Date

Measurements of the associated production of a Z boson and b jets in pp collisions at ${\sqrt{s}} = 8\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, V. ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C77 (2017) 751, 2017.
Inspire Record 1499471 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77544

Measurements of the associated production of a Z boson with at least one jet originating from a b quark in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV are presented. Differential cross sections are measured with data collected by the CMS experiment corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.8 inverse femtobarns. Z bosons are reconstructed through their decays to electrons and muons. Cross sections are measured as a function of observables characterizing the kinematics of the b jet and the Z boson. Ratios of differential cross sections for the associated production with at least one b jet to the associated production with any jet are also presented. The production of a Z boson with two b jets is investigated, and differential cross sections are measured for the dijet system. Results are compared to theoretical predictions, testing two different flavour schemes for the choice of initial-state partons.

20 data tables

Differential fiducial cross section for Z(1b) production as a function of the leading b jet pT

Cross section ratio for Z(1b) and Z+jets production as a function of the leading b/inclusive (j) jet pT

Differential fiducial cross section for Z(1b) production as a function of the leading b jet |eta|

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High-$E_{\rm T}$ isolated-photon plus jets production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt s=$ 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B918 (2017) 257-316, 2017.
Inspire Record 1499475 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79948

The dynamics of isolated-photon plus one-, two- and three-jet production in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV are studied with the ATLAS detector at the LHC using a data set with an integrated luminosity of 20.2 fb−1 . Measurements of isolated-photon plus jets cross sections are presented as functions of the photon and jet transverse momenta. The cross sections as functions of the azimuthal angle between the photon and the jets, the azimuthal angle between the jets, the photon–jet invariant mass and the scattering angle in the photon–jet centre-of-mass system are presented. The pattern of QCD radiation around the photon and the leading jet is investigated by measuring jet production in an annular region centred on each object; enhancements are observed around the leading jet with respect to the photon in the directions towards the beams. The experimental measurements are compared to several different theoretical calculations, and overall a good description of the data is found.

35 data tables

Measured cross sections for isolated-photon plus 1jet production as a function of $E_{\rm T}^{\gamma}$.

Measured cross sections for isolated-photon plus 1jet production as a function of $p_{\rm T}^{\rm jet1}$.

Measured cross sections for isolated-photon plus 1jet production as a function of $m^{\gamma-\rm jet1}$.

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Measurement of the Drell--Yan triple-differential cross section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 8$ TeV

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2017.
Inspire Record 1630886 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77492

This paper presents a measurement of the triple-differential cross section for the Drell--Yan process $Z/\gamma^*\rightarrow \ell^+\ell^-$ where $\ell$ is an electron or a muon. The measurement is performed for invariant masses of the lepton pairs, $m_{\ell\ell}$, between $46$ and $200$ GeV using a sample of $20.2$ fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collisions data at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV collected by the ATLAS detector at the LHC in 2012. The data are presented in bins of invariant mass, absolute dilepton rapidity, $|y_{\ell\ell}|$, and the angular variable $\cos\theta^{*}$ between the outgoing lepton and the incoming quark in the Collins--Soper frame. The measurements are performed in the range $|y_{\ell\ell}|<2.4$ in the muon channel, and extended to $|y_{\ell\ell}|<3.6$ in the electron channel. The cross sections are used to determine the $Z$ boson forward-backward asymmetry as a function of $|y_{\ell\ell}|$ and $m_{\ell\ell}$. The measurements achieve high-precision, below the percent level in the pole region, excluding the uncertainty in the integrated luminosity, and are in agreement with predictions. These precision data are sensitive to the parton distribution functions and the effective weak mixing angle.

6 data tables

Detailed breakdown of systematic uncertainties for the measurement in the central rapidity muon channel. Common systematic uncertainty on the luminosity measurment of 1.8% is not included. Correlated systematic uncertainties with the suffix :A should be treated as additive and with the suffix :M should be treated as multiplicative. The source 'sys,uncor' represents bin-to-bin uncorrelated systematic uncertainty. The cross sections are given at the Born QED level. 'C Dressed' represents the multiplicative correction factor to translate the cross sections to the dressed level with the cone radius of 0.1: SigmaDressed = C Dressed * SigmaBorn.

Detailed breakdown of systematic uncertainties for the measurement in the central rapidity electron channel. Common systematic uncertainty on the luminosity measurment of 1.8% is not included. Correlated systematic uncertainties with the suffix :A should be treated as additive and with the suffix :M should be treated as multiplicative. The source 'sys,uncor' represents bin-to-bin uncorrelated systematic uncertainty. The cross sections are given at the Born QED level. 'C Dressed' represents the multiplicative correction factor to translate the cross sections to the dressed level with the cone radius of 0.1: SigmaDressed = C Dressed * SigmaBorn.

Detailed breakdown of systematic uncertainties for the measurement in the forward rapidity electron channel. Common systematic uncertainty on the luminosity measurment of 1.8% is not included. Correlated systematic uncertainties with the suffix :A should be treated as additive and with the suffix :M should be treated as multiplicative. The source 'sys,uncor' represents bin-to-bin uncorrelated systematic uncertainty. The cross sections are given at the Born QED level. 'C Dressed' represents the multiplicative correction factor to translate the cross sections to the dressed level with the cone radius of 0.1: SigmaDressed = C Dressed * SigmaBorn.

