Date

Subject_areas

Reactions

Version 2
Centrality and pseudorapidity dependence of the charged-particle multiplicity density in Xe–Xe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ =5.44TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Torales - Acosta, Fernando ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B790 (2019) 35-48, 2019.
Inspire Record 1672756 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88397

In this Letter, the ALICE Collaboration presents the first measurements of the charged-particle multiplicity density, $\rm{d}N_{\rm{ch}}/\rm{d}\eta$, and total charged-particle multiplicity, $N_{\rm{ch}}^{\rm{tot}}$, in Xe-Xe collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon--nucleon pair of $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.44 TeV. The measurements are performed as a function of collision centrality over a wide pseudorapidity range of $-3.5 < \eta < 5$. The values of $\rm{d}N_{\rm{ch}}/\rm{d}\eta$ at mid-rapidity and $N_{\rm{ch}}^{\rm{tot}}$ for central collisions, normalised to the number of nucleons participating in the collision ($N_{\rm{part}}$) as a function of $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$, follow the trends established in previous heavy-ion measurements. The same quantities are also found to increase as a function of $N_{\rm{part}}$, and up to the 10% most central collisions the trends are the same as the ones observed in Pb-Pb at a similar energy. For more central collisions, the Xe-Xe scaled multiplicities exceed those in Pb-Pb for a similar $N_{\rm{part}}$. The results are compared to phenomenological models and theoretical calculations based on different mechanisms for particle production in nuclear collisions. All considered models describe the data reasonably well within 20%.

6 data tables

Values of $2/\langle N_\mathrm{part} \rangle \langle \mathrm{d}N_\mathrm{ch}/\mathrm{d}\eta\rangle$ and $2/\langle N_\mathrm{part} \rangle N^\mathrm{tot}_\mathrm{ch}$ in Xe--Xe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}} = 5.44\,\mathrm{TeV}$ for the top 5$\%$ central collisions.

Values of $2/\langle N_\mathrm{part} \rangle \langle \mathrm{d}N_\mathrm{ch}/\mathrm{d}\eta\rangle$ and $2/\langle N_\mathrm{part} \rangle N^\mathrm{tot}_\mathrm{ch}$ as a function of $\langle N_\mathrm{part} \rangle$ in Xe--Xe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}} = 5.44\,\mathrm{TeV}$.

Values of $2/\langle N_\mathrm{part} \rangle \langle \mathrm{d}N_\mathrm{ch}/\mathrm{d}\eta\rangle$ and $2/\langle N_\mathrm{part} \rangle N^\mathrm{tot}_\mathrm{ch}$ as a function of $\langle N_\mathrm{part} \rangle$ in Pb--Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}} = 5.02\,\mathrm{TeV}$.

More…

Pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles from Au+Au collisions at the maximum RHIC energy

The BRAHMS collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, D. ; Besliu, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 202301, 2002.
Inspire Record 567754 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89441

We present charged particle densities as a function of pseudorapidity and collision centrality for the 197Au+197Au reaction at Sqrt{s_NN}=200 GeV. For the 5% most central events we obtain dN_ch/deta(eta=0) = 625 +/- 55 and N_ch(-4.7&lt;= eta &lt;= 4.7) = 4630+-370, i.e. 14% and 21% increases, respectively, relative to Sqrt{s_NN}=130 GeV collisions. Charged-particle production per pair of participant nucleons is found to increase from peripheral to central collisions around mid-rapidity. These results constrain current models of particle production at the highest RHIC energy.

