluon-induced jets. Reconstruction techniques are used that have been specifically optimized to select events in which the tau lepton pair is highly boosted. The observed data are consistent with standard model expectations and upper limits are set at 95% confidence level on the product of cross section and branching fraction for resonance masses between 0.9 and 4.0 TeV. Exclusion limits are set in the context of bulk radion and graviton models: spin-0 radion resonances are excluded below a mass of 2.7 TeV at 95% confidence level. In the spin-1 heavy vector triplet framework, mass-degenerate W' and Z' resonances with dominant couplings to the standard model gauge bosons are excluded below a mass of 2.8 TeV at 95% confidence level. There are the first limits for these decay channels at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV.

5 data tables

Observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-0 resonance decaying to HH, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-2 resonance decaying to HH, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Observed 95% CL upper limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a new spin-1 W prime resonance decaying to WH, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

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Search for the Higgs boson decaying to two muons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 122 (2019) 021801, 2019.
Inspire Record 1682776 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88058

A search for the Higgs boson decaying to two oppositely charged muons is presented using data recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC in 2016 at a center-of-mass energy s=13  TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb-1. Data are found to be compatible with the predicted background. For a Higgs boson with a mass of 125.09 GeV, the 95% confidence level observed (background-only expected) upper limit on the production cross section times the branching fraction to a pair of muons is found to be 3.0 (2.5) times the standard model expectation. In combination with data recorded at center-of-mass energies s=7 and 8 TeV, the background-only expected upper limit improves to 2.2 times the standard model value with a standard model expected significance of 1.0 standard deviation. The corresponding observed upper limit is 2.9 with an observed significance of 0.9 standard deviation. This corresponds to an observed upper limit on the standard model Higgs boson branching fraction to muons of 6.4×10-4 and to an observed signal strength of 1.0±1.0(stat)±0.1(syst).

6 data tables

The 95% CL upper limit on the signal strength modifier in the region around the Higgs boson mass using the 13 TeV data sets together with the expected limit obtained in the background-only hypothesis.

The 95% CL upper limit on the signal strength modifier in the region around the Higgs boson mass for the combination of the 7, 8, and 13 TeV data sets together with the expected limit obtained in the background-only hypothesis and in the signal-plus-background hypothesis for the SM Higgs boson with m_H=125 GeV.

The significance of the incompatibility with the background-only hypothesis using the 13 TeV data sets.

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Measurements of the differential jet cross section as a function of the jet mass in dijet events from proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1811 (2018) 113, 2018.
Inspire Record 1682495 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83912

Measurements of the differential jet cross section are presented as a function of the jet mass in dijet events, in bins of jet transverse momentum, with and without a jet grooming algorithm. The data have been recorded by the CMS Collaboration in proton-proton collisions at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 fb$^{−1}$. The absolute cross sections show slightly different jet transverse momentum spectra in data and Monte Carlo event generators for the settings used. Removing this transverse momentum dependence, the normalized cross section for ungroomed jets is consistent with the prediction from Monte Carlo event generators for masses below 30% of the transverse momentum. The normalized cross section for groomed jets is measured with higher precision than the ungroomed cross section. Semi-analytical calculations of the jet mass beyond leading logarithmic accuracy are compared to data, as well as predictions at leading order and next-to-leading order, which include parton showering and hadronization. Overall, in the normalized cross section, the theoretical predictions agree with the measured cross sections within the uncertainties for masses from 10 to 30% of the jet transverse momentum.

48 data tables

Absolute cross section for ungroomed jets for pt = 200-260

Absolute cross section for ungroomed jets for pt = 260-350

Absolute cross section for ungroomed jets for pt = 350-460

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Search for a singly produced third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a $\tau$ lepton and a bottom quark in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1807 (2018) 115, 2018.
Inspire Record 1677275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84396

A search is presented for a singly produced third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a τ lepton and a bottom quark. Associated production of a leptoquark and a τ lepton is considered, leading to a final state with a bottom quark and two τ leptons. The search uses proton-proton collision data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV recorded with the CMS detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{−1}$. Upper limits are set at 95% confidence level on the production cross section of the third-generation scalar leptoquarks as a function of their mass. From a comparison of the results with the theoretical predictions, a third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a τ lepton and a bottom quark, assuming unit Yukawa coupling (λ), is excluded for masses below 740 GeV. Limits are also set on λ of the hypothesized leptoquark as a function of its mass. Above λ = 1.4, this result provides the best upper limit on the mass of a third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a τ lepton and a bottom quark.

8 data tables

The product of acceptance, efficiency, and branching fraction as a function of leptoquark (LQ) mass for the single production of LQs in each of the three channels considered: tau-tau (black solid line), mu-tau (red dashed line), and e-tau (blue dotted line). The efficiency is calculated with respect to all event selections mentioned in the paper. The uncertainty refers to statistical uncertainty only.

