Date

Subject_areas

Measurement of the forward - backward asymmetry in $e^{+} e^{-} \to b \bar{b}$ and the $b$ quark branching ratio to muons at TRISTAN using neural networks

The AMY collaboration Ueno, K. ; Kanda, S. ; Olsen, S.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B381 (1996) 365-371, 1996.
Inspire Record 418709 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38513
1 data table

Measurements of the $b \bar{b}$ production cross-section and forward backward asymmetry at center-of-mass energies above the $Z$ pole at LEP

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B485 (2000) 71-84, 2000.
Inspire Record 527337 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49963

The measurements of Rb = sigma(e+e- -> bb~)/sigma(e+e- -> qq~) and of the b quark forward-backward charge asymmetry, A^b_fb, at centre-of-mass energies above the Z pole are described. The measurement of Rb is performed at \root{s} between 130 and 189 GeV using a b-tagging method that exploits the relatively large decay length of b-hadrons. The measurement of A^b_fb is performed using the large statistics event sample collected at \root{s}=189 GeV with a lepton-tag analysis based on the selection of prompt muons and electrons. The results at \root{s}=189 GeV are: Rb = 0.163 +/- 0.013 (stat.) +/- 0.005 (syst.), A^b_fb = 0.61 +/- 0.18 (stat.) +/- 0.09 (syst.).

2 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.


A Measurement of the b quark mass from hadronic Z decays

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Decamp, D. ; Ghez, Philippe ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C18 (2000) 1-13, 2000.
Inspire Record 531468 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49909

Hadronic Z decay data taken with the ALEPH detector at LEP1 are used to measure the three-jet rate as well as moments of various event-shape variables. The ratios of the observables obtained from b-tagged events and from an inclusive sample are determined. The mass of the b quark is extracted from a fit to the measured ratios using a next-to-leading order prediction including mass effects. Taking the first moment of the y3 distribution, which is the observable with the smallest hadronization corrections and systematic uncertainties, the result is: mb(MZ) = [3.27+-0.22(stat) +-0.22(exp)+-0.38(had)+-0.16(theo)] GeV/c2. The measured ratio is alternatively employed to test the flavour independence of the strong coupling constant for b and light quarks.

1 data table

No description provided.


Test of the flavor independence of alpha(s) using next-to-leading order calculations for heavy quarks

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C11 (1999) 643-659, 1999.
Inspire Record 498246 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49192

We present a test of the flavour independence of the strong coupling constant for charm and bottom quarks with respect to light (uds) quarks, based on a hadronic event sample obtained with the OPAL detector at LEP. Five observables related to global event shapes were used to measure alpha_s in three flavour tagged samples (uds, c and b). The event shape distributions were fitted by Order(alpha_s**2) calculations of jet production taking into account mass effects for the c and b quarks. We find: = 0.997 +- 0.038(stat.) +- 0.030(syst.) +- 0.012(theory) and = 0.993 +- 0.008(stat.) +- 0.006(syst.) +- 0.011(theory) for the ratios alpha_s(charm)/alpha_s(uds) and alpha_s(b)/alpha_s(uds) respectively.

1 data table

No description provided.


A Measurement of R(b) using a double tagging method

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C8 (1999) 217-239, 1999.
Inspire Record 476786 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49348

The fraction of Z to bbbar events in hadronic Z decays has been measured by the OPAL experiment using the data collected at LEP between 1992 and 1995. The Z to bbbar decays were tagged using displaced secondary vertices, and high momentum electrons and muons. Systematic uncertainties were reduced by measuring the b-tagging efficiency using a double tagging technique. Efficiency correlations between opposite hemispheres of an event are small, and are well understood through comparisons between real and simulated data samples. A value of Rb = 0.2178 +- 0.0011 +- 0.0013 was obtained, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The uncertainty on Rc, the fraction of Z to ccbar events in hadronic Z decays, is not included in the errors. The dependence on Rc is Delta(Rb)/Rb = -0.056*Delta(Rc)/Rc where Delta(Rc) is the deviation of Rc from the value 0.172 predicted by the Standard Model. The result for Rb agrees with the value of 0.2155 +- 0.0003 predicted by the Standard Model.

1 data table

Second systematic error depends on Rc=Delta(R_c)/R_c ratio, where Delta(R_c) is the deviation of R_c from the value 0.172 predicted by the Standard Model.


