Measurements of the pp $\to W\gamma\gamma$ and pp $\to Z\gamma\gamma$ cross sections and limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, A.M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 1710 (2017) 072, 2017.
Inspire Record 1589287 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.79858

Measurements are presented of Wγγ and Zγγ production in proton-proton collisions. Fiducial cross sections are reported based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.4 fb$^{−1}$ collected with the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. Signal is identified through the W → ℓν and Z → ℓℓ decay modes, where ℓ is a muon or an electron. The production of Wγγ and Zγγ, measured with significances of 2.6 and 5.9 standard deviations, respectively, is consistent with standard model predictions. In addition, limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings in Wγγ production are determined in the context of a dimension-8 effective field theory.

2 data tables

Measured fiducial cross section for each channel and for the combination of channels for the WGG and ZGG analyses. The first systematic uncertainty is the combined systematic uncertainty excluding luminosity, the second is the luminosity.

Expected and observed 95% CL limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings. Limits are obtained using WGG events in which the leading photon pT exceeds 70 GeV.


Measurement of the correlations between the polar angles of leptons from top quark decays in the helicity basis at $\sqrt{s}=7$TeV using the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 012002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1400803 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76911

A measurement of the correlations between the polar angles of leptons from the decay of pair-produced t and t¯ quarks in the helicity basis is reported, using proton-proton collision data collected by the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.6  fb-1 at a center-of-mass energy of s=7  TeV collected during 2011. Candidate events are selected in the dilepton topology with large missing transverse momentum and at least two jets. The angles θ1 and θ2 between the charged leptons and the direction of motion of the parent quarks in the tt¯ rest frame are sensitive to the spin information, and the distribution of cosθ1·cosθ2 is sensitive to the spin correlation between the t and t¯ quarks. The distribution is unfolded to parton level and compared to the next-to-leading order prediction. A good agreement is observed.

2 data tables

The numerical summary of the unfolded $\cos\theta_1\cdot\cos\theta_2$ distribution, with statistical and systematic uncertainties.

The correlation factors for the statistical uncertainties between any two bins of the unfolded distribution.


Measurement of the production cross section of the W boson in association with two b jets in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1484162 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76543

The production cross section of a W boson in association with two b jets is measured using a sample of proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s} = $ 8 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.8 fb$^{-1}$. The W bosons are reconstructed via their leptonic decays, $ \mathrm{ W }\to\ell\nu $, where $\ell=\mu$ or $\mathrm{ e }$. The fiducial region studied contains exactly one lepton with transverse momentum $ p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\ell} > $ 30 GeV and pseudorapidity $ | {\eta^{\ell}} | < $ 2.1, with exactly two b jets with $ p_{\mathrm{T}} > $ 25 GeV and $ | {\eta} | < $ 2.4 and no other jets with $ p_{\mathrm{T}} > $ 25 GeV and $ | {\eta} | < $ 4.7. The cross section is measured to be $ \sigma ( {{\mathrm{ p }\mathrm{ p }}} \to {\mathrm{ W }} (\ell\nu) + \mathrm{ b \bar{b} }) =$ 0.64 $\pm$ 0.03 (stat) $\pm$ 0.10 (syst) $\pm$ 0.06 (theory) $\pm$ 0.02 (lumi) pb, in agreement with standard model predictions.

1 data table

Wbb production cross section in pb.


Evidence for exclusive $\gamma\gamma \to W^+ W^-$ production and constraints on anomalous quartic gauge couplings in $pp$ collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1608 (2016) 119, 2016.
Inspire Record 1448100 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74707

A search for exclusive or quasi-exclusive γγ → W$^{+}$ W$^{−}$ production, via pp → p$^{(*)}$ W$^{+}$ W$^{−}$ p$^{(*)}$ → p$^{(*)}$ μ$^{±}$e$^{∓}$ p$^{(*)}$ at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV, is reported using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{−1}$. Events are selected by requiring the presence of an electron-muon pair with large transverse momentum p$_{T}$(μ$^{±}$e$^{∓}$) > 30 GeV, and no associated charged particles detected from the same vertex. The 8 TeV results are combined with the previous 7 TeV results (obtained for 5.05 fb$^{−1}$ of data). In the signal region, 13 (2) events are observed over an expected background of 3.9 ± 0.6 (0.84 ± 0.15) events for 8 (7) TeV, resulting in a combined excess of 3.4σ over the background-only hypothesis. The observed yields and kinematic distributions are compatible with the standard model prediction for exclusive and quasi-exclusive γγ → W$^{+}$ W$^{−}$ production. Upper limits on the anomalous quartic gauge coupling operators a$_{0,C}^{W}$ (dimension-6) and f$_{M0,1,2,3}$ (dimension-8), the most stringent to date, are derived from the measured dilepton transverse momentum spectrum.

