Observation of a narrow pentaquark state, $P_c(4312)^+$, and of two-peak structure of the $P_c(4450)^+$

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 122 (2019) 222001, 2019.
Inspire Record 1728691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89271

A narrow pentaquark state, $P_c(4312)^+$, decaying to $J/\psi p$ is discovered with a statistical significance of $7.3\sigma$ in a data sample of ${\Lambda_b^0\to J/\psi p K^-}$ decays which is an order of magnitude larger than that previously analyzed by the LHCb collaboration. The $P_c(4450)^+$ pentaquark structure formerly reported by LHCb is confirmed and observed to consist of two narrow overlapping peaks, $P_c(4440)^+$ and $P_c(4457)^+$, where the statistical significance of this two-peak interpretation is $5.4\sigma$. Proximity of the $\Sigma_c^+\bar{D}^{0}$ and $\Sigma_c^+\bar{D}^{*0}$ thresholds to the observed narrow peaks suggests that they play an important role in the dynamics of these states.

4 data tables

Distribution of $(J/\psi p)$ system invariant mass from the decay of $\Lambda_{b}^{0}$ candidates in the channel $\Lambda_{b}^{0} \to J/\psi p K^{-}$.

Distribution of $(J/\psi p)$ system invariant mass from the decay of $\Lambda_{b}^{0}$ candidates in the channel $\Lambda_{b}^{0} \to J/\psi p K^{-}$. $\Lambda_{b}^{0}$ candidates are selected after the suppression of the dominant $\Lambda^{*} \to p K^{-}$ contributions using the $m_{Kp} > 1.9$ GeV$/c^2$ requirement.

$\cos \theta_{P_c}$-weighted ditribution of $(J/\psi p)$ system invariant mass from the decay of $\Lambda_{b}^{0}$ candidates in the channel $\Lambda_{b}^{0} \to J/\psi p K^{-}$. Here $\theta_{P_c}$ is the helicity angle of the pentaquark exotic state (the angle between $K^-$ and $J/\psi$ in the pentaquark state rest frame).

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Measurement of the inelastic $pp$ cross-section at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 06 (2018) 100, 2018.
Inspire Record 1665223 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89782

The cross-section for inelastic proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13\,TeV is measured with the LHCb detector. The fiducial cross-section for inelastic interactions producing at least one prompt long-lived charged particle with momentum $p>2$\,GeV/$c$ in the pseudorapidity range $2<\eta<5$ is determined to be $\sigma_{\rm acc}= 62.2 \pm 0.2 \pm 2.5$\,mb. The first uncertainty is the intrinsic systematic uncertainty of the measurement, the second is due to the uncertainty on the integrated luminosity. The statistical uncertainty is negligible. Extrapolation to full phase space yields the total inelastic proton-proton cross-section $\sigma_{\rm inel}= 75.4 \pm 3.0 \pm 4.5$\,mb, where the first uncertainty is experimental and the second due to the extrapolation. An updated value of the inelastic cross-section at a centre-of-mass energy of 7\,TeV is also reported.

3 data tables

The cross-section for inelastic $pp$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV, yielding one or more prompt long-lived charged particles in the kinematic range $p > 2.0$ GeV/$c$ and $2.0 < \eta < 5.0$ (LHCb acceptance). The quoted uncertainty that is almost completely systematic in nature as the purely statistical uncertainty is found negligible. A particle is long-lived if its proper (mean) lifetime is larger than 30 ps, and it is prompt if it is produced directly in the $pp$ interaction or if none of its ancestors is long-lived.

The total cross-section for inelastic $pp$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV, extrapolated from Monte Carlo in similar way to measurement at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV.

Update of the total cross-section for inelastic $pp$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV due to improved calibration of the luminosity scale.


Production of associated Y and open charm hadrons in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV via double parton scattering

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
JHEP 07 (2016) 052, 2016.
Inspire Record 1399056 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73583

Associated production of bottomonia and open charm hadrons in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ and $8$TeV is observed using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3$fb^{-1}$ accumulated with the LHCb detector. The observation of five combinations, $\Upsilon(1S)D^0$, $\Upsilon(2S)D^0$, $\Upsilon(1S)D^+$, $\Upsilon(2S)D^+$ and $\Upsilon(1S)D^+_{s}$, is reported. Production cross-sections are measured for $\Upsilon(1S)D^0$ and $\Upsilon(1S)D^+$ pairs in the forward region. The measured cross-sections and the differential distributions indicate the dominance of double parton scattering as the main production mechanism. This allows a precise measurement of the effective cross-section for double parton scattering.