Measurement of the forward backward asymmetry of c and b quarks at the Z pole using reconstructed D mesons

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adye, T. ; Adzic, P. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C10 (1999) 219-237, 1999.
Inspire Record 495464 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49295

A measurement of the forward--backward asymmetry of $e^{+}e^{-} \to c\bar{c}$ and $e^{+}e^{-} \to b\bar{b}$ on the $Z$ resonance is performed using about 3.5 million hadronic $Z$ decays collected by the DELPHI detector at LEP in the years 1992 to 1995. The heavy quark is tagged by the exclusive reconstruction of several $D$ meson decay modes. The forward--backward asymmetries for $c$ and $b$ quarks at the $Z$ resonance are determined to be: \[ \renewcommand{\arraystretch}{1.6} \begin{array}{rcr@{}l} \Afbc(\sqrt{s} = 91.235 {\rm GeV}) &=& &0.0659 \pm 0.0094 (stat) \pm 0.0035 (syst) \Afbb (\sqrt{s} = 91.235 {\rm GeV}) &=& &0.0762 \pm 0.0194 (stat) \pm 0.0085 (syst) \Afbc(\sqrt{s} = 89.434 {\rm GeV}) &=&-&0.0496 \pm 0.0368 (stat) \pm 0.0053 (syst) \Afbb(\sqrt{s} = 89.434 {\rm GeV}) &=& &0.0567 \pm 0.0756 (stat) \pm 0.0117 (syst) \Afbc(\sqrt{s} = 92.990 {\rm GeV}) &=& &0.1180 \pm 0.0318 (stat) \pm 0.0062 (syst) \Afbb(\sqrt{s} = 92.990 {\rm GeV}) &=& &0.0882 \pm 0.0633 (stat) \pm 0.0122 (syst) \end{array} \] The combination of these results leads to an effective electroweak mixing angle of: SINEFF = 0.2332 \pm 0.0016

1 data table

No description provided.


Tests of the standard model and constraints on new physics from measurements of fermion pair production at 183-GeV at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C6 (1999) 1-18, 1999.
Inspire Record 473699 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49337

Cross-sections for hadronic, b-bbar and lepton pair final states in e+e- collisions at sqrt(s) = 183 GeV, measured with the OPAL detector at LEP, are presented and compared with the predictions of the Standard Model. Forward-backward asymmetries for the leptonic final states have also been measured. Cross-sections and asymmetries are also presented for data recorded in 1997 at sqrt(s) = 130 and 136 GeV. The results are used to measure the energy dependence of the electromagnetic coupling constant alpha_em, and to place limits on new physics as described by four-fermion contact interactions or by the exchange of a new heavy particle such as a leptoquark, or of a squark or sneutrino in supersymmetric theories with R-parity violation.

21 data tables

No description provided.

The contribution of interference between initial- and final-state radiationhas been removed.

The contribution of interference between initial- and final-state radiationhas been removed.

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Measurement of the forward - backward asymmetries for charm and bottom quark pair productions at S**(1/2) = 58-GeV with electron tagging

The TOPAZ collaboration Nakano, E. ; Enomoto, R. ; Iwasaki, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B340 (1994) 135-142, 1994.
Inspire Record 39496 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28532

We have measured, with electron tagging, the forward-backward asymmetries of charm- and bottom-quark pair productions at $\langle \sqrt{s} \rangle$=58.01GeV, based on 23,783 hadronic events selected from a data sample of 197pb$~{-1}$ taken with the TOPAZ detector at TRISTAN. The measured forward-backward asymmetries are $A_{FB}~c = -0.49 \pm 0.20(stat.) \pm 0.08 (sys.)$ and $A_{FB}~b = -0.64 \pm 0.35(stat.) \pm 0.13 (sys.)$, which are consistent with the standard model predictions.

1 data table

No description provided.


A Test of the flavor independence of strong interactions

The SLD collaboration Abe, K. ; Abt, I. ; Ahn, C.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D53 (1996) 2271-2275, 1996.
Inspire Record 382002 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22341

We present a comparison of the strong couplings of light ($u$, $d$, and $s$), $c$, and $b$ quarks determined from multijet rates in flavor-tagged samples of hadronic $Z~0$ decays recorded with the SLC Large Detector at the SLAC Linear Collider. Flavor separation on the basis of lifetime and decay multiplicity differences among hadrons containing light, $c$, and $b$ quarks was made using the SLD precision tracking system. We find: $\alpha_s{_{\vphantom{y}}}~{uds}/{\alpha_s{_{\vphantom{y}}}~{\rm all}} = 0.987 \pm 0.027({\rm stat}) \pm 0.022({\rm syst}) \pm 0.022({\rm theory})$, $\alpha_s{_{\vphantom{y}}}~c/{\alpha_s{_{\vphantom{y}}}~{\rm all}} = 1.012 \pm 0.104 \pm 0.102 \pm 0.096$, and $\alpha_s{_{\vphantom{y}}}~b/{\alpha_s{_{\vphantom{y}}}~{\rm all}} = 1.026 \pm 0.041 \pm 0.041\pm 0.030.$

1 data table

No description provided.