5 data tables

$\mathrm{d}N/\mathrm{d}\eta$ versus $\eta$ for $x^{\pm}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ for $0-5$% central, $5-10$% central, $20-30$% central, $40-50$% central

$\left.\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}\eta}\right\vert_{200\mathrm{Ge\!V}}\,/\,\left.\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}\eta}\right\vert_{130\mathrm{Ge\!V}}$ versus $\eta$ for $x^{\pm}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ for , per centrality

$\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}y}\frac{2}{N_{\mathrm{part}}}$ versus $N_{\mathrm{part}}$ for $x^{\pm}$ in $\mathrm{Au}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$

More…

Centrality dependence of charged particle pseudorapidity distributions from d+Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The BRAHMS collaboration Arsene, I. ; Bearden, I.G. ; Beavis, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 94 (2005) 032301, 2005.
Inspire Record 643085 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.89272

Charged-particle pseudorapidity densities are presented for the d+Au reaction at sqrt{s_{NN}}=200 GeV with -4.2 <= eta <= 4.2$. The results, from the BRAHMS experiment at RHIC, are shown for minimum-bias events and 0-30%, 30-60%, and 60-80% centrality classes. Models incorporating both soft physics and hard, perturbative QCD-based scattering physics agree well with the experimental results. The data do not support predictions based on strong-coupling, semi-classical QCD. In the deuteron-fragmentation region the central 200 GeV data show behavior similar to full-overlap d+Au results at sqrt{s_{NN}}=19.4 GeV.

1 data table

$\frac{\mathrm{d}N}{\mathrm{d}\eta}$ versus $\eta$ for $x^{\pm}$ in $\mathrm{d}-\mathrm{Au}$ at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=200\,\mathrm{Ge\!V}$ for $0-30$% central, $30-60$% central, $60-80$% central, Min.Bias


Version 2
Production of $\Sigma(1385)^{\pm}$ and $\Xi(1530)^{0}$ in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; Aglieri Rinella, Gianluca ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C77 (2017) 389, 2017.
Inspire Record 1510878 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77971

The transverse momentum distributions of the strange and double-strange hyperon resonances ($\Sigma(1385)^{\pm}$, $\Xi(1530)^{0}$) produced in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$ TeV were measured in the rapidity range $-0.5< y_{\rm{CMS}}<0$ for event classes corresponding to different charged-particle multiplicity densities, $\langle{\rm d}N_{\rm{ch}}/{\rm d}\eta_{\rm{lab}}\rangle$. The mean transverse momentum values are presented as a function of $\langle{\rm d}N_{\rm{ch}}/{\rm d}\eta_{\rm{lab}}\rangle$, as well as a function of the particle masses and compared with previous results on hyperon production. The integrated yield ratios of excited to ground-state hyperons are constant as a function of $\langle{\rm d}N_{\rm{ch}}/{\rm d}\eta_{\rm{lab}}\rangle$. The equivalent ratios to pions exhibit an increase with $\langle{\rm d}N_{\rm{ch}}/{\rm d}\eta_{\rm{lab}}\rangle$, depending on their strangeness content.

18 data tables

Average charged particle pseudo-rapidity density, $\langle\rm{d}N_{\rm{ch}}/\rm{d}\eta_{\rm{lab}}\rangle$, measured at mid-rapidity in visible cross section event classes. Multiplicity classes are defined using the V0A estimator; values for $\langle\rm{d}N_{\rm{ch}}/\rm{d}\eta_{\rm{lab}}\rangle$ are corrected for vertexing and trigger efficiency. Since statistical uncertainties are negligible, only total systematic uncertainties are reported.

$p_{\rm{T}}$-differential yield of $\Sigma^{*+}$ in p-Pb collisions with centre-of-mass energy/nucleon=5.02 TeV (NSD).

$p_{\rm{T}}$-differential yield of $\Sigma^{*+}$ in p-Pb collisions with centre-of-mass energy/nucleon=5.02 TeV (0-20% multiplicity class).

More…

Charged-particle distributions at low transverse momentum in $\sqrt{s} = 13$  TeV pp interactions measured with the ATLAS detector at the LHC

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C76 (2016) 502, 2016.
Inspire Record 1467230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73907
10 data tables

The average charged-particle muliplicity per unit of rapidity for ETARAP=0 as a function of the centre-of-mass energy.

The extrapolated ($\tau > 30$ ps) average charged-particle muliplicity per unit of rapidity for ETARAP=0 as a function of the centre-of-mass energy.

Charged-particle multiplicities in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of mass energy of 13000 GeV as a function of pseudorapidity for events with the number of charged particles >=2 having transverse momentum >100 MeV and absolute(pseudorapidity) <2.5.

