Measurement of triple gauge boson couplings of the $W$ boson at LEP

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B467 (1999) 171-184, 1999.
Inspire Record 508078 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35044

We report on measurements of the triple-gauge-boson couplings of the W boson in e+e- collisions with the L3 detector at LEP. W-pair, single-W and single-photon events are analysed in a data sample corresponding to a total luminosity of 76.7 pb^{-1} collected at centre-of-mass energies between 161 GeV and 183 GeV. CP-conserving as well as both C- and P-conserving triple-gauge-boson couplings are determined. The results, in good agreement with the Standard-Model expectations, confirm the existence of the self coupling among the electroweak gauge bosons and constrain its structure.

12 data tables

The errors are statistical. Two-parameter fit.

The errors are statistical. Two-parameter fit.

The errors are statistical. Two-parameter fit.

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Measurement of $W$ boson polarizations and CP violating triple gauge couplings from $W^{+} W^{-}$ production at LEP

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C19 (2001) 229-240, 2001.
Inspire Record 533112 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49856

Measurements are presented of the polarisation of W+W- boson pairs produced in e+e- collisions, and of CP-violating WWZ and WWGamma trilinear gauge couplings. The data were recorded by the OPAL experiment at LEP during 1998, where a total integrated luminosity of 183 pb^-1 was obtained at a centre-of-mass energy of 189 GeV. The measurements are performed through a spin density matrix analysis of the W boson decay products. The fraction of W bosons produced with longitudinal polarisation was found to be sigma_L/sigma_total = (21.0 +- 3.3 +- 1.6)% where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The joint W boson pair production fractions were found to be sigma_TT/sigma_total = (78.1 +- 9.0 +- 3.2) %, sigma_LL/sigma_total = (20.1 +- 7.2 +- 1.8) % and sigma_TL/sigma_total = (1.8 +- 14.7 +- 3.8) %. In the CP-violating trilinear gauge coupling sector we find kappa_z = -0.20 +0.10 -0.07, g^z_4 = -0.02 +0.32 -0.33 and lambda_z = -0.18 +0.24 -0.16, where errors include both statistical and systematic uncertainties. In each case the coupling is determined with all other couplings set to their Standard Model values except those related to the measured coupling via SU(2)_LxU(1)_Y symmetry. These results are consistent with Standard Model expectations.

4 data tables

Individual W-boson transverse polarised cross-sections.

Individual W-boson longitudinal polarised cross-sections.

W pair polarized cross-sections. (C=TT), (C=LL), and (C=TL) stand for both W transversely polarised, for both W longitudinally polarised, and for transversely and longitudinally polarisedW-bosons, respectively.

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Measurement of triple gauge boson couplings from $W^{+} W^{-}$ production at LEP energies up to 189-GeV

The OPAL collaboration
Eur.Phys.J. C19 (2001) 1-14, 2001.
Inspire Record 533113 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49847

A measurement of triple gauge boson couplings is presented, based on W-pair data recorded by the OPAL detector at LEP during 1998 at a centre-of-mass energy of 189 GeV with an integrated luminosity of 183 pb^-1. After combining with our previous measurements at centre-of-mass energies of 161-183 GeV we obtain k_g=0.97 +0.20 -0.16, g_1^z=0.991 +0.060 -0.057 and lambda_g=-0.110 +0.058 -0.055, where the errors include both statistical and systematic uncertainties and each coupling is determined by setting the other two couplings to their SM values. These results are consistent with the Standard Model expectations.

1 data table

Triple gauge boson couplings. All systematic errors are added in quadrature.


Measurement of triple gauge boson couplings at LEP energies up to 189-GeV

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C21 (2001) 423-441, 2001.
Inspire Record 555574 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49832

The triple gauge-boson couplings involving the W are determined using data samples collected with the ALEPH detector at mean centre-of-mass energies of 183 GeV and 189 GeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 57 pb^-1 and 174 pb^-1, respectively. The couplings, g^Z_1, Kappa_gamma and lambda_gamma, are measured using W-pair events, single-W production and single-gamma production. Each coupling is measured individually with the other two coupling fixed at their Standard Model value. Including ALEPH results from lower energies, the 95% confidence level intervals for the deviation to the Standard Model are -0.087 < Dg^Z_1 < 0.141 -0.200 < DKappa_gamma < 0.258 -0.062 < Lambda_gamma < 0.147. Fits are also presented where two or all three couplings are allowed to vary. In addition, W-pair events are used to set limits on the C- or P-violating couplings g^V_4, g^V_5, Kappa_V, and Lambda_V, where V denotes either gamma or Z. No deviations from the Standard Model expectations are observed.

4 data tables

The errors included the statistical and systematic uncertainties. Deviation from SM values.

The errors included the statistical and systematic uncertainties. Combined results, lower sqrt(s) data are also included.

The errors included the statistical and systematic uncertainties. Combined results, lower sqrt(s) data are also included. Three-parameter fit.

