Evidence for non-exponential elastic proton–proton differential cross-section at low |t| and $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV by TOTEM

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B899 (2015) 527-546, 2015.
Inspire Record 1356731 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73431

The TOTEM experiment has made a precise measurement of the elastic proton–proton differential cross-section at the centre-of-mass energy s=8 TeV based on a high-statistics data sample obtained with the β⁎=90 m optics. Both the statistical and systematic uncertainties remain below 1%, except for the t -independent contribution from the overall normalisation. This unprecedented precision allows to exclude a purely exponential differential cross-section in the range of four-momentum transfer squared 0.027<|t|<0.2 GeV2 with a significance greater than 7 σ . Two extended parametrisations, with quadratic and cubic polynomials in the exponent, are shown to be well compatible with the data. Using them for the differential cross-section extrapolation to t=0 , and further applying the optical theorem, yields total cross-section estimates of (101.5±2.1) mb and (101.9±2.1) mb , respectively, in agreement with previous TOTEM measurements.

1 data table

The elastic differential cross-section as determined in this analysis using the ''optimised'' binning.


Measurement of the forward charged particle pseudorapidity density in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 8$  TeV using a displaced interaction point

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C75 (2015) 126, 2015.
Inspire Record 1328627 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72847

The the pseudorapidity density of charged particles dN$_{ch}$/d$\eta$ is measured by the TOTEM experiment in pp collisions at √s = 8 TeV within the range 3.9 < $\eta$ < 4.7 and −6.95 < $\eta$ < −6.9. Data were collected in a low intensity LHC run with collisions occurring at a distance of 11.25 m from the nominal interaction point. The data sample is expected to include 96-97% of the inelastic proton-proton interactions. The measurement reported here considers charged particles with $P_T$ > 0 MeV/c, produced in inelastic interactions with at least one charged particle in −7 < $\eta$ < −6 or 3.7< $\eta$ < 4.8. The dN$_{ch}$/d$\eta$ has been found to decrease with |$\eta$|, from 5.11 ± 0.73 at $\eta$ =3.95 to 1.81 ± 0.56 at $\eta$ = −6.925. Several MC generators are compared to the data and are found to be within the systematic uncertainty of the measurement.

1 data table

The TOTEM dNch/deta measurement for inelastic pp events with displaced interaction point at 8 TeV.


Measurement of pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV by the CMS and TOTEM experiments

The CMS TOTEM collaborations Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C74 (2014) 3053, 2014.
Inspire Record 1294140 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66893

Pseudorapidity ( $\eta $ ) distributions of charged particles produced in proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 $~\text {TeV}$ are measured in the ranges $|\eta | < 2.2$ and $5.3 < |\eta | < 6.4$ covered by the CMS and TOTEM detectors, respectively. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of $\mathcal {L} = 45 \mu {\mathrm {b}}^{-1}$ . Measurements are presented for three event categories. The most inclusive category is sensitive to 91–96 % of the total inelastic proton–proton cross section. The other two categories are disjoint subsets of the inclusive sample that are either enhanced or depleted in single diffractive dissociation events. The data are compared to models used to describe high-energy hadronic interactions. None of the models considered provide a consistent description of the measured distributions.

3 data tables

Charged particle multiplicity (Inclusive) -- syst -- BB: bin-by-bin uncertainty.

Charged particle multiplicity (Non Single Diffractive dissociation (NSD) enhanced) -- syst -- BB: bin-by-bin uncertainty.

Charged particle multiplicity (Single Diffractive dissociation (SD) enhanced) -- syst -- BB: bin-by-bin uncertainty.


Double diffractive cross-section measurement in the forward region at the LHC

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 111 (2013) 262001, 2013.
Inspire Record 1251897 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64889

The first double diffractive cross-section measurement in the very forward region has been carried out by the TOTEM experiment at the LHC with a center-of-mass energy of s=7  TeV. By utilizing the very forward TOTEM tracking detectors T1 and T2, which extend up to |η|=6.5, a clean sample of double diffractive pp events was extracted. From these events, we determined the cross section σDD=(116±25)  μb for events where both diffractive systems have 4.7<|η|min⁡<6.5.

