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Search for anomalous Wtb couplings and flavour-changing neutral currents in t-channel single top quark production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 and 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1702 (2017) 028, 2017.
Inspire Record 1491379 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77022

Single top quark events produced in the t channel are used to set limits on anomalous Wtb couplings and to search for top quark flavour-changing neutral current (FCNC) interactions. The data taken with the CMS detector at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV correspond to integrated luminosities of 5.0 and 19.7 fb$^{−1}$, respectively. The analysis is performed using events with one muon and two or three jets. A Bayesian neural network technique is used to discriminate between the signal and backgrounds, which are observed to be consistent with the standard model prediction. The 95% confidence level (CL) exclusion limits on anomalous right-handed vector, and left- and right-handed tensor Wtb couplings are measured to be |f$_{V}^{R}$ | < 0.16, |f$_{T}^{L}$ | < 0.057, and − 0.049 < f$_{T}^{R}$  < 0.048, respectively. For the FCNC couplings κ$_{tug}$ and κ$_{tcg}$, the 95% CL upper limits on coupling strengths are |κ$_{tug}$|/Λ < 4.1 × 10$^{− 3}$ TeV$^{−1}$ and |κ$_{tcg}$|/Λ < 1.8 × 10$^{− 2}$ TeV$^{−1}$, where Λ is the scale for new physics, and correspond to upper limits on the branching fractions of 2.0 × 10$^{−5}$ and 4.1 × 10$^{−4}$ for the decays t → ug and t → cg, respectively.

5 data tables

Predicted and observed event yields before and after multijet BNN selection for $\sqrt{s}=7$ and $8$ TeV.

List of input variables for the Bayesian neural networks used in the analysis. Numbers in the cells indicate whether the variable was used in a network in 7 TeV analysis, 8 TeV one, or in both of them.

One-dimensional exclusion limits on anomalous $Wtb$ couplings, evaluated in different two- and three-dimensional scenarios in the analyses conducted at $\sqrt{s}=7$ and $8$ TeV.).

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Measurement of the mass of the top quark in decays with a J/$\psi$ meson in pp collisions at 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1480862 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75539

A first measurement is presented of the top quark mass using the decay channel $ \mathrm{ t } \to ( \mathrm{ W } \to\ell\nu )$, $( \mathrm{ b } \to \mathrm{ J } / \psi + \mathrm{X} \to \mu \mu + \mathrm{X} ) $, in events selected in proton-proton collisions and recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{-1}$, with 666 $\mathrm{ t \bar{t} }$ and single top quark candidate events containing a reconstructed $\mathrm{ J } / \psi$ candidate decaying into an oppositely-charged muon pair. The mass of the ($\mathrm{ J } / \psi+\ell$) system, where $\ell$ is an electron or a muon from W boson decay, is used to extract a top quark mass of 173.5 $\pm$ 3.0 (stat) $\pm$ 0.9 (syst) GeV.

2 data tables

Number of selected events from simulations and observed in data. The uncertainties are statistical.

Summary of the impact of systematic uncertainties on the top quark mass according to the contributions from each source.


Measurement of the W boson helicity fractions in the decays of top quark pairs to lepton+jets final states produced in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1466294 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74337
3 data tables

Measurement of the W longitudinal (F0), left- (FL) and righ- (FR) components of the boson helicity fractions from electron+jets final states in top quark pair decays. The helicity fractions F0 and FL are measured simultaneously and are strongly anti-correlated, with statistical correlation coefficient -0.950.

Measurement of the W longitudinal (F0), left- (FL) and righ- (FR) components of the boson helicity fractions from muon+jets final states in top quark pair decays. The helicity fractions F0 and FL are measured simultaneously and are strongly anti-correlated, with statistical correlation coefficient -0.957.

Measurement of the W longitudinal (F0), left- (FL) and righ- (FR) components of the boson helicity fractions from lepton+jets final states in top quark pair decays. The helicity fractions F0 and FL are measured simultaneously and are strongly anti-correlated, with statistical correlation coefficient -0.959, and total correlation, considering both statistical and systematic uncertainties, of -0.87.