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Measurement of prompt and nonprompt J/psi production in pp and pPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2017.
Inspire Record 1512296 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77480

This paper reports the measurement of J/psi meson production in proton-proton (pp) and proton-lead (pPb) collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The data samples used in the analysis correspond to integrated luminosities of 28 inverse picobarns and 35 inverse nanobarns for pp and pPb collisions, respectively. Prompt and nonprompt J/psi mesons, the latter issuing from the decay of B mesons, are measured in their dimuon decay channels. Differential cross sections are measured in the transverse momentum range of 2<pt<30 GeV/c, and center-of-mass rapidity ranges of abs(y[CM])<2.4 (pp) and -2.87<y[CM]<1.93 (pPb). The nuclear modification factor, R[pPb], is measured as functions of pt and y[CM]. Small modifications of the J/psi cross sections are observed in pPb relative to pp collisions. The ratio of J/psi production cross sections in p-going and Pb-going directions, R[FB], studied as functions of pt and y[CM], shows a significant decrease for increasing transverse energy deposited at large pseudorapidities. These results, which cover a wide kinematic range, provide new insight on the role of cold nuclear matter effects on prompt and nonprompt J/psi production.

26 data tables

Differential cross section (multiplied by the dimuon branching fraction) of prompt J/$\psi$ mesons in pp collisions at forward $y_{\mathrm{CM}}$.

Differential cross section (multiplied by the dimuon branching fraction) of prompt J/$\psi$ mesons in pp collisions at backward $y_{\mathrm{CM}}$.

Differential cross section (multiplied by the dimuon branching fraction) of prompt J/$\psi$ mesons in pPb collisions at forward $y_{\mathrm{CM}}$.

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Measurement of $D^{*\pm}$, $D^\pm$ and $D_s^\pm$ meson production cross sections in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B907 (2016) 717-763, 2016.
Inspire Record 1408878 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77020

The production of D⁎± , D± and Ds± charmed mesons has been measured with the ATLAS detector in pp collisions at s=7 TeV at the LHC, using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 280 nb−1 . The charmed mesons have been reconstructed in the range of transverse momentum 3.5<pT(D)<100 GeV and pseudorapidity |η(D)|<2.1 . The differential cross sections as a function of transverse momentum and pseudorapidity were measured for D⁎± and D± production. The next-to-leading-order QCD predictions are consistent with the data in the visible kinematic region within the large theoretical uncertainties. Using the visible D cross sections and an extrapolation to the full kinematic phase space, the strangeness-suppression factor in charm fragmentation, the fraction of charged non-strange D mesons produced in a vector state, and the total cross section of charm production at s=7 TeV were derived.

4 data tables

The visible low-$p_T$, $3.5<p_T(D)<20\rm{\ GeV}$, and high-$p_T$, $20<p_T(D)<100\rm{\ GeV}$, cross sections of $D^{*\pm}$, $D^\pm$ and $D^\pm_s$ production with $|\eta|<2.1$. The data uncertainties are the total uncertainties obtained as sums in quadrature of the statistical, systematic, luminosity and branching-fraction uncertainties.

The measured differential cross sections $\rm{d}\sigma/\rm{d}p_T$ of $D^{*\pm}$ and $D^\pm$ production with $|\eta|<2.1$. The first and second errors are the statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively. The systematic uncertainties corresponding to the tracking ($\delta_2$) uncertainties (Table 2 of the paper) are strongly correlated. The fully correlated uncertainties linked with the luminosity measurement ($3.5\%$) and branching fractions ($1.5\%$ and $2.1\%$ for $D^{*\pm}$ and $D^\pm$, respectively) are not shown.

The measured differential cross sections $\rm{d}\sigma/\rm{d}|\eta|$ of $D^{*\pm}$ and $D^\pm$ production with $3.5<p_T<20\,$GeV. The first and second errors are the statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively. The systematic uncertainty fractions corresponding to the tracking ($\delta_2$) uncertainties (Table 2 of the paper) are strongly correlated. The fully correlated uncertainties linked with the luminosity measurement ($3.5\%$) and branching fractions ($1.5\%$ and $2.1\%$ for $D^{*\pm}$ and $D^\pm$, respectively) are not shown.

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Measurement of the correlations between the polar angles of leptons from top quark decays in the helicity basis at $\sqrt{s}=7$TeV using the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 012002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1400803 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76911

A measurement of the correlations between the polar angles of leptons from the decay of pair-produced t and t¯ quarks in the helicity basis is reported, using proton-proton collision data collected by the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.6  fb-1 at a center-of-mass energy of s=7  TeV collected during 2011. Candidate events are selected in the dilepton topology with large missing transverse momentum and at least two jets. The angles θ1 and θ2 between the charged leptons and the direction of motion of the parent quarks in the tt¯ rest frame are sensitive to the spin information, and the distribution of cosθ1·cosθ2 is sensitive to the spin correlation between the t and t¯ quarks. The distribution is unfolded to parton level and compared to the next-to-leading order prediction. A good agreement is observed.

2 data tables

The numerical summary of the unfolded $\cos\theta_1\cdot\cos\theta_2$ distribution, with statistical and systematic uncertainties.

The correlation factors for the statistical uncertainties between any two bins of the unfolded distribution.


