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A Study of the energy evolution of event shape distributions and their means with the DELPHI detector at LEP

The DELPHI collaboration Abdallah, J. ; Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C29 (2003) 285-312, 2003.
Inspire Record 620250 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13029

Infrared and collinear safe event shape distributions and their mean values are determined in e+e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies between 45 and 202 GeV. A phenomenological analysis based on power correction models including hadron mass effects for both differential distributions and mean values is presented. Using power corrections, alpha_s is extracted from the mean values and shapes. In an alternative approach, renormalisation group invariance (RGI) is used as an explicit constraint, leading to a consistent description of mean values without the need for sizeable power corrections. The QCD beta-function is precisely measured using this approach. From the DELPHI data on Thrust, including data from low energy experiments, one finds beta_0 = 7.86 +/- 0.32 for the one loop coefficient of the beta-function or, assuming QCD, n_f = 4.75 +/- 0.44 for the number of active flavours. These values agree well with the QCD expectation of beta_0=7.67 and n_f=5. A direct measurement of the full logarithmic energy slope excludes light gluinos with a mass below 5 GeV.

71 data tables

1-THRUST distribution.

THRUST-MAJOR distribution.

THRUST-MINOR distribution.

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QCD studies with e+ e- annihilation data at 172-GeV - 189-GeV

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Akesson, P.F. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C16 (2000) 185-210, 2000.
Inspire Record 513476 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49000

We have studied hadronic events from e+e- annihilation data at centre-of-mass energies of sqrt{s}=172, 183 and 189 GeV. The total integrated luminosity of the three samples, measured with the OPAL detector, corresponds to 250 pb^-1. We present distributions of event shape variables, charged particle multiplicity and momentum, measured separately in the three data samples. From these we extract measurements of the strong coupling alpha_s, the mean charged particle multiplicity <nch> and the peak position xi_0 in the xi_p=ln(1/x_p) distribution. In general the data are described well by analytic QCD calculations and Monte Carlo models. Our measured values of alpha_s, <nch> and xi_0 are consistent with previous determinations at sqrt{s}=MZ.

20 data tables

Distribution of Thrust.

Distribution of Thrust Major.

Distribution of Thrust Minor.

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Consistent measurements of alpha(s) from precise oriented event shape distributions

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C14 (2000) 557-584, 2000.
Inspire Record 522656 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13245

An updated analysis using about 1.5 million events recorded at $\sqrt{s} = M_Z$ with the DELPHI detector in 1994 is presented. Eighteen infrared and collinear safe event shape observables are measured as a function of the polar angle of the thrust axis. The data are compared to theoretical calculations in ${\cal O} (\alpha_s^2)$ including the event orientation. A combined fit of $\alpha_s$ and of the renormalization scale $x_{\mu}$ in $\cal O(\alpha_s^2$) yields an excellent description of the high statistics data. The weighted average from 18 observables including quark mass effects and correlations is $\alpha_s(M_Z^2) = 0.1174 \pm 0.0026$. The final result, derived from the jet cone energy fraction, the observable with the smallest theoretical and experimental uncertainty, is $\alpha_s(M_Z^2) = 0.1180 \pm 0.0006 (exp.) \pm 0.0013 (hadr.) \pm 0.0008 (scale) \pm 0.0007 (mass)$. Further studies include an $\alpha_s$ determination using theoretical predictions in the next-to-leading log approximation (NLLA), matched NLLA and $\cal O(\alpha_s^2$) predictions as well as theoretically motivated optimized scale setting methods. The influence of higher order contributions was also investigated by using the method of Pad\'{e} approximants. Average $\alpha_s$ values derived from the different approaches are in good agreement.

33 data tables

The weighted value of ALPHA-S from all the measured observables using experimentally optimized renormalization scale values and corrected for the b-mass toleading order.

The value of ALPHA-S derived from the JCEF and corrected for heavy quark mass effects. The quoted errors are respectively due to experimental error, hadronization, renormalization scale and heavy quark mass correction uncertainties.

Energy Energy Correlation EEC.

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Energy dependence of event shapes and of alpha(s) at LEP-2

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B456 (1999) 322-340, 1999.
Inspire Record 499183 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49129
47 data tables

Moments of the (1-THRUST) distributions at cm energies 133, 161, 172 and 183 GeV.

Moments of the Thrust Major distributions at cm energies 133, 161, 172 and 183 GeV.

Moments of the Thrust Minor distributions at cm energies 133, 161, 172 and 183 GeV.

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Observation of Planar Three Jet Events in e+ e- Annihilation and Evidence for Gluon Bremsstrahlung

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Canzler, T. ; Cords, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B91 (1980) 142-147, 1980.
Inspire Record 143985 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6339
2 data tables

THRUST AND PLANARITY DISTRIBUTIONS. FINAL (BETTER) THRUST DISTRIBUTIONS WITH DETECTOR CORRECTIONS TO BE PUBLISHED LATER.