Measurement of the top quark mass using charged particles in pp collisions at $\sqrt s =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 092006, 2016.
Inspire Record 1430902 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72898
3 data tables

Combined measurement of the top quark mass.

Number of observed events and expected purity of top quark production ($t\bar{t}$ and single top quarks) for the five channels investigated in this analysis.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties in the final measurement. In cases where there are two variations of one source of uncertainty, the first and second numbers correspond, respectively, to the down and up variations. The total uncertainties are taken as the separate quadratic sum of all positive and negative shifts. For the contributions marked with a (*), the shift of the single variation including its sign is given, but the uncertainty is counted symmetrically in both up and down directions for the total uncertainty calculation.


Search for anomalous single top quark production in association with a photon in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1604 (2016) 035, 2016.
Inspire Record 1404159 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70010
5 data tables

The expected and observed $95\%$ CL upper limits on the FCNC $tu\gamma$ and $tc\gamma$ cross sections times branching fraction, the anomalous couplings $\kappa_{tu\gamma}$ and $\kappa_{tc\gamma}$, and the corresponding branching fractions B($t \rightarrow u \gamma$)and B($t\rightarrow c \gamma$)at LO are given. The one and two standard deviation ($\sigma$) ranges on the LO expected limits are also presented.

The expected and observed $95\%$ CL upper limits on the FCNC $tu\gamma$ and $tc\gamma$ cross sections times branching fraction, the anomalous couplings $\kappa_{tu\gamma}$ and $\kappa_{tc\gamma}$, and the corresponding branching fractions B($t \rightarrow u \gamma$)and B($t\rightarrow c \gamma$)at NLO are given. The one and two standard deviation ($\sigma$) ranges on the NLO expected limits are also presented.

Upper limits on the signal cross sections are also determined for a restricted phase-space region in which the detector is fully efficient. This removes the need to extrapolate to phase-space regions where the analysis has little or no sensitivity. The fiducial region is defined as:.

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Measurement of top quark polarisation in t-channel single top quark production

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1604 (2016) 073, 2016.
Inspire Record 1403169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38092
4 data tables

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top quark.

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top antiquark.

The normalized differential cross section as a function of unfolded $\cos\theta_{\mu}^{*}$ for top quark and antiquark.

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Measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt(s) =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 052002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1398582 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69538
1 data table

The first measurement of the $t\bar{t}$ production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV.


Observation of top quark pairs produced in association with a vector boson in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1601 (2016) 096, 2016.
Inspire Record 1396140 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69486
6 data tables

Expected yields after the final fit, compared to the observed data for OS t$\bar{\mathrm{t}}$Z final states. Here ``hf'' and ``lf'' stand for heavy and light flavors, respectively.

Expected yields after the final fit, compared to the observed data for SS t$\bar{\mathrm{t}}$W final states. The multiboson process includes WWW, WWZ, and W$^{\pm}$W$^{\pm}$; t$\mathrm{\bar{t}}$+X includes t$\mathrm{\bar{t}}\gamma$, t$\mathrm{\bar{t}}\gamma^{*}$, and t$\bar{\mathrm{t}}$WW.

Expected yields after the final fit, compared to the observed data for 3$\ell$ t$\bar{\mathrm{t}}$W and three and 4$\ell$ t$\bar{\mathrm{t}}$Z final states. The 4$\ell$ ``Z-veto'' channel has exactly one lepton pair consistent with a Z boson decay; the ``Z'' channel has two. The multiboson process includes WWW and WWZ; t$\mathrm{\bar{t}}$+X includes t$\mathrm{\bar{t}}\gamma$, t$\mathrm{\bar{t}}\gamma^{*}$, and t$\bar{\mathrm{t}}$WW.

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Measurement of the top quark mass using proton-proton data at ${\sqrt{(s)}}$ = 7 and 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 072004, 2016.
Inspire Record 1393269 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71988
9 data tables

Measurement of $m_{t}$ as a function of the transverse momentum of the hadronically decaying top quark.

Measurement of $m_{t}$ as a function of the invariant mass of the tt¯ system.

Measurement of $m_{t}$ as a function of the transverse momentum of the tt¯ system.

