Measurement of jet substructure observables in $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ events from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D98 (2018) 092014, 2018.
Inspire Record 1690148 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84716

A measurement of jet substructure observables is presented using \ttbar events in the lepton+jets channel from proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Multiple jet substructure observables are measured for jets identified as bottom, light-quark, and gluon jets, as well as for inclusive jets (no flavor information). The results are unfolded to the particle level and compared to next-to-leading-order predictions from POWHEG interfaced with the parton shower generators PYTHIA 8 and HERWIG 7, as well as from SHERPA 2 and DIRE2. A value of the strong coupling at the Z boson mass, $\alpha_S(m_\mathrm{Z}) = $ 0.115$^{+0.015}_{-0.013}$, is extracted from the substructure data at leading-order plus leading-log accuracy.

132 data tables

Distribution of $C_{1}^{(0.0)}$ reconstructed from all particles with pt > 1 GeV, unfolded to the particle level.

Distribution of $C_{1}^{(0.0)}$ reconstructed from charged particles with pt > 1 GeV, unfolded to the particle level.

Distribution of $C_{1}^{(0.2)}$ reconstructed from all particles with pt > 1 GeV, unfolded to the particle level.

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Search for pair-produced resonances decaying to quark pairs in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1685989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85857

A search for the pair production of resonances, each decaying to two quarks, is reported. The search is conducted separately for heavier resonances (masses above 400 GeV), where each of the four final-state quarks generates a hadronic jet resulting in a four-jet signature, and for lighter resonances (masses between 80 and 400 GeV), where the pair of quarks from each resonance is collimated and reconstructed as a single jet resulting in a two-jet signature. In addition, a b-tagged selection is applied to target resonances with a bottom quark in the final state. The analysis uses data collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$, from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The mass spectra are analyzed for the presence of new resonances, and are found to be consistent with standard model expectations. The results are interpreted in the framework of $R$-parity-violating supersymmetry assuming the pair production of scalar top quarks decaying via the hadronic coupling $\lambda_{312}"$ or $\lambda_{323}"$, and upper limits on the cross section as a function of the top squark mass are set. These results probe lower masses than previously explored at the LHC, and extend the top squark mass limits in the $\widetilde{\mathrm{t}}$$\to$qq$'$ scenario.

8 data tables

Resolved search distribution of average dijet mass for the data, along with the resulting fit to the functional form for the b-tagged selection

Resolved search distribution of average dijet mass for the data, along with the resulting fit to the functional form for the inclusive selection

Boosted search average pruned mass distribution for data and for the total background prediction for the b-tagged selection.

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Measurements of the differential jet cross section as a function of the jet mass in dijet events from proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1811 (2018) 113, 2018.
Inspire Record 1682495 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83912

Measurements of the differential jet cross section are presented as a function of the jet mass in dijet events, in bins of jet transverse momentum, with and without a jet grooming algorithm. The data have been recorded by the CMS Collaboration in proton-proton collisions at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 fb$^{−1}$. The absolute cross sections show slightly different jet transverse momentum spectra in data and Monte Carlo event generators for the settings used. Removing this transverse momentum dependence, the normalized cross section for ungroomed jets is consistent with the prediction from Monte Carlo event generators for masses below 30% of the transverse momentum. The normalized cross section for groomed jets is measured with higher precision than the ungroomed cross section. Semi-analytical calculations of the jet mass beyond leading logarithmic accuracy are compared to data, as well as predictions at leading order and next-to-leading order, which include parton showering and hadronization. Overall, in the normalized cross section, the theoretical predictions agree with the measured cross sections within the uncertainties for masses from 10 to 30% of the jet transverse momentum.

48 data tables

Absolute cross section for ungroomed jets for pt = 200-260

Absolute cross section for ungroomed jets for pt = 260-350

Absolute cross section for ungroomed jets for pt = 350-460

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Search for a singly produced third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a $\tau$ lepton and a bottom quark in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1807 (2018) 115, 2018.
Inspire Record 1677275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84396

A search is presented for a singly produced third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a τ lepton and a bottom quark. Associated production of a leptoquark and a τ lepton is considered, leading to a final state with a bottom quark and two τ leptons. The search uses proton-proton collision data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV recorded with the CMS detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{−1}$. Upper limits are set at 95% confidence level on the production cross section of the third-generation scalar leptoquarks as a function of their mass. From a comparison of the results with the theoretical predictions, a third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a τ lepton and a bottom quark, assuming unit Yukawa coupling (λ), is excluded for masses below 740 GeV. Limits are also set on λ of the hypothesized leptoquark as a function of its mass. Above λ = 1.4, this result provides the best upper limit on the mass of a third-generation scalar leptoquark decaying to a τ lepton and a bottom quark.