Measurement of electron neutrino quasielastic and quasielasticlike scattering on hydrocarbon at $\langle E_{\nu} \rangle $ = 3.6 GeV

The MINERvA collaboration Wolcott, J. ; Aliaga, L. ; Altinok, O. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 081802, 2016.
Inspire Record 1393997 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75538

The first direct measurement of electron neutrino quasielastic and quasielasticlike scattering on hydrocarbon in the few-GeV region of incident neutrino energy has been carried out using the MINERvA detector in the NuMI beam at Fermilab. The flux-integrated differential cross sections in the electron production angle, electron energy, and Q2 are presented. The ratio of the quasielastic, flux-integrated differential cross section in Q2 for νe with that of similarly selected νμ-induced events from the same exposure is used to probe assumptions that underpin conventional treatments of charged-current νe interactions used by long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments. The data are found to be consistent with lepton universality and are well described by the predictions of the neutrino event generator GENIE.

9 data tables

The $\nu_{e}+\bar{\nu}_{e}$ flux as a function of neutrino energy from the beam simulation for the data used in this analysis. The $\bar{\nu}_{e}$ fraction is shown separately to emphasize the dominance of $\nu_{e}$ in the sum.

Flux-integrated differential $\nu_{e}$ CCQE-like cross section versus electron energy.

Covariance matrix for flux-integrated differential $\nu_{e}$ CCQE-like cross section versus electron energy.

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Measurement of top quark pair differential cross-sections in the dilepton channel in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 and 8 TeV with ATLAS

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D94 (2016) 092003, 2016.
Inspire Record 1477814 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75323

Measurements of normalized differential cross sections of top quark pair (tt¯) production are presented as a function of the mass, the transverse momentum and the rapidity of the tt¯ system in proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energies of s=7 and 8 TeV. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.6  fb-1 at 7 TeV and 20.2  fb-1 at 8 TeV, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. Events with top quark pair signatures are selected in the dilepton final state, requiring exactly two charged leptons and at least two jets with at least one of the jets identified as likely to contain a b hadron. The measured distributions are corrected for detector effects and selection efficiency to cross sections at the parton level. The differential cross sections are compared with different Monte Carlo generators and theoretical calculations of tt¯ production. The results are consistent with the majority of predictions in a wide kinematic range.

6 data tables

Parton-level normalized $t\bar t$ differential cross-sections for $t\bar t$ system mass $m_{t\bar t}$ at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV. The cross-sections in the last bins include events (if any) beyond of the bin edges. The uncertainties quoted in the second column represent the statistical and systematic uncertainties added in quadrature.

Parton-level normalized $t\bar t$ differential cross-sections for the $t\bar t$ system transverse momentum $p_{T, t\bar t}$ at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV. The cross-sections in the last bins include events (if any) beyond of the bin edges. The uncertainties quoted in the second column represent the statistical and systematic uncertainties added in quadrature.

Parton-level normalized $t\bar t$ differential cross-sections for the $t\bar t$ system absolute rapidity $|y_{t\bar t}|$ at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV. The cross-sections in the last bins include events (if any) beyond of the bin edges. The uncertainties quoted in the second column represent the statistical and systematic uncertainties added in quadrature.

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Measurement of the $b\overline{b}$ dijet cross section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1478355 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75316

The dijet production cross section for jets containing a $b$-hadron ($b$-jets) has been measured in proton-proton collisions with a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV, using the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The data used correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.2 fb$^{-1}$. The cross section is measured for events with two identified $b$-jets with a transverse momentum $p_T > 20$ GeV and a minimum separation in the $\eta$-$\phi$ plane of $\Delta R = 0.4$. At least one of the jets in the event is required to have $p_T > 270$ GeV. The cross section is measured differentially as a function of dijet invariant mass, dijet transverse momentum, boost of the dijet system, and the rapidity difference, azimuthal angle and angular distance between the $b$-jets. The results are compared to different predictions of leading order and next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamics matrix elements supplemented with models for parton-showers and hadronization.

6 data tables

Results for the m_bb distribution. Statistical and systematic uncertainties are quoted.

Results for the DeltaPhi distribution. Statistical and systematic uncertainties are quoted.

Results for the y* distribution. Statistical and systematic uncertainties are quoted.

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Measurement of the $\eta_c (1S)$ production cross-section in proton-proton collisions via the decay $\eta_c (1S) \rightarrow p \bar{p}$

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C75 (2015) 311, 2015.
Inspire Record 1316329 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75251

The production of the $\eta _c (1S)$ state in proton-proton collisions is probed via its decay to the $p\overline{p}$ final state with the LHCb detector, in the rapidity range $2.0 < y < 4.5$ and in the meson transverse-momentum range $p_\mathrm{T} > 6.5 \mathrm{{\,GeV/}{ c}} $ . The cross-section for prompt production of $\eta _c (1S)$ mesons relative to the prompt ${{ J}}/{\psi } $ cross-section is measured, for the first time, to be $\sigma _{\eta _c (1S)}/\sigma _{{{{ J}}/{\psi }}} = 1.74\, \pm \,0.29\, \pm \, 0.28\, \pm \,0.18 _{{\mathcal{B}}}$ at a centre-of-mass energy ${\sqrt{s}} = 7 {~\mathrm{TeV}}$ using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0.7 fb$^{-1}$ , and $\sigma _{\eta _c (1S)}/\sigma _{{{{ J}}/{\psi }}} = 1.60 \pm 0.29 \pm 0.25 \pm 0.17 _{{\mathcal{B}}}$ at ${\sqrt{s}} = 8 {~\mathrm{TeV}}$ using 2.0 fb$^{-1}$ . The uncertainties quoted are, in order, statistical, systematic, and that on the ratio of branching fractions of the $\eta _c (1S)$ and ${{ J}}/{\psi } $ decays to the $p\overline{p}$ final state. In addition, the inclusive branching fraction of ${b} $ -hadron decays into $\eta _c (1S)$ mesons is measured, for the first time, to be ${\mathcal{B}}( b {\rightarrow } \eta _c X ) = (4.88\, \pm \,0.64\, \pm \,0.29\, \pm \, 0.67 _{{\mathcal{B}}}) \times 10^{-3}$ , where the third uncertainty includes also the uncertainty on the ${{ J}}/{\psi } $ inclusive branching fraction from ${b} $ -hadron decays. The difference between the ${{ J}}/{\psi } $ and $\eta _c (1S)$ meson masses is determined to be $114.7 \pm 1.5 \pm 0.1 {\mathrm {\,MeV\!/}c^2} $ .