20 data tables

Normalized differential cross-section $\frac{1}{\sigma}\frac{ \mathrm{d}\sigma(\Upsilon(1S)D^0)}{\mathrm{d} p_T(\Upsilon(1S))}$ for $2<y(\Upsilon(1S))<4.5$, $2<y(D^0)<4.5$, $p_T(D^0)>1$ GeV/$c$. Only statistical uncertainties are quoted as systematic uncertainties are found to be negligible. The distribution is normalized to unity.

Normalized differential cross-section $\frac{1}{\sigma}\frac{ \mathrm{d}\sigma(\Upsilon(1S)D^+)}{\mathrm{d} p_T(\Upsilon(1S))}$ for $2<y(\Upsilon(1S))<4.5$, $2<y(D^+)<4.5$, $p_T(D^+)>1$ GeV/$c$. Only statistical uncertainties are quoted as systematic uncertainties are found to be negligible. The distribution is normalized to unity.

Normalized differential cross-section $\frac{1}{\sigma}\frac{ \mathrm{d}\sigma(\Upsilon(1S)D^0)}{\mathrm{d} p_T(D^0)}$ for $2<y(\Upsilon(1S))<4.5$, $2<y(D^0)<4.5$, $p_T(D^0)>1$ GeV/$c$. Only statistical uncertainties are quoted as systematic uncertainties are found to be negligible. The distribution is normalized to unity.

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Version 2
Measurement of forward $J/\psi$ production cross-sections in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 10 (2015) 172, 2015.
Inspire Record 1391511 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70048

The production of $J/\psi$ mesons in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV is studied with the \lhcb detector. Cross-section measurements are performed as a function of the transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$ and the rapidity $y$ of the $J/\psi$ meson in the region $p_\mathrm{T}<14\mathrm{GeV}/c$ and $2.0<y<4.5$, for both prompt $J/\psi$ mesons and $J/\psi$ mesons from $b$-hadron decays. The production cross-sections integrated over the kinematic coverage are $15.03\pm 0.03\pm 0.94$ $\mu$b for prompt $J/\psi$ and $2.25\pm 0.01\pm 0.14$ $\mu$b for $J/\psi$ from $b$-hadron decays, assuming zero polarization of the $J/\psi$ meson. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. The cross-section reported for $J/\psi$ mesons from $b$-hadron decays is used to extrapolate to a total $b\bar{b}$ cross-section. The ratios of the cross-sections with respect to $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV are also determined.

13 data tables

Double differential cross-section for prompt $J/\psi$ mesons as a function of $p_\perp$ in bins of $y$. The first uncertainties are statistical, the second are the correlated systematic uncertainties shared between bins and the last are the uncorrelated systematic uncertainties.

Double differential cross-section for $J/\psi$-from-$b$ mesons as a function of $p_\perp$ in bins of $y$. The first uncertainties are statistical, the second are the correlated systematic uncertainties shared between bins and the last are the uncorrelated systematic uncertainties.

The fraction of $J/\psi$-from-$b$ mesons (in %) in bins of the $J/\psi$ $p_\perp$ and $y$. The uncertainties are statistical only. The systematic uncertainties are negligible.

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Measurement of the exclusive Υ production cross-section in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ TeV and 8 TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 09 (2015) 084, 2015.
Inspire Record 1373746 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72986

A study is presented of central exclusive production of $\Upsilon(nS)$ states, where the $\Upsilon(nS)$ resonances decay to the $\mu^+\mu^-$ final state, using $pp$ collision data recorded by the LHCb experiment. The cross-section is measured in the rapidity range $2<y(\Upsilon)<4.5$ where the muons are reconstructed in the pseudorapidity range $2<\eta(\mu^\pm)<4.5$. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.9 fb$^{-1}$ and was collected at centre-of-mass energies of $7$ TeV and $8$ TeV. The measured $\Upsilon(1S)$ and $\Upsilon(2S)$ production cross-sections are \begin{eqnarray} \sigma(pp \to p\Upsilon(1S)p) &=& 9.0 \pm 2.1 \pm 1.7\textrm{ pb and}\nonumber\\ \sigma(pp \to p\Upsilon(2S)p) &=& 1.3 \pm 0.8 \pm 0.3\textrm{ pb},\nonumber \end{eqnarray} where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. The $\Upsilon(1S)$ cross-section is also measured as a function of rapidity and is found to be in good agreement with Standard Model predictions. An upper limit is set at 3.4 pb at the 95\% confidence level for the exclusive $\Upsilon(3S)$ production cross-section, including possible contamination from $\chi_b(3P)\to\Upsilon(3S)\gamma$ decays.