1 data table

8 TeV cross section multiplied by branching fraction to opposite-sign mue final states, corrected for all experimental efficiencies and extrapolated to the full phase space.


Measurement of the W boson helicity fractions in the decays of top quark pairs to lepton+jets final states produced in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1466294 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74337
3 data tables

Measurement of the W longitudinal (F0), left- (FL) and righ- (FR) components of the boson helicity fractions from electron+jets final states in top quark pair decays. The helicity fractions F0 and FL are measured simultaneously and are strongly anti-correlated, with statistical correlation coefficient -0.950.

Measurement of the W longitudinal (F0), left- (FL) and righ- (FR) components of the boson helicity fractions from muon+jets final states in top quark pair decays. The helicity fractions F0 and FL are measured simultaneously and are strongly anti-correlated, with statistical correlation coefficient -0.957.

Measurement of the W longitudinal (F0), left- (FL) and righ- (FR) components of the boson helicity fractions from lepton+jets final states in top quark pair decays. The helicity fractions F0 and FL are measured simultaneously and are strongly anti-correlated, with statistical correlation coefficient -0.959, and total correlation, considering both statistical and systematic uncertainties, of -0.87.


Summary of the measured differential cross section $d\sigma^{+}/d\eta$. The theoretical predictions are obtained using the FEWZ 3.1 NNLO MC tool interfaced with five different PDF sets.

Summary of the measured differential cross section $d\sigma^{-}/d\eta$. The theoretical predictions are obtained using the FEWZ 3.1 NNLO MC tool interfaced with five different PDF sets.

Summary of the measured charge asymmetry $\mathcal{A}$. The theoretical predictions are obtained using the FEWZ 3.1 NNLO MC tool interfaced with five different PDF sets.

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Study of $W$ boson production in association with beauty and charm

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D92 (2015) 052001, 2015.
Inspire Record 1370436 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73718

The associated production of a W boson with a jet originating from either a light parton or heavy-flavor quark is studied in the forward region using proton-proton collisions. The analysis uses data corresponding to integrated luminosities of 1.0 and 2.0  fb-1 collected with the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, respectively. The W bosons are reconstructed using the W→μν decay and muons with a transverse momentum, pT, larger than 20 GeV in the pseudorapidity range 2.0<η<4.5. The partons are reconstructed as jets with pT>20  GeV and 2.2<η<4.2. The sum of the muon and jet momenta must satisfy pT>20  GeV. The fraction of W+jet events that originate from beauty and charm quarks is measured, along with the charge asymmetries of the W+b and W+c production cross sections. The ratio of the W+jet to Z+jet production cross sections is also measured using the Z→μμ decay. All results are in agreement with Standard Model predictions.

1 data table

Summary of the results. All results are reported within a fiducial region that requires a jet with $p_\rm{T} > 20$ GeV in the pseudorapidity range $2.2 < \eta < 4.2$, a muon with $p_\rm{T} > 20$ GeV in the pseudorapidity range $2.0 < \eta < 4.5$, $p_\rm{T}(\mu+j) > 20$ GeV, and $\Delta R(\mu, j) > 0.5$. For $Z+$jet events both muons must fulfill the muon requirements and $60 < M(\mu\mu) < 120$ GeV; the $Z+$jet fiducial region does not require $p_\rm{T}(\mu+j) > 20$ GeV.


