Photoproduction of $\Lambda$ and $\Sigma^{0}$ hyperons off protons with linearly polarized photons at $E_{\gamma} = 1.5-3.0$ GeV

The LEPS collaboration Shiu, S.H. ; Kohri, H. ; Chang, W.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C97 (2018) 015208, 2018.
Inspire Record 1636280 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.81998

We report the measurement of the γp→K+Λ and γp→K+Σ0 reactions at SPring-8. The differential cross sections and photon-beam asymmetries are measured at forward K+ production angles using linearly polarized tagged-photon beams in the range of Eγ=1.5–3.0 GeV. With increasing photon energy, the cross sections for both γp→K+Λ and γp→K+Σ0 reactions decrease slowly. Distinct narrow structures in the production cross section have not been found at Eγ=1.5–3.0 GeV. The forward peaking in the angular distributions of cross sections, a characteristic feature of t-channel exchange, is observed for the production of Λ in the whole observed energy range. A lack of similar feature for Σ0 production reflects a less dominant role of t-channel contribution in this channel. The photon-beam asymmetries remain positive for both reactions, suggesting the dominance of K* exchange in the t channel. These asymmetries increase gradually with the photon energy, and have a maximum value of +0.6 for both reactions. Comparison with theoretical predictions based on the Regge trajectory in the t channel and the contributions of nucleon resonances indicates the major role of t-channel contributions as well as non-negligible effects of nucleon resonances in accounting for the reaction mechanism of hyperon photoproduction in this photon energy regime.

46 data tables

Differential cross sections for the GAMMA P --> K+ LAMBDA reaction as a function of photon energy Egamma for the kaon c.m. production polar angle 0.6 < cos(theta) < 0.7.

Differential cross sections for the GAMMA P --> K+ LAMBDA reaction as a function of photon energy Egamma for the kaon c.m. production polar angle 0.7 < cos(theta) < 0.8.

Differential cross sections for the GAMMA P --> K+ LAMBDA reaction as a function of photon energy Egamma for the kaon c.m. production polar angle 0.8 < cos(theta) < 0.9.

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Measurement of Spin-Density Matrix Elements for $\phi$-Meson Photoproduction from Protons and Deuterons Near Threshold

The LEPS collaboration Chang, W.C. ; Ahn, D.S. ; Ahn, J.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C82 (2010) 015205, 2010.
Inspire Record 859164 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55768

The LEPS/SPring-8 experiment made a comprehensive measurement of the spin-density matrix elements for $\gamma p \to \phi p$, $\gamma d \to \phi p n$ and $\gamma d \to \phi d$ at forward production angles. A linearly polarized photon beam at $E_{\gamma}$=1.6-2.4 GeV was used for the production of $\phi$ mesons. The natural-parity Pomeron exchange processes remains dominant nearthreshold. The unnatural-parity processes of pseudoscalar exchange is visible in the production from nucleons but is greatly reduced in the coherent production from deuterons. There is no strong $E_{\gamma}$-dependence, but some dependence on momentum-transfer. A small but finite value of the spin-density matrix elements reflecting helicity-nonconserving amplitudes in the $t$-channel is observed.

81 data tables

Measurements of the spin density matrix element RHO(JJ=0,MM=00) for the GAMMA P --> PHI P reaction in the helicity system as a function of T-Tmin for 3 incident photon energy regions.

Measurements of the spin density matrix element RE(RHO(JJ=0,MM=10)) for the GAMMA P --> PHI P reaction in the helicity system as a function of T-Tmin for 3 incident photon energy regions.

Measurements of the spin density matrix element RHO(JJ=0,MM=1-1) for the GAMMA P --> PHI P reaction in the helicity system as a function of T-Tmin for 3 incident photon energy regions.

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Near-threshold Lambda(1520) production by the vec-gamma p ---> K+ Lambda(1520) reaction at forward K+ angles

The LEPS collaboration Kohri, H. ; Ahn, D.S. ; Ahn, J.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 104 (2010) 172001, 2010.
Inspire Record 821817 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55726

Differential cross sections and photon-beam asymmetries for the gamma p -> K+ Lambda(1520) reaction have been measured with linearly polarized photon beams at energies from the threshold to 2.4 GeV at 0.6<cos(theta)<1. A new bump structure was found at W=2.11 GeV in the cross sections. The bump is not well reproduced by theoretical calculations introducing a nucleon resonance with J<=3/2. This result suggests that the bump might be produced by a nucleon resonance possibly with J>=5/2 or by a new reaction process, for example an interference effect with the phi photoproduction having a similar bump structure in the cross sections.

2 data tables

Differential cross sections as a function of the photon energy in four cos(theta) regions. The errors shown are statistcial only.

Photon beam asymmetries. The errors shown are statistical only.


Measurement of the incoherent $\gamma d \to \phi p n$ photoproduction near threshold

The LEPS collaboration Chang, W.C. ; Miyabe, M. ; Nakano, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B684 (2010) 6-10, 2010.
Inspire Record 825381 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54640
7 data tables

Distribution of DSIG/DT from incoherent reaction GAMMA DEUT --> PHI P N for the incident photon energy ranges 1.57 to 1.67 and 1.67 to 1.77 GeV.