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Measurement of trilinear gauge boson couplings WWV, (V = Z, gamma) in e+ e- collisions at 189-GeV

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B502 (2001) 9-23, 2001.
Inspire Record 553351 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49769

Measurements of the trilinear gauge boson couplings WWgamma and WWZ are presented using the data taken by DELPHI in 1998 at a centre-of-mass energy of 189 GeV and combined with DELPHI data at 183 GeV. Values are determined for Delta(g_1^Z) and Delta(kappa_gamma), the differences of the WWZ charge coupling and of the WWgamma dipole coupling from their Standard Model values, and for lambda_gamma, the WWgamma quadrupole coupling. A measurement of the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment of the W is extracted from the results for Delta(kappa_gamma) and lambda_gamma. The study uses data from the final states jjlv, jjjj, lX, jjX and gammaX, where j represents a quark jet, l an identified lepton and X missing four-momentum. The observations are consistent with the predictions of the Standard Model.

1 data table

No description provided.


Measurement of the $W$ pair production cross-section and $W$ decay branching fractions in $e^{+} e^{-}$ interactions at $\sqrt{S}$ = 189-GeV

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B496 (2000) 19-33, 2000.
Inspire Record 531766 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49879

The data collected by the L3 experiment at LEP at a centre-of-mass energy of 188.6 GeV are used to measure the W-pair production cross section and the W-boson decay branching fractions. These data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 176.8pb^-1. The total cross section for W-pair production, combining all final states, is measured to be sigma_WW = 16.24 +/- 0.37(stat.) +/- 0.22(syst.) pb. Including our data collected at lower centre-of-mass energies, the hadronic branching fraction of the W-boson is determined to be B(W ->qq) = [68.20 +/- 0.68 (stat.) +/- 0.33 (syst.) ] %. The results agree with the Standard Model predictions.

2 data tables

Quoted cross sections with W-boson decays (i.e. W +- < ... >) mean the cross sections times the corresponding branching ratios.

VCS is the CKM matrix element.


Direct observation of longitudinally polarized $W^\pm$ bosons

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B474 (2000) 194-204, 2000.
Inspire Record 509581 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49002

The three different helicity states of W bosons, produced in the reaction e+e- -> W+W- -> l nu q q~ are studied using leptonic and hadronic W decays at sqrt{s}=183GeV and 189GeV. The W polarisation is also measured as a function of the scattering angle between the W- and the direction of the e- beam. The analysis demonstrates that W bosons are produced with all three helicities, the longitudinal and the two transverse states. Combining the results from the two center-of-mass energies and with leptonic and hadronic W decays, the fraction of longitudinally polarised W bosons is measured to be 0.261 +/- 0.051(stat.) +/- 0.016(syst.) in agreement with the expectation from the Standard Model.

1 data table

Fraction of longitudinally polarized W bosons. Combined results from 183 and 189 GeV.


W pair production cross-section and W branching fractions in e+ e- interactions at 183-GeV

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B456 (1999) 310-321, 1999.
Inspire Record 499181 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49182
2 data tables

No description provided.

VCB is the KCM matrix element.


Color reconnection studies in e+ e- ---> W+ W- at S**(1/2) = 183-GeV

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B453 (1999) 153-168, 1999.
Inspire Record 482314 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47315

The predicted effects of final state interactions such as colour reconnection are investigated by measuring properties of hadronic decays of W bosons, recorded at a centre-of-mass energy of sqrt(s)=182.7 GeV in the OPAL detector at LEP. Dependence on the modelling of hadronic W decays is avoided by comparing W+W- -> qqqq events with the non-leptonic component of W+W- -> qqlnu events. The scaled momentum distribution, its mean value, x_p, and that of the charged particle multiplicity, n_ch, are measured and found to be consistent in the two channels. The measured differences are: Diff(x_p) = +0.7 +- 0.8 +- 0.6 and Diff(n_ch) = (-0.09 +- 0.09 +-0.05)*10**-2. In addition, measurements of rapidity and thrust are performed for W+W- -> qqqq events. The data are described well by standard QCD models and disfavour one model of colour reconnection within the ARIADNE program. The current implementation of the ELLIS-GEIGER model of colour reconnection is excluded. At the current level of statistical precision no evidence for colour reconnection effects was found in the observables studied. The predicted effect of colour reconnection on OPAL measurements of M_W is also quantified in the context of models studied.

1 data table

Here Z is defined as Z = 2*P(C=HADRON)/SQRT(S).


Measurement of the triple gauge boson coupling $\alpha$ (w $\phi^{)}$ from $W^{+} W^{-}$ production in $e^{+} e^{-}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 161-GeV

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B397 (1997) 147-157, 1997.
Inspire Record 440102 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47516
1 data table

ALPHA-W-PHI is the triple gauge boson couplings (TGC). For definition see 'Physics at LEP2', Ed. G. Altarelli, CERN 96-01 (1996), vol. 1.