Measurement of the Production and Differential Cross Sections of $W^{+}W^{-}$ Bosons in Association with Jets in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, Timo Antero ; Amerio, Silvia ; Amidei, Dante E ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D91 (2015) 111101, 2015.
Inspire Record 1366177 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73696

We present a measurement of the $W$-boson-pair production cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at 1.96 TeV center-of-mass energy and the first measurement of the differential cross section as a function of jet multiplicity and leading-jet energy. The $W^{+}W^{-}$ cross section is measured in the final state comprising two charged leptons and neutrinos, where either charged lepton can be an electron or a muon. Using data collected by the CDF experiment corresponding to $9.7~\rm{fb}^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity, a total of $3027$ collision events consistent with $W^{+}W^{-}$ production are observed with an estimated background contribution of $1790\pm190$ events. The measured total cross section is $\sigma(p\bar{p} \rightarrow W^{+}W^{-}) = 14.0 \pm 0.6~(\rm{stat})^{+1.2}_{-1.0}~(\rm{syst})\pm0.8~(\rm{lumi})$ pb, consistent with the standard model prediction.

1 data table

Measurements and predictions of $\sigma(p\bar{p} \rightarrow W^{+}W^{-} + \mathrm{jets})$. Values are given inclusively and differentially as functions of jet multiplicity and jet-transverse energy.


Measurement of $W^{\pm}$ and $Z$-boson production cross sections in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B759 (2016) 601-621, 2016.
Inspire Record 1436497 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73611

Measurements of the $W^{\pm} \rightarrow \ell^{\pm} \nu$ and $Z \rightarrow \ell^+ \ell^-$ production cross sections (where $\ell^{\pm}=e^{\pm},\mu^{\pm}$) in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV are presented using data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 81 pb$^{-1}$ The total inclusive $W^{\pm}$-boson production cross sections times the single-lepton-flavour branching ratios are $\sigma_{W^+}^{tot}= 11.83 \pm 0.02 (stat) \pm 0.32 (sys) \pm 0.25 (lumi)$ nb and $\sigma_{W^-}^{tot} = 8.79 \pm 0.02 (stat) \pm 0.24 (sys) \pm 0.18 (lumi)$ nb for $W^+$ and $W^-$, respectively. The total inclusive $Z$-boson production cross section times leptonic branching ratio, within the invariant mass window $66 < m_{\ell\ell} < 116$ GeV, is $\sigma_{Z}^{tot} = 1.981 \pm 0.007 (stat) \pm 0.038 (sys) \pm 0.042 (lumi)$ nb. The $W^+$, $W^-$, and $Z$-boson production cross sections and cross-section ratios within a fiducial region defined by the detector acceptance are also measured. The cross-section ratios benefit from significant cancellation of experimental uncertainties, resulting in $\sigma_{W^+}^{fid}/\sigma_{W^-}^{fid} = 1.295 \pm 0.003 (stat) \pm 0.010 (sys)$ and $\sigma_{W^{\pm}}^{fid}/\sigma_{Z}^{fid} = 10.31 \pm 0.04 (stat) \pm 0.20 (sys)$. Theoretical predictions, based on calculations accurate to next-to-next-to-leading order for quantum chromodynamics and to next-to-leading order for electroweak processes and which employ different parton distribution function sets, are compared to these measurements.

24 data tables

Measured fiducial cross section times leptonic branching ratio for W+ production in the W+ -> e+ nu final state.

Measured fiducial cross section times leptonic branching ratio for W- production in the W- -> e- nubar final state.

Measured fiducial cross section times leptonic branching ratio for Z/gamma* production in the Z/gamma* -> e+e- final state.

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Measurement of longitudinal spin asymmetries for weak boson production in polarized proton-proton collisions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 113 (2014) 072301, 2014.
Inspire Record 1292792 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73441

We report measurements of single- and double- spin asymmetries for $W^{\pm}$ and $Z/\gamma^*$ boson production in longitudinally polarized $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 510$ GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The asymmetries for $W^{\pm}$ were measured as a function of the decay lepton pseudorapidity, which provides a theoretically clean probe of the proton's polarized quark distributions at the scale of the $W$ mass. The results are compared to theoretical predictions, constrained by recent polarized deep inelastic scattering measurements, and show a preference for a sizable, positive up antiquark polarization in the range $0.05<x<0.2$.

13 data tables

$E_T^e$ distribution of $W^{\pm}$ candidate events, background contributions, and sum of backgrounds and W -> ev MC signal. This plot is for Electron |eta|<0.5.

$E_T^e$ distribution of $W^{\pm}$ candidate events, background contributions, and sum of backgrounds and W -> ev MC signal. This plot is for Electron 0.5<|eta|<1.1.

