Measurement of the virtual-photon asymmetry $A_2$ and the spin-structure function $g_2$ of the proton

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, N. ; Akopov, Z. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C72 (2012) 1921, 2012.
Inspire Record 1082840 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66230
4 data tables

The spin-structure function $xg_2(x,Q^2)$ and virtual-photon asymmetry $A_2(x,Q^2)$ of the proton in bins of $(x,Q^2)$, see text for details. Statistical and systematic uncertainties are presented separately.

The spin-structure function $xg_2$ and the virtual-photon asymmetry $A_2$ of the proton after evolving to common $Q^2$ and averaging over in each $x$-bin (see text for details). Statistical and systematic uncertainties are presented separately.

Correlation matrix for $xg_2$ in 9 $x$-bins (as in Table 2).

More…

Measurement of the proton spin structure function g(1)(x,Q**2) for Q**2 from 0.15 to 1.6 GeV**2 with CLAS

The CLAS collaboration Fatemi, R. ; Skabelin, A.V. ; Burkert, V.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 91 (2003) 222002, 2003.
Inspire Record 621221 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41917

Double-polarization asymmetries for inclusive $ep$ scattering were measured at Jefferson Lab using 2.6 and 4.3 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons incident on a longitudinally polarized NH$_3$ target in the CLAS detector. The polarized structure function $g_1(x,Q^2)$ was extracted throughout the nucleon resonance region and into the deep inelastic regime, for $Q^2 = 0.15 -1.64 $GeV$^2$. The contributions to the first moment $\Gamma_1(Q^2) = \int g_1(x,Q^2)dx$ were determined up to $Q^2=1.2$ GeV$^2$. Using a parametrization for $g_1$ in the unmeasured low $x$ regions, the complete first moment was estimated over this $Q^2$ region. A rapid change in $\Gamma_1$ is observed for $Q^2 < 1 $GeV$^2$, with a sign change near $Q^2 = 0.3 $GeV$^2$, indicating dominant contributions from the resonance region. At $Q^2=1.2$ GeV$^2$ our data are below the pQCD evolved scaling value.

8 data tables

The measured photon asymmetry (A1+ETA*A2) for the Q**2 region 0.15 to 0.22 GeV**2 obtained with a beam energy of 2.6 GeV.

The measured photon asymmetry (A1+ETA*A2) for the Q**2 region 0.6 to 1.10 GeV**2 obtained with a beam energy of 4.3 GeV.

The polarized structure function G1 as a function of Bjorken X for the Q**2range 0.15 to 0.27 GeV.

More…

Precision measurement of the neutron spin asymmetries and spin-dependent structure functions in the valence quark region

The Jefferson Lab Hall A collaboration Zheng, X. ; Aniol, K. ; Armstrong, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C70 (2004) 065207, 2004.
Inspire Record 650244 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31726

We report on measurements of the neutron spin asymmetries $A_{1,2}^n$ and polarized structure functions $g_{1,2}^n$ at three kinematics in the deep inelastic region, with $x=0.33$, 0.47 and 0.60 and $Q^2=2.7$, 3.5 and 4.8 (GeV/c)$^2$, respectively. These measurements were performed using a 5.7 GeV longitudinally-polarized electron beam and a polarized $^3$He target. The results for $A_1^n$ and $g_1^n$ at $x=0.33$ are consistent with previous world data and, at the two higher $x$ points, have improved the precision of the world data by about an order of magnitude. The new $A_1^n$ data show a zero crossing around $x=0.47$ and the value at $x=0.60$ is significantly positive. These results agree with a next-to-leading order QCD analysis of previous world data. The trend of data at high $x$ agrees with constituent quark model predictions but disagrees with that from leading-order perturbative QCD (pQCD) assuming hadron helicity conservation. Results for $A_2^n$ and $g_2^n$ have a precision comparable to the best world data in this kinematic region. Combined with previous world data, the moment $d_2^n$ was evaluated and the new result has improved the precision of this quantity by about a factor of two. When combined with the world proton data, polarized quark distribution functions were extracted from the new $g_1^n/F_1^n$ values based on the quark parton model. While results for $\Delta u/u$ agree well with predictions from various models, results for $\Delta d/d$ disagree with the leading-order pQCD prediction when hadron helicity conservation is imposed.

6 data tables

Measurements of the HE3 asymmetries.

Measurements of the HE3 spin structure functions.

Measurements of the HE3 spin structure functions.

