Multiplicity dependence of light-flavor hadron production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Torales - Acosta, Fernando ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Rev., 2018.
Inspire Record 1684320 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.84282

Comprehensive results on the production of unidentified charged particles, $\pi^{\pm}$, $\rm{K}^{\pm}$, $\rm{K}^{0}_{S}$, $\rm{K}$*(892)$^{0}$, $\rm{p}$, $\overline{\rm{p}}$, $\phi$(1020), $\Lambda$, $\overline{\Lambda}$, $\Xi^{-}$, $\overline{\Xi}^{+}$, $\Omega^{-}$ and $\overline{\Omega}^{+}$ hadrons in proton-proton (pp) collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV at midrapidity ($|y| < 0.5$) as a function of charged-particle multiplicity density are presented. In order to avoid auto-correlation biases, the actual transverse momentum ($p_{\rm{T}}$) spectra of the particles under study and the event activity are measured in different rapidity windows. In the highest multiplicity class, the charged-particle density reaches about 3.5 times the value measured in inelastic collisions. While the yield of protons normalized to pions remains approximately constant as a function of multiplicity, the corresponding ratios of strange hadrons to pions show a significant enhancement that increases with increasing strangeness content. Furthermore, all identified particle to pion ratios are shown to depend solely on charged-particle multiplicity density, regardless of system type and collision energy. The evolution of the spectral shapes with multiplicity and hadron mass shows patterns that are similar to those observed in p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energies. The obtained $p_{\rm{T}}$ distributions and yields are compared to expectations from QCD-based pp event generators as well as to predictions from thermal and hydrodynamic models. These comparisons indicate that traces of a collective, equilibrated system are already present in high-multiplicity pp collisions.

106 data tables

Transverse momentum spectra of charged particles in V0M I multiplicity class

Transverse momentum spectra of charged particles in V0M II multiplicity class

Transverse momentum spectra of charged particles in V0M III multiplicity class

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Measurement of electrons from beauty-hadron decays in p-Pb collisions at $\mathbf{\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02}$ TeV and Pb-Pb collisions at $\mathbf{\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=2.76}$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1486391 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77904

The production of beauty hadrons was measured via semi-leptonic decays at mid-rapidity with the ALICE detector at the LHC in the transverse momentum interval $1<p_{\rm T}<8$ GeV/$c$ in minimum-bias p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$ TeV and in $1.3<p_{\rm T}<8$ GeV/$c$ in the 20% most central Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=2.76$ TeV. The pp reference spectra at $\sqrt{s}=5.02$ TeV and $\sqrt{s}=2.76$ TeV, needed for the calculation of the nuclear modification factors $R_{\rm pPb}$ and $R_{\rm PbPb}$, were obtained by a pQCD-driven scaling of the cross section of electrons from beauty-hadron decays measured at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV. The $R_{\rm PbPb}$ is about 0.7 with an uncertainty of about 30% in the interval $3<p_{\rm T}<6$ GeV/$c$ and 0.47 with an uncertainty of 25% in $6<p_{\rm T}<8$ GeV/$c$ in Pb-Pb collisions. Below $p_{\rm T}=3$ GeV/$c$, the $R_{\rm PbPb}$ values increase with decreasing transverse momentum with systematic uncertainties of 30-45%. The $R_{\rm pPb}$ is consistent with unity within systematic uncertainties of about 20% at high $p_{\rm T}$, increasing at low $p_{\rm T}$, and is well described by theoretical calculations that include cold nuclear matter effects in p-Pb collisions. The measured $R_{\rm pPb}$ and these calculations indicate that cold nuclear matter effects are small at high transverse momentum also in Pb-Pb collisions. Therefore, the observed reduction of $R_{\rm PbPb}$ below unity for high $p_{\rm T}$ can be ascribed to an effect of the hot and dense medium formed in Pb-Pb collisions.

4 data tables

Invariant cross section of electrons from beauty-hadron decays as a function of transverse momentum in minimum-bias p--Pb collisions in the rapidity interval $-1.06 < y_{\rm cms} < 0.14$. The systematic uncertainties do not include an additional p--Pb normalisation uncertainty of 3.7%.