$E_T^e$ distribution of $W^{\pm}$ candidate events, background contributions, and sum of backgrounds and W -> ev MC signal. This plot is for Positron |eta|<0.5.

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Measurement of the transverse single-spin asymmetry in $p^\uparrow+p \to W^{\pm}/Z^0$ at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 132301, 2016.
Inspire Record 1405433 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73263

We present the measurement of the transverse single-spin asymmetry of weak boson production in transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at s=500  GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The measured observable is sensitive to the Sivers function, one of the transverse-momentum-dependent parton distribution functions, which is predicted to have the opposite sign in proton-proton collisions from that observed in deep inelastic lepton-proton scattering. These data provide the first experimental investigation of the nonuniversality of the Sivers function, fundamental to our understanding of QCD.

6 data tables

$P_{T}$ Recoil distribution of events simulated with PYTHIA 6.4 and reconstructed before and after the boson's PT correction has been applied.

Estimated background contributions for the $W^+ -> ev$ data yields.

Estimated background contributions for the $W^- -> ev$ data yields.

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Measurement of the $W+b$-jet and $W+c$-jet differential production cross sections in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B743 (2015) 6-14, 2015.
Inspire Record 1334689 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73191

We present a measurement of the cross sections for the associated production of a $W$ boson with at least one heavy quark jet, $b$ or $c$, in proton-antiproton collisions. Data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 8.7 fb$^{-1}$ recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron \ppbar Collider at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV are used to measure the cross sections differentially as a function of the jet transverse momenta in the range 20 to 150 GeV. These results are compared to calculations of perturbative QCD theory as well as predictions from Monte Carlo generators.

3 data tables

The $W + b$-jet production cross sections times $W \to \mu\nu$ branching fraction, ${\rm d}\sigma/{\rm d}p_T^{\rm jet}$.

The $W + c$-jet production cross sections times $W \to \mu\nu$ branching fraction, ${\rm d}\sigma/{\rm d}p_T^{\rm jet}$.

The $\sigma(W+c)/\sigma(W+b)$ cross section ratio in bins of $c(b)$-jet $p_T$.


Measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in $\boldsymbol{p\bar{p}\rightarrow W+X \rightarrow e\nu +X}$ decays in $\boldsymbol{p\bar{p}}$ collisions at $\boldsymbol{\sqrt{s}=1.96}$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D91 (2015) 032007, 2015.
Inspire Record 1333394 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73177

<p>We present a measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mover accent="true"><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mo accent="true" stretchy="false">¯</mml:mo></mml:mover><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>W</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mi>X</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>e</mml:mi><mml:mi>ν</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mi>X</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> events at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV, using data corresponding to <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>9.7</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>fb</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>−</mml:mo><mml:mn>1</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The asymmetry is measured as a function of the electron pseudorapidity and is presented in five kinematic bins based on the electron transverse energy and the missing transverse energy in the event. The measured asymmetry is compared with next-to-leading-order predictions in perturbative quantum chromodynamics and provides accurate information for the determination of parton distribution functions of the proton. This is the most precise lepton charge asymmetry measurement to date.</p>

3 data tables

CP-folded electron charge asymmetry for data with $E_T^{e} > 25$ GeV multiplied by 100. $\langle|\eta^e|\rangle$ is the cross section weighted average of electron pseudorapidity in each bin from RESBOS with PHOTOS.

CP-folded electron charge asymmetry for data with $25 < E_T^{e} < 35$ GeV multiplied by 100. $\langle|\eta^e|\rangle$ is the cross section weighted average of electron pseudorapidity in each bin from RESBOS with PHOTOS.

CP-folded electron charge asymmetry for data with $E_T^{e} > 35$ GeV multiplied by 100. $\langle|\eta^e|\rangle$ is the cross section weighted average of electron pseudorapidity in each bin from RESBOS with PHOTOS.