4 data tables

Differential cross-section for $\eta_c(1S)$ prompt production for $p_T > 6.5$ [GeV/$c$] and $2.0 < y < 4.5$. The reported uncertainties are total errors.

Differential cross-section for $\eta_c(1S)$ prompt production for $p_T > 6.5$ [GeV/$c$] and $2.0 < y < 4.5$. The reported uncertainties are total errors.

Differential cross-section for $\eta_c(1S)$ from inclusive charmonium production in b-hadrons decays for $p_T > 6.5$ [GeV/$c$] and $2.0 < y < 4.5$. The reported uncertainties are total errors.

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Measurement of $W$ boson angular distributions in events with high transverse momentum jets at $\sqrt{s}=$ 8 TeV using the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1487726 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74701

The $W$ boson angular distribution in events with high transverse momentum jets is measured using data collected by the ATLAS experiment from proton--proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=$ 8 TeV at the Large Hadron Collider, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb$^{-1}$. The focus is on the contributions to $W$ + jets processes from real $W$ emission, which is achieved by studying events where a muon is observed close to a high transverse momentum jet. At small angular separations, these contributions are expected to be large. Various theoretical models of this process are compared to the data in terms of the absolute cross-section and the angular distributions of the muon from the leptonic $W$ decay.

5 data tables

Measured integrated cross-sections as a function of leading jet transverse momentum for the collinear region ($0.2 < \Delta R < 2.4$), the back-to-back region ($\Delta R > 2.4$) and inclusively.

Measured cross-section as a function of angular separation between the muon and the closest jet. Multiplicative correction factors for using prompt muons and prompt dressing photons in the particle-level selection, derived from ALPGEN 2.14 interfaced with PYTHIA 6.426, are also shown.

Breakdown of uncertainties in percent.

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Exclusive $\rho ^0$ meson photoproduction with a leading neutron at HERA

The H1 collaboration Andreev, V. ; Baghdasaryan, A. ; Begzsuren, K. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C76 (2016) 41, 2016.
Inspire Record 1387751 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74219

A first measurement is presented of exclusive photoproduction of $\rho ^0$ mesons associated with leading neutrons at HERA. The data were taken with the H1 detector in the years 2006 and 2007 at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=319$  GeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 1.16 pb$^{-1}$ . The $\rho ^0$ mesons with transverse momenta $p_T<1$  GeV are reconstructed from their decays to charged pions, while leading neutrons carrying a large fraction of the incoming proton momentum, $x_L>0.35$ , are detected in the Forward Neutron Calorimeter. The phase space of the measurement is defined by the photon virtuality $Q^2 < 2$  GeV$^2$ , the total energy of the photon–proton system $20 < W_{\gamma p}< 100$  GeV and the polar angle of the leading neutron $\theta _n < 0.75$ mrad. The cross section of the reaction $\gamma p \rightarrow \rho ^0 n \pi ^+$ is measured as a function of several variables. The data are interpreted in terms of a double peripheral process, involving pion exchange at the proton vertex followed by elastic photoproduction of a $\rho ^0$ meson on the virtual pion. In the framework of one-pion-exchange dominance the elastic cross section of photon-pion scattering, $\sigma ^\mathrm{el}(\gamma \pi ^+ \rightarrow \rho ^0\pi ^+)$ , is extracted. The value of this cross section indicates significant absorptive corrections for the exclusive reaction $\gamma p \rightarrow \rho ^0 n \pi ^+$ .

11 data tables

The $\gamma p$ cross section integrated in the domain $0.35 < x_L < 0.95$ and $-t^\prime < 1$~GeV$^2$ and averaged over the energy range $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV for two intervals of leading neutron transverse momentum.

Differential photoproduction cross sections ${\rm d}\sigma_{\gamma p}/{\rm d}x_L$ for the exclusive process $\gamma p \to \rho^0 n \pi^+$ in two regions of neutron transverse momentum and $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV. The statistical, uncorrelated and correlated systematic uncertainties, $\delta_{stat}$, $\delta_{sys}^{unc}$ and $\delta_{sys}^{cor}$ respectively, are given, which does not include the global normalisation error of $4.4\%$.

Double differential photoproduction cross sections ${\rm d^2}\sigma_{\gamma p}/{\rm d}x_L{\rm d}p_{T,n}^2$ in the range $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV. The statistical, uncorrelated and correlated systematic uncertainties, $\delta_{stat}$, $\delta_{sys}^{unc}$ and $\delta_{sys}^{cor}$ respectively, are given, which does not include the global normalisation error of $4.4\%$.