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Measurement of the charge asymmetry in top quark pair production in pp collisions at $\sqrt(s) =$ 8 TeV using a template method

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 034014, 2016.
Inspire Record 1388178 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69208
1 data table

The measured $t\bar{t}$ production asymmetry $A_c^y$.


Search for the production of dark matter in association with top-quark pairs in the single-lepton final state in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1506 (2015) 121, 2015.
Inspire Record 1359293 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70231

A search is presented for particle dark matter produced in association with a pair of top quarks in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{−1}$. This search requires the presence of one lepton, multiple jets, and large missing transverse energy. No excess of events is found above the SM expectation, and upper limits are derived on the production cross section. Interpreting the findings in the context of a scalar contact interaction between fermionic dark matter particles and top quarks, lower limits on the interaction scale are set. These limits are also interpreted in terms of the dark matter-nucleon scattering cross sections for the spin-independent scalar operator and they complement direct searches for dark matter particles in the low mass region.

4 data tables

Systematic uncertainties from various sources and their impact on the total background prediction.

Expected number of background events in the SR, expected number of signal events for a DM particle with the mass $M_{\chi}$ = 1 GeV, assuming an interaction scale $M_{*}$ = 100 GeV, and observed data. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are given on the expected yields.

Expected number of signal events in SR assuming an interaction scale $M_{*}$ = 100 GeV, signal efficiencies, and observed and expected limits at 90% CL on production cross sections for $\mathrm{pp \rightarrow t\bar{t} + \chi\bar{\chi}}$, for various DM particle masses.

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Distributions of Topological Observables in Inclusive Three- and Four-Jet Events in pp Collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C75 (2015) 302, 2015.
Inspire Record 1345159 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75115

This paper presents distributions of topological observables in inclusive three- and four-jet events produced in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 $\,\text {TeV}$ with a data sample collected by the CMS experiment corresponding to a luminosity of 5.1 $\,\text {fb}^{-1}$ . The distributions are corrected for detector effects, and compared with several event generators based on two- and multi-parton matrix elements at leading order. Among the considered calculations, MadGraph interfaced with pythia6 displays the overall best agreement with data.

7 data tables

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF THREE-JET MASS IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF SCALED ENERGY OF THE LEADING-JET IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF SCALED ENERGY OF THE SECOND-LEADING-JET IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

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Search for a Standard Model Higgs Boson Produced in Association with a Top-Quark Pair and Decaying to Bottom Quarks Using a Matrix Element Method

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C75 (2015) 251, 2015.
Inspire Record 1343506 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68402

A search for a standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a top-quark pair and decaying to bottom quarks is presented. Events with hadronic jets and one or two oppositely charged leptons are selected from a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 $\,\text {fb}^\text {-1}$ collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in $\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 $\,\hbox {TeV}$ . In order to separate the signal from the larger $\hbox {t}\overline{\hbox {t}}$  + jets background, this analysis uses a matrix element method that assigns a probability density value to each reconstructed event under signal or background hypotheses. The ratio between the two values is used in a maximum likelihood fit to extract the signal yield. The results are presented in terms of the measured signal strength modifier, $\mu $ , relative to the standard model prediction for a Higgs boson mass of 125 $\,\hbox {GeV}$ . The observed (expected) exclusion limit at a 95 % confidence level is $\mu <4.2$ (3.3), corresponding to a best fit value $\hat{\mu }=1.2^{+1.6-1.5}$ .

1 data table

The best-fit values of the signal strength modifier obtained from the single lepton (SL) and dilepton (DL) channels alone,and from their combination (COMBINED). The observed 95% CL upper limit (UL) on mu are given in the third column, and are compared to the median expected limits for both the signal-plus-background and for the background-only hypotheses. For the latter, the 1sigma and 2sigma CL intervals are also given.