Measurement of forward W and Z boson production in $pp$ collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
JHEP 1601 (2016) 155, 2016.
Inspire Record 1406555 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71419

Measurements are presented of electroweak boson production using data from pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV. The analysis is based on an integrated luminosity of 2.0 fb$^{−1}$ recorded with the LHCb detector. The bosons are identified in the W → μν and Z → μ$^{+}$ μ$^{−}$ decay channels. The cross-sections are measured for muons in the pseudorapidity range 2.0 < η < 4.5, with transverse momenta p$_{T}$ > 20 GeV/c and, in the case of the Z boson, a dimuon mass within $ 60 < {M}_{\mu }{{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\mu}}_{{}^{-}}<120 $ GeV/c$^{2}$. The results are $ {\sigma}_W{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\to \mu }{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\nu }=1093.6\pm 2.1\pm 7.2\pm 10.9\pm 12.7\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ $ {\sigma}_W{{}_{{}^{-}}}_{\to \mu }{{}_{{}^{-}}}_{\overline{\nu}}=818.4\pm 1.9\pm 5.0\pm 7.0\pm 9.5\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ $ {\sigma}_{\mathrm{Z}\to \mu }{{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\mu}}_{{}^{-}}=95.0\pm 0.3\pm 0.7\pm 1.1\pm 1.1\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ $ {\sigma}_{Z\to \mu }{{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\mu}}_{{}^{-}}=95.0\pm 0.3\pm 0.7\pm 1.1\pm 1.1\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ where the first uncertainties are statistical, the second are systematic, the third are due to the knowledge of the LHC beam energy and the fourth are due to the luminosity determination. The evolution of the W and Z boson cross-sections with centre-of-mass energy is studied using previously reported measurements with 1.0 fb$^{−1}$ of data at 7 TeV. Differential distributions are also presented. Results are in good agreement with theoretical predictions at next-to-next-to-leading order in perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

23 data tables

Inclusive cross-section for $W^+$ and $W^-$ boson production in bins of muon pseudorapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of rapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of transverse momentum. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

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Search for a Higgs Boson in the Mass Range from 145 to 1000 GeV Decaying to a Pair of W or Z Bosons

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1510 (2015) 144, 2015.
Inspire Record 1357982 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70736

A search for a heavy Higgs boson in the $\mathrm{H \to WW}$ and $\mathrm{H \to ZZ}$ decay channels is reported. The search is based upon proton-proton collision data samples corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 5.1 fb$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV and up to 19.7 fb$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV, recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. Several final states of the $\mathrm{H \to WW}$ and $\mathrm{H \to ZZ}$ decays are analyzed. The combined upper limit at the 95% confidence level on the product of the cross section and branching fraction exclude a Higgs boson with standard model-like couplings and decays in the $m_{\mathrm{H}}$ range from 145 to 1000 GeV. We also interpret the results in the context of an electroweak singlet extension of the standard model.

5 data tables

Upper limits at 95\% CL on the cross section for a heavy Higgs boson decaying to a pair of W bosons as a function of its mass and its width relative to a SM-like Higgs boson.

Upper limits at 95\% CL on the cross section for a heavy Higgs boson decaying to a pair of Z bosons as a function of its mass and its width relative to a SM-like Higgs boson.

Upper limits at 95% CL on the cross section for a heavy Higgs boson as a function of its mass and its width relative to a SM-like Higgs boson. Both, gluon-gluon fusion and VBF production processes are combined, assuming a SM-like ratio between the two.

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Measurement of the $W \to \ell\nu$ and $Z/\gamma^* \to \ell\ell$ production cross sections in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, G. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdallah, J. ; et al.
JHEP 1012 (2010) 060, 2010.
Inspire Record 872570 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.56744

First measurements of the W -> lnu and Z/gamma* -> ll (l = e, mu) production cross sections in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV are presented using data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. The results are based on 2250 W -> lnu and 179 Z/gamma* -> ll candidate events selected from a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 320 nb-1. The measured total W and Z/gamma*-boson production cross sections times the respective leptonic branching ratios for the combined electron and muon channels are $\stotW$ * BR(W -> lnu) = 9.96 +- 0.23(stat) +- 0.50(syst) +- 1.10(lumi) nb and $\stotZg$ * BR(Z/gamma* -> ll) = 0.82 +- 0.06(stat) +- 0.05(syst) +- 0.09(lumi) nb (within the invariant mass window 66 < m_ll < 116 GeV). The W/Z cross-section ratio is measured to be 11.7 +- 0.9(stat) +- 0.4(syst). In addition, measurements of the W+ and W- production cross sections and of the lepton charge asymmetry are reported. Theoretical predictions based on NNLO QCD calculations are found to agree with the measurements.