2 data tables

Production cross-section for the $\Upsilon(1S)$ resonance in ranges of $\Upsilon(1S)$ rapidity, where the muons are required to lie in the pseudorapidity range $2 < \eta(\mu^{\pm}) < 4.5$. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones are systematic.

Differential production cross-section for $\Upsilon(1S)$, where the data have been corrected for the effect of the LHCb geometrical acceptance. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are combined in quadrature.


Measurement of the inelastic pp cross-section at a centre-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s} $ = 7 TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 02 (2015) 129, 2015.
Inspire Record 1333223 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69845

The cross-section for inelastic proton-proton collisions, with at least one prompt long-lived charged particle of transverse momentum $p_{\rm T}>0.2$ GeV/$c$ in the pseudorapidity range $2.0<\eta<4.5$, is measured by the LHCb experiment at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV. The cross-section in this kinematic range is determined to be $\sigma_{\rm inel}^{\rm acc} = 55.0 \pm 2.4$ mb within the spectrometer acceptance with an experimental uncertainty that is dominated by systematic contributions. Extrapolation to the full phase space, using PYTHIA 6, yields $\sigma_{\rm inel} = 66.9 \pm 2.9 \pm 4.4$ mb, where the first uncertainty is experimental and the second is due to the extrapolation.

2 data tables

The cross-section for inelastic $pp$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV, yielding one or more prompt long-lived charged particles in the kinematic range $p_T > 0.2$ GeV/$c$ and $2.0 < \eta < 4.5$ (LHCb acceptance). The quoted uncertainty that is almost completely systematic in nature as the purely statistical uncertainty is two orders of magnitude smaller.

The total cross-section for inelastic $pp$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV, extrapolated using PYTHIA6 and different soft QCD tunes provided by PYTHIA 8.201 to estimate its uncertainty.


Measurement of the $\eta_c (1S)$ production cross-section in proton-proton collisions via the decay $\eta_c (1S) \rightarrow p \bar{p}$

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 311, 2015.
Inspire Record 1316329 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75251

The production of the $\eta_c (1S)$ state in proton-proton collisions is probed via its decay to the $p \bar{p}$ final state with the LHCb detector, in the rapidity range $2.0 < y < 4.5$ and in the meson transverse-momentum range $p_T > 6.5$ GeV/c. The cross-section for prompt production of $\eta_c (1S)$ mesons relative to the prompt $J/\psi$ cross-section is measured, for the first time, to be $\sigma_{\eta_c (1S)}/\sigma_{J/\psi} = 1.74 \pm 0.29 \pm 0.28 \pm 0.18 _{B}$ at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0.7 fb$^{-1}$, and $\sigma_{\eta_c (1S)}/\sigma_{J/\psi} = 1.60 \pm 0.29 \pm 0.25 \pm 0.17 _{B}$ at $\sqrt{s} = 8$ TeV using 2.0 fb$^{-1}$. The uncertainties quoted are, in order, statistical, systematic, and that on the ratio of branching fractions of the $\eta_c (1S)$ and $J/\psi$ decays to the $p \bar{p}$ final state. In addition, the inclusive branching fraction of $b$-hadron decays into $\eta_c (1S)$ mesons is measured, for the first time, to be $B ( b \rightarrow \eta_c X ) = (4.88 \pm 0.64 \pm 0.29 \pm 0.67 _{B}) \times 10^{-3}$, where the third uncertainty includes also the uncertainty on the $J/\psi$ inclusive branching fraction from $b$-hadron decays. The difference between the $J/\psi$ and $\eta_c (1S)$ meson masses is determined to be $114.7 \pm 1.5 \pm 0.1$ MeV/c$^2$.

4 data tables

Differential cross-section for $\eta_c(1S)$ prompt production for $p_T > 6.5$ [GeV/$c$] and $2.0 < y < 4.5$. The reported uncertainties are total errors.

Differential cross-section for $\eta_c(1S)$ prompt production for $p_T > 6.5$ [GeV/$c$] and $2.0 < y < 4.5$. The reported uncertainties are total errors.

Differential cross-section for $\eta_c(1S)$ from inclusive charmonium production in b-hadrons decays for $p_T > 6.5$ [GeV/$c$] and $2.0 < y < 4.5$. The reported uncertainties are total errors.