Invariant yield of electrons from beauty-hadron decays as a function of transverse momentum in 20% most central Pb--Pb collisions.

Nuclear modification factor $R_{\text{pA}}$ of electrons from beauty-hadron decays as a function of transverse momentum for minimum-bias p--Pb collisions in the rapidity interval $-1.06 < y_{\rm cms} < 0.14$. The systematic uncertainties do not include a global normalisation uncertainty of 5.1%.

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Multiplicity dependence of charged pion, kaon, and (anti)proton production at large transverse momentum in p-Pb collisions at $\mathbf{\sqrt{{\textit s}_{\rm NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B760 (2016) 720-735, 2016.
Inspire Record 1415274 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73749

The production of charged pions, kaons and (anti)protons has been measured at mid-rapidity ($-0.5 < y < 0$) in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$ TeV using the ALICE detector at the LHC. Exploiting particle identification capabilities at high transverse momentum ($p_{\rm T}$), the previously published $p_{\rm T}$ spectra have been extended to include measurements up to 20 GeV/$c$ for seven event multiplicity classes. The $p_{\rm T}$ spectra for pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV, needed to interpolate a pp reference spectrum, have also been extended up to 20 GeV/$c$ to measure the nuclear modification factor ($R_{\rm pPb}$) in non-single diffractive p-Pb collisions. At intermediate transverse momentum ($2 < p_{\rm T} < 10$\,GeV/$c$) the proton-to-pion ratio increases with multiplicity in p-Pb collisions, a similar effect is not present in the kaon-to-pion ratio. The $p_{\rm T}$ dependent structure of such increase is qualitatively similar to those observed in pp and heavy-ion collisions. At high $p_{\rm T}$ ($>10$ GeV/$c$), the particle ratios are consistent with those reported for pp and Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC energies. At intermediate $p_{\rm T}$ the (anti)proton $R_{\rm pPb}$ shows a Cronin-like enhancement, while pions and kaons show little or no nuclear modification. At high $p_{\rm T}$ the charged pion, kaon and (anti)proton $R_{\rm pPb}$ are consistent with unity within statistical and systematic uncertainties.

13 data tables

pT-differential invariant yield of charged pions in p-Pb collisions with centre-of-mass energy/nucleon=5.02 TeV, measured for different V0A multiplicity classes. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is the total systematic uncertainty, while the third one is the uncorrelated systematic uncertainty which is multiplicity dependent.

pT-differential invariant yield of charged pions in p-Pb collisions with centre-of-mass energy/nucleon=5.02 TeV, measured for NSD events. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is the total systematic uncertainty, while the third one is the uncorrelated systematic uncertainty which is multiplicity dependent.

pT-differential invariant yield of charged kaons in p-Pb collisions with centre-of-mass energy/nucleon=5.02 TeV, measured for different V0A multiplicity classes. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is the total systematic uncertainty, while the third one is the uncorrelated systematic uncertainty which is multiplicity dependent.

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Multi-strange baryon production in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathbf{NN}}=5.02$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B758 (2016) 389-401, 2016.
Inspire Record 1411084 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73011

The multi-strange baryon yields in Pb--Pb collisions have been shown to exhibit an enhancement relative to pp reactions. In this work, $\Xi$ and $\Omega$ production rates have been measured with the ALICE experiment as a function of transverse momentum, ${p_{\rm T}}$, in p-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of ${\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV. The results cover the kinematic ranges 0.6 GeV/$c<{p_{\rm T}} <$7.2 GeV/$c$ and 0.8 GeV/$c<{p_{\rm T}}<$ 5 GeV/$c$, for $\Xi$ and $\Omega$ respectively, in the common rapidity interval -0.5 $<{y_{\rm CMS}}<$ 0. Multi-strange baryons have been identified by reconstructing their weak decays into charged particles. The ${p_{\rm T}}$ spectra are analysed as a function of event charged-particle multiplicity, which in p-Pb collisions ranges over one order of magnitude and lies between those observed in pp and Pb-Pb collisions. The measured ${p_{\rm T}}$ distributions are compared to the expectations from a Blast-Wave model. The parameters which describe the production of lighter hadron species also describe the hyperon spectra in high multiplicity p-Pb. The yield of hyperons relative to charged pions is studied and compared with results from pp and Pb-Pb collisions. A statistical model is employed, which describes the change in the ratios with volume using a canonical suppression mechanism, in which the small volume causes a species-dependent relative reduction of hadron production. The calculations, in which the magnitude of the effect depends on the strangeness content, show good qualitative agreement with the data.