35 data tables

Measured fiducial cross section times leptonic branching ratio for W+ production in the W+ -> e+ nu final state.

Measured fiducial cross section times leptonic branching ratio for W- production in the W- -> e- nubar final state.

Measured fiducial cross section times leptonic branching ratio for W+/- production in the combined W+ -> e+ nu and W- -> e- nubar final state.

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A Measurement of the strong coupling constant $\alpha^- s$ in $W$ boson production at the CERN $p\bar{p}$ collider

Lindgren, M. ; Ikeda, M. ; Joyce, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D45 (1992) 3038-3041, 1992.
Inspire Record 317667 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6542
2 data tables

Systematic error not given.

No description provided.


Measurement of the forward $Z$ boson production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1508 (2015) 039, 2015.
Inspire Record 1373300 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2114

A measurement of the production cross-section for Z bosons that decay to muons is presented. The data were recorded by the LHCb detector during pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb$^{−1}$. The cross-section is measured for muons in the pseudorapidity range 2.0 < η < 4.5 with transverse momenta p$_{T}$ > 20 GeV/c. The dimuon mass is restricted to 60 < M$_{μ}$ +$_{μ}$ − < 120 GeV/c$^{2}$. The measured cross-section is $ {\sigma}_{Z\to \mu }{+}_{\mu }-=\left(76.0\pm 0.3\pm 0.5\pm 1.0\pm 1.3\right)\mathrm{p}\mathrm{b} $

11 data tables

Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of rapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of transverse momentum. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

Inclusive cross-section for $Z$ boson production in bins of PHI*. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic, beam and luminosity.

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Measurement of the forward $W$ boson cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7 {\rm \, TeV}$

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1412 (2014) 079, 2014.
Inspire Record 1311488 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11760
4 data tables

Correction for final state radiation for $W^+ \rightarrow \mu^+\nu$ and $W^- \rightarrow \mu^-\bar{\nu}$ in bins of muon pseudorapidity. No loss due FSR is observed for $W^-$ in the last pseudorapidity bin because of lack of statistics.

Inclusive cross-section for $W^+$ and $W^-$ boson production in bins of muon pseudorapidity. The uncertainties are statistical, systematic and luminosity.

Ratio of $W^+$ to $W^-$ cross-section in bins of muon pseudorapidity. The uncertainties are statistical and systematic.

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Study of W boson production in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B750 (2015) 565-586, 2015.
Inspire Record 1353541 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69232
6 data tables

Lepton charge asymmetry, $(N_{\ell}^+ - N_{\ell}^-)/(N_{\ell}^+ + N_{\ell}^-)$ as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity.

Production cross section for $\textrm{pPb} \to W^+ + X \to \ell \nu + X$ for positively (top) and negatively (bottom) charged leptons of $p_T$ larger than 25 GeV$/c$, in nanobarns, as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity. Values are given first for muons and electrons separately, then combined. The global normalization uncertainty of 3.5\% is not included in the listed uncertainties.

Production cross section for $\textrm{pPb} \to W^- + X \to \ell \nu + X$ for positively (top) and negatively (bottom) charged leptons of $p_T$ larger than 25 GeV$/c$, in nanobarns, as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity. Values are given first for muons and electrons separately, then combined. The global normalization uncertainty of 3.5\% is not included in the listed uncertainties.

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Simultaneous measurements of the $t\bar{t}$, $W^+W^-$, and $Z/\gamma^{*}\rightarrow\tau\tau$ production cross-sections in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D91 (2015) 052005, 2015.
Inspire Record 1304455 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67345