8 data tables

The product of acceptance, efficiency, and branching fraction as a function of leptoquark (LQ) mass for the single production of LQs in each of the three channels considered: tau-tau (black solid line), mu-tau (red dashed line), and e-tau (blue dotted line). The efficiency is calculated with respect to all event selections mentioned in the paper. The uncertainty refers to statistical uncertainty only.

The covariance matrix of the bin contents of the background fit. em stands for e-mu channel, et for e-tau channel, mt for mu-tau channel, and tt for tau-tau channel. The numbers indicate the bin number in each final state.

Observed ST distribution in the e-mu control region, compared to the expected SM background contributions. The distribution labeled electroweak contains the contributions from W+jets, Z+jets, and diboson processes. The signal distributions for single-leptoquark (LQ) production with mass 700 GeV are overlaid to illustrate the sensitivity. For the signal normalization, lambda = 1 and beta = 1 are assumed. The background uncertainty bands represent the sum in quadrature of statistical and systematic uncertainties obtained from the fit. The lower panels show the ratio between the observed and expected events in each bin. In all plots, the horizontal and vertical error bars on the data points represent the bin widths and the Poisson uncertainties, respectively.

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Angular analysis of the decay B$^+$$\to$ K$^+\mu^+\mu^-$ in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1676212 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85741

The angular distribution of the flavor-changing neutral current decay B$^+$$\to$ K$^+\mu^+\mu^-$ is studied in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The analysis is based on data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.5 fb$^{-1}$. The forward-backward asymmetry $A_{\mathrm{FB}}$ of the dimuon system and the contribution $F_{\mathrm{H}}$ from the pseudoscalar, scalar, and tensor amplitudes to the decay width are measured as a function of the dimuon mass squared. The measurements are consistent with the standard model expectations.

3 data tables

Table 2. Results of the fit for each q2 range, together with several SM predictions. The inclusive $q^{2}$ = 1.00–22.00 $GeV^{2}$ range in the bottom line does not include events from the J/ψ and ψ(2S) resonance regions.

Figure 5a. Results of the $A_{FB}$ measurements in ranges of q2. 0 ≤ $F_{H}$ ≤ 3 and |$A_{FB}$| ≤ min(1, $F_{H}$/2).

Figure 5b. Results of the $F_{H}$ measurements in ranges of q2. 0 ≤ $F_{H}$ ≤ 3 and |$A_{FB}$| ≤ min(1, $F_{H}$/2).


Search for beyond the standard model Higgs bosons decaying into a $\mathrm{b\overline{b}}$ pair in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1808 (2018) 113, 2018.
Inspire Record 1675818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86133

A search for Higgs bosons that decay into a bottom quark-antiquark pair and are accompanied by at least one additional bottom quark is performed with the CMS detector. The data analyzed were recorded in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.7 fb$^{−1}$. The final state considered in this analysis is particularly sensitive to signatures of a Higgs sector beyond the standard model, as predicted in the generic class of two Higgs doublet models (2HDMs). No signal above the standard model background expectation is observed. Stringent upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction are set for Higgs bosons with masses up to 1300 GeV. The results are interpreted within several MSSM and 2HDM scenarios.

3 data tables

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on sigma(pp->b+H(MSSM)+X) * B(H(MSSM) -> bb) in pb as a function of m(H(MSSM)), where H(MSSM) denotes a heavy Higgs-like state like the H and A bosons of MSSM and 2HDM, as obtained from the 13 TeV data.

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on tan(beta) as a function of m(A) in the mhmodp benchmark scenario for a higgsino mass parameter of mu=+200 GeV. Since theoretical predictions are not reliable for tan(beta)>60, entries for which tan(beta) would exceed this value are indicated by N/A.

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on tan(beta) as a function of m(A) in the hMSSM benchmark scenario. Since theoretical predictions are not reliable for tan(beta)>60, entries for which tan(beta) would exceed this value are indicated by N/A.


