Measurements of the proton and deuteron spin structure functions g(1) and g(2)

The E143 collaboration
Phys.Rev. D58 (1998) 112003, 1998.
Inspire Record 467140 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22265

Measurements are reported of the proton and deuteron spin structure functions g1 at beam energies of 29.1, 16.2, and 9.7 GeV and g2 at a beam energy of 29.1 GeV. The integrals of g1 over x have been evaluated at fixed Q**2 = 3 (GeV/c)**2 using the full data set. The Q**2 dependence of the ratio g1/F1 was studied and found to be small for Q**2 > 1 (GeV/c)**2. Within experimental precision the g2 data are well-described by the Wandzura-Wilczek twist-2 contribution. Twist-3 matrix elements were extracted and compared to theoretical predictions. The asymmetry A2 was measured and found to be significantly smaller than the positivity limit for both proton and deuteron targets. A2 for the proton is found to be positive and inconsistent with zero. Measurements of g1 in the resonance region show strong variations with x and Q**2, consistent with resonant amplitudes extracted from unpolarized data. These data allow us to study the Q**2 dependence of the first moments of g1 below the scaling region.

33 data tables

Averaged A1(P) for the DIS (W**2 > 4 GeV) region. Additional normalization uncertainty 3.7%.

Detailed A1(P) for the DIS (W**2 > 4 GeV) region. Additional normalization uncertainty 3.7%.

Detailed A1(P) for the DIS (W**2 > 4 GeV) region. Additional normalization uncertainty 3.7%.

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Measurements of R = sigma(L) / sigma(T) for 0.03<x<0.1 and fit to world data

The E143 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B452 (1999) 194-200, 1999.
Inspire Record 475305 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28090

Measurements were made at SLAC of the cross section for scattering 29 GeV electrons from carbon at a laboratory angle of 4.5 degrees, corresponding to 0.03&lt;x&lt;0.1 and 1.3&lt;Q^2&lt;2.7 GeV^2. Values of R=sigma_L/sigma_T were extracted in this kinematic range by comparing these data to cross sections measured at a higher beam energy by the NMC collaboration. The results are in reasonable agreement with pQCD calculations and with extrapolations of the R1990 parameterization of previous data. A new fit is made including these data and other recent results.

1 data table

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Measurements of the proton and deuteron spin structure function g2 and asymmetry A2

The E143 collaboration
Phys.Rev.Lett. 76 (1996) 587-591, 1996.
Inspire Record 400029 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19584

We have measured proton and deuteron virtual photon-nucleon asymmetries A2p and A2d and structure functions g2p and g2d over the range 0.03<x<0.8 and 1.3<Q2<10 (GeV/c)2 by inelastically scattering polarized electrons off polarized ammonia targets. Results for A2 are significantly smaller than the positivity limit sqrt(R) for both targets. Within experimental precision, the g2 data are well-described by the twist-2 contribution g2WW. Twist-3 matrix elements have been extracted and are compared to theorectical predictions.

8 data tables

Proton data measured in the 4.5 degree spectrometer.

Proton data measured in the 7.0 degree spectrometer.

Deuteron data measured in the 4.5 degree spectrometer.

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Measurements of the proton and deuteron spin structure function g1 in the resonance region

The E143 collaboration
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 815-819, 1997.
Inspire Record 426735 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19582

We have measured the proton and deuteron spin structure functions g_1^p and g_1^d in the region of the nucleon resonances for W^2 &lt; 5 GeV^2 and $Q^2\simeq 0.5$ and $Q^2\simeq 1.2$ GeV^2 by inelastically scattering 9.7 GeV polarized electrons off polarized $^{15}NH_3$ and $^{15}ND_3$ targets. We observe significant structure in g_1^p in the resonance region. We have used the present results, together with the deep-inelastic data at higher W^2, to extract $\Gamma(Q^2)\equiv\int_0^1 g_1(x,Q^2) dx$. This is the first information on the low-Q^2 evolution of Gamma toward the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn limit at Q^2 = 0.

8 data tables

The integral of the structure functions g1 for the resonance region W**2 < 4 GeV**2.

The integral of the structure functions g1 for the resonance region W**2 < 4 GeV**2.

The integral of the structure functions g1 for the full W region including the deep-inelastic region as given by fits to the world's data.

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Measurements of the Q**2 dependence of the proton and deuteron spin structure functions g1(p) and g1(d)

The E143 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B364 (1995) 61-68, 1995.
Inspire Record 401107 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28431

The ratio g1/F1 has been measured over the range 0.03<x<0.6 and 0.3<Q2<10 (GeV/c)2 using deep-inelastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized protons and deuterons. We find g1/F1 to be consistent with no Q2-dependence at fixed x in the deep-inelastic region Q~2>1 (GeV/c)2. A trend is observed for g1/F1 to decrease at lower Q2. Fits to world data with and without a possible Q2-dependence in g1/F1 are in agreement with the Bjorken sum rule, but Delta_q is substantially less than the quark-parton model expectation.

16 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Precision measurement of the proton spin structure function g1(p)

The E143 collaboration
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 346-350, 1995.
Inspire Record 375737 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19665
2 data tables

No description provided.

Values of G1 computed assuming G1/F1 is independent of Q**2 and using a fixed Q**2 of 3 GeV**2.


Precision measurement of the deuteron spin structure function g1(d)

The E143 collaboration
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 25-28, 1995.
Inspire Record 393667 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19611
2 data tables

No description provided.

Values of G1 computed assuming G1/F1 is independent of Q**2 and evaluated at Q**2 = 3 GeV**2.