<p>Simultaneous measurements of the <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>t</mml:mi><mml:mover accent="true"><mml:mi>t</mml:mi><mml:mo accent="true" stretchy="false">¯</mml:mo></mml:mover></mml:math></inline-formula>, <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:msup><mml:mi>W</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>W</mml:mi><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math></inline-formula>, and <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>Z</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mi>γ</mml:mi><mml:mo>*</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>τ</mml:mi><mml:mi>τ</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> production cross-sections using an integrated luminosity of <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>4.6</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>fb</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo><mml:mn>1</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> of <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> collisions at <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:msqrt><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>7</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>TeV</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> collected by the ATLAS detector at the LHC are presented. Events are selected with two high transverse momentum leptons consisting of an oppositely charged electron and muon pair. The three processes are separated using the distributions of the missing transverse momentum of events with zero and greater than zero jet multiplicities. Measurements of the fiducial cross-section are presented along with results that quantify for the first time the underlying correlations in the predicted and measured cross-sections due to proton parton distribution functions. These results indicate that the correlated next-to-leading-order predictions for <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>t</mml:mi><mml:mover accent="true"><mml:mi>t</mml:mi><mml:mo accent="true" stretchy="false">¯</mml:mo></mml:mover></mml:math></inline-formula> and <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>Z</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mi>γ</mml:mi><mml:mo>*</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>τ</mml:mi><mml:mi>τ</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> underestimate the data, while those at next-to-next-to-leading-order generally describe the data well. The full cross-sections are measured to be <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>σ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mi>t</mml:mi><mml:mover accent="true"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>t</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo accent="true" stretchy="false">¯</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:mover><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>181.2</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>2.</mml:mn><mml:msubsup><mml:mrow><mml:mn>8</mml:mn></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo><mml:mn>9.5</mml:mn></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mn>9.7</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msubsup><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>3.3</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>3.3</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>pb</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula>, <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>σ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>W</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>W</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>53.3</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>2.</mml:mn><mml:msubsup><mml:mrow><mml:mn>7</mml:mn></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo><mml:mn>8.0</mml:mn></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mn>7.3</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msubsup><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>1.0</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>0.5</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>pb</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula>, and <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>σ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mi>Z</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>γ</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>*</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>τ</mml:mi><mml:mi>τ</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>1174</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>2</mml:mn><mml:msubsup><mml:mrow><mml:mn>4</mml:mn></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>-</mml:mo><mml:mn>87</mml:mn></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mn>72</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msubsup><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>21</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>9</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>pb</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula>, where the cited uncertainties are due to statistics, systematic effects, luminosity and the LHC beam energy measurement, respectively. The <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:msup><mml:mi>W</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>W</mml:mi><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math></inline-formula> measurement includes the small contribution from Higgs boson decays, <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>H</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mi>W</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>W</mml:mi><mml:mo>-</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math></inline-formula>.</p>

1 data table

Total $t\bar{t}$, $WW$, and $Z/\gamma^* \rightarrow \tau\tau$ cross-sections as measured simultaneously in this analysis with symmetrized uncertainties.


Measurement of the W boson helicity in events with a single reconstructed top quark in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1501 (2015) 053, 2015.
Inspire Record 1320561 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66567

A measurement of the W boson helicity is presented, where the W boson originates from the decay of a top quark produced in pp collisions. The event selection, optimized for reconstructing a single top quark in the final state, requires exactly one isolated lepton (muon or electron) and exactly two jets, one of which is likely to originate from the hadronization of a bottom quark. The analysis is performed using data recorded at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC in 2012. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{−1}$. The measured helicity fractions are F$_{L}$ = 0.298 ± 0.028 (stat) ± 0.032(syst), F$_{0}$ = 0.720 ± 0.039 (stat) ± 0.037(syst), and F$_{R}$ = −0.018 ± 0.019 (stat) ± 0.011(syst). These results are used to set limits on the real part of the tWb anomalous couplings, g$_{L}$ and g$_{R}$.

3 data tables

Measurement of the W helicity fractions using the cos(theta*l) distribution in the muon channel. The helicity fractions corresponding to the longitudinal (F0) and left-handed (FL) polarizations are extracted from the fit while FR is obtained from the constraint of FL+FR+F0 = 1. The statistical correlation between the fit parameters is about -0.90.

Measurement of the W helicity fractions using the cos(theta*l) distribution in the electron channel. The helicity fractions corresponding to the longitudinal (F0) and left-handed (FL) polarizations are extracted from the fit while FR is obtained from the constraint of FL+FR+F0 = 1. The statistical correlation between the fit parameters is about -0.90.

Measurement of the W helicity fractions using the cos(theta*l) distribution in both electron and muon channels. The helicity fractions corresponding to the longitudinal (F0) and left-handed (FL) polarizations are extracted from the combined fit while FR is obtained from the constraint of FL+FR+F0 = 1. The total correlation between the fit parameters is about -0.80.


Measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in inclusive $W$ production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 109 (2012) 111806, 2012.
Inspire Record 1118047 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66333

A measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in inclusive pp to W + X to e nu + X production at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV is presented based on data recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 840 inverse picobarns. The electron charge asymmetry reflects the unequal production of positive and negative W bosons in pp collisions. The electron charge asymmetry is measured in bins of absolute value of electron pseudorapidity in the range of abs(eta) < 2.4. The asymmetry rises from about 0.1 to 0.2 as a function of the pseudorapidity and is measured with a relative precision better than 7%. This measurement provides new stringent constraints for parton distribution functions.

2 data tables

Summary of the measured charge asymmetry results. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The theoretical predictions are obtained using MCFM interfaced with four different PDF models. The PDF uncertainties are estimated using the PDF reweighting technique. All values are in units of $10^{-3}$.

Covariance matrix for the systematic uncertainties on the asymmetry. All values are given in units of $10^{-6}$.


Measurement of the muon charge asymmetry in $p\bar{p}$ $\to$ W+X $\to$ $\mu$$\nu$ + X events at $\sqrt{s}$=1.96  TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D88 (2013) 091102, 2013.
Inspire Record 1253555 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66280

We present a measurement of the muon charge asymmetry from the decay of the $W$ boson via W to mu nu using 7.3 fb^{-1} of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV. The muon charge asymmetry is presented in two kinematic regions in muon transverse momentum and event missing transverse energy: (p^{\mu}_{T} > 25 GeV, \met > 25 GeV) and (p^{\mu}_{T} > 35 GeV, \met > 35 GeV). The measured asymmetries are compared with theory predictions made using three parton distribution function sets. The predictions do not describe the data well for p^{\mu}_{T} > 35 GeV, \met > 35 GeV, and larger values of muon pseudorapidity.

4 data tables

Muon charge asymmetry for data and predictions from RESBOS+PHOTOS using the CTEQ6.6 PDFs. The measurement is shown with statistical uncertainties followed by systematic uncertainties. The uncertainties for the predictions are only from the PDFs.

Muon charge asymmetry for data and predictions from RESBOS+PHOTOS using the CTEQ6.6 PDFs. The measurement is shown with statistical uncertainties followed by systematic uncertainties. The uncertainties for the predictions are only from the PDFs.

Contributions from individual sources of systematic uncertainty for the ($p^{\mu}_{T} > 25$, $E_T^{missing} > 25$) GeV kinematic region. All uncertainty values are multiplied by 100. The columns (1-7) correspond to: 1.0 = Electro-Weak background 2.0 = Multi-Jet background 3.0 = Charge mis-identification 4.0 = Relative charge efficiency 5.0 = Magnet polarity weighting 6.0 = Momentum/$E_T^{missing}$ resolution 7.0 = Trigger isolation.

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Measurement of the W Boson Production Charge Asymmetry in $p\bar{p}\rightarrow W+X \rightarrow e\nu +X$ Events at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 151803, 2014.
Inspire Record 1268647 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66256

<p>We present a measurement of the <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>W</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> boson production charge asymmetry in <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mover accent="true"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">¯</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:mover><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>W</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mi>X</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>e</mml:mi><mml:mi>ν</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mi>X</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> events at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV, using <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>9.7</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>fb</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>−</mml:mo><mml:mn>1</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The neutrino longitudinal momentum is determined by using a neutrino weighting method, and the asymmetry is measured as a function of the <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>W</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> boson rapidity. The measurement extends over wider electron pseudorapidity region than previous results and is the most precise to date, allowing for precise determination of proton parton distribution functions in global fits.</p>

2 data tables

${\it CP}$-folded $W$ charge asymmetry for data and predictions from MC@NLO using NNPDF2.3 PDFs tabulated in percent (%) for each $|y_W|$ bin. The $\langle|y_W|\rangle$ is calculated as the cross section weighted average of $y_W$ in each bin from RESBOS with photos. For data, the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The uncertainties on the prediction come from both the PDF uncertainties and $\alpha_s$ uncertainties. The numbers in this table are the revised data published on 10th December 2014 (after the journal publication).

Correlation coefficients between central values of asymmetry in different $|y_W|$ bins.