Search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalars in the final state with two b quarks and two $\tau$ leptons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B785 (2018) 462, 2018.
Inspire Record 1674926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86228

A search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalar bosons is performed for the first time in the final state with two b quarks and two $\tau$ leptons. The search is motivated in the context of models of physics beyond the standard model (SM), such as two Higgs doublet models extended with a complex scalar singlet (2HDM+S), which include the next-to-minimal supersymmetric SM (NMSSM). The results are based on a data set of proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$, accumulated by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016 at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. Masses of the pseudoscalar boson between 15 and 60 GeV are probed, and no excess of events above the SM expectation is observed. Upper limits between 3 and 12% are set on the branching fraction $\mathcal{B}$(h $\to$ aa $\to$ 2$\tau$2b) assuming the SM production of the Higgs boson. Upper limits are also set on the branching fraction of the Higgs boson to two light pseudoscalar bosons in different 2HDM+S scenarios. Assuming the SM production cross section for the Higgs boson, the upper limit on this quantity is as low as 20% for a mass of the pseudoscalar of 40 GeV in the NMSSM.

1 data table

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on (sigma(pp->h)/sigma(pp->hSM)) * B(h -> aa -> bbtautau) as a function of m(a), where h(SM) is the Higgs boson of the standard model, h is the observed particle with mass of 125 GeV, and a denotes a light Higgs-like state, as obtained from the 13 TeV data.


Measurement of the production cross section for single top quarks in association with W bosons in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1810 (2018) 117, 2018.
Inspire Record 1674077 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85698

A measurement is presented of the associated production of a single top quark and a W boson in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV by the CMS Collaboration at the CERN LHC. The data collected corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The measurement is performed using events with one electron and one muon in the final state along with at least one jet originated from a bottom quark. A multivariate discriminant, exploiting the kinematic properties of the events, is used to separate the signal from the dominant $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$ background. The measured cross section of 63.1 $\pm$ 1.8 (stat) $\pm$ 6.4 (syst) $\pm$ 2.1 (lumi) pb is in agreement with the standard model expectation.

2 data tables

The measured total cross sections based on the $\rm{e}^\pm \mu^\mp$ decay channel. The first uncertainty is the statistical, the second is the systematic, and the last due to the integrated luminosity.

Summary of the individual contributions to the uncertainty in the $\sigma_{tW}$ measurement.


Search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a pair of light pseudoscalars in the final state of two muons and two $\tau$ leptons in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1811 (2018) 018, 2018.
Inspire Record 1673011 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85886

A search for exotic Higgs boson decays to light pseudoscalars in the final state of two muons and two $\tau$ leptons is performed using proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. Masses of the pseudoscalar boson between 15.0 and 62.5 GeV are probed, and no significant excess of data is observed above the prediction of the standard model. Upper limits are set on the branching fraction of the Higgs boson to two light pseudoscalar bosons in different types of two-Higgs-doublet models extended with a complex scalar singlet.

1 data table

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on (sigma(pp->h)/sigma(pp->hSM)) * B(h -> aa -> mumutautau) as a function of m(a), where h(SM) is the Higgs boson of the standard model, h is the observed particle with mass of 125 GeV, and a denotes a light Higgs-like state, as obtained from the 13 TeV data.


Version 2
Constraining gluon distributions in nuclei using dijets in proton-proton and proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1672941 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83198

The pseudorapidity distributions of dijets as a function of their average transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}^\text{ave}$) are measured in proton-lead (pPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions. The data samples were collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. A significant modification of the pPb spectra with respect to the pp spectra is observed in all $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{ave}$ intervals investigated. The ratios of the pPb and pp distributions are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations with unbound nucleon and nuclear parton distribution functions (PDFs). These results give the first evidence that the gluon PDF at large Bjorken $x$ in lead ions is strongly suppressed with respect to the PDF in unbound nucleons.

21 data tables

The ratio of theory to data, for the ratio of the pPb to pp $\eta_{\mathrm{dijet}}$ spectra for $115 < p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{ave}} < 150$ GeV. The total uncertainties on the data points are provided in the column entitled 'DATA UNCERTAINTIES'. The theory points are from the NLO pQCD calculations of DSSZ, EPS09, nCTEQ15, and EPPS16 nPDFs, using CT14 as the baseline PDF.

The ratio of pPb to pp $\eta_{\mathrm{dijet}}$ spectra for dijets in the range $55 < p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{ave}} < 75$ GeV.

The ratio of pPb to pp $\eta_{\mathrm{dijet}}$ spectra for dijets in the range $75 < p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{ave}} < 95$ GeV.

