Measurement of the vector analyzing power in elastic electron proton scattering as a probe of double photon exchange amplitudes

The SAMPLE collaboration Wells, S.P. ; Averett, T. ; Barkhuff, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C63 (2001) 064001, 2001.
Inspire Record 524209 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31444

We report the first measurement of the vector analyzing power in inclusive transversely polarized elastic electron-proton scattering at Q^2 = 0.1 (GeV/c)^2 and large scattering angles. This quantity should vanish in the single virtual photon exchange, plane wave impulse approximation for this reaction, and can therefore provide information on double photon exchange amplitudes for electromagnetic interactions with hadronic systems. We find a non-zero value of A=-15.4+/-5.4 ppm. No calculations of this observable for nuclei other than spin 0 have been carried out in these kinematics, and the calculation using the spin orbit interaction from a charged point nucleus of spin 0 cannot describe these data.

1 data table

Polarized beam.


Parity violation in elastic electron proton scattering and the proton's strange magnetic form-factor

The SAMPLE collaboration Spayde, D.T. ; Averett, T. ; Barkhuff, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 1106-1109, 2000.
Inspire Record 507265 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31230

We report a new measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic electron scattering from the proton at backward scattering angles. This asymmetry is sensitive to the strange magnetic form factor of the proton as well as electroweak axial radiative corrections. The new measurement of A=-4.92 +- 0.61 +- 0.73 ppm provides a significant constraint on these quantities. The implications for the strange magnetic form factor are discussed in the context of theoretical estimates for the axial corrections.

1 data table

Polarized beam. FORMFACTOR(NAME=GM_S) is the strange quark contribution. FORMFACTOR(NAME=GM_S) is in nucleon magnetic FF.


Measurement of the proton's neutral weak magnetic form-factor

The SAMPLE collaboration Mueller, B. ; Beck, D.H. ; Beise, E.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 3824-3827, 1997.
Inspire Record 440739 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31349

We report the first measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic electron scattering from the proton. The asymmetry depends on the neutral weak magnetic form factor of the proton which contains new information on the contribution of strange quark-antiquark pairs to the magnetic moment of the proton. We obtain the value $G_M~Z= 0.34 \pm 0.09 \pm 0.04 \pm 0.05$ n.m. at $Q~2=0.1$ (GeV/c)${}~2$.

1 data table

Polarized beam. FORMFACTOR(NAME=GZM) = (1/4)*(GM_P-GM_N) - SIN2TW*GM_P - (1/4)*GM_S, whereFORMFACTOR(NAME=GM_S) is the strange quark contribution. FORMFACTOR(NAME=GZM) and FORMFACTOR(NAME=GM_S) are in nucleon magnetic FF.