More…

Measurement of inclusive spin structure functions of the deuteron

The CLAS collaboration Yun, J. ; Kuhn, S.E. ; Dodge, G.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C67 (2003) 055204, 2003.
Inspire Record 604799 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41972

We report the results of a new measurement of spin structure functions of the deuteron in the region of moderate momentum transfer ($Q^2$ = 0.27 -- 1.3 (GeV/c)$^2$) and final hadronic state mass in the nucleon resonance region ($W$ = 1.08 -- 2.0 GeV). We scattered a 2.5 GeV polarized continuous electron beam at Jefferson Lab off a dynamically polarized cryogenic solid state target ($^{15}$ND$_3$) and detected the scattered electrons with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). From our data, we extract the longitudinal double spin asymmetry $A_{||}$ and the spin structure function $g_1^d$. Our data are generally in reasonable agreement with existing data from SLAC where they overlap, and they represent a substantial improvement in statistical precision. We compare our results with expectations for resonance asymmetries and extrapolated deep inelastic scaling results. Finally, we evaluate the first moment of the structure function $g_1^d$ and study its approach to both the deep inelastic limit at large $Q^2$ and to the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum rule at the real photon limit ($Q^2 \to 0$). We find that the first moment varies rapidly in the $Q^2$ range of our experiment and crosses zero at $Q^2$ between 0.5 and 0.8 (GeV/c)$^2$, indicating the importance of the $\Delta$ resonance at these momentum transfers.

7 data tables

The measured virtual photon asymmetry (A1D+ETA*A2D) for the Q** region 0.27to 0.39 GeV**2.

The measured virtual photon asymmetry (A1D+ETA*A2D) for the Q** region 0.39to 0.65 GeV**2.

The measured virtual photon asymmetry (A1D+ETA*A2D) for the Q** region 0.65to 1.3 GeV**2.

More…

Precision measurement of the proton and deuteron spin structure functions g(2) and asymmetries A(2)

The E155 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B553 (2003) 18-24, 2003.
Inspire Record 585675 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27033

We have measured the spin structure functions g2p and g2d and the virtual photon asymmetries A2p and A2d over the kinematic range 0.02 < x < 0.8 and 0.7 < Q^2 < 20 GeV^2 by scattering 29.1 and 32.3 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons from transversely polarized NH3 and 6LiD targets. Our measured g2 approximately follows the twist-2 Wandzura-Wilczek calculation. The twist-3 reduced matrix elements d2p and d2n are less than two standard deviations from zero. The data are inconsistent with the Burkhardt-Cottingham sum rule if there is no pathological behavior as x->0. The Efremov-Leader-Teryaev integral is consistent with zero within our measured kinematic range. The absolute value of A2 is significantly smaller than the sqrt[R(1+A1)/2] limit.

7 data tables

Values of A2 and X*G2 from proton and deuterium target data at mean electron scattering angle of 2.75 degrees and incident energy 29.1 GeV. Errors shown are statistical only.

Values of A2 and X*G2 from proton and deuterium target data at mean electron scattering angle of 5.5 degrees and incident energy 29.1 GeV. Errors shown are statistical only.

Values of A2 and X*G2 from proton and deuterium target data at mean electron scattering angle of 10.5 degrees and incident energy 29.1 GeV. Errors shown are statistical only.

More…

Measurement of the proton and deuteron spin structure functions g(2) and asymmetry A(2)

The E155 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B458 (1999) 529-535, 1999.
Inspire Record 493768 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27072

We have measured the spin structure functions g2p and g2d and the virtual photon asymmetries A2p and A2d over the kinematic range 0.02 < x < 0.8 and 1.0 < Q^2 < 30(GeV/c)^2 by scattering 38.8 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons from transversely polarized NH3 and 6LiD targets.The absolute value of A2 is significantly smaller than the sqrt{R} positivity limit over the measured range, while g2 is consistent with the twist-2 Wandzura-Wilczek calculation. We obtain results for the twist-3 reduced matrix elements d2p, d2d and d2n. The Burkhardt-Cottingham sum rule integral - int(g2(x)dx) is reported for the range 0.02 < x < 0.8.

4 data tables

2.75 degree spectrometer data.

5.5 degree spectrometer data.

10.5 degree spectrometer data.

More…

Deep inelastic scattering of polarized electrons by polarized He-3 and the study of the neutron spin structure

The E142 collaboration
Phys.Rev. D54 (1996) 6620-6650, 1996.
Inspire Record 424108 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22340

The neutron longitudinal and transverse asymmetries $A^n_1$ and $A^n_2$ have been extracted from deep inelastic scattering of polarized electrons by a polarized $^3$He target at incident energies of 19.42, 22.66 and 25.51 GeV. The measurement allows for the determination of the neutron spin structure functions $g^n_1 (x,Q^2)$ and $g^n_2(x,Q^2)$ over the range $0.03 < x < 0.6$ at an average $Q^2$ of 2 (GeV$/c)^2$. The data are used for the evaluation of the Ellis-Jaffe and Bjorken sum rules. The neutron spin structure function $g^n_1 (x,Q^2)$ is small and negative within the range of our measurement, yielding an integral ${\int_{0.03}^{0.6} g_1^n(x) dx}= -0.028 \pm 0.006 (stat) \pm 0.006 (syst) $. Assuming Regge behavior at low $x$, we extract $\Gamma_1^n=\int^1_0 g^n_1(x)dx = -0.031 \pm 0.006 (stat)\pm 0.009 (syst) $. Combined with previous proton integral results from SLAC experiment E143, we find $\Gamma_1^p - \Gamma_1^n = 0.160 \pm 0.015$ in agreement with the Bjorken sum rule prediction $\Gamma^p_1 - \Gamma ^n_1 = 0.176 \pm 0.008$ at a $Q^2$ value of 3 (GeV$/c)^2$ evaluated using $\alpha_s = 0.32\pm 0.05$.