More…

Central Collisions of 14.6-{GeV}/nucleon, 60-{GeV}/nucleon, and 200-{GeV}/nucleon $^{16}$O Nuclei in Nuclear Emulsion

Barbier, L.M. ; Freier, P.S. ; Holynski, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 405-407, 1988.
Inspire Record 264260 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2969

Central collisions of O16 nuclei with the Ag107 and Br80 nuclei in nuclear emulsion at 14.6, 60, and 200 GeV/nucleon are compared with proton-emulsion data at equivalent energies. The multiplicities of produced charged secondaries are consistent with the predictions of superposition models. At 200 GeV/nucleon the central particle pseudorapidity density is 58±2 for those events with multiplicities exceeding 200 particles.

5 data tables

Nucleus is average nucleus of BR-2 emulsion.

Nucleus is average nucleus of BR-2 emulsion.

Nucleus is average AG107/BR80 nucleus of BR-2 emulsion.

More…

Effect of event selection on jetlike correlation measurement in $d$+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B743 (2015) 333-339, 2015.
Inspire Record 1335765 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73235

Dihadron correlations are analyzed in sNN=200 GeV d+Au collisions classified by forward charged particle multiplicity and zero-degree neutral energy in the Au-beam direction. It is found that the jetlike correlated yield increases with the event multiplicity. After taking into account this dependence, the non-jet contribution on the away side is minimal, leaving little room for a back-to-back ridge in these collisions.

16 data tables

The dihadron correlated yield normalized per radian per unit of pseudorapidity as function of $\Delta\eta$ in d+Au collisions on the near (|$\Delta\phi$| < $\pi$/3). Shown is the low FTPC-Au activity data. Trigger and associated particles have 1 < $p_T$ < 3 GeV/c and |$\eta$| < 1.

The dihadron correlated yield normalized per radian per unit of pseudorapidity as function of $\Delta\eta$ in d+Au collisions on the away side (|$\Delta\phi$ - $\pi$| < $\pi$/3. Shown is the high FTPC-Au activity data. Trigger and associated particles have 1 < $p_T$ < 3 GeV/c and |$\eta$| < 1.

The dihadron correlated yield normalized per radian per unit of pseudorapidity as function of $\Delta\eta$ in d+Au collisions on the near (|$\Delta\phi$| < $\pi$/3) side. Shown is the high-activity data after subtracting the unscaled. Trigger and associated particles have 1 < $p_T$ < 3 GeV/c and |$\eta$| < 1.

More…

Centrality dependence of the charged-particle multiplicity density at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 222302, 2016.
Inspire Record 1410589 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73052

The pseudorapidity density of charged particles, dNch/dη, at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions has been measured at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of sNN=5.02  TeV. For the 5% most central collisions, we measure a value of 1943±54. The rise in dNch/dη as a function of sNN is steeper than that observed in proton-proton collisions and follows the trend established by measurements at lower energy. The increase of dNch/dη as a function of the average number of participant nucleons, ⟨Npart⟩, calculated in a Glauber model, is compared with the previous measurement at sNN=2.76  TeV. A constant factor of about 1.2 describes the increase in dNch/dη from sNN=2.76 to 5.02 TeV for all centrality classes, within the measured range of 0%–80% centrality. The results are also compared to models based on different mechanisms for particle production in nuclear collisions.

3 data tables

The values of ${\langle N_\mathrm{part} \rangle}$ obtained with the Glauber model are measured in $|\eta|$ < 0.5 for eleven centrality classes. The statistical error contribution being negligible.

The $\mathrm{d}N_\mathrm{ch}/\mathrm{d}\eta$ values measured in $|\eta|$ < 0.5 for eleven centrality classes.

The $\frac{2}{\langle N_\mathrm{part} \rangle}\langle \mathrm{d}N_\mathrm{ch}/\mathrm{d}\eta \rangle$ values measured in $|\eta|$ < 0.5 for eleven centrality classes. The statistical error contribution being negligible.