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Measurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B761 (2016) 158-178, 2016.
Inspire Record 1477585 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73997

A measurement of the total $pp$ cross section at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV is presented. An integrated luminosity of $500$ $\mu$b$^{-1}$ was accumulated in a special run with high-$\beta^{\star}$ beam optics to measure the differential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable $t$. The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the $-t$ range from $0.014$ GeV$^2$ to $0.1$ GeV$^2$ to extrapolate $t\rightarrow 0$, the total cross section, $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X)$, is measured via the optical theorem to be: $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = {96.07} \; \pm 0.18 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.85 \; ({{exp.}}) \pm 0.31 \; ({extr.}) \; {mb} \;,$ where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation $t\rightarrow 0$. In addition, the slope of the exponential function describing the elastic cross section at small $t$ is determined to be $B = 19.74 \pm 0.05 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.23 \; ({{syst.}}) \; {GeV}^{-2}$.

6 data tables

The measured total cross section, the first systematic error accounts for all experimental uncertainties and the second error for the extrapolation t-->0.

The nuclear slope of the differential eslastic cross section at small |t|, the first systematic error accounts for all experimental uncertainties and the second error for the extrapolation t-->0.

The total elastic cross section and the observed elastic cross section within the fiducial volume.

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D-meson production in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$ TeV and in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1465513 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73941

The production cross sections of the prompt charmed mesons D$^0$, D$^+$, D$^{*+}$ and D$_s$ were measured at mid-rapidity in p-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$ TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. D mesons were reconstructed from their decays D$^0\rightarrow{\rm K}^-\pi^+$, D$^+\rightarrow{\rm K}^-\pi^+\pi^+$, D$^{*+}\rightarrow D^0\pi^+$, D$_s^+\rightarrow\phi\pi^+\rightarrow{\rm K}^-{\rm K}^+\pi^+$, and their charge conjugates. The $p_{\rm T}$-differential production cross sections were measured at mid-rapidity in the interval $1<p_{\rm T}<24$ GeV/$c$ for D$^0$, D$^+$ and D$^{*+}$ mesons and in $2<p_{\rm T}<12$ GeV/$c$ for D$_s$ mesons, using an analysis method based on the selection of decay topologies displaced from the interaction vertex. The production cross sections of the D$^0$, D$^+$ and D$^{*+}$ mesons were also measured in three $p_{\rm T}$ intervals as a function of the rapidity $y_{\rm cms}$ in the centre-of-mass system in $-1.26<y_{\rm cms}<0.34$. In addition, the prompt D$^0$ cross section was measured in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV and p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$ TeV down to $p_{\rm T}=0$ using an analysis technique that is based on the estimation and subtraction of the combinatorial background, without reconstruction of the D$^0$ decay vertex. The nuclear modification factor $R_{\rm pPb}(p_{\rm T})$, defined as the ratio of the $p_{\rm T}$-differential D-meson cross section in p-Pb collisions and that in pp collisions scaled by the mass number of the Pb nucleus, was calculated for the four D-meson species and found to be compatible with unity within experimental uncertainties. The results are compared to theoretical calculations that include cold-nuclear-matter effects and to transport model calculations incorporating the interactions of charm quarks with an expanding deconfined medium.

21 data tables

pT-differential cross section of inclusive Dzero mesons in pp collisions at sqrt{sNN}=7 TeV in the rapidity interval |y|<0.5. Branching ratio of D0->Kpi : 0.0388.

pT-differential cross section of prompt Dzero mesons in pp collisions at sqrt{sNN}=7 TeV in the rapidity interval |y|<0.5. Branching ratio of D0->Kpi : 0.0388. Data points for pt<2 GeV/c from analysis "without vertexing". Data points for pt>2 GeV/c from the analysis "with vertexing" taken from JHEP 1201 (2012) 128 (http://hepdata.cedar.ac.uk/view/ins944757) and corrected for the updated BR value.

First column: production cross sections per unit of rapidity for prompt D0 mesons, inclusive D0 mesons (no feed-down subtraction) and charm quarks at mid-rapidity in pp collisions at 7 TeV. For D0 mesons, the second (sys) error is from the luminosity uncertainty, the third (sys) error is from the branching-ratio uncertainties. For charm quarks, the second (sys) error is from the luminosity uncertainty, the third (sys) error is from the Fragmentation Function uncertainties, the fourth (sys) error is from the rapidity shapes of D0 mesons and single charm quarks. Second column: total production cross sections, extrapolated to the full phase space, for prompt D0 mesons and charm quarks. For D0 mesons, the second (sys) error is the from the extrapolation uncertainty, the third from the luminosity uncertainty and the fourth from the branching-ratio uncertainties. For charm quarks, the second (sys) error is from the extrapolation, the third is from the luminosity uncertainty and the fourth is from the Fragmentation Function uncertainties. Third column: value of <pT> of prompt D0 mesons. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second is the systematic uncertainty.

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Summary of the measured differential cross section $d\sigma^{+}/d\eta$. The theoretical predictions are obtained using the FEWZ 3.1 NNLO MC tool interfaced with five different PDF sets.

Summary of the measured differential cross section $d\sigma^{-}/d\eta$. The theoretical predictions are obtained using the FEWZ 3.1 NNLO MC tool interfaced with five different PDF sets.

Summary of the measured charge asymmetry $\mathcal{A}$. The theoretical predictions are obtained using the FEWZ 3.1 NNLO MC tool interfaced with five different PDF sets.