The covariance matrix of the bin contents of the background fit. em stands for e-mu channel, et for e-tau channel, mt for mu-tau channel, and tt for tau-tau channel. The numbers indicate the bin number in each final state.

Observed ST distribution in the e-mu control region, compared to the expected SM background contributions. The distribution labeled electroweak contains the contributions from W+jets, Z+jets, and diboson processes. The signal distributions for single-leptoquark (LQ) production with mass 700 GeV are overlaid to illustrate the sensitivity. For the signal normalization, lambda = 1 and beta = 1 are assumed. The background uncertainty bands represent the sum in quadrature of statistical and systematic uncertainties obtained from the fit. The lower panels show the ratio between the observed and expected events in each bin. In all plots, the horizontal and vertical error bars on the data points represent the bin widths and the Poisson uncertainties, respectively.

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Search for resonant pair production of Higgs bosons decaying to bottom quark-antiquark pairs in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1808 (2018) 152, 2018.
Inspire Record 1677276 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86134

A search for a narrow-width resonance decaying into two Higgs bosons, each decaying into a bottom quark-antiquark pair, is presented. The search is performed using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC. No evidence for such a signal is observed. Upper limits are set on the product of the production cross section for the resonance and the branching fraction for the selected decay mode in the resonance mass range from 260 to 1200 GeV.

2 data tables

The observed and expected upper limits on the cross section for a spin-2 resonance X $\rightarrow$ H(bb) H(bb) at 95% CL, using the asymptotic CLs method

The observed and expected upper limits on the cross section for a spin-0 resonance X $\rightarrow$ H(bb) H(bb) at 95% CL, using the asymptotic CLs method


Angular analysis of the decay B$^+$$\to$ K$^+\mu^+\mu^-$ in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1676212 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85741

The angular distribution of the flavor-changing neutral current decay B$^+$$\to$ K$^+\mu^+\mu^-$ is studied in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The analysis is based on data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.5 fb$^{-1}$. The forward-backward asymmetry $A_{\mathrm{FB}}$ of the dimuon system and the contribution $F_{\mathrm{H}}$ from the pseudoscalar, scalar, and tensor amplitudes to the decay width are measured as a function of the dimuon mass squared. The measurements are consistent with the standard model expectations.

3 data tables

Table 2. Results of the fit for each q2 range, together with several SM predictions. The inclusive $q^{2}$ = 1.00–22.00 $GeV^{2}$ range in the bottom line does not include events from the J/ψ and ψ(2S) resonance regions.

Figure 5a. Results of the $A_{FB}$ measurements in ranges of q2. 0 ≤ $F_{H}$ ≤ 3 and |$A_{FB}$| ≤ min(1, $F_{H}$/2).

Figure 5b. Results of the $F_{H}$ measurements in ranges of q2. 0 ≤ $F_{H}$ ≤ 3 and |$A_{FB}$| ≤ min(1, $F_{H}$/2).


Search for beyond the standard model Higgs bosons decaying into a $\mathrm{b\overline{b}}$ pair in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1808 (2018) 113, 2018.
Inspire Record 1675818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86133

A search for Higgs bosons that decay into a bottom quark-antiquark pair and are accompanied by at least one additional bottom quark is performed with the CMS detector. The data analyzed were recorded in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.7 fb$^{−1}$. The final state considered in this analysis is particularly sensitive to signatures of a Higgs sector beyond the standard model, as predicted in the generic class of two Higgs doublet models (2HDMs). No signal above the standard model background expectation is observed. Stringent upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction are set for Higgs bosons with masses up to 1300 GeV. The results are interpreted within several MSSM and 2HDM scenarios.

3 data tables

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on sigma(pp->b+H(MSSM)+X) * B(H(MSSM) -> bb) in pb as a function of m(H(MSSM)), where H(MSSM) denotes a heavy Higgs-like state like the H and A bosons of MSSM and 2HDM, as obtained from the 13 TeV data.

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on tan(beta) as a function of m(A) in the mhmodp benchmark scenario for a higgsino mass parameter of mu=+200 GeV. Since theoretical predictions are not reliable for tan(beta)>60, entries for which tan(beta) would exceed this value are indicated by N/A.

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on tan(beta) as a function of m(A) in the hMSSM benchmark scenario. Since theoretical predictions are not reliable for tan(beta)>60, entries for which tan(beta) would exceed this value are indicated by N/A.