Production of K$^{*}$ (892)$^{0}$ and $\phi $ (1020) in p–Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{{\text {NN}}}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C76 (2016) 245, 2016.
Inspire Record 1418181 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72720
30 data tables

Average charged particle pseudo-rapidity density, $\langle\mathrm{d}N_{\rm ch}/\mathrm{d}\eta_{\mathrm{lab}}\rangle$, measured at mid-rapidity in visible cross section event classes and average number of colliding nucleons, $\langle\mathrm{N_{coll}}\rangle$. Multiplicity classes are defined using the V0A estimator; values for $\langle\mathrm{d}N_{\rm ch}/\mathrm{d}\eta_{\mathrm{lab}}\rangle$ are corrected for vertexing and trigger efficiency. Since statistical uncertainties are negligible, only total systematic uncertainties are reported.

$p_{\rm T}$-differential yield of (K$^{*0}$ + $\overline{K^{*0}}$)/2 in p-Pb collisions with centre-of-mass energy/nucleon=5.02 TeV (NSD). Additional systematic error: +- 3.1% (normalization).

$p_{\rm T}$-differential yield of (K$^{*0}$ + $\overline{K^{*0}}$)/2 in p-Pb collisions with centre-of-mass energy/nucleon=5.02 TeV (0-20% multiplicity class).

More…

Centrality dependence of particle production in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN} }$= 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C91 (2015) 064905, 2015.
Inspire Record 1335350 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68361

We report measurements of the primary charged-particle pseudorapidity density and transverse momentum distributions in p-Pb collisions at sNN=5.02TeV and investigate their correlation with experimental observables sensitive to the centrality of the collision. Centrality classes are defined by using different event-activity estimators, i.e., charged-particle multiplicities measured in three different pseudorapidity regions as well as the energy measured at beam rapidity (zero degree). The procedures to determine the centrality, quantified by the number of participants (Npart) or the number of nucleon-nucleon binary collisions (Ncoll) are described. We show that, in contrast to Pb-Pb collisions, in p-Pb collisions large multiplicity fluctuations together with the small range of participants available generate a dynamical bias in centrality classes based on particle multiplicity. We propose to use the zero-degree energy, which we expect not to introduce a dynamical bias, as an alternative event-centrality estimator. Based on zero-degree energy-centrality classes, the Npart dependence of particle production is studied. Under the assumption that the multiplicity measured in the Pb-going rapidity region scales with the number of Pb participants, an approximate independence of the multiplicity per participating nucleon measured at mid-rapidity of the number of participating nucleons is observed. Furthermore, at high-pT the p-Pb spectra are found to be consistent with the pp spectra scaled by Ncoll for all centrality classes. Our results represent valuable input for the study of the event-activity dependence of hard probes in p-Pb collisions and, hence, help to establish baselines for the interpretation of the Pb-Pb data.

10 data tables

dNdeta CL1.

dNdeta V0M.

dNdeta V0A.

More…

Pseudorapidity and transverse-momentum distributions of charged particles in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt s=$ 13 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B753 (2016) 319-329, 2016.
Inspire Record 1395253 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70847

The pseudorapidity ( η ) and transverse-momentum ( pT ) distributions of charged particles produced in proton–proton collisions are measured at the centre-of-mass energy s=13 TeV . The pseudorapidity distribution in |η|<1.8 is reported for inelastic events and for events with at least one charged particle in |η|<1 . The pseudorapidity density of charged particles produced in the pseudorapidity region |η|<0.5 is 5.31±0.18 and 6.46±0.19 for the two event classes, respectively. The transverse-momentum distribution of charged particles is measured in the range 0.15<pT<20 GeV/c and |η|<0.8 for events with at least one charged particle in |η|<1 . The evolution of the transverse momentum spectra of charged particles is also investigated as a function of event multiplicity. The results are compared with calculations from PYTHIA and EPOS Monte Carlo generators.

4 data tables

Average pseudorapidity density of charged particles as a function of eta produced in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 13 TeV. The results are shown in the normalisation classes INEL and INEL>0. The uncertainties are the quadratic sum of statistical and systematic contributions.