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Production of exclusive dijets in diffractive deep inelastic scattering at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Abramowicz, H. ; Abt, I. ; Adamczyk, L. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C76 (2016) 16, 2016.
Inspire Record 1372086 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73738

Production of exclusive dijets in diffractive deep inelastic $e^\pm p$ scattering has been measured with the ZEUS detector at HERA using an integrated luminosity of 372 pb$^{-1}$. The measurement was performed for $\gamma^*-p$ centre-of-mass energies in the range $90 < W < 250$ GeV and for photon virtualities $Q^2 > 25$ GeV$^2$. Energy and transverse-energy flows around the jet axis are presented. The cross section is presented as a function of $\beta$ and $\phi$, where $\beta=x/x_{\rm I\!P}$, $x$ is the Bjorken variable and $x_{\rm I\!P}$ is the proton fractional longitudinal momentum loss. The angle $\phi$ is defined by the $\gamma^*-$dijet plane and the $\gamma^*-e^\pm$ plane in the rest frame of the diffractive final state. The $\phi$ cross section is measured in bins of $\beta$. The results are compared to predictions from models based on different assumptions about the nature of the diffractive exchange.

3 data tables

Differential cross-section $d\sigma/d\beta$ in the kinematic range: $Q^2 > 25 GeV^2$, $90 < W < 250 GeV^2$, $x_{\rm I\!P} < 0.01$, $M_X > 5 GeV$ and $p_{T,jet} > 2 GeV$. The contribution from proton dissociation was subtracted. The uncertainty of the subtraction determines the uncertainty of the normalisation also given in the table.

Differential cross-section $d\sigma/d\phi$ in the kinematic range: $Q^2 > 25 GeV^2$, $90 < W < 250 GeV$, $x_{\rm I\!P} < 0.01$, $M_X > 5 GeV$ and $p_{T,jet} > 2 GeV$. The contribution from proton dissociation was subtracted. The uncertainty of the subtraction determines the uncertainty of the normalisation given in the table.

Results of the fit to the cross-section $d\sigma/d\phi$ in bins of $\beta$. The fitted function is proportional to $(1+A \rm{cos}2\phi)$. The uncertainty includes both statistical and systematical contributions (see text of paper).


Measurement of observables sensitive to coherence effects in hadronic Z decays with the OPAL detector at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Fischer, Nadine ; Gieseke, Stefan ; Kluth, Stefan ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C75 (2015) 571, 2015.
Inspire Record 1367303 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73695

A study of QCD coherence is presented based on a sample of about 397,000 $e^{+}e^{-}$ hadronic annihilation events collected at $\sqrt{s}=91$  GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The study is based on four recently proposed observables that are sensitive to coherence effects in the perturbative regime. The measurement of these observables is presented, along with a comparison with the predictions of different parton shower models. The models include both conventional parton shower models and dipole antenna models. Different ordering variables are used to investigate their influence on the predictions.

14 data tables

The normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the emission angle $\theta_{14}$.

The correlation matrix of the normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the emission angle $\theta_{14}$.

The normalized corrected data at the hadron level for the mass ratio $\rho=M_L^2/M_H^2$.

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Forward production of $\Upsilon$ mesons in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ and 8TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1511 (2015) 103, 2015.
Inspire Record 1392456 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.249

The production of Υ mesons in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV is studied with the LHCb detector using data samples corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1 fb$^{−1}$ and 2 fb$^{−1}$ respectively. The production cross-sections and ratios of cross-sections are measured as functions of the meson transverse momentum p and rapidity y, for p < 30 GeV/c and 2.0 < y < 4.5.

22 data tables

Double-differential cross-section $\mathrm{d}^2 \sigma ( pp \to ( \Upsilon \to \mu^+ \mu^- ) X ) / \mathrm{d} p_T/\mathrm{d}y$ [pb/(GeV/$c$)] for $2.0 < y < 2.5$.

Double-differential cross-section $\mathrm{d}^2 \sigma ( pp \to ( \Upsilon \to \mu^+ \mu^- ) X ) / \mathrm{d} p_T/\mathrm{d}y$ [pb/(GeV/$c$)] for $2.0 < y < 2.5$.

Double-differential cross-section $\mathrm{d}^2 \sigma ( pp \to ( \Upsilon \to \mu^+ \mu^- ) X ) / \mathrm{d} p_T/\mathrm{d}y$ [pb/(GeV/$c$)].

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Evidence for non-exponential elastic proton–proton differential cross-section at low |t| and $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV by TOTEM

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B899 (2015) 527-546, 2015.
Inspire Record 1356731 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73431

The TOTEM experiment has made a precise measurement of the elastic proton–proton differential cross-section at the centre-of-mass energy s=8 TeV based on a high-statistics data sample obtained with the β⁎=90 m optics. Both the statistical and systematic uncertainties remain below 1%, except for the t -independent contribution from the overall normalisation. This unprecedented precision allows to exclude a purely exponential differential cross-section in the range of four-momentum transfer squared 0.027<|t|<0.2 GeV2 with a significance greater than 7 σ . Two extended parametrisations, with quadratic and cubic polynomials in the exponent, are shown to be well compatible with the data. Using them for the differential cross-section extrapolation to t=0 , and further applying the optical theorem, yields total cross-section estimates of (101.5±2.1) mb and (101.9±2.1) mb , respectively, in agreement with previous TOTEM measurements.

1 data table

The elastic differential cross-section as determined in this analysis using the ''optimised'' binning.