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Search for disappearing tracks as a signature of new long-lived particles in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1808 (2018) 016, 2018.
Inspire Record 1669245 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84707

A search is presented for long-lived charged particles that decay within the CMS detector and produce the signature of a disappearing track. A disappearing track is an isolated track with missing hits in the outer layers of the silicon tracker, little or no energy in associated calorimeter deposits, and no associated hits in the muon detectors. This search uses data collected with the CMS detector in 2015 and 2016 from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 38.4 fb$^{−1}$. The results of the search are interpreted in the context of the anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking model. The data are consistent with the background-only hypothesis. Limits are set on the product of the cross section for direct production of charginos and their branching fraction to a neutralino and a pion, as a function of the chargino mass and lifetime. At 95% confidence level, charginos with masses below 715 (695) GeV are excluded for a lifetime of 3 (7) ns, as are charginos with lifetimes from 0.5 to 60 ns for a mass of 505 GeV. These are the most stringent limits using a disappearing track signature on this signal model for chargino lifetimes above ≈0.7 ns.

14 data tables

Predicted signal yields for the 2015 data-taking period, corresponding to $2.7\,\text{fb}^{-1}$, after the application of each of the disappearing track selections for three chargino lifetime hypotheses ($\tau = 0.3$, $3.3$, and $33\,\text{ns}{}$) with a chargino mass of $700\,\text{GeV}{}$. The selections listed are cumulative, i.e., only the events and objects passing a given selection are considered in subsequent selections. The uncertainties shown include only the statistical uncertainty resulting from the limited sizes of the generated samples.

Signal acceptance for each of the generated chargino masses and lifetimes for $\mathrm{p}\mathrm{p} \rightarrow \widetilde{\chi}^\pm_{1} \widetilde{\chi}^\mp_{1}$ events. The denominator for the acceptance is the total number of $\widetilde{\chi}^\pm_{1} \widetilde{\chi}^\mp_{1}$ events generated, with no generator-level filtering, while the numerator is the number of those events that are selected by the disappearing track signal selection, after being processed with the same reconstruction software used on the data. The acceptance corresponds to the 2015 data-taking period. The uncertainties are only the statistical uncertainties resulting from the sizes of the generated samples.

Signal acceptance for each of the generated chargino masses and lifetimes for $\mathrm{p}\mathrm{p} \rightarrow \widetilde{\chi}^\pm_{1} \widetilde{\chi}^\mp_{1}$ events. The denominator for the acceptance is the total number of $\widetilde{\chi}^\pm_{1} \widetilde{\chi}^\mp_{1}$ events generated, with no generator-level filtering, while the numerator is the number of those events that are selected by the disappearing track signal selection, after being processed with the same reconstruction software used on the data. The acceptance corresponds to the 2016A data-taking period. The uncertainties are only the statistical uncertainties resulting from the sizes of the generated samples.

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Observation of $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$H production

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 120 (2018) 231801, 2018.
Inspire Record 1666824 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83809

The observation of Higgs boson production in association with a top quark-antiquark pair is reported, based on a combined analysis of proton-proton collision data at center-of-mass energies of s=7, 8, and 13 TeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.1, 19.7, and 35.9  fb-1, respectively. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The results of statistically independent searches for Higgs bosons produced in conjunction with a top quark-antiquark pair and decaying to pairs of W bosons, Z bosons, photons, τ leptons, or bottom quark jets are combined to maximize sensitivity. An excess of events is observed, with a significance of 5.2 standard deviations, over the expectation from the background-only hypothesis. The corresponding expected significance from the standard model for a Higgs boson mass of 125.09 GeV is 4.2 standard deviations. The combined best fit signal strength normalized to the standard model prediction is 1.26-0.26+0.31.

4 data tables

Best fit value of the ttH signal strength modifier $\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$, with its 1 and 2 standard deviation confidence intervals ($\sigma$), for the five individual decay channels considered, the combined result for 7+8 TeV alone and for 13 TeV alone, and the overall combined result. The Higgs boson mass is taken to be 125.09 GeV. For the $\mathrm{H}\rightarrow\mathrm{ZZ}$ decay mode, $\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$ is constrained to be positive to prevent the corresponding event yield from becoming negative. The SM expectation is shown as a dashed vertical line.

Best fit value, with its uncertainty, of the ttH signal strength modifier $\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$, for the five individual decay channels considered, the combined result for 7+8 TeV alone and for 13 TeV alone, and the overall combined result. The total uncertainties are decomposed into their statistical (Stat), experimental systematic (Expt), background theory systematic (Thbgd), and signal theory systematic (Thsig) components.

Distribution of events as a function of the decimal logarithm of S/B, where S and B are the expected post-fit signal (with $\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$ = 1) and background yields, respectively, in each bin of the distributions considered in this combination. The shaded histogram shows the expected background distribution. The two hatched histograms, each stacked on top of the background histogram, show the signal expectation for the SM ($\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$ = 1) and the observed ($\mu_{\mathrm{ttH}}$ = 1.26) signal strengths.