Invariant charged-particle yield as a function of pT normalised to INEL>0 events.

Ratio of transverse-momentum spectra in INEL>0 events at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 and 7 TeV.

More…

Two-pion femtoscopy in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, J. ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C91 (2015) 034906, 2015.
Inspire Record 1342499 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66872
8 data tables

Definition of the V0A multiplicity classes and their corresponding $ <\mathrm{d}N_{\rm ch}/\mathrm{d}\eta> $. The given uncertainties are systematic only since the statistical ones are negligible.

Femtoscopic radii (GGG fit) in out direction as a function of pair transverse momentum for four V0A multiplicity classes.

Femtoscopic radii (GGG fit) in side direction as a function of pair transverse momentum for four V0A multiplicity classes.

More…

Inclusive photon production at forward rapidities in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C75 (2015) 146, 2015.
Inspire Record 1328669 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69495

The multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions of inclusive photons have been measured at forward rapidities ( $2.3 < \eta < 3.9$ ) in proton–proton collisions at three center-of-mass energies, $\sqrt{s}$   $=$ 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV using the ALICE detector. It is observed that the increase in the average photon multiplicity as a function of beam energy is compatible with both a logarithmic and a power-law dependence. The relative increase in average photon multiplicity produced in inelastic pp collisions at 2.76 and 7 TeV center-of-mass energies with respect to 0.9 TeV are 37.2 $\pm $ 0.3 % (stat) $\pm $ 8.8 % (sys) and 61.2 $\pm $ 0.3 % (stat) $\pm $ 7.6 % (sys), respectively. The photon multiplicity distributions for all center-of-mass energies are well described by negative binomial distributions. The multiplicity distributions are also presented in terms of KNO variables. The results are compared to model predictions, which are found in general to underestimate the data at large photon multiplicities, in particular at the highest center-of-mass energy. Limiting fragmentation behavior of photons has been explored with the data, but is not observed in the measured pseudorapidity range.

8 data tables

Photon multiplicity distribution for INEL proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=0.9 TeV.

Photon multiplicity distribution for INEL proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=2.76 TeV.

Photon multiplicity distribution for INEL proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=7 TeV.

More…

Charged-particle multiplicity measurement with Reconstructed Tracks in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9 and 7 TeV with ALICE at the LHC

The ALICE collaboration
No Journal Information, 2013.
Inspire Record 1387699 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62030

This note describes the details of the analysis of charged-particle pseudorapidity densities and multiplicity distributions measured by the ALICE detector in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9 and 7 TeV in specific phase space regions. The primary goal of the analysis is to provide reference measurements for Monte Carlo tuning. The pseudorapidity range |h| < 0.8 is considered and a lower $p_T$ cut is applied, at 0.15, 0.5 GeV/c and at 1 GeV/c. The choice of such phase space regions to measure the charged-particle multiplicity allows a direct comparison with the analogous results obtained by other LHC collaborations, namely ATLAS and CMS. The class of events considered are those having at least one charged particle in the kinematical ranges just described. In the note, the analysis procedure is presented, together with the corrections applied to the data, and the systematic uncertainty evaluation. The comparison of the results with different Monte Carlo generators is also shown.

9 data tables

dNch/deta versus eta obtained at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 7 TeV with pT > 0.15 GeV.

dNch/deta versus eta obtained at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 7 TeV with pT > 0.50 GeV.

dNch/deta versus eta obtained at sqrt(s) = 0.9 and 7 TeV with pT > 1.00 GeV.

More…

Measurement of Charged Particle Spectra in Deep-Inelastic ep Scattering at HERA

The H1 collaboration Alexa, C. ; Andreev, V. ; Baghdasaryan, A. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C73 (2013) 2406, 2013.
Inspire Record 1217865 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62615

Charged particle production in deep-inelastic ep scattering is measured with the H1 detector at HERA. The kinematic range of the analysis covers low photon virtualities, 5<Q (2)<100 GeV(2), and small values of Bjorken-x, 10(−4)<x<10(−2). The analysis is performed in the hadronic centre-of-mass system. The charged particle densities are measured as a function of pseudorapidity (η (∗)) and transverse momentum ( ) in the range 0<η (∗)<5 and in bins of x and Q (2). The data are compared to predictions from different Monte Carlo generators implementing various options for hadronisation and parton evolutions.