Distribution of DSIG/DT from incoherent reaction GAMMA DEUT --> PHI P N for the incident photon energy ranges 1.77 to 1.87 and 1.87 to 1.97 GeV.

Distribution of DSIG/DT from incoherent reaction GAMMA DEUT --> PHI P N for the incident photon energy ranges 1.97 to 2.07 and 2.07 to 2.17 GeV.

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Measurement of the polarized gamma p ---> K+ Lambda reaction at backward angles

The LEPS collaboration Hicks, K. ; Mibe, T. ; Sumihama, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C76 (2007) 042201, 2007.
Inspire Record 766880 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25090
5 data tables

Differential cross sections as a function of the Mandelstam variable U for photon beam energy 1.5 to 1.8 GeV.

Differential cross sections as a function of the Mandelstam variable U for photon beam energy 1.8 to 2.1 GeV.

Differential cross sections as a function of the Mandelstam variable U for photon beam energy 2.1 to 2.4 GeV.

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The Polarized-gamma p ---> K+ Lambda and polarized-gamma p ---> K+ Sigma0 reactions at forward angles with photon energies from 1.5-GeV to 2.4-GeV

The LEPS collaboration Sumihama, M. ; Ahn, J.K. ; Akimune, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C73 (2006) 035214, 2006.
Inspire Record 701097 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41824

Differential cross sections and photon beam asymmetries for the gamma p rightarrow K+ Lambda and gamma p rightarrow K+ Sigma0 reactions have been measured in the photon energy range from 1.5 GeV to 2.4 GeV and in the angular range from Theta_{cm} = 0 to 60 of the K+ scattering angle in the center of mass system at the SPring-8/LEPS facility. The photon beam asymmetries for both the reactions have been found to be positive and to increase with the photon energy. The measured differential cross sections agree with the data measured by the CLAS collaboration at cosTheta_{cm}<0.9 within the experimental uncertainties, but the discrepancy with the SAPHIR data for the K+Lambda reaction is large at cosTheta_{cm}>0.9. In the K+Lambda reaction, the resonance-like structure found in the CLAS and SAPHIR data at W=1.96 GeV is confirmed. The differential cross sections at forward angles suggest a strong K-exchange contribution in the t-channel for the K+Lambda reaction, but not for the K+Sigma0 reaction.

14 data tables

Photon beam asymmetries for the two reactions as a function of CM angle for photon beam energy 1.55 GeV (W=1.947 GeV).

Photon beam asymmetries for the two reactions as a function of CM angle for photon beam energy 1.65 GeV (W=1.994 GeV).

Photon beam asymmetries for the two reactions as a function of CM angle for photon beam energy 1.75 GeV (W=2.041 GeV).

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Diffractive phi-meson photoproduction on proton near threshold

The LEPS collaboration Mibe, T. ; Chang, W.C. ; Nakano, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 95 (2005) 182001, 2005.
Inspire Record 684863 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31587

Photoproduction of $\phi$-meson on protons was studied by means of linearly polarized photons at forward angles in the low-energy region from threshold to $E_{\gamma}$= 2.37 GeV. The differential cross sections at $t = -|t|_{min}$ do not increase smoothly as $E_{\gamma}$ increases, but show a local maximum at around 2.0 GeV. The angular distributions demonstrate that $\phi$-mesons are photo-produced predominantly by helicity-conserving processes, and the local maximum is not likely due to unnatural-parity processes.

14 data tables

Differential cross section as a function of T+ABS(TMIN) in the photon energy range 1.57 to 1.67 GeV.

Differential cross section as a function of T+ABS(TMIN) in the photon energy range 1.67 to 1.77 GeV.

Differential cross section as a function of T+ABS(TMIN) in the photon energy range 1.77 to 1.87 GeV.

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Beam polarization asymmetries for the p(gamma, K+) Lambda and p(gamma, K+) Sigma0 reactions at E(gamma) = 1.5 Gev - 2.4 GeV

The LEPS collaboration Zegers, R.G.T. ; Sumihama, M. ; Ahn, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 91 (2003) 092001, 2003.
Inspire Record 613016 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31708

Beam polarization asymmetries for the p(gamma,K+)Lambda and p(gamma,K+)sigma0 reactions are measured for the first time for Egamma=1.5-2.4 GeV and 0.6<cos(theta_cm(K+))<1.0 by using linearly polarized photons at the Laser-Electron-Photon facility at SPring-8 (LEPS). The observed asymmetries are positive and gradually increase with rising photon energy. The data are not consistent with theoretical predictions based on tree-level effective Lagrangian approaches. Including the new results in the development of the models is, therefore, crucial for understanding the reaction mechanism and to test the presence of baryon resonances which are predicted in quark models but are sofar undiscovered.

18 data tables

Measured beam asymmetries for the reaction GAMMA P --> K+ LAMBDA for beam energy 1.5 to 1.6.

Measured beam asymmetries for the reaction GAMMA P --> K+ LAMBDA for beam energy 1.6 to 1.7.

Measured beam asymmetries for the reaction GAMMA P --> K+ LAMBDA for beam energy 1.7 to 1.8.

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