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Search for a new scalar resonance decaying to a pair of Z bosons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1806 (2018) 127, 2018.
Inspire Record 1666019 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83810

A search for a new scalar resonance decaying to a pair of Z bosons is performed in the mass range from 130 GeV to 3 TeV, and for various width scenarios. The analysis is based on proton-proton collisions recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{−1}$ at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The Z boson pair decays are reconstructed using the 4ℓ, 2ℓ2q, and 2ℓ2ν final states, where ℓ = e or μ. Both gluon fusion and electroweak production of the scalar resonance are considered, with a free parameter describing their relative cross sections. A dedicated categorization of events, based on the kinematic properties of associated jets, and matrix element techniques are employed for an optimal signal and background separation. A description of the interference between signal and background amplitudes for a resonance of an arbitrary width is included. No significant excess of events with respect to the standard model expectation is observed and limits are set on the product of the cross section for a new scalar boson and the branching fraction for its decay to ZZ for a large range of masses and widths.

8 data tables

Expected and observed upper limits at the 95% CL on the pp --> X --> ZZ cross section as a function of $m_X$ with $\Gamma_X$=0 GeV with VBF fraction profiled.

Expected and observed upper limits at the 95% CL on the pp --> X --> ZZ cross section as a function of $m_X$ with $\Gamma_X$=0 GeV in VBF production mode.

Expected and observed upper limits at the 95% CL on the pp --> X --> ZZ cross section as a function of $m_X$ with $\Gamma_X$=10 GeV with VBF fraction profiled.

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Measurement of differential cross sections for the production of top quark pairs and of additional jets in lepton+jets events from pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D97 (2018) 112003, 2018.
Inspire Record 1663958 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85696

Differential and double-differential cross sections for the production of top quark pairs in proton-proton collisions at s=13  TeV are measured as a function of kinematic variables of the top quarks and the top quark-antiquark (tt¯) system. In addition, kinematic variables and multiplicities of jets associated with the tt¯ production are measured. This analysis is based on data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016 corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.8  fb-1. The measurements are performed in the lepton+jets decay channels with a single muon or electron and jets in the final state. The differential cross sections are presented at the particle level, within a phase space close to the experimental acceptance, and at the parton level in the full phase space. The results are compared to several standard model predictions that use different methods and approximations. The kinematic variables of the top quarks and the tt¯ system are reasonably described in general, though none predict all the measured distributions. In particular, the transverse momentum distribution of the top quarks is more steeply falling than predicted. The kinematic distributions and multiplicities of jets are adequately modeled by certain combinations of next-to-leading-order calculations and parton shower models.

239 data tables

Absolute cross section at particle level as a function of $p_\text{T}(\text{t}_\text{h})$.

Covariance matrix of absolute cross section at particle level as a function of $p_\text{T}(\text{t}_\text{h})$.

Absolute cross section at particle level as a function of $|y(\text{t}_\text{h})|$.

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Search for new physics in dijet angular distributions using proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV and constraints on dark matter and other models

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) 789, 2018.
Inspire Record 1663452 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82308

A search is presented for physics beyond the standard model, based on measurements of dijet angular distributions in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13\hbox {TeV}$ . The data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 $\,\text {fb}^{-1}$ . The observed distributions, corrected to particle level, are found to be in agreement with predictions from perturbative quantum chromodynamics that include electroweak corrections. Constraints are placed on models containing quark contact interactions, extra spatial dimensions, quantum black holes, or dark matter, using the detector-level distributions. In a benchmark model where only left-handed quarks participate, contact interactions are excluded at the 95% confidence level up to a scale of 12.8 or 17.5TeV, for destructive or constructive interference, respectively. The most stringent lower limits to date are set on the ultraviolet cutoff in the Arkani–Hamed–Dimopoulos–Dvali model of extra dimensions. In the Giudice–Rattazzi–Wells convention, the cutoff scale is excluded up to 10.1TeV. The production of quantum black holes is excluded for masses below 5.9 and 8.2TeV, depending on the model. For the first time, lower limits between 2.0 and 4.6TeVare set on the mass of a dark matter mediator for (axial-)vector mediators, for the universal quark coupling $g_{\mathrm {\mathrm {q}}} =1.0$ .

34 data tables

Normalized dijet angular distribution for events with dijet mass > 6.0 TeV.

Normalized dijet angular distribution for events with 5.4 < dijet mass < 6.0 TeV.

Normalized dijet angular distribution for events with 4.8 < dijet mass < 5.4 TeV.