36 data tables

Charged particle density as a function of pseudorapidity for the PT range 0-1 GeV in the HCM frame.

Charged particle density as a function of pseudorapidity for the PT range 1-10 GeV in the HCM frame.

Charged particle density as a function of pseudorapidity for the PT interval 0-1 GeV in fixed Q**2 and X intervals in the HCM frame.

More…

Pseudorapidity density of charged particles in $p$ + Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 110 (2013) 032301, 2013.
Inspire Record 1190545 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60099
1 data table

The pseudorapidity density of charged particles in the lab. frame.


Dependence on pseudorapidity and centrality of charged hadron production in PbPb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1108 (2011) 141, 2011.
Inspire Record 919733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.58223

A measurement is presented of the charged hadron multiplicity in hadronic PbPb collisions, as a function of pseudorapidity and centrality, at a collision energy of 2.76 TeV per nucleon pair. The data sample is collected using the CMS detector and a minimum-bias trigger, with the CMS solenoid off. The number of charged hadrons is measured both by counting the number of reconstructed particle hits and by forming hit doublets of pairs of layers in the pixel detector. The two methods give consistent results. The charged hadron multiplicity density dN(ch)/d eta, evaluated at eta=0 for head-on collisions, is found to be 1612 +/- 55, where the uncertainty is dominated by systematic effects. Comparisons of these results to previous measurements and to various models are also presented.

3 data tables

The measured charged hadron multiplicity density as a function of the centrality.

The measured charged hadron multiplicity density divided by Npart/2 as a function of the pseudorapidity in 4 centrality bins.

The measured charged hadron multiplicity density at pseudorapidiy=0 divided by Npart/2 as a function of the number of participants.


Measurement of the centrality dependence of the charged particle pseudorapidity distribution in lead-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B710 (2012) 363-382, 2012.
Inspire Record 925723 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57910

The ATLAS experiment at the LHC has measured the centrality dependence of charged particle pseudorapidity distributions over |eta| < 2 in lead-lead collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of sqrt(s_NN) = 2.76 TeV. In order to include particles with transverse momentum as low as 30 MeV, the data were recorded with the central solenoid magnet off. Charged particles were reconstructed with two algorithms (2-point 'tracklets' and full tracks) using information from the pixel detector only. The lead-lead collision centrality was characterized by the total transverse energy in the forward calorimeter in the range 3.2 < |eta| < 4.9. Measurements are presented of the per-event charged particle density distribution, dN_ch/deta, and the average charged particle multiplicity in the pseudorapidity interval |eta|<0.5 in several intervals of collision centrality. The results are compared to previous mid-rapidity measurements at the LHC and RHIC. The variation of the mid-rapidity charged particle yield per colliding nucleon pair with the number of participants is consistent with the lower sqrt(s_NN) results. The shape of the dN_ch/deta distribution is found to be independent of centrality within the systematic uncertainties of the measurement.

3 data tables

The measured charged particle density distributions as a fuinction of pseudorapidity in the centrality regions 0-10, 10-20, 20-30 and 30-40 %.

The measured charged particle density distributions as a fuinction of pseudorapidity in the centrality regions 40-50, 50-60, 60-70 and 70-80 %.

Mean values of the charged particle multiplicities in the pseudorapidiy range -0.5-0.5 as a function of centrality. N(C=PART), the number of participating nucleons in the collision, is also shown, determined from the muliplicity and ET of the event, with which it has been shown to be strongly correlated.