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Updated measurements of exclusive $J/\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) production cross-sections in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
J.Phys.G 41 (2014) 055002, 2014.
Inspire Record 1277076 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66883

The differential cross-section as a function of rapidity has been measured for the exclusive production of $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2S)$ mesons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV, using data collected by the LHCb experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 930 pb$^{-1}$. The cross-sections times branching fractions to two muons having pseudorapidities between 2.0 and 4.5 are measured to be $$\begin{array}{rl} \sigma_{pp\rightarrow J/\psi\rightarrow{\mu^+}{\mu^-}}(2.0<\eta_{\mu^\pm }<4.5)=&291\pm 7\pm19 {\rm \ pb},\\ \sigma_{pp\rightarrow\psi(2S)\rightarrow{\mu^+}{\mu^-}}(2.0<\eta_{\mu^\pm}<4.5)=&6.5\pm 0.9\pm 0.4 {\rm \ pb},\end{array}$$ where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The measurements agree with next-to-leading order QCD predictions as well as with models that include saturation effects.

2 data tables

Cross section times branching ratio to two muons with pseudorapidities between 2.0 and 4.5.

Cross-section measurements for $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2s)$ decaying into two muons (pb) as a function of rapidity. The tabulated errors are the uncorrelated statistical uncertainties.


Study of forward Z + jet production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 01 (2014) 033, 2014.
Inspire Record 1262703 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69938

A measurement of the $Z(\rightarrow\mu^+\mu^-)$+jet production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV is presented. The analysis is based on an integrated luminosity of $1.0\,\text{fb}^{-1}$ recorded by the LHCb experiment. Results are shown with two jet transverse momentum thresholds, 10 and 20 GeV, for both the overall cross-section within the fiducial volume, and for six differential cross-section measurements. The fiducial volume requires that both the jet and the muons from the Z boson decay are produced in the forward direction ($2.0<\eta<4.5$). The results show good agreement with theoretical predictions at the second-order expansion in the coupling of the strong interaction.

8 data tables

The $Z$+jet cross-section at Born level in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic and the third is the uncertainty due to the luminosity determination.

The cross-section ratio $\sigma(Z+\mathrm{jet})/\sigma(Z)$ at Born level in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic and the third is the uncertainty due to the luminosity determination.

Differential cross-section for $Z$+jet in the leading jet $p_T$, for $p_{T}^{\mathrm{jet}} > 10$ GeV/$c$. These results are not corrected for FSR from the final state muons from the $Z$ boson decay.

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Exclusive $J/\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) production in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, R ; Abellan Beteta, C ; Adametz, A ; et al.
J.Phys.G 40 (2013) 045001, 2013.
Inspire Record 1216886 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66871

Exclusive $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2S)$ vector meson production has been observed in the dimuon channel using the LHCb detector. The cross-section times branching fractions to two muons with pseudorapidities between 2.0 and 4.5 are measured to be \begin{equation*} \sigma_{pp\rightarrow J/\psi (\rightarrow \mu^{+} \mu^{-})} (2.0 <\eta_{\mu^{\pm}}< 4.5) = 307 \pm 21 \pm 36~\text{pb}, \end{equation*} \begin{equation*} \sigma_{pp\rightarrow \psi(2S) (\rightarrow \mu^{+} \mu^{-})} (2.0 <\eta_{\mu^{\pm}}< 4.5) = 7.8 \pm 1.3 \pm 1.0~\text{pb}, \end{equation*} where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. The measurements are found to be in good agreement with results from previous experiments and theoretical predictions. The $J/\psi$ photoproduction cross-section has been measured as a function of the photon-proton centre-of-mass energy. The results are consistent with measurements obtained at HERA and confirm a similar power law behaviour for the photoproduction cross-section.

2 data tables

Cross section times branching ratio to two muons with pseudorapidities between 2.0 and 4.5.

Cross-section measurements (nb) as a function of $J/\psi$ rapidity.


Measurement of the forward energy flow in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, R ; Abellan Beteta, C ; Adametz, A ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 73 (2013) 2421, 2013.
Inspire Record 1208105 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61691

The energy flow created in pp collisions at is studied within the pseudorapidity range 1.9<η<4.9 with data collected by the LHCb experiment. The measurements are performed for inclusive minimum-bias interactions, hard scattering processes and events with an enhanced or suppressed diffractive contribution. The results are compared to predictions given by Pythia-based and cosmic-ray event generators, which provide different models of soft hadronic interactions.

8 data tables

Charged energy flow for inclusive mininum bias events, requiring at least one charged particle in the pseudorapidity range 1.9 < eta < 4.9.

Charged energy flow for hard scattering events, requiring at least one charged particle with transverse momentum > 3 GeV and in the pseudorapidity range 1.9 < eta < 4.9.

Charged energy flow for diffractive enriched events, requiring no charged particles in the pseudorapidity range -3.5 < eta < -1.5 and at least one charged particle in the pseudorapidity range 1.9 < eta < 4.9.

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