Combination of differential D$^{∗\pm}$ cross-section measurements in deep-inelastic ep scattering at HERA

The H1 ZEUS collaborations Abramowicz, H. ; Abt, I. ; Adamczyk, L. ; et al.
JHEP 1509 (2015) 149, 2015.
Inspire Record 1353667 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73328

H1 and ZEUS have published single-differential cross sections for inclusive D$^{∗±}$-meson production in deep-inelastic ep scattering at HERA from their respective final data sets. These cross sections are combined in the common visible phase-space region of photon virtuality Q$^{2}$ > 5 GeV$^{2}$, electron inelasticity 0.02 < y < 0.7 and the D$^{∗±}$ meson’s transverse momentum p$_{T}$(D$^{∗}$) > 1.5 GeV and pseudorapidity |η(D$^{∗}$)| < 1.5. The combination procedure takes into account all correlations, yielding significantly reduced experimental uncertainties. Double-differential cross sections d$^{2}$ σ/dQ$^{2}$dy are combined with earlier D$^{∗±}$ data, extending the kinematic range down to Q$^{2}$ > 1.5 GeV$^{2}$. Perturbative next-to-leading-order QCD predictions are compared to the results.

6 data tables

The combined differential $D^{*\pm}$-production cross section as a function of $p_T(D^{*})$, with its uncorrelated and correlated uncertainties.

The combined differential $D^{*\pm}$-production cross section as a function of $\eta(D^{*})$, with its uncorrelated and correlated uncertainties.

The combined differential $D^{*\pm}$-production cross section as a function of $z(D^{*})$, with its uncorrelated and correlated uncertainties.

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Single neutral pion production by charged-current $\bar{\nu}_\mu$ interactions on hydrocarbon at $\langle E_\nu \rangle = $3.6 GeV

The MINERvA collaboration Le, T. ; Palomino, J.L. ; Aliaga, L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B749 (2015) 130-136, 2015.
Inspire Record 1351216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73317

Single neutral pion production via muon antineutrino charged-current interactions in plastic scintillator (CH) is studied using the MINERvA detector exposed to the NuMI low-energy, wideband antineutrino beam at Fermilab. Measurement of this process constrains models of neutral pion production in nuclei, which is important because the neutral-current analog is a background for ν¯e appearance oscillation experiments. The differential cross sections for π0 momentum and production angle, for events with a single observed π0 and no charged pions, are presented and compared to model predictions. These results comprise the first measurement of the π0 kinematics for this process.

2 data tables

Flux-averaged differential cross section in $\pi^0$ momentum, $d\sigma/dp_{\pi^0}(10^{-40}\text{cm}^2/\text{nucleon}/(\text{GeV/c})$, for 1$\pi^0$ production with statistical (stat) and systematic (sys) uncertainties.

Flux-averaged differential cross section in $\pi^0$ angle, $d\sigma/d\theta_{\pi^0}(10^{-42}\text{cm}^2/\text{nucleon}/\text{deg.})$, for 1$\pi^0$ production with statistical (stat) and systematic (sys) uncertainties.


Measurement of forward $\rm Z\rightarrow e^+e^-$ production at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1505 (2015) 109, 2015.
Inspire Record 1347133 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73305

A measurement of the cross-section for Z-boson production in the forward region of pp collisions at 8 TeV centre-of-mass energy is presented. The measurement is based on a sample of Z → e$^{+}$e$^{−}$ decays reconstructed using the LHCb detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.0 fb$^{−1}$. The acceptance is defined by the requirements 2.0 < η < 4.5 and p$_{T}$ > 20 GeV for the pseudorapidities and transverse momenta of the leptons. Their invariant mass is required to lie in the range 60-120 GeV. The cross-section is determined to be $ \sigma \left(\mathrm{pp}\to \mathrm{Z}\to {\mathrm{e}}^{+}{\mathrm{e}}^{-}\right)=93.81\pm 0.41\left(\mathrm{stat}\right)\pm 1.48\left(\mathrm{syst}\right)\pm 1.14\left(\mathrm{lumi}\right)\mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second reflects all systematic effects apart from that arising from the luminosity, which is given as the third uncertainty. Differential cross-sections are presented as functions of the Z-boson rapidity and of the angular variable ϕ$^{∗}$, which is related to the Z-boson transverse momentum.

3 data tables

Integrated cross-section for Z$\to$ e$^+$e$^-$ within the LHCb acceptance.

Differential cross-section for Z$\to$ e$^+$e$^-$ as a function of Z-boson rapidity. The first error is statistical, the second the uncorrelated experimental systematic, the third the correlated experimental systematic and the last error is the uncertainty in luminosity. The cross-sections are at the Born level, i.e. before FSR. The rightmost column gives values of the additional factor, $f_{\rm FSR}$, by which the results should be multiplied in order to give the cross-sections after FSR.

Differential cross-section for Z$\to$ e$^+$e$^-$ as a function of $\phi^*$. The first error is statistical, the second the uncorrelated experimental systematic, the third the correlated experimental systematic and the last error is the uncertainty in luminosity. The cross-sections are at the Born level, i.e. before FSR. The rightmost column gives values of the additional factor, $f_{\rm FSR}$, by which the results should be multiplied in order to give the cross-sections after FSR.


