Date

Subject_areas

Comparison of deep inelastic electron photon scattering data with the HERWIG and PHOJET Monte Carlo models

The ALEPH L3 OPAL LEP Working Group collaborations Achard, P. ; Andreev, V. ; Braccini, S. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C23 (2002) 201-223, 2002.
Inspire Record 535230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49877

Deep inelastic electron-photon scattering is studied in the Q**2 range from 1.2 to 30 GeV**2 using the LEP1 data taken with the ALEPH, L3 and OPAL detectors at centre-of-mass energies close to the mass of the Z boson. Distributions of the measured hadronic final state are corrected to the hadron level and compared to the predictions of the HERWIG and PHOJET Monte Carlo models. For large regions in most of the distributions studied the results of the different experiments agree with one another. However, significant differences are found between the data and the models. Therefore the combined LEP data serve as an important input to improve on the Monte Carlo models.

11 data tables

The individual differential cross sections (DSIG/DW) in the low Q**2 regions for the three experiments.. The data are corrected using the HERWIG-kt model.

The combined differential cross sections (DSIG/DW) separately for the low and high Q**2 regions. The data are corrected using the HERWIG-kt model.

The combined differential cross sections (DSIG/DW) separately for the low and high Q**2 regions. The data are corrected using the PHOJET model.

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Study of double-tagged gamma gamma events at LEP II

The DELPHI collaboration Abdallah, J. ; Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C46 (2006) 559-568, 2006.
Inspire Record 704268 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48974

Double-tagged interactions of photons with virtualities Q^2 between 10 GeV^2 and 200 GeV^2 are studied with the data collected by DELPHI at LEPII from 1998 to 2000, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 550 pb^{-1}. The gam* gam* -> mu+mu- data agree with QED predictions. The cross-section of the reaction gam* gam* -> hadrons is measured and compared to the LO and NLO BFKL calculations.

4 data tables

Measured cross section for the process E+ E- --> E+ E- HADRONS.

Measured cross section for the process GAMMA* GAMMA* --> HADRONS.

Differential cross section for GAMMA* GAMMA* --> MU+ MU-.

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Measurement of the photon structure function F(2)**gamma with the L3 detector at LEP

The L3 collaboration Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B622 (2005) 249-264, 2005.
Inspire Record 687095 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48675

The e+e- -> e+e- hadrons reaction, where one of the two electrons is detected in a low polar-angle calorimeter, is analysed in order to measure the hadronic photon structure function F2gamma . The full high-energy and high-luminosity data set, collected with the L3 detector at centre-of-mass energies 189-209GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 608/pb is used. The Q^2 range 11-34GeV^2 and the x range 0.006-0.556 are considered. The data are compared with recent parton density functions.

16 data tables

Cross sections DELTA(SIG)/DELTA(X) in the Q**2 range 11 TO 14 GeV**2.

Cross sections DELTA(SIG)/DELTA(X) in the Q**2 range 14 TO 20 GeV**2.

Cross sections DELTA(SIG)/DELTA(X) in the Q**2 range 20 TO 34 GeV**2.

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Measurement of the hadronic photon structure function F2(gamma)(x, Q**2) in two-photon collisions at LEP

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C30 (2003) 145-158, 2003.
Inspire Record 631231 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43218
4 data tables

Measured value of F2/ALPHAE at a mean Q**2 of 17.3 GeV**2.

Measured value of F2/ALPHAE at a mean Q**2 of 67.2 GeV**2.

Statistical correlation coefficients for the F2 measurements at Q**2 = 17.3 GeV**2.

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Measurement of the hadronic cross-section for the scattering of two virtual photons at LEP

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C24 (2002) 17-31, 2002.
Inspire Record 563730 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48895

The interaction of virtual photons is investigated using the reaction e+e- -> e+e- hadrons based on data taken by the OPAL experiment at e+e- centre-of-mass energies sqrt(s_ee)=189-209 GeV, for W>5 GeV and at an average Q^2 of 17.9 GeV^2. The measured cross-sections are compared to predictions of the Quark Parton Model (QPM), to the Leading Order QCD Monte Carlo model PHOJET to the NLO prediction for the reaction e+e- -> e+e-qqbar, and to BFKL calculations. PHOJET, NLO e+e- -> e+e-qqbar, and QPM describe the data reasonably well, whereas the cross-section predicted by a Leading Order BFKL calculation is too large.

11 data tables

Total cross section in the given phase space and assuming ALPHA = 1/137.

Differential cross section as a function of X where X is the maximum value of X1 or X2, the upper and lower vertex values.

Differential cross section as a function of Q**2 where Q**2 is the maximum value of Q1**2 or Q2**2, the upper and lower vertex values.