24 data tables

Xi pt spectrum in 0-5% multiplicity class.

Xi pt spectrum in 5-10% multiplicity class.

Xi pt spectrum in 10-20% multiplicity class.

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Direct photon production in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\rm{NN}} =$ 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B754 (2016) 235-248, 2016.
Inspire Record 1394677 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73093

Direct photon production at mid-rapidity in Pb–Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV was studied in the transverse momentum range 0.9<pT<14 GeV/c . Photons were detected with the highly segmented electromagnetic calorimeter PHOS and via conversions in the ALICE detector material with the e+e− pair reconstructed in the central tracking system. The results of the two methods were combined and direct photon spectra were measured for the 0–20%, 20–40%, and 40–80% centrality classes. For all three classes, agreement was found with perturbative QCD calculations for pT≳5 GeV/c . Direct photon spectra down to pT≈1 GeV/c could be extracted for the 20–40% and 0–20% centrality classes. The significance of the direct photon signal for 0.9<pT<2.1 GeV/c is 2.6 σ for the 0–20% class. The spectrum in this pT range and centrality class can be described by an exponential with an inverse slope parameter of (297±12stat±41syst) MeV . State-of-the-art models for photon production in heavy-ion collisions agree with the data within uncertainties.

9 data tables

Invariant differential yields of direct GAMMA produced in 0-20% central inelastic PbPb collisions at center-of-mass energy per nucleon 2.76 TeV.

Invariant differential yields of direct GAMMA produced in 20-40% central inelastic PbPb collisions at center-of-mass energy per nucleon 2.76 TeV. The quoted upper limits correspond to a 95% confidence level.

Invariant differential yields of direct GAMMA produced in 40-80% central inelastic PbPb collisions at center-of-mass energy per nucleon 2.76 TeV. The quoted upper limits correspond to a 95% confidence level.

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Differential studies of inclusive J/ψ and ψ(2S) production at forward rapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at $ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=2.76 $ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
JHEP 1605 (2016) 179, 2016.
Inspire Record 1380192 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73094

The production of J/ψ and ψ(2S) was studied with the ALICE detector in Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC. The measurement was performed at forward rapidity (2.5 < y < 4) down to zero transverse momentum (p$_{t}$ ) in the dimuon decay channel. Inclusive J/ψ yields were extracted in different centrality classes and the centrality dependence of the average p$_{t}$ is presented. The J/ψ suppression, quantified with the nuclear modification factor (R$_{AA}$), was measured as a function of centrality, transverse momentum and rapidity. Comparisons with similar measurements at lower collision energy and theoretical models indicate that the J/ψ production is the result of an interplay between color screening and recombination mechanisms in a deconfined partonic medium, or at its hadronization. Results on the ψ(2S) suppression are provided via the ratio of ψ(2S) over J/ψ measured in pp and Pb-Pb collisions.

16 data tables

Values of $\langle p_{\rm T}\rangle$ and $\langle p^2_{\rm T}\rangle$ of inclusive J/$\psi$ measured in $0<p_{\rm T}<8$ GeV/$c$ and $2.5<y<4$. Statistical and systematic uncertainties are also reported.

Inclusive J/$\psi$ yields in $p_{\rm T}$ intervals for the 0-20%, 20-40% and 40-90% most central Pb-Pb collisions. The rapidity range is $2.5<y<4$. Statistical and systematic uncertainties are also reported. A global systematic uncertainty of 4% affects all the values. A 2%, 1% and 2% systematic uncertainty, independent of $p_{\rm T}$, affects the centrality classes 0-20%, 20-40% and 40-90%, respectively.

Inclusive J/$\psi$ $R_{\rm AA}$ and Pb-Pb yields as a function of centrality, $p_{\rm T}<8$ GeV/$c$ and $2.5<y<4.0$. Statistical and systematic uncertainties are also reported. A global systematic uncertainty of 15% (12%) affects all the $R_{\rm AA}$ (yields) values.