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Search for $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}$H production in the all-jet final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1663385 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83685

A search is presented for the associated production of a Higgs boson with a top quark pair in the all-jet final state. Events containing seven or more jets are selected from a sample of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. To separate the $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}$H signal from the irreducible $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}+\mathrm{b}\overline{\mathrm{b}}$ background, the analysis assigns leading order matrix element signal and background probability densities to each event. A likelihood-ratio statistic based on these probability densities is used to extract the signal. The results are provided in terms of an observed $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}$H signal strength relative to the standard model production cross section $\mu=\sigma/\sigma_\mathrm{SM}$, assuming a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV. The best fit value is $\hat{\mu} =$ 0.9 $\pm$ 0.7 (stat) $\pm$ 1.3 (syst) = 0.9 $\pm$ 1.5 (tot), and the observed and expected upper limits are, respectively, $\mu

2 data tables

Best fit values in the signal strength modifiers (mu), and their 68% CL intervals as split into the statistical and systematic components for each category and combinations of categories.

Values of log10(S/B), where S and B indicate the respective bin-by-bin yields of the signal and background expected in the MEM discriminant distributions, obtained from a combined fit with the constraint in the cross section of mu = 1.


Search for additional neutral MSSM Higgs bosons in the $\tau\tau$ final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1663234 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83155

A search is presented for additional neutral Higgs bosons in the $\tau\tau$ final state in proton-proton collisions at the LHC. The search is performed in the context of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM), using the data collected with the CMS detector in 2016 at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. To enhance the sensitivity to neutral MSSM Higgs bosons, the search includes production of the Higgs boson in association with b quarks. No significant deviation above the expected background is observed. Model-independent limits at 95% confidence level (CL) are set on the product of the branching fraction for the decay into $\tau$ leptons and the cross section for the production via gluon fusion or in association with b quarks. These limits range from 18 pb at 90 GeV to 3.5 fb at 3.2 TeV for gluon fusion and from 15 pb (at 90 GeV) to 2.5 fb (at 3.2 TeV) for production in association with b quarks. In the m$_{\text{h}}^{\text{mod+}}$ scenario these limits translate into a 95% CL exclusion of $\tan\beta>$ 6 for neutral Higgs boson masses below 250 GeV, where $\tan\beta$ is the ratio of the vacuum expectation values of the neutral components of the two Higgs doublets. The 95% CL exclusion contour reaches 1.6 TeV for $\tan\beta=$ 60.

6 data tables

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits for the production of a single narrow resonance, $\phi$, with a mass between 90 GeV and 3.2 TeV via gluon-gluon fusion. This limit database corresponds to the values shown in Figure 7a of the paper.

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits for the production of a single narrow resonance, $\phi$, with a mass between 90 GeV and 3.2 TeV in association with b-quarks. This limit database corresponds to the values shown in Figure 7b of the paper.

Scan of the likelihood function for the search in the $\tau\tau$ final state for a single narrow resonance, $\phi$, produced via gluon fusion ($gg\phi$) or in association with b quarks ($bb\phi$). The scan is performed in 40000 points of the ($\sigma(gg\phi)\cdot B(\phi\rightarrow\tau\tau)$, $\sigma(bb\phi)\cdot B(\phi\rightarrow\tau\tau)$) plane. An asimov dataset constructed from the expectation of all backgrounds and the SM Higgs boson is tested against a background hypothesis including the SM Higgs boson. For further details and instructions, please have a look into the following README file http://cms-results.web.cern.ch/cms-results/public-results/publications/HIG-17-020/2D-likelihood-scans/README.txt. Selected examples of such a likelihood scan are given in Figure 8 of the paper.

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Search for high-mass resonances in dilepton final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1806 (2018) 120, 2018.
Inspire Record 1662926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83971

A search is presented for new high-mass resonances decaying into electron or muon pairs. The search uses proton-proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 fb$^{−1}$. Observations are in agreement with standard model expectations. Upper limits on the product of a new resonance production cross section and branching fraction to dileptons are calculated in a model-independent manner. This permits the interpretation of the limits in models predicting a narrow dielectron or dimuon resonance. A scan of different intrinsic width hypotheses is performed. Limits are set on the masses of various hypothetical particles. For the $ {Z}_{\mathrm{SSM}}^{\prime}\left({Z}_{{}^{\psi}}^{\prime}\right) $ particle, which arises in the sequential standard model (superstring-inspired model), a lower mass limit of 4.50 (3.90) TeV is set at 95% confidence level. The lightest Kaluza-Klein graviton arising in the Randall-Sundrum model of extra dimensions, with coupling parameters k/M$_{Pl}$ of 0.01, 0.05, and 0.10, is excluded at 95% confidence level below 2.10, 3.65, and 4.25 TeV, respectively. In a simplified model of dark matter production via a vector or axial vector mediator, limits at 95% confidence level are obtained on the masses of the dark matter particle and its mediator.