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Measurement of the hadronic photon structure function F**gamma(2) at LEP-2

The OPAL collaboration
Phys.Lett. B533 (2002) 207-222, 2002.
Inspire Record 583115 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49744

The hadronic structure of the photon F2gamma is measured as a function of Bjorken x and of the photon virtuality Q2 using deep-inelastic scattering data taken by the OPAL detector at LEP at e+e- centre-of-mass energies from 183 to 209 GeV. Previous OPAL measurements of the x dependence of F2gamma are extended to an average Q2 of <Q2>=780GeV2 using data in the kinematic range 0.15 < x < 0.98. The Q2 evolution of F2gamma is studied for 12.1 < <Q2> < 780GeV2 using three ranges of x. As predicted by QCD, the data show positive scaling violations in F2gamma for the central x region 0.10-0.60. Several parameterisations of F2gamma are in qualitative agreement with the measurements whereas the quark-parton model prediction fails to describe the data.

13 data tables

F2 and DSIG/DX for the EE sample in the high Q**2 region as a function of X.

Statistical correlations between the bins in the preceding table.

The measured value of F2 and DSIG/DX for the SW data sample in the Q**2 range 9 to 15 GeV**2.

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Measurement of Z / gamma* production in Compton scattering of quasi-real photons

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C24 (2002) 1-15, 2002.
Inspire Record 560307 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49750

The process e+ e- -> e+ e- Z/gamma* is studied with the OPAL detector at LEP at a centre of mass energy of sqrt(s) = 189 GeV. The cross-section times the branching ratio of the Z/gamma* decaying into hadrons is measured within Lorentz invariant kinematic limits to be (1.2 +/- 0.3 +/- 0.1) pb for invariant masses of the hadronic system between 5 GeV and 60 GeV and (0.7 +/- 0.2 +/- 0.1) pb for hadronic masses above 60 GeV. The differential cross-sections of the Mandelstam variables s-hat, t-hat, and u-hat are measured and compared with the predictions from the Monte Carlo generators grc4f and PYTHIA. From this, based on a factorisation ansatz, the total and differential cross-sections for the subprocess e gamma -> e Z/gamma* are derived.

9 data tables

Measured values of the cross section times the branching ratio for the (Z0/GAMMA*) decay into hadrons within the restricted kinematic limits.

Differential cross-section dsig_ee/dm_qq.

Differential cross-section dsigma_ee/dsqrt(shat).

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Double tag events in two photon collisions at LEP

The L3 collaboration Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B531 (2002) 39-51, 2002.
Inspire Record 565440 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49820

Double-tag events in two-photon collisions are studied using the L3 detector at LEP centre-of-mass energies from root(s)=189 GeV to 209 GeV. The cross sections of the e+e- -> e+e- hadrons and gamma*gamma* -> hadrons processes are measured as a function of the photon virtualities, Q1^2 and Q2^2, of the two-photon mass, W_gammagamma, and of the variable Y=ln(W_gammagamma^2/(Q1 Q2)), for an average photon virtuality &lt;Q2> = 16 GeV2. The results are in agreement with next-to-leading order calculations for the process gamma*gamma* -> q qbar in the interval 2 &lt;= Y &lt;= 5. An excess is observed in the interval 5 &lt; Y &lt;= 7, corresponding to W_gammagamma greater than 40 GeV . This may be interpreted as a sign of resolved photon QCD processes or the onset of BFKL phenomena.

6 data tables

Differential cross section as a function of the photon virtualities Qi**2. Here Q1 is the virtuality w.r.t the electron vertex, and Q2 w.r.t the positron vertex. Data are given both before and after radiative corrections.

Differential cross section as a function of W, the invariant mas of the virtual GAMMA*GAMMA* system. Data are given both before and after radiative corrections.

Differential cross section as a function of the variable LN(W**2/Q1*Q2). Data are given both before and after radiative corrections.

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Total cross-section in $\gamma \gamma$ collisions at LEP

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B519 (2001) 33-45, 2001.
Inspire Record 552997 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49853

The reaction e+e- -> e+e- gamma* gamma* -> e+e- hadrons for quasi-real photons is studied using data from root(s) = 183 GeV up to 202 GeV. Results on the total cross sections sigma(e+e- -> e+e- hadrons) and sigma(+e- gamma* gamma* -> e+e- hadrons) are given for the two-photon centre-of-mass energies 5 GeV &lt; Wgammagamma &lt; 185 GeV. The total cross section of two real photons is described by a Regge parametrisation. We observe a steeper rise with the two-photon centre-of-mass energy as compared to the hadron-hadron and the photon-proton cross sections. The data are also compared to the expectations of different theoretical models.

2 data tables

The measured total cross section for E+ E- --> E+ E- HADRONS. The first DSYS error is the total experimental systematic uncertainty and the second DSYS error is the uncertainty introduced by unfolding the data with PYTHIA and PHOJET corrections seperately.

The total cross section for two photon production of hadrons. The final column gives the data averaged over all energies together with the experimental systematic error (first DSYS) and the difference between the average and the data unfolded with PHOJET (lower sign) and PYTHIA (upper sign) seperately (second DSYS).