Observation of the $\chi_\mathrm{b1}$(3P) and $\chi_\mathrm{b2}$(3P) and measurement of their masses

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A. M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 092002, 2018.
Inspire Record 1675256 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85742

The $\chi_\mathrm{b1}$(3P) and $\chi_\mathrm{b2}$(3P) states are observed through their $\Upsilon$(3S) $\gamma$ decays, using an event sample of proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. The data were collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 80.0 fb$^{-1}$. The $\Upsilon$(3S) mesons are identified through their dimuon decay channel, while the low-energy photons are detected after converting to e$^+$e$^-$ pairs in the silicon tracker, leading to a $\chi_\mathrm{b}$(3P) mass resolution of 2.2 MeV. This is the first time that the $J =$ 1 and 2 states are well resolved and their masses individually measured: 10$\,$513.42 $\pm$ 0.41 (stat) $\pm$ 0.18 (syst) MeV and 10$\,$524.02 $\pm$ 0.57 (stat) $\pm$ 0.18 (syst) MeV; they are determined with respect to the world-average value of the $\Upsilon$(3S) mass, which has an uncertainty of 0.5 MeV. The mass splitting is measured to be 10.60 $\pm$ 0.64 (stat) $\pm$ 0.17 (syst) MeV.

2 data tables

Observation of the $\chi_{b1}(3P)$ and $\chi_{b2}(3P)$ and measurement of their masses.

Observation of the $\chi_{b1}(3P)$ and $\chi_{b2}(3P)$ and mass splitting measurement.


Search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalars in the final state with two b quarks and two $\tau$ leptons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B785 (2018) 462, 2018.
Inspire Record 1674926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86228

A search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalar bosons is performed for the first time in the final state with two b quarks and two $\tau$ leptons. The search is motivated in the context of models of physics beyond the standard model (SM), such as two Higgs doublet models extended with a complex scalar singlet (2HDM+S), which include the next-to-minimal supersymmetric SM (NMSSM). The results are based on a data set of proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$, accumulated by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016 at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. Masses of the pseudoscalar boson between 15 and 60 GeV are probed, and no excess of events above the SM expectation is observed. Upper limits between 3 and 12% are set on the branching fraction $\mathcal{B}$(h $\to$ aa $\to$ 2$\tau$2b) assuming the SM production of the Higgs boson. Upper limits are also set on the branching fraction of the Higgs boson to two light pseudoscalar bosons in different 2HDM+S scenarios. Assuming the SM production cross section for the Higgs boson, the upper limit on this quantity is as low as 20% for a mass of the pseudoscalar of 40 GeV in the NMSSM.

1 data table

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on (sigma(pp->h)/sigma(pp->hSM)) * B(h -> aa -> bbtautau) as a function of m(a), where h(SM) is the Higgs boson of the standard model, h is the observed particle with mass of 125 GeV, and a denotes a light Higgs-like state, as obtained from the 13 TeV data.


Version 2
Measurement of nuclear modification factors of $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) mesons in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1674529 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83200

The cross sections for $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) production in lead-lead (PbPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV have been measured using the CMS detector at the LHC. The nuclear modification factors, R$_\mathrm{AA}$, derived from the PbPb-to-pp ratio of yields for each state, are studied as functions of meson rapidity and transverse momentum, as well as PbPb collision centrality. The yields of all three states are found to be significantly suppressed, and compatible with a sequential ordering of the suppression, R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(1S)) $>$ R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(2S)) $>$ R$_\mathrm{AA}$($\Upsilon$(3S)) . The suppression of $\Upsilon$(1S) is larger than that seen at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 2.76 TeV, although the two are compatible within uncertainties. The upper limit on the R$_\mathrm{AA}$ of $\Upsilon$(3S) integrated over $p_\mathrm{T}$ and rapidity is 0.094 at 95% confidence level, which is the strongest suppression observed for any hadron species in heavy ion collisions to date.

23 data tables

Differential cross sections of the Y(1S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

Differential cross sections of the Y(2S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

Differential cross sections of the Y(3S) meson as a function of pT for pp collisions. The global uncertainty arises from the integrated luminosity uncertainty in pp collisions.

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Measurement of the production cross section for single top quarks in association with W bosons in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1810 (2018) 117, 2018.
Inspire Record 1674077 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85698

A measurement is presented of the associated production of a single top quark and a W boson in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV by the CMS Collaboration at the CERN LHC. The data collected corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The measurement is performed using events with one electron and one muon in the final state along with at least one jet originated from a bottom quark. A multivariate discriminant, exploiting the kinematic properties of the events, is used to separate the signal from the dominant $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ background. The measured cross section of 63.1 $\pm$ 1.8 (stat) $\pm$ 6.4 (syst) $\pm$ 2.1 (lumi) pb is in agreement with the standard model expectation.

2 data tables

The measured total cross sections based on the $\rm{e}^\pm \mu^\mp$ decay channel. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is the systematic, and the last due to the integrated luminosity.