23 data tables

The observed upper limits at 95% CL on the product of production cross section and branching fraction for a spin-1 resonance with a width equal to 0.6% of the resonance mass, relative to the product of production cross section and branching fraction of a Z boson.

The expected upper limits together with the 68 and 95% quantiles at 95% CL on the product of production cross section and branching fraction for a spin-1 resonance with a width equal to 0.6% of the resonance mass, relative to the product of production cross section and branching fraction of a Z boson.

The observed upper limits at 95% CL on the product of production cross section and branching fraction for a spin-1 resonance, for widths equal to 0.6, 3, 5, and 10% of the resonance mass, relative to the product of production cross section and branching fraction for a Z boson.

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Evidence for associated production of a Higgs boson with a top quark pair in final states with electrons, muons, and hadronically decaying $\tau$ leptons at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1808 (2018) 066, 2018.
Inspire Record 1662661 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84635

Results of a search for the standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a top quark pair ($\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$H) in final states with electrons, muons, and hadronically decaying $\tau$ leptons are presented. The analyzed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ recorded in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV by the CMS experiment in 2016. The sensitivity of the search is improved by using matrix element and machine learning methods to separate the signal from backgrounds. The measured signal rate amounts to 1.23 $^{+0.45}_{-0.43}$ times the production rate expected in the standard model, with an observed (expected) significance of 3.2$\sigma$ (2.8$\sigma$), which represents evidence for $\mathrm{t\overline{t}}$H production in those final states. An upper limit on the signal rate of 2.1 times the standard model production rate is set at 95% confidence level.

1 data table

Signal rates $\mu$, in units of the SM $\mathrm{t\overline(t}H}$ production rate, measured in each of the categories individually and for the combination of all six categories. The blue (green) band corresponds to the statistical (total) uncertainty on the combined signal rate.


Measurement of the $\Lambda_b$ polarization and angular parameters in $\Lambda_b\to J/\psi\, \Lambda$ decays from pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 7 and 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D97 (2018) 072010, 2018.
Inspire Record 1654926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83664

An analysis of the bottom baryon decay Λb→J/ψ(→μ+μ-)Λ(→pπ-) is performed to measure the Λb polarization and three angular parameters in data from pp collisions at s=7 and 8 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The Λb polarization is measured to be 0.00±0.06(stat)±0.06(syst) and the parity-violating asymmetry parameter is determined to be 0.14±0.14(stat)±0.10(syst). The measurements are compared to various theoretical predictions, including those from perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

3 data tables

The measured values of the angular parameters and the $\Lambda_b$ polarization.

The values of the helicity amplitudes in the decay.

Correlation matrix for the fitted parameters.


Measurement of the inelastic proton-proton cross section at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1807 (2018) 161, 2018.
Inspire Record 1653948 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83970

A measurement of the inelastic proton-proton cross section with the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV is presented. The analysis is based on events with energy deposits in the forward calorimeters, which cover pseudorapidities of -6.6 $< \eta <$ -3.0 and +3.0 $< \eta <$ +5.2. An inelastic cross section of 68.6 $\pm$ 0.5 (syst) $\pm$ 1.6 (lumi) mb is obtained for events with $M_\mathrm{X} >$ 4.1 GeV and/or $M_\mathrm{Y} >$ 13 GeV, where $M_\mathrm{X}$ and $M_\mathrm{Y}$ are the masses of the diffractive dissociation systems at negative and positive pseudorapidities, respectively. The results are compared with those from other experiments as well as to predictions from high-energy hadron-hadron interaction models.

1 data table

The measured fiducial cross sections. The first bin represents the $\xi > 10^{-6}$ region, while the second bin represents the extended $\xi_{X} > 10^{-7}$ or $\xi_{Y} > 10^{-6}$ result. The first uncertainty is the systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second is the luminosity uncertainty.


Comparing transverse momentum balance of b jet pairs in pp and PbPb collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1803 (2018) 181, 2018.
Inspire Record 1652833 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82819

The transverse momentum balance of pairs of back-to-back b quark jets in PbPb and pp collisions recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC is reported. The center-of-mass energy in both collision systems is 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair. Compared to the pp collision baseline, b quark jets have a larger imbalance in the most central PbPb collisions, as expected from the jet quenching effect. The data are also compared to the corresponding measurement with inclusive dijets. In the most central collisions, the imbalance of b quark dijets is comparable to that of inclusive dijets.