Measurement of the W boson helicity in events with a single reconstructed top quark in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1501 (2015) 053, 2015.
Inspire Record 1320561 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66567

A measurement of the W boson helicity is presented, where the W boson originates from the decay of a top quark produced in pp collisions. The event selection, optimized for reconstructing a single top quark in the final state, requires exactly one isolated lepton (muon or electron) and exactly two jets, one of which is likely to originate from the hadronization of a bottom quark. The analysis is performed using data recorded at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC in 2012. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{−1}$. The measured helicity fractions are F$_{L}$ = 0.298 ± 0.028 (stat) ± 0.032(syst), F$_{0}$ = 0.720 ± 0.039 (stat) ± 0.037(syst), and F$_{R}$ = −0.018 ± 0.019 (stat) ± 0.011(syst). These results are used to set limits on the real part of the tWb anomalous couplings, g$_{L}$ and g$_{R}$.

3 data tables

Measurement of the W helicity fractions using the cos(theta*l) distribution in the muon channel. The helicity fractions corresponding to the longitudinal (F0) and left-handed (FL) polarizations are extracted from the fit while FR is obtained from the constraint of FL+FR+F0 = 1. The statistical correlation between the fit parameters is about -0.90.

Measurement of the W helicity fractions using the cos(theta*l) distribution in the electron channel. The helicity fractions corresponding to the longitudinal (F0) and left-handed (FL) polarizations are extracted from the fit while FR is obtained from the constraint of FL+FR+F0 = 1. The statistical correlation between the fit parameters is about -0.90.

Measurement of the W helicity fractions using the cos(theta*l) distribution in both electron and muon channels. The helicity fractions corresponding to the longitudinal (F0) and left-handed (FL) polarizations are extracted from the combined fit while FR is obtained from the constraint of FL+FR+F0 = 1. The total correlation between the fit parameters is about -0.80.


Search for Standard Model Production of Four Top Quarks in the Lepton + Jets Channel in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1411 (2014) 154, 2014.
Inspire Record 1318946 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67344

A search is presented for standard model (SM) production of four top quarks $ \left(t\overline{t}t\overline{t}\right) $ in pp collisions in the lepton + jets channel. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.6 fb$^{−1}$ recorded at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The expected cross section for SM $ t\overline{t}t\overline{t} $ production is $ {\sigma}_{t\overline{t}t\overline{t}}^{\mathrm{SM}}\approx 1\,\mathrm{f}\mathrm{b} $ . A combination of kinematic reconstruction and multivariate techniques is used to distinguish between the small signal and large background. The data are consistent with expectations of the SM, and an upper limit of 32 fb is set at a 95% confidence level on the cross section for producing four top quarks in the SM, where a limit of 32 ± 17 fb is expected.

1 data table

Measurement of an upper limit on tttt is set by performing a simultaneous maximum likelihood fit to the distributions in the BDT event discriminant for signal and background in six event categories in the single muon plus jets and single electron plus jets channels.


Search for pair production of third-generation scalar leptoquarks and top squarks in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B739 (2014) 229-249, 2014.
Inspire Record 1309874 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66933

A search for pair production of third-generation scalar leptoquarks and supersymmetric top quark partners, top squarks, in final states involving tau leptons and bottom quarks is presented. The search uses events from a data sample of proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC with sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. The number of observed events is found to be in agreement with the expected standard model background. Third-generation scalar leptoquarks with masses below 740 GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level, assuming a 100% branching fraction for the leptoquark decay to a tau lepton and a bottom quark. In addition, this mass limit applies directly to top squarks decaying via an R-parity violating coupling lambda'[333]. The search also considers a similar signature from top squarks undergoing a chargino-mediated decay involving the R-parity violating coupling lambda'[3jk]. Each top squark decays to a tau lepton, a bottom quark, and two light quarks. Top squarks in this model with masses below 580 GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level. The constraint on the leptoquark mass is the most stringent to date, and this is the first search for top squarks decaying via lambda'[3jk].

9 data tables

The estimated backgrounds, observed event yields, and expected number of signal events for the leptoquark search. For the simulation-based entries, the statistical and systematic uncertainties are shown separately, in that order.

The estimated backgrounds, observed event yields, and expected number of signal events for the top squark search. For the simulation-based entries, the statistical and systematic uncertainties are shown separately, in that order.

Selection efficiencies in % for the signal in the leptoquark search, estimated from the simulation.

