Precision measurement of the proton and deuteron spin structure functions g(2) and asymmetries A(2)

The E155 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B553 (2003) 18-24, 2003.
Inspire Record 585675 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27033

We have measured the spin structure functions g2p and g2d and the virtual photon asymmetries A2p and A2d over the kinematic range 0.02 < x < 0.8 and 0.7 < Q^2 < 20 GeV^2 by scattering 29.1 and 32.3 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons from transversely polarized NH3 and 6LiD targets. Our measured g2 approximately follows the twist-2 Wandzura-Wilczek calculation. The twist-3 reduced matrix elements d2p and d2n are less than two standard deviations from zero. The data are inconsistent with the Burkhardt-Cottingham sum rule if there is no pathological behavior as x->0. The Efremov-Leader-Teryaev integral is consistent with zero within our measured kinematic range. The absolute value of A2 is significantly smaller than the sqrt[R(1+A1)/2] limit.

7 data tables

Values of A2 and X*G2 from proton and deuterium target data at mean electron scattering angle of 2.75 degrees and incident energy 29.1 GeV. Errors shown are statistical only.

Values of A2 and X*G2 from proton and deuterium target data at mean electron scattering angle of 5.5 degrees and incident energy 29.1 GeV. Errors shown are statistical only.

Values of A2 and X*G2 from proton and deuterium target data at mean electron scattering angle of 10.5 degrees and incident energy 29.1 GeV. Errors shown are statistical only.

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Measurements of the Q**2 dependence of the proton and neutron spin structure functions g(1)**p and g(1)**n

The E155 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B493 (2000) 19-28, 2000.
Inspire Record 530798 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27035

The structure functions g1p and g1n have been measured over the range 0.014 < x < 0.9 and 1 < Q2 < 40 GeV2 using deep-inelastic scattering of 48 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons from polarized protons and deuterons. We find that the Q2 dependence of g1p (g1n) at fixed x is very similar to that of the spin-averaged structure function F1p (F1n). From a NLO QCD fit to all available data we find $\Gamma_1^p - \Gamma_1^n =0.176 \pm 0.003 \pm 0.007$ at Q2=5 GeV2, in agreement with the Bjorken sum rule prediction of 0.182 \pm 0.005.

12 data tables

Results for G1/F1 for the proton and neutron.

Results for G1/F1 for the proton and neutron.

Results for G1/F1 for the proton and neutron.

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Inclusive hadron photoproduction from longitudinally polarized protons and deuterons

The E155 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B458 (1999) 536-544, 1999.
Inspire Record 495554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28074

We report measurements of the asymmetry A_parallel for inclusive hadron production on longitudinally polarized proton and deuteron targets by circularly polarized photons. The photons were produced via internal and external bremsstrahlung from an electron beam of 48.35 GeV. Asymmetries for both positive and negative signed hadrons, and a subset of identified pions, were measured in the momentum range 10<P<30 GeV at 2.75 and 5.5 degrees. Small non-zero asymmetries are observed for the proton, while the deuteron results are consistent with zero. Recent calculations do not describe the data well.

4 data tables

The asymmetry for polarized photoproduction of inclusive hadrons from a polarized proton target. The errors are statistical only.

The asymmetry for polarized photoproduction of inclusive identified pions from a polarized proton target. The errors are statistical only.

The asymmetry for polarized photoproduction of inclusive hadrons from a polarized deuteron target. The errors are statistical only.

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Measurement of the proton and deuteron spin structure functions g(2) and asymmetry A(2)

The E155 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B458 (1999) 529-535, 1999.
Inspire Record 493768 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27072

We have measured the spin structure functions g2p and g2d and the virtual photon asymmetries A2p and A2d over the kinematic range 0.02 < x < 0.8 and 1.0 < Q^2 < 30(GeV/c)^2 by scattering 38.8 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons from transversely polarized NH3 and 6LiD targets.The absolute value of A2 is significantly smaller than the sqrt{R} positivity limit over the measured range, while g2 is consistent with the twist-2 Wandzura-Wilczek calculation. We obtain results for the twist-3 reduced matrix elements d2p, d2d and d2n. The Burkhardt-Cottingham sum rule integral - int(g2(x)dx) is reported for the range 0.02 < x < 0.8.

4 data tables

2.75 degree spectrometer data.

5.5 degree spectrometer data.

10.5 degree spectrometer data.

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Measurement of the deuteron spin structure function g1(d)(x) for 1-(GeV/c)**2 < Q**2 < 40-(GeV/c)**2

The E155 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B463 (1999) 339-345, 1999.
Inspire Record 496268 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41630

New measurements are reported on the deuteron spin structure function g_1^d. These results were obtained from deep inelastic scattering of 48.3 GeV electrons on polarized deuterons in the kinematic range 0.01 &lt; x &lt; 0.9 and 1 &lt; Q^2 &lt; 40 (GeV/c)^2. These are the first high dose electron scattering data obtained using lithium deuteride (6Li2H) as the target material. Extrapolations of the data were performed to obtain moments of g_1^d, including Gamma_1^d, and the net quark polarization Delta Sigma.

4 data tables

Extrapolation to the full x range was made using E154 data (see PL 405B, 180 and PRL 79, 26).

Measurments of g1/F1 and g1 using the 2.75 degree spectrometer.

Measurments of g1/F1 and g1 using the 5.5 degree spectrometer.

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