J / psi production in Au Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider

The PHENIX collaboration Adler, S.S. ; Afanasiev, S. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C69 (2004) 014901, 2004.
Inspire Record 619646 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57253

First results on charm quarkonia production in heavy ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are presented. The yield of J/Psi's measured in the PHENIX experiment via electron-positron decay pairs at mid-rapidity for Au-Au reactions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV are analyzed as a function of collision centrality. For this analysis we have studied 49.3 million minimum bias Au-Au reactions. We present the J/Psi invariant yield dN/dy for peripheral and mid-central reactions. For the most central collisions where we observe no signal above background, we quote 90% confidence level upper limits. We compare these results with our J/Psi measurement from proton-proton reactions at the same energy. We find that our measurements are not consistent with models that predict strong enhancement relative to binary collision scaling.

2 data tables

Measured invariant differential yield at mid-rapidity of J/PSI, as a function of centratility, times branching ratio Be+e-, for three bins of centrality : 0-20%, 20-40% and 40-90% of Au-Au cross-section. The 90% confidence level upper limit (CLUL) for the yield is also given.

Measured differential yield of J/PSI per binary collisions,at mid rapidity, as a function of the centrality, times branching ratio Be+e-.The 90% confidence level upper limit (CLUL) for J/PSI differential yield is also given. The values of the number of participants for each centrality bins are calculated for general information.


First Measurement of the Underlying Event Activity at the LHC with $\sqrt{s} = 0.9$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C70 (2010) 555-572, 2010.
Inspire Record 857644 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55126

A measurement of the underlying activity in scattering processes with transverse momentum scale in the GeV region is performed in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV, using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Charged hadron production is studied with reference to the direction of a leading object, either a charged particle or a set of charged particles forming a jet. Predictions of several QCD-inspired models as implemented in PYTHIA are compared, after full detector simulation, to the data. The models generally predict too little production of charged hadrons with pseudorapidity eta < 2, p_T > 0.5 GeV/c, and azimuthal direction transverse to that of the leading object.

7 data tables

Average multiplicity of charged particles per unit of pseudorapidity as a function of pseudorapidity for events with leading track-jet transverse momenta > 1 and > 3 GeV. Statistical errors only.

Average scalar sum of the transverse momenta of charged particles per unit of pseusdorapidity and per radian as a function of DELTA(PHI) for events with leading track-jet transverse momenta > 1 and > 2 GeV. Statistical errors only. Typical systematic error of 1.8 PCT at a leading track-jet PT of 3.5 GeV.

The average multiplicity and average scalar sum of transverse momenta of charge particles per unit of pseudorapidity and per radian as a function of the leading track transverse momenta. Statistical errors only. Typical systematic error of 1.8 PCT at a leading track-jet PT of 3.5 GeV.

More…

Scaled momentum spectra in deep inelastic scattering at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Abramowicz, H. ; Abt, I. ; Adamczyk, L. ; et al.
JHEP 1006 (2010) 009, 2010.
Inspire Record 844129 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55368

Charged particle production has been studied in neutral current deep inelastic ep scattering with the ZEUS detector at HERA using an integrated luminosity of 0.44 fb^-1. Distributions of scaled momenta in the Breit frame are presented for particles in the current fragmentation region. The evolution of these spectra with the photon virtuality, Q^2, is described in the kinematic region 10&lt;Q^2&lt;41000 GeV^2. Next-to-leading-order and modified leading-log-approximation QCD calculations as well as predictions from Monte Carlo models are compared to the data. The results are also compared to e+e- annihilation data. The dependences of the pseudorapidity distribution of the particles on Q^2 and on the energy in the \gamma p system, W, are presented and interpreted in the context of the hypothesis of limiting fragmentation.

26 data tables

Bin averaged scaled momentum spectra in the Q**2 ranges 160 to 320 and 320 to 640 GeV**2.

Bin averaged scaled momentum spectra in the Q**2 ranges 640 to 1280 and 1280 to 2560 GeV**2.

Bin averaged scaled momentum spectra in the Q**2 ranges 2560 to 5120 and 51200 to 10240 GeV**2.