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Observation of the associated production of a single top quark and a $W$ boson in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt s = $8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 231802, 2014.
Inspire Record 1276827 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61399

The first observation of the associated production of a single top quark and a W boson is presented. The analysis is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 12.2 inverse femtobarns of proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Events with two leptons and a jet originating from a b quark are selected. A multivariate analysis based on kinematic and topological properties is used to separate the signal from the dominant t t-bar background. An excess consistent with the signal hypothesis is observed, with a significance which corresponds to 6.1 standard deviations above a background-only hypothesis. The measured production cross section is 23.4 +- 5.4 pb, in agreement with the standard model prediction.

1 data table

Measured cross section for associated production of a single top quark and a W boson, where the uncertainty is mainly systematic.


Search for top-quark partners with charge 5/3 in the same-sign dilepton final state

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 171801, 2014.
Inspire Record 1268328 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.65664

A search for the production of heavy partners of the top quark with charge 5/3 is performed in events with a pair of same-sign leptons. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 inverse femtobarns and was collected at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV by the CMS experiment. No significant excess is observed in the data above the expected background and the existence of top-quark partners with masses below 800 GeV is excluded at a 95% confidence level, assuming they decay exclusively to tW. This is the first limit on these particles from the LHC, and it is significantly more restrictive than previous limits.

4 data tables

The distribution of HT for all channels combined after the full selection except for the HT requirement itself.

Expected and observed 95% CL limits on the $\mathrm{T}_{5/3}$ production cross section times the branching fraction for decay to same-sign dileptons.

The distribution of HT for all channels combined, after the requirement of same- sign dileptons, the Z-boson veto, and a requirement of at least two jets.

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Search for pair production of excited top quarks in the lepton + jets final state

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1406 (2014) 125, 2014.
Inspire Record 1265512 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66136

A search is performed for pair-produced spin-3/2 excited top quarks t ∗ t ¯ ∗ , each decaying to a top quark and a gluon. The search uses data collected with the CMS detector from pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of s = 8 TeV, selecting events that have a single isolated muon or electron, an imbalance in transverse momentum, and at least six jets, of which one must be compatible with originating from the fragmentation of a b quark. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 fb(−1), show no significant excess over standard model predictions, and provide a lower limit of 803 GeV at 95% confidence on the mass of the spin-3/2 t(*) quark in an extension of the Randall-Sundrum model, assuming a 100% branching fraction of its decay into a top quark and a gluon. This is the first search for a spin-3/2 excited top quark performed at the LHC.

9 data tables

Kinematic distributions of single l + > 5-jet events in data (points), compared to MC simulation normalized to the number of events observed in data. Shown are pT spectra for muons (a) and electrons (b), and jet spectra for the channels $\mu$+jets (c) and e+jets (d). The reconstructed mtg distribution is shown for the $\mu$+jets channel in (e) and for e+jets in (f).

Kinematic distributions of single l + > 5-jet events in data (points), compared to MC simulation normalized to the number of events observed in data. Shown are pT spectra for muons (a) and electrons (b), and jet spectra for the channels $\mu$+jets (c) and e+jets (d). The reconstructed mtg distribution is shown for the $\mu$+jets channel in (e) and for e+jets in (f).

Kinematic distributions of single l + > 5-jet events in data (points), compared to MC simulation normalized to the number of events observed in data. Shown are pT spectra for muons (a) and electrons (b), and jet spectra for the channels $\mu$+jets (c) and e+jets (d). The reconstructed mtg distribution is shown for the $\mu$+jets channel in (e) and for e+jets in (f).

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Search for baryon number violation in top-quark decays

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B731 (2014) 173-196, 2014.
Inspire Record 1257387 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62206

A search for baryon number violation (BNV) in top-quark decays is performed using pp collisions produced by the LHC at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. The top-quark decay considered in this search results in one light lepton (muon or electron), two jets, but no neutrino in the final state. Data used for the analysis were collected by the CMS detector and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 inverse femtobarns. The event selection is optimized for top quarks produced in pairs, with one undergoing the BNV decay and the other the standard model hadronic decay to three jets. No significant excess of events over the expected yield from standard model processes is observed. The upper limits at 95% confidence level on the branching fraction of the BNV top-quark decay are calculated to be 0.0016 and 0.0017 for the muon and the electron channels, respectively. Assuming lepton universality, an upper limit of 0.0015 results from the combination of the two channels. These limits are the first that have been obtained on a BNV process involving the top quark.

