Multihadronic e+e− annihilation events at a center-of-mass energy of 29 GeV have been studied with both the original (PEP 5) Mark II and the upgraded Mark II detectors. Detector-corrected distributions from global shape analyses such as aplanarity, Q2-Q1, sphericity, thrust, minor value, oblateness, and jet masses, and inclusive charged-particle distributions including x, rapidity, p⊥, and particle flow are presented. These distributions are compared with predictions from various multihadron event models which use leading-logarithmic shower evolution or QCD matrix elements at the parton level and string or cluster fragmentation for hadronization. The new generation of parton-shower models gives, on the average, a better description of the data than the previous parton-shower models. The energy behavior of these models is compared to existing e+e− data. The predictions of the models at a center-of-mass energy of 93 GeV, roughly the expected mass of the Z0, are also presented.
The (Q2-Q1) distribution.
DISTRIBUTION FOR 'CLUSTER' REFERENCE FRAME, I.E. FRAME MOVING WITH YRAP=0.08 ALONG BEAM.
DATA FOR INTERNAL MUON BREMSSTRAHLUNG.
YN IS IN ARBITRARY UNITS.
ARBITRARY UNITS FOR YN.
TAGGED DATA, RESULTS OBTAINED USING TRANSVERSE-TRANSVERSE LUMINOSITY ONLY. DATA FOR Q2=0 ARE FROM UNTAGGED SAMPLE, ERRORS DUE TO RELATIVE NORMALISATION OF THESE SAMPLES IS INCLUDED INTO ERRORS QUOTED.
We have observed an azimuthal asymmetry in inclusive hadron production by e+e− annihilation at the center-of-mass energy s=7.4 GeV. The asymmetry is caused by the polarization of the circulating beams in the storage ring and allows separate determination of the transverse and longitudinal structure functions. We find that transverse production dominates for x>0.2 where x is the scaling variable 2ps.
ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION OF CHARGED HADRONS FOUND TO BE 1 + (0.07 +- 0.11)*(COS(THETA)**2).