2 data tables

Visible double diffractive cross-section measurements in the forward region. See paper for details of the nomenclature.

True eta_min corrected double diffractive cross-section measurements in the forward region. See paper for details of the nomenclature.


Measurement of proton-proton elastic scattering and total cross-section at S**(1/2) = 7-TeV

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
Europhys.Lett. 101 (2013) 21002, 2013.
Inspire Record 1220862 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66456

At the LHC energy of $\sqrt s = 7\,{\mathrm { TeV}}$ , under various beam and background conditions, luminosities, and Roman Pot positions, TOTEM has measured the differential cross-section for proton-proton elastic scattering as a function of the four-momentum transfer squared t. The results of the different analyses are in excellent agreement demonstrating no sizeable dependence on the beam conditions. Due to the very close approach of the Roman Pot detectors to the beam center (≈5σ(beam)) in a dedicated run with β* = 90 m, |t|-values down to 5·10(−)(3) GeV(2) were reached. The exponential slope of the differential elastic cross-section in this newly explored |t|-region remained unchanged and thus an exponential fit with only one constant B = (19.9 ± 0.3) GeV(−)(2) over the large |t|-range from 0.005 to 0.2 GeV(2) describes the differential distribution well. The high precision of the measurement and the large fit range lead to an error on the slope parameter B which is remarkably small compared to previous experiments. It allows a precise extrapolation over the non-visible cross-section (only 9%) to t = 0. With the luminosity from CMS, the elastic cross-section was determined to be (25.4 ± 1.1) mb, and using in addition the optical theorem, the total pp cross-section was derived to be (98.6 ± 2.2) mb. For model comparisons the t-distributions are tabulated including the large |t|-range of the previous measurement (TOTEM Collaboration (Antchev G. et al), EPL, 95 (2011) 41001).

5 data tables

The measured differential elastic cross section.

The measured differential elastic cross section in the high |T| region. where it originally appeared as a plot, but was not tabulated.

The fitted slope parameter for the elastic cross section fitted over 4 |T| ranges.

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Measurement of the forward charged particle pseudorapidity density in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV with the TOTEM experiment

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G ; Atanassov, I. ; Avati, V. ; et al.
Europhys.Lett. 98 (2012) 31002, 2012.
Inspire Record 1115294 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.59403

The TOTEM experiment has measured the charged particle pseudorapidity density dN_{ch}/deta in pp collisions at sqrt{s} = 7 TeV for 5.3<|eta|<6.4 in events with at least one charged particle with transverse momentum above 40 MeV/c in this pseudorapidity range. This extends the analogous measurement performed by the other LHC experiments to the previously unexplored forward eta region. The measurement refers to more than 99% of non-diffractive processes and to single and double diffractive processes with diffractive masses above ~3.4 GeV/c^2, corresponding to about 95% of the total inelastic cross-section. The dN_{ch}/deta has been found to decrease with |eta|, from 3.84 pm 0.01(stat) pm 0.37(syst) at |eta| = 5.375 to 2.38 pm 0.01(stat) pm 0.21(syst) at |eta| = 6.375. Several MC generators have been compared to data; none of them has been found to fully describe the measurement.

1 data table

Charged-particle multiplicities in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of mass energy of 7 TeV as a function of pseudorapidity for events with the number of charged particles >=1 having transverse momentum >40 MeV and 5.3< absolute(pseudorapidity) <6.5.


Proton-proton elastic scattering at the LHC energy of s** (1/2) = 7-TeV

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
Europhys.Lett. 95 (2011) 41001, 2011.
Inspire Record 922651 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.59485
1 data table

The measured differential elastic cross section. Data from the tabulation in CERN-PH-EP-2012-239.