3 data tables

Muon channel: expected and observed yields in the tight selections for an assumed BNV decay branching fraction of zero. The uncertainties include both statistical and systematic contributions.

Electron channel: expected and observed yields in the tight selections for an assumed BNV decay branching fraction of zero. The uncertainties include both statistical and systematic contributions.

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on the BNV decay branching fraction.


Measurement of the W-boson helicity in top-quark decays from $t\bar{t}$ production in lepton+jets events in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1310 (2013) 167, 2013.
Inspire Record 1249595 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64900

The W-boson helicity fractions in top-quark decays are measured with ttbar events in the lepton+jets final state, using proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, collected in 2011 with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 inverse femtobarns. The measured fractions of longitudinal, left-, and right-handed helicity are F0 = 0.682 +/- 0.030 (stat.) +/- 0.033 (syst.), FL = 0.310 +/- 0.022 (stat.) +/- 0.022 (syst.), and FR = 0.008 +/- 0.012 (stat.) +/- 0.014 (syst.), consistent with the standard model predictions. The measured fractions are used to probe the existence of anomalous Wtb couplings. Exclusion limits on the real components of the anomalous couplings gL, gR are also derived.

3 data tables

Measurements of the W-boson helicity fractions from the cos(theta*) (leptonic branch) distributions. The columns show the fit type, the decay channel, and the measurement of each helicity parameter, together with the statistical and systematic uncertainties. For the 3D fits, the last column presents the statistical correlation between F_0 and F_L, while for the 2D fit, total anticorrelation (F_L=1-F_0) is assumed.

Measurements of the W-boson helicity fractions from the cos(theta*) (leptonic branch) and |cos^(had) theta*| (hadronic branch) distributions. The columns show the fit type, the decay channel, and the measurement of each helicity parameter, together with the statistical and systematic uncertainties. For the 3D fits, the last column presents the statistical correlation between F_0 and F_L, while for the 2D fit, total anticorrelation (F_L=1-F_0) is assumed.

The combined helicity fractions and their uncertainties, including the type of fit performed, the channels (l=e,mu combination) and branches of the t tbar system ("l" for leptonic, cos(theta*), and "h" for hadronic, |cos^had theta*, used in the combination, as well as the total correlation between F_0 and F_L.


Measurement of the top-antitop production cross section in the tau+jets channel in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C73 (2013) 2386, 2013.
Inspire Record 1216035 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62683

The top-quark pair production cross section in 7 TeV center-of-mass energy proton–proton collisions is measured using data collected by the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement uses events with one jet identified as a hadronically decaying τ lepton and at least four additional energetic jets, at least one of which is identified as coming from a b quark. The analyzed data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 3.9 fb(−1) recorded by a dedicated multijet plus hadronically decaying τ trigger. A neural network has been developed to separate the top-quark pairs from the W+jets and multijet backgrounds. The measured value of is consistent with the standard model predictions.

1 data table

The measured cross section for top-quark pair production.


First Measurement of the Cross Section for Top-Quark Pair Production in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B695 (2011) 424-443, 2011.
Inspire Record 874738 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63811

The first measurement of the cross section for top-quark pair production in pp collisions at the LHC at center-of-mass energy sqrt(s)= 7 TeV has been performed using 3.1 {\pm} 0.3 inverse pb of data recorded by the CMS detector. This result utilizes the final state with two isolated, highly energetic charged leptons, large missing transverse energy, and two or more jets. Backgrounds from Drell-Yan and non-W/Z boson production are estimated from data. Eleven events are observed in the data with 2.1 {\pm} 1.0 events expected from background. The measured cross section is 194 {\pm} 72 (stat.) {\pm} 24 (syst.) {\pm} 21 (lumi.) pb, consistent with next-to-leading order predictions.

1 data table

Total cross section. The second systematic error represents the uncertainty on the luminosity.