12 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

More…

Measurements of the proton and deuteron spin structure function g2 and asymmetry A2

The E143 collaboration
Phys.Rev.Lett. 76 (1996) 587-591, 1996.
Inspire Record 400029 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19584

We have measured proton and deuteron virtual photon-nucleon asymmetries A2p and A2d and structure functions g2p and g2d over the range 0.03<x<0.8 and 1.3<Q2<10 (GeV/c)2 by inelastically scattering polarized electrons off polarized ammonia targets. Results for A2 are significantly smaller than the positivity limit sqrt(R) for both targets. Within experimental precision, the g2 data are well-described by the twist-2 contribution g2WW. Twist-3 matrix elements have been extracted and are compared to theorectical predictions.

8 data tables

Proton data measured in the 4.5 degree spectrometer.

Proton data measured in the 7.0 degree spectrometer.

Deuteron data measured in the 4.5 degree spectrometer.

More…

The Spin dependent structure function g1(x) of the deuteron from polarized deep inelastic muon scattering

The Spin Muon (SMC) collaboration Adams, D. ; Adeva, B. ; Akdogan, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B396 (1997) 338-348, 1997.
Inspire Record 440053 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47513
6 data tables

Measurements of the transverse virtual photon asymmetry A2. Statistical errors only.

The virtual-photon deuteron cross section asymmetry A1 from the combined SMC data. Statistical errors only.

The spin dependent structure function G1(D).

More…

Spin structure of the proton from polarized inclusive deep inelastic muon - proton scattering

The Spin Muon (SMC) collaboration Adams, D. ; Adeva, B. ; Arik, E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D56 (1997) 5330-5358, 1997.
Inspire Record 440355 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47485

We have measured the spin-dependent structure function $g_1~p$ in inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of polarized muons off polarized protons, in the kinematic range $0.003 < x < 0.7$ and $1 GeV~2 < Q~2 < 60 GeV~2$. A next-to-leading order QCD analysis is used to evolve the measured $g_1~p(x,Q~2)$ to a fixed $Q~2_0$. The first moment of $g_1~p$ at $Q~2_0 = 10 GeV~2$ is $\Gamma~p = 0.136\pm 0.013(stat.) \pm 0.009(syst.)\pm 0.005(evol.)$. This result is below the prediction of the Ellis-Jaffe sum rule by more than two standard deviations. The singlet axial charge $a_0$ is found to be $0.28 \pm 0.16$. In the Adler-Bardeen factorization scheme, $\Delta g \simeq 2$ is required to bring $\Delta \Sigma$ in agreement with the Quark-Parton Model. A combined analysis of all available proton and deuteron data confirms the Bjorken sum rule.

11 data tables

Data for Q**2 > 1 GeV**2.

Data for Q**2 > 0.2 GeV**2.

Statistical errors only.

More…

Measurement of the neutron spin structure function g2(n) and asymmetry A2(n)

The E154 collaboration
Phys.Lett. B404 (1997) 377-382, 1997.
Inspire Record 443408 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27082

We have measured the neutron structure function g$_{2}^{n}$ and the virtual photon-nucleon asymmetry A$_{2}^{n}$ over the kinematic range $0.014\leq x \leq 0.7$ and $1.0 \leq Q^{2} \leq 17.0$ by scattering 48.3 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons from polarized $^{3}$He. Results for A$_{2}^{n}$ are significantly smaller than the $\sqrt{R}$ positivity limit over most of the measured range and data for g$_2^{n}$ are generally consistent with the twist-2 Wandzura-Wilczek prediction. Using our measured g$_{2}^{n}$ we obtain results for the twist-3 reduced matrix element $d_{2}^{n}$, and the integral $\int$g$_{2}^{n}(x)dx$ in the range $0.014\leq x \leq 1.0$. Data from this experiment are combined with existing data for g$_{2}^{n}$ to obtain an average for $d_{2}^{n}$ and the integral $\int$g$_{2}^{n}(x)dx$.

4 data tables

Data measured using the 2.75 degree spectrometer.

Data measured using the 5.5 degree spectrometer.

Measured value of the twist-3 reduced matrix element D2.

More…

Spin asymmetry in muon - proton deep inelastic scattering on a transversely polarized target

The Spin Muon (SMC) collaboration Adams, D. ; Adeva, B. ; Arik, E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B336 (1994) 125-130, 1994.
Inspire Record 375478 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48344

We measured the spin asymmetry in the scattering of 100 GeV longitudinally-polarized muons on transversely polarized protons. The asymmetry was found to be compatible with zero in the kinematic range $0.006<x<0.6$, $1<Q~2<30\,\mbox{GeV}~2$. {}From this result we derive the upper limits for the virtual photon--proton asymmetry $A_2$, and for the spin structure function $g_2$. For $x<0.15$, $A_2$ is significantly smaller than its positivity limit $\sqrt{R}$.

2 data tables

No description provided.

Nucleon spin structure function g2.