More…

First proton-proton collisions at the LHC as observed with the ALICE detector: Measurement of the charged particle pseudorapidity density at s**(1/2) = 900-GeV

The ALICE collaboration Aamodt, K ; Abel, N ; Abeysekara, U ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C65 (2010) 111-125, 2010.
Inspire Record 838352 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.53751

On 23rd November 2009, during the early commissioning of the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), two counter-rotating proton bunches were circulated for the first time concurrently in the machine, at the LHC injection energy of 450 GeV per beam. Although the proton intensity was very low, with only one pilot bunch per beam, and no systematic attempt was made to optimize the collision optics, all LHC experiments reported a number of collision candidates. In the ALICE experiment, the collision region was centred very well in both the longitudinal and transverse directions and 284 events were recorded in coincidence with the two passing proton bunches. The events were immediately reconstructed and analyzed both online and offline. We have used these events to measure the pseudorapidity density of charged primary particles in the central region. In the range |eta| < 0.5, we obtain dNch/deta = 3.10 +- 0.13 (stat.) +- 0.22 (syst.) for all inelastic interactions, and dNch/deta = 3.51 +- 0.15 (stat.) +- 0.25 (syst.) for non-single diffractive interactions. These results are consistent with previous measurements in proton--antiproton interactions at the same centre-of-mass energy at the CERN SppS collider. They also illustrate the excellent functioning and rapid progress of the LHC accelerator, and of both the hardware and software of the ALICE experiment, in this early start-up phase.

2 data tables

Pseudorapidity dependence of DN/DETARAP in Inelastic (INEL) and Non-Single-Diffractive (NSD) collisions. Note that the plot in the paper shows only statistical errors.

Pseudorapidity density for |ETARAP|<0.5 for Inelastic (INEL) and Non-Single-Diffractive (NSD) collisions.


Jet pseudorapidity distribution in direct photon events in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Amendolia, S.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D57 (1998) 1359-1365, 1998.
Inspire Record 453369 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54263
1 data table

The fully corrected shape of the pseudorapidity distribution normalised to the data in the absolute pseudorapidity bin from 0 to 0.7.


Study of the photon remnant in resolved photoproduction at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Derrick, M. ; Krakauer, D. ; Magill, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B354 (1995) 163-177, 1995.
Inspire Record 392038 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.44946

Photoproduction at HERA is studied in $ep$ collisions, with the ZEUS detector, for $\gamma p$ centre-of-mass energies ranging from 130-270 GeV. A sample of events with two high-$p_T$ jets ($p_T > 6$ GeV, $\eta <1.6$) and a third cluster in the approximate direction of the electron beam is isolated using a clustering algorithm. These events are mostly due to resolved photoproduction. The third cluster is identified as the photon remnant. Its properties, such as the transverse and longitudinal energy flows around the axis of the cluster, are consistent with those commonly attributed to jets, and in particular with those found for the two jets in these events. The mean value of the photon remnant $p_T$ with respect to the beam axis is measured to be $2.1 \pm 0.2$ GeV, which demonstrates substantial mean transverse momenta for the photon remnant.

3 data tables

Pseudorapidity distribution of the third cluster corrected to the hadron level.

Corrected PT distribution of the third cluster corrected to the hadron level.

Corrected Energy distribution of the third cluster corrected to the hadron level.


Charged particle multiplicity near mid-rapidity in central Au + Au collisions at $S^{(1/2)}$ = 56-A/GeV and 130-A/GeV

The PHOBOS collaboration Back, B.B. ; Baker, M.D. ; Barton, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 3100-3104, 2000.
Inspire Record 530501 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41732

We present the first measurement of pseudorapidity densities of primary charged particles near mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 56 and 130 AGeV. For the most central collisions, we find the charged particle pseudorapidity density to be $dN/d\eta |_{|\eta|<1} = 408 \pm 12 {(stat)} \pm 30 {(syst)}$ at 56 AGeV and $555 \pm 12 {(stat)} \pm 35 {(syst)}$ at 130 AGeV, values that are higher than any previously observed in nuclear collisions. Compared to proton-antiproton collisions, our data show an increase in the pseudorapidity density per participant by more than 40% at the higher energy.

1 data table

No description provided.