Test of the flavor independence of alpha-s

The ALEPH collaboration Buskulic, D. ; Casper, D. ; De Bonis, I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B355 (1995) 381-393, 1995.
Inspire Record 393416 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48177
1 data table

No description provided.


Measurement of the quark and gluon fragmentation functions in Z0 hadronic decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C6 (1999) 19-33, 1999.
Inspire Record 448370 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47405
9 data tables

Transverse component of the differential cross section.

Longitudinal component of the differential cross section.

Asymmetric component of the differential cross section.

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Measurement of f(c ---> D*+ X), f(b ---> D*+ X) and Gamma (c anti-c) / Gamma (hadronic) using D*+- mesons

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C1 (1998) 439-459, 1998.
Inspire Record 447145 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47409

The production rates of D^*+/- mesons in charm and bottom events at centre-of-mass energies of about 91 GeV and the partial width of primary cc(bar) pairs in hadronic Z^0 decays have been measured at LEP using almost 4.4 million hadronic Z^0 decays collected with the OPAL detector between 1990 and 1995. Using a combination of several charm quark tagging methods based on fully and partially reconstructed D^*+/- mesons, and a bottom tag based on identified muons and electrons, the hadronisation fractions of charm and bottom quarks into D^*+/- mesons have been found to be: f(b -> D^*+ X) = 0.173 +/- 0.016 +/- 0.012 and f(c -> D^*+ X) = 0.222 +/- 0.014 +/- 0.014 The fraction of cc(bar) events in hadronic Z^0 decays, Gamma_cc(bar)/Gamma_had = Gamma(Z^0 -> cc(bar))/Gamma(Z^0 -> hadrons), is determined to be Gamma_cc(bar)/Gamma_had = 0.180 +/- 0.011 +/- 0.012 +/- 0.006 In all cases the first error is statistical, and the second one systematic. The last error quoted for Gamma_cc(bar)/Gamma_had is due to external branching ratios.

3 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

The second syst. errors results due to extranal branching ratios. Charge conjugated states are implied. FD is considered as a quark fragmentation fraction. Sqrt(s(E+ E-)) = 91.2 GeV.


An Improved measurement of R($b$) using a double tagging method

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Z.Phys. C74 (1997) 1-17, 1997.
Inspire Record 427104 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47645
1 data table

No description provided.


A Measurement of alpha-s from the scaling violation in e+ e- annihilation

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B398 (1997) 194-206, 1997.
Inspire Record 428178 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47581
2 data tables

SIG(Q=BQ, Q=CQ, Q=UDS) corresponds to BQ, CQ, and U,D,S quarks fragmentation into charged hadron.

alpha_s was evaluated from the scaling violation of the fragmentation func tions. The data from other experiments are used for the fitting procedure.


Measurement of the forward - backward asymmetry of e+ e- ---> Z ---> b anti-b using prompt leptons and a lifetime tag

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C65 (1995) 569-586, 1995.
Inspire Record 382035 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48318
2 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.


Measurement of the b forward - backward asymmetry and mixing using high p(T) leptons

The ALEPH collaboration Buskulic, D. ; De Bonis, I. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B384 (1996) 414-426, 1996.
Inspire Record 419905 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47806
2 data tables

ASYM(N=FB,C=OBSERVED) is observed asymmetry including BQ, CQ and backround.

No description provided.


Measurement of R($b$) at SLD

The SLD collaboration Etzion, Erez ;
Conference Paper, 2016.
Inspire Record 419721 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18611

We report a new measurement of Rb=Gamma(Z -> bb)/ Gamma(Z -> hadrons) using a double tag technique where the b selection is based on topological reconstruction of the mass of the B-decay vertex. The measurement was performed using a sample of 150k hadronic Z0 events collected with the SLD at the SLAC Linear Collider during the years 1993-1995. The method utilizes the 3-D vertexing abilities of the SLD CCD pixel vertex detector and the small stable SLC beams to obtain a high b tagging efficiency of 37% for a purity of 97.2%. The high purity reduces the systematics introduced by charm contamination and correlations with Rc. We obtain a result of Rb=0.2176+/-0.0033(stat.)+/-0.0017(syst.)+/-0.0008(Rc). (Presented at the XXXIst Rencontres de Moriond Electroweak Interactions and Unified Theories, Les Arcs, Savoie, France, March 16-23, 1996.)