Summary of the individual contributions to the uncertainty in the $\sigma_{tW}$ measurement.


Measurement of the groomed jet mass in PbPb and pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1810 (2018) 161, 2018.
Inspire Record 1672962 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83199

A measurement of the groomed jet mass in PbPb and pp collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC is presented. Jet grooming is a recursive procedure which sequentially removes soft constituents of a jet until a pair of hard subjets is found. The resulting groomed jets can be used to study modifications to the parton shower evolution in the presence of the hot and dense medium created in heavy ion collisions. Predictions of groomed jet properties from the pythia and herwig++ event generators agree with the measurements in pp collisions. When comparing the results from the most central PbPb collisions to pp data, a hint of an increase of jets with large jet mass is observed, which could originate from additional medium-induced radiation at a large angle from the jet axis. However, no modification of the groomed mass of the core of the jet is observed for all PbPb centrality classes. The PbPb results are also compared to predictions from the jewel and q-pythia event generators, which predict a large modification of the groomed mass not observed in the data.

12 data tables

Groomed jet energy fraction in pp collision for jets with PTJET 160-180 GeV

Groomed jet energy fraction in PbPb collision for jets with PTJET 160-180 GeV

MG/PTJET for SD (0.1,0.0) in PP collision

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Search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalars in the final state of two muons and two $\tau$ leptons in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1811 (2018) 018, 2018.
Inspire Record 1673011 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85886

A search for exotic Higgs boson decays to light pseudoscalars in the final state of two muons and two $\tau$ leptons is performed using proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Masses of the pseudoscalar boson between 15.0 and 62.5 GeV are probed, and no significant excess of data is observed above the prediction of the standard model. Upper limits are set on the branching fraction of the Higgs boson to two light pseudoscalar bosons in different types of two-Higgs-doublet models extended with a complex scalar singlet.

1 data table

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on (sigma(pp->h)/sigma(pp->hSM)) * B(h -> aa -> mumutautau) as a function of m(a), where h(SM) is the Higgs boson of the standard model, h is the observed particle with mass of 125 GeV, and a denotes a light Higgs-like state, as obtained from the 13 TeV data.


Version 2
Constraining gluon distributions in nuclei using dijets in proton-proton and proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1672941 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83198

The pseudorapidity distributions of dijets as a function of their average transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}^\text{ave}$) are measured in proton-lead (pPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions. The data samples were collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. A significant modification of the pPb spectra with respect to the pp spectra is observed in all $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{ave}$ intervals investigated. The ratios of the pPb and pp distributions are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations with unbound nucleon and nuclear parton distribution functions (PDFs). These results give the first evidence that the gluon PDF at large Bjorken $x$ in lead ions is strongly suppressed with respect to the PDF in unbound nucleons.

21 data tables

The ratio of theory to data, for the ratio of the pPb to pp $\eta_{\mathrm{dijet}}$ spectra for $115 < p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{ave}} < 150$ GeV. The total uncertainties on the data points are provided in the column entitled 'DATA UNCERTAINTIES'. The theory points are from the NLO pQCD calculations of DSSZ, EPS09, nCTEQ15, and EPPS16 nPDFs, using CT14 as the baseline PDF.

The ratio of pPb to pp $\eta_{\mathrm{dijet}}$ spectra for dijets in the range $55 < p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{ave}} < 75$ GeV.

The ratio of pPb to pp $\eta_{\mathrm{dijet}}$ spectra for dijets in the range $75 < p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{ave}} < 95$ GeV.

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Elliptic flow of charm and strange hadrons in high-multiplicity pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A. M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 121 (2018) 082301, 2018.
Inspire Record 1670168 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83911

The elliptic azimuthal anisotropy coefficient (v2) is measured for charm (D0) and strange (KS0, Λ, Ξ-, and Ω-) hadrons, using a data sample of p+Pb collisions collected by the CMS experiment, at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of sNN=8.16  TeV. A significant positive v2 signal from long-range azimuthal correlations is observed for all particle species in high-multiplicity p+Pb collisions. The measurement represents the first observation of possible long-range collectivity for open heavy flavor hadrons in small systems. The results suggest that charm quarks have a smaller v2 than the lighter quarks, probably reflecting a weaker collective behavior. This effect is not seen in the larger PbPb collision system at sNN=5.02  TeV, also presented.

24 data tables

The elliptic flow, $v_{2}$, for $K^{0}_{S}$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in pPb collision at 8.16 TeV.

The elliptic flow, $v_{2}$, for $\Lambda$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in pPb collision at 8.16 TeV.

The elliptic flow, $v_{2}$, for $\Xi^{-}$ as a function of $p_{T}$ in pPb collision at 8.16 TeV.

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