Measurement of the photon structure function at high $Q^{2}$ at LEP

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B483 (2000) 373-386, 2000.
Inspire Record 525764 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49964

The structure functions of real and virtual photons are derived from cross section measurements of the reaction e^+e^ -> e^+e^- + hadrons at LEP. The reaction is studied at \sqrt{s} ~ 91 GeV with the L3 detector. One of the final state electrons is detected at a large angle relative to the beam direction, leading to Q^2 values between 40 GeV^2 and 500 GeV^2. The other final state electron is either undetected or it is detected at a four-momentum transfer squared P^2 between 1 GeV^2 and 8 GeV^2. These measurements are compared with predictions of the Quark Parton Model and other QCD based models.

4 data tables

Measured values of F2 for the single-tag data as a function of X for the full Q**2 range.

Measured values of F2 for the single-tag data as a function of Q**2 for different X ranges.

The effective F2 measured in double-tag events as a function of X.

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The Q**2 evolution of the hadronic photon structure function F(2)gamma at LEP

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B447 (1999) 147-156, 1999.
Inspire Record 479052 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49323
1 data table

Measured values of F2/ALPHA as a function of x. The second systematic error (DSYS) is that due to the model dependence and is the difference between the results obtained with PHOJET and TWOGAM. The full systematic error is the quadrature sum of the two systematic errors.


Total hadronic cross-section of photon-photon interactions at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C14 (2000) 199-212, 2000.
Inspire Record 502548 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49107

The total hadronic cross-section sigma_gg(W) for the interaction of real photons, gg->hadrons, is measured for gg centre-of-mass energies 10<W<110 GeV. The cross-section is extracted from a measurement of the process e+e- -> e+e-g*g* -> e+e- hardrons, using a luminosity function for the photon flux together with form factors for extrapolating to real photons (Q^2=0 GeV^2). The data were taken with the OPAL detector at LEP at e+e- centre-of-mass energies 161, 172 and 183 GeV. The cross-section sigma_gg(W) is compared with Regge factorisation and with the energy dependence observed in gp and pp interactions. The data are also compared to models which predict a faster rise of sigma_gg(W) compared to gp and pp interactions due to additional hard gg interactions not present in hadronic collisions.

2 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.


Measurement of the cross-section for the process gamma* gamma* ---> hadrons at LEP

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B453 (1999) 333-342, 1999.
Inspire Record 482478 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49195
3 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.


Cross-section of hadron production in gamma gamma collisions at LEP

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B408 (1997) 450-464, 1997.
Inspire Record 443566 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47346
2 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.


A Measurement of the photon structure function F2 (gamma) at Q**2 = 6.8-GeV**2

The AMY collaboration Kojima, T. ; Nozaki, T. ; Abe, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B400 (1997) 395-400, 1997.
Inspire Record 441558 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28320
1 data table

No description provided.


A Measurement of the photon structure function F2(gamma) at an average Q**2 of 12-GeV**2/c**4

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C69 (1996) 223-234, 1996.
Inspire Record 396884 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47867
2 data tables

No description provided.

Low x domain.


A High Q**2 measurement of the photon structure function F2(gamma)

The AMY collaboration Sahu, S.K. ; Ebara, S. ; Nozaki, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B346 (1995) 208-216, 1995.
Inspire Record 392701 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38361
3 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

Errors contain both statistics and systematics.


Measurement of the photon structure function F2(gamma) and jet production at TRISTAN

The TOPAZ collaboration Muramatsu, K. ; Hayashii, H. ; Noguchi, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B332 (1994) 477-487, 1994.
Inspire Record 373856 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38377
7 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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A Measurement of the photon structure function $F_2$

The AMY collaboration Sasaki, T. ; Yamagishi, Y. ; Tanaka, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B252 (1990) 491-498, 1990.
Inspire Record 299056 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29524
4 data tables

X dependence at Q**2 = 73 GeV**2 for light quark data.

X dependence at Q**2 = 73 GeV**2 for total data.

Photon structure function F2 for total data.

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AN ANALYSIS OF MULTI - HADRONIC EVENTS PRODUCED WITH TWO ENERGETIC LEPTONS IN e+ e- ANNIHILATION

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Criegee, L. ; Dainton, J.B. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B212 (1988) 515-522, 1988.
Inspire Record 262955 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29907
1 data table

No description provided.


Multihadron production through the photon-photon interaction

Paoluzi, L. ; Ceradini, F. ; Ferrer, M.L. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 10S2 (1974) 435-439, 1974.
Inspire Record 96130 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37454
1 data table

TWO EVENTS SEEN WITH MASSES 800 +- 90 MEV AND 1400 +- 90 MEV. THE FIRST WHEN INTERPRETED AS ETAPRIME PRODUCTION GIVES A WIDTH OF 11, +15, -8 KEV FOR ETAPRIME --> 2GAMMA USING THE EQUIVALENT PHOTON APPROXIMATION.