Multi - Hadronic Events at E(c.m.) = 29-GeV and Predictions of QCD Models from E(c.m.) = 29-GeV to E(c.m.) = 93-GeV

Petersen, A. ; Abrams, G.S. ; Adolphsen, Chris ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D37 (1988) 1, 1988.
Inspire Record 246184 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4114

Multihadronic e+e− annihilation events at a center-of-mass energy of 29 GeV have been studied with both the original (PEP 5) Mark II and the upgraded Mark II detectors. Detector-corrected distributions from global shape analyses such as aplanarity, Q2-Q1, sphericity, thrust, minor value, oblateness, and jet masses, and inclusive charged-particle distributions including x, rapidity, p⊥, and particle flow are presented. These distributions are compared with predictions from various multihadron event models which use leading-logarithmic shower evolution or QCD matrix elements at the parton level and string or cluster fragmentation for hadronization. The new generation of parton-shower models gives, on the average, a better description of the data than the previous parton-shower models. The energy behavior of these models is compared to existing e+e− data. The predictions of the models at a center-of-mass energy of 93 GeV, roughly the expected mass of the Z0, are also presented.

74 data tables

Aplanarity distribution.

QX Distribution(QX=SQRT(3)*(Q3-Q2)).

The (Q2-Q1) distribution.

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Diffractive Dijet Production with a Leading Proton in $ep$ Collisions at HERA

The H1 collaboration Andreev, V. ; Baghdasaryan, A. ; Begzsuren, K. ; et al.
JHEP 1505 (2015) 056, 2015.
Inspire Record 1343110 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73234

The cross section of the diffractive process e^+p -> e^+Xp is measured at a centre-of-mass energy of 318 GeV, where the system X contains at least two jets and the leading final state proton p is detected in the H1 Very Forward Proton Spectrometer. The measurement is performed in photoproduction with photon virtualities Q^2 <2 GeV^2 and in deep-inelastic scattering with 4 GeV^2<Q^2<80 GeV^2. The results are compared to next-to-leading order QCD calculations based on diffractive parton distribution functions as extracted from measurements of inclusive cross sections in diffractive deep-inelastic scattering.

23 data tables

Integrated $e^{+}p$ diffractive dijet cross sections in $\gamma p$. The hadronisation correction factor ($1+\delta_{\text{hadr}}$) applied to the NLO calculation is also listed. The overall normalisation uncertainty of $6\%$ is not included in the table.

Integrated $e^{+}p$ diffractive dijet cross sections in DIS. The hadronisation correction factor ($1+\delta_{\text{hadr}}$) applied to the NLO calculation and the radiative correction ($1+\delta_{\text{rad}}$) are also listed. The overall normalisation uncertainty of $6\%$ is not included in the table.

Ratio of integrated $e^{+}p$ diffractive dijet cross sections for $Q^2<2\,\text{GeV}^2$ (photoproduction) to $Q^2>4\,\text{GeV}^2$ (DIS).

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Centrality dependence of $\mathbf{\psi}$(2S) suppression in p-Pb collisions at $\mathbf{\sqrt{{\textit s}_{\rm NN}}}$ = 5.02 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
JHEP 1606 (2016) 050, 2016.
Inspire Record 1426826 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73306

The inclusive production of the ψ(2S) charmonium state was studied as a function of centrality in p-Pb collisions at the nucleon-nucleon center of mass energy $ {\sqrt{s}}_{\mathrm{NN}}=5.02 $ TeV at the CERN LHC. The measurement was performed with the ALICE detector in the center of mass rapidity ranges −4.46 < y$_{cms}$ < −2.96 and 2.03 < y$_{cms}$ < 3.53, down to zero transverse momentum, by reconstructing the ψ(2S) decay to a muon pair. The ψ(2S) production cross section σ$_{ψ(2S)}$ is presented as a function of the collision centrality, which is estimated through the energy deposited in forward rapidity calorimeters. The relative strength of nuclear effects on the ψ(2S) and on the corresponding 1S charmonium state J/ψ is then studied by means of the double ratio of cross sections [σ$_{ψ(2S)}$ /σ$_{J/ψ}$ ]$_{pPb}$ /[σ$_{ψ(2S)}$ /σ$_{J/ψ}$ ]$_{pp}$ between p-Pb and pp collisions, and by the values of the nuclear modification factors for the two charmonium states. The results show a large suppression of ψ(2S) production relative to the J/ψ at backward (negative) rapidity, corresponding to the flight direction of the Pb-nucleus, while at forward (positive) rapidity the suppressions of the two states are comparable. Finally, comparisons to results from lower energy experiments and to available theoretical models are presented.

7 data tables

Centrality-differential cross section dsigma_JPsi/dy in the backward and forward rapidity ranges (-4.46<y_cms<-2.96 and 2.03<y_cms<3.53). The first uncertainty is statistical, the second is a systematic one. The third uncertainty is a systematic uncertainty fully correlated over centrality.

Centrality dependence of the Psi(2S)/J/Psi ratio in the backward and forward rapidity ranges (-4.46<y_cms<-2.96 and 2.03<y_cms<3.53). The first uncertainty is statistical, the second is a systematic one. The third systematic uncertainty is fully correlated over centrality.

Centrality dependence of the (Psi(2S)/J/Psi)_pA/(Psi(2S)/J/Psi)_pp double ratio in the backward and forward rapidity range (-4.46<y_cms<-2.96 and 2.03<y_cms<3.53). The first uncertainty is statistical, the second one is a systematic one. The third systematic uncertainty is fully correlated over centrality, but uncorrelated versus rapidity, while the fourth uncertainty is fully correlated over centrality and over rapidity.

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