14 data tables

Performance of double b-jet tagging, in terms of b-tagging purity and efficiency

Delta phi distributions of incluisve dijets and b-quark dijets in pp collisions

Delta phi distributions of incluisve dijets and b-quark dijets in central (0-10%) PbPb collisions

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Observation of medium induced modifications of jet fragmentation in PbPb collisions using isolated-photon-tagged jets

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1648162 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80817

Measurements of fragmentation functions for jets associated with an isolated photon are presented for the first time in pp and PbPb collisions. The analysis uses data collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. Fragmentation functions are obtained for jets with p$_\mathrm{T}^\text{jet} >$ 30 GeV in events containing an isolated photon with p$_\mathrm{T}^\gamma>$ 60 GeV, using charged tracks with transverse momentum p$_\mathrm{T}^\text{trk} >$ 1 GeV in a cone around the jet axis. The association with an isolated photon constrains the initial p$_\mathrm{T}$ and azimuthal angle of the parton whose shower produced the jet. For central PbPb collisions, modifications of the jet fragmentation functions are observed when compared to those measured in pp collisions, while no significant differences are found in the 50% most peripheral collisions. Jets in central PbPb events show an excess (depletion) of low (high) p$_\mathrm{T}$ particles, with a transition around 3 GeV.

16 data tables

$\xi^\mathrm{jet}$ distributions for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp and 50-100% centrality PbPb collisions. The resolutions of the measured jet energy and azimuthal angle in pp are smeared to match those in the PbPb sample.

$\xi^\mathrm{jet}$ distributions for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp and 30-50% centrality PbPb collisions. The resolutions of the measured jet energy and azimuthal angle in pp are smeared to match those in the PbPb sample.

$\xi^\mathrm{jet}$ distributions for jets associated with an isolated photon in pp and 10-30% centrality PbPb collisions. The resolutions of the measured jet energy and azimuthal angle in pp are smeared to match those in the PbPb sample.

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Search for decays of stopped exotic long-lived particles produced in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP, 2017.
Inspire Record 1645630 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83010

A search is presented for the decays of heavy exotic long-lived particles (LLPs) that are produced in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13\TeV at the CERN LHC and come to rest in the CMS detector. Their decays would be visible during periods of time well separated from proton-proton collisions. Two decay scenarios of stopped LLPs are explored: a hadronic decay detected in the calorimeter and a decay into muons detected in the muon system. The calorimeter (muon) search covers a period of sensitivity totaling 721 (744) hours in 38.6 (39.0) fb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the CMS detector in 2015 and 2016. The results are interpreted in several scenarios that predict LLPs. Production cross section limits are set as a function of the mean proper lifetime and the mass of the LLPs, for lifetimes between 100 ns and 10 days. These are the most stringent limits to date on the mass of hadronically decaying stopped LLPs, and this is the first search at the LHC for stopped LLPs that decay to muons.

33 data tables

The $\Delta t_{\text{DT}}$ distribution for 2016 data, MC simulated cosmic ray muon, 1000 GeV gluino signal, and 600 GeV MCHAMP signal events, for the muon search. The events plotted pass a subset of the full analysis selection that is designed to select good-quality DSA muon tracks but does not reject the cosmic ray muon background. The number of cosmic ray muon background events is greatly reduced when the full selection is applied, as we require $\Delta t_{\text{DT}}>-20$ ns and $\Delta t_{\text{RPC}}>-7.5$ ns. The histograms are normalized to unit area.

The $\Delta t_{\text{RPC}}$ distribution for 2016 data, MC simulated cosmic ray muon, 1000 GeV gluino signal, and 600 GeV MCHAMP signal events, for the muon search. The events plotted pass a subset of the full analysis selection that is designed to select good-quality DSA muon tracks but does not reject the cosmic ray muon background. The number of cosmic ray muon background events is greatly reduced when the full selection is applied, as we require $\Delta t_{\text{DT}}>-20$ ns and $\Delta t_{\text{RPC}}>-7.5$ ns. The histograms are normalized to unit area.

The $\varepsilon_{\text{reco}}$ values as a function of $E_{g}$, for $\tilde{g}$ R-hadrons that stop in the EB or HB, in the MC simulation, for the calorimeter search. The $\varepsilon_{\text{reco}}$ values are plotted for the two-body gluino decay, when $m_{\tilde{g}}$ is 600 GeV.