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$^{3}_{\Lambda}\mathrm H$ and $^{3}_{\bar{\Lambda}} \overline{\mathrm H}$ production in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} =$ 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B754 (2016) 360-372, 2016.
Inspire Record 1380234 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70861
4 data tables

(Hypertriton + Anti-Hypertriton)dN/d(ct) distribution.

Hypertriton and Anti-hypertriton $p_{\rm T}$ spectra x B.R.

$B_2$ as a function of $p_{\rm T}$/A for Hypertriton.

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$K^0_S$ and $\Lambda$ production in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 111 (2013) 222301, 2013.
Inspire Record 1243863 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61857

The ALICE measurement of KS0 and Λ production at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76  TeV is presented. The transverse momentum (pT) spectra are shown for several collision centrality intervals and in the pT range from 0.4  GeV/c (0.6  GeV/c for Λ) to 12  GeV/c. The pT dependence of the Λ/KS0 ratios exhibits maxima in the vicinity of 3  GeV/c, and the positions of the maxima shift towards higher pT with increasing collision centrality. The magnitude of these maxima increases by almost a factor of three between most peripheral and most central Pb-Pb collisions. This baryon excess at intermediate pT is not observed in pp interactions at s=0.9  TeV and at s=7  TeV. Qualitatively, the baryon enhancement in heavy-ion collisions is expected from radial flow. However, the measured pT spectra above 2  GeV/c progressively decouple from hydrodynamical-model calculations. For higher values of pT, models that incorporate the influence of the medium on the fragmentation and hadronization processes describe qualitatively the pT dependence of the Λ/KS0 ratio.

23 data tables

pT spectra of K0Short in the rapidity range -0.5<y<0.5 in the centrality interval 0.0-5.0%.

pT spectra of K0Short in the rapidity range -0.5<y<0.5 in the centrality interval 5.0-10.0%.

pT spectra of K0Short in the rapidity range -0.5<y<0.5 in the centrality interval 10.0-20.0%.

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Multi-strange baryon production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV with ALICE

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B712 (2012) 309-318, 2012.
Inspire Record 1097057 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60477

A measurement of the multi-strange Xi- and Omega- baryons and their antiparticles by the ALICE experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is presented for inelastic proton-proton collisions at centre of mass energy of 7 TeV. The transverse momentum (pt) distributions were studied at mid-rapidity (|y| < 0.5) in the range of 0.6 < pt < 8.5 GeV/c for Xi- and Xi+ baryons, and in the range of 0.8 < pt < 5 GeV/c for Omega- and Omega+. Baryons and antibaryons were measured as separate particles and we find that the baryon to antibaryon ratio of both particle species is consistent with unity over the entire range of the measurement. The statistical precision of the current LHC data has allowed us to measure a difference between the mean pt of Xi- (Xi+) and Omega- (Omega+). Particle yields, mean pt, and the spectra in the intermediate pt range are not well described by the PYTHIA Perugia 2011 tune Monte Carlo event generator, which has been tuned to reproduce the early LHC data. The discrepancy is largest for Omega- (Omega+). This PYTHIA tune approaches the pt spectra of Xi- and Xi+ baryons below pt < 0.85 GeV/c and describes the Xi- and Xi+ spectra above pt > 6.0 GeV/c. We also illustrate the difference between the experimental data and model by comparing the corresponding ratios of (Omega-+Omega+)/(Xi-+Xi+) as a function of transverse mass.

3 data tables

pT differential yield for OMEGA- and OMEGABAR+ production in P-P collisions in the rapidity range -5 to 0.5. Note: there is no division by (2.pi.pT) included in the ordinate values.

pT differential yield for XI- and XIBAR+ production in P-P collisions in the rapidity range -5 to 0.5. Note: there is no division by (2.pi.pT) included in the ordinate values.

Ratio of (OMEGA-+OMEGABAR+) to (XI-+XIBAR+) production as a function of MT-M0. Note: the binning in (mT-m0) is the consequence of the pT binning of the Omega spectra.