No description provided.


Tests of Quantum Chromodynamics and a Direct Measurement of the Strong Coupling Constant $\alpha_S$ at $\sqrt{s}=30$-{GeV}

Barber, D.P. ; Becker, U. ; Benda, H. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B89 (1979) 139-144, 1979.
Inspire Record 143680 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6483
2 data tables

OBLATENESS AND THRUST DISTRIBUTIONS FOR NARROW AND BROAD JETS AT 30 GEV. THESE DATA ARE SOMEWHAT ANALYSIS AND DETECTOR DEPENDENT.

No description provided.


Observation of Charge Asymmetry in Hadron Jets From $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at $\sqrt{s}=29$-{GeV}

Ash, W. ; Band, H. ; Camporesi, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 58 (1987) 1080, 1987.
Inspire Record 231267 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20184
1 data table

Measured differential cross section after efficiency and radiative cross sections. THETA is the polar-angle of the thrust axis defined to be the angle between the direction of the incident positron and the thrust axis taken in the direction of the positron jet. Numerical values requested from the authors. Data are normalised to the total expected QED cross section.


Determination of $\alpha_s$ in First and Second Order {QCD} From $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation Into Hadrons

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C26 (1984) 157, 1984.
Inspire Record 203143 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16210
1 data table

No description provided.


Observation of Four - Jet Structure in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at $\sqrt{s}=33$-{GeV}

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Cords, D. ; Dittmann, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B115 (1982) 338-344, 1982.
Inspire Record 177210 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30889
1 data table

No description provided.


Measurement of Transverse Momenta in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation Jets at {PETRA}

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Lackas, W. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C22 (1984) 103, 1984.
Inspire Record 191161 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16268
3 data tables

MEASUREMENTS MADE WITH RESPECT TO THE SPHERICITY AXIS.

MEASUREMENTS MADE WITH RESPECT TO THE THRUST AXIS.

MEASUREMENTS MADE WITH RESPECT TO THE MOST ENERGETIC PARTON AXIS.


Energy Dependence of Jet Measures in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Grigull, R. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C12 (1982) 297, 1982.
Inspire Record 169193 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16424
12 data tables

DIFFERENTIAL THRUST DISTRIBUTIONS WHERE THRUST IS MAX(SUM(ABS(PLONG))/SUM(ABS(P))).

MEAN THRUST VALUES AS A FUNCTION OF CM ENERGY.

DIFFERENTIAL SPERICITY DISTRIBUTIONS WHERE SPHERICITY IS 3/2*MIN(SUM(PT**2)/SUM(ABS(P))).

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PHYSICS WITH HIGH-ENERGY ELECTRON POSITRON COLLIDING BEAMS WITH THE MARK-J DETECTOR

The MARK-J AACHEN-DESY-MIT-NIKHEF-BEIJING collaborations Barber, D.P. ; Becker, U. ; Benda, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rept. 63 (1980) 337-391, 1980.
Inspire Record 158857 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27618
4 data tables

SUMMARY OF RESULTS FOR R FROM TOTAL OF 2595 HADRON EVENTS. INCLUDES RED = 1046, 1079, 1072 AND 1114.

MEAN THRUST AND THRUST DISTRIBUTION (1/N)*DN/DTHRUST AT 13, 17, 22 AND 30 GEV. SOMEWHAT DETECTOR DEPENDENT. INCLUDES RED = 1079 AND 1072. SEE ALSO RED = 1114. ALSO JET ANALYSIS USING FOX-WOLFRAM MOMENTS.

OBLATENESS DISTRIBUTION AT 17 AND 27.4 TO 31.6 GEV. SEE RED = 1146.

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Discovery of Three Jet Events and a Test of Quantum Chromodynamics at PETRA Energies

Barber, D.P. ; Becker, U. ; Benda, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 43 (1979) 830, 1979.
Inspire Record 142085 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20742
1 data table

AVERAGE OBLATENESS AS A FUNCTION OF SQRT(S) AND OF THRUST AND OBLATENESS DISTRIBUTION (1/N)*DN/DOBLATENESS AT 17 AND 27.4 TO 31.6 GEV. THESE DATA ARE RATHER DETECTOR DEPENDENT.


Evidence for Planar Events in e+ e- Annihilation at High-Energies

The TASSO collaboration Brandelik, R. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Gather, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B86 (1979) 243-249, 1979.
Inspire Record 142123 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27312
1 data table

NORMALIZED TRANSVERSE MOMENTUM DISTRIBUTION WITH RESPECT TO THE SPHERICITY AXIS AT 13, 17, AND 27.4 TO 31.6 GEV.