1 data table

No description provided.


Measurement of the heavy quark forward - backward asymmetries and average $B$ mixing using leptons in multi - hadronic events

The OPAL collaboration Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; Altekamp, N. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C70 (1996) 357-370, 1996.
Inspire Record 404106 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48046
2 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.


Measurement of the average $b$ baryon lifetime and the product branching ratio f ($b \to Lambda_b$ ) x BR (Lambda($b$) $\to \Lambda \ell^-$ anti-neutrino $X^{)}$

The OPAL collaboration Akers, R. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Z.Phys. C69 (1996) 195-214, 1996.
Inspire Record 397395 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51966
1 data table

Charged conjugate state is assumed.


Measurement of the polarized forward - backward asymmetry of Z0 ---> b anti-b using a lifetime tag and momentum weighted track charge

The SLD collaboration Abe, K. ; Abt, I. ; Ahn, C.J. ; et al.
Conference Paper, 1995.
Inspire Record 398301 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18618
1 data table

No description provided.


A Measurement of the production of D*+- mesons on the Z0 resonance

The OPAL collaboration Akers, R. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Z.Phys. C67 (1995) 27-44, 1995.
Inspire Record 382219 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48317
5 data tables

No description provided.

Multiplicity data uncorrected for decay branching ratios.

No description provided.

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A Measurement of the Electroweak Induced Charge Asymmetry in e+ e- ---> B anti-B

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Becker, L. ; Bowdery, C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B146 (1984) 437-442, 1984.
Inspire Record 203144 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6565

The forward-backward charge asymmetry for the process e + e − → b b ̄ → μ ± + hadrons has been measured using the JADE detector at PETRA. An asymmetry of (−22.8 ± 6.0 ± 2.5)% was observed at an average center of mass energy of 34.6 GeV. For comparison, an asymmetry of −25.2% is expected on the basis of the standard Glashow-Salam-Weinberg model.

4 data tables

THE VALUE OF CONST HAVE BEEN RESCALED TO DEFINITION I3(Q) = 1/2 BY OPY.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Production and Muonic Decay of Heavy Quarks in e+ e- Annihilation at 34.5-GeV

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C22 (1984) 219, 1984.
Inspire Record 194775 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16252

The production of prompt muons ine+e− annihilation has been studied at centre of mass energies near 34.5 GeV. The measured semi-muonic branching ratios ofb andc quarks areB(b»Xμv) =0.117±0.028±0.01 andB(c→Xμv)=0.082 ±0.012a−0.01+0.02. The fragmentation functions of heavy quarks are hard, <zb>=0.85a−0.12–0.07+0.10+0.02 and <zc> =0.77a−0.07–0.11+0.05+0.03. Limits have been set on flavour changing neutral current decays:B(b→Xµ+µ−) <0.02 andB(b→Xµ+µ− (95% confidence level).

1 data table

THE VALUE OF ASYMMETRY WAS DETERMINED USING A SAMPLE OF PROMPT MUONS.


A Measurement of the $e^+ e^- \to b \bar{b}$ Forward - Backward Charge Asymmetry at $\sqrt{s}=29$-{GeV}

The MAC collaboration Band, H. ; Camporesi, T. ; Chadwick, G.B. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B218 (1989) 369-373, 1989.
Inspire Record 276692 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29845
1 data table

No description provided.


Inclusive Electron Production From Heavy Quarks in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at 34.6-{GeV} Center-of-mass Energy

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B146 (1984) 443-449, 1984.
Inspire Record 202782 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30507

The production of electrons by bottom and charm hadrons has been studied in e + e − annihilation at 34.6 GeV center of mass energy. It is observed that the b quark fragmentation function is peaked at large values of the scaling variable z with 〈 z b 〉 = 0.84 +0.15 + 0.15 −0.10 − 0.11 . For c quarks 〈 z c 〉 = 0.57 +0.10 + 0.05 −0.09 − 0.06 is observed. A forward-backward charge asymmetry of A = −0.25 ± 0.22 was measured in b production.

2 data tables

THE VALUE OF ASYMMETRY WAS DETERMINED USING A SAMPLE OF PROMPT ELECTRONS.

THE VALUE OF ASYMMETRY WAS DETERMINED USING A SAMPLE OF PROMPT ELECTRONS.