We report a study of 20 exclusive reactions measured at the AGS at 5.9 GeV/c incident momentum, 90° center of mass. This experiment confirms the strong quark flow dependence of two-body hadron-hadron scattering at large angle. At 9.9 GeV/c an upper limit had been set for the ratio of cross sections for (p¯p→p¯p)(pp→pp) at 90° c.m., with the ratio less than 4%. The present experiment was performed at lower energy to gain sensitivity, but was still within the fixed angle scaling region. A ratio R(p¯ppp)≈140 was measured at 5.9 GeV/c, 90° c.m. in comparison to a ratio near 1.7 for small angle scattering. In addition, many other reactions were measured, often for the first time at 90° c.m. in the scaling region, using beams of π±, K±, p, and p¯ on a hydrogen target. There are similar large differences in cross sections for other reactions: R(K−p→π+Σ−K−p→π−Σ+)≈112, for example. The relative magnitudes of the different cross sections are consistent with the dominance of quark interchange in these 90° reactions, and indicate that pure gluon exchange and quark-antiquark annihilation diagrams are much less important. The angular dependence of several elastic cross sections and the energy dependence at a fixed angle of many of the reactions are also presented.
Cross sections at 90 degrees in the centre-of-mass.
CORRECTED TO INCLUDE BW TAILS AND THE FRACTION OF EVENTS OUTSIDE THE T-ACCEPTANCE OF THE SPECTROMETER.
FITS OF THE FORM -A*TP*EXP(BTP) ARE MADE BY THE AUTHORS AND THE VALUES OF A AND B ARE GIVEN HERE. MASS REGIONS OF THE FIT ARE:-. K*(890) 0.84 < M <0.94 GEV. K*(1430) 1.36 < M <1.5 GEV. K*(1780) 1.68 < M <1.88 GEV.
FITS OF FORM -A*TP*EXP(BTP) ARE MADE BY THE AUTHORS AND THE VALUES OF A AND B ARE GIVEN HERE. MASS REGIONS OF THE FIT ARE:-. K*(890) 0.84 < M <0.94 GEV. K*(1430) 1.36 < M <1.5 GEV. K*(1780) 1.68 < M <1.88 GEV.
NORMALIZATION...FROM MASS-CUT BUT RENORMALIZED TO GIVE SAME INTEGERATED CROSS-SECTION AS OVERALL BREIT-WIGNER FIT.
NUMERICAL VALUES TAKEN FROM THE COMPILATION LST7V2 FOX 72B.
Mesons decaying into π 0 or η and one charged meson were studied using a liquid-argon calorimeter in a non-magnetic double-arm spectrometer. Cross sections and energy dependences are presented. The ϱ ± production mechanisms are discussed in detail: ω and π exchange contribute the largest fractions, but also A 2 exchange is present. ϱ ± production by ω exchange is shown to follow the energy behaviour predicted by the Regge trajectory α ω ( t ) = 0.4 − | t |.
Axis error includes +- 0.0/0.0 contribution (13 TO 25////STATISTICAL ERRORS ARE SMALLER THAN THE SYSTEMATIC ERRORS).
We have measured 618 K + p → π + K S 0 p events at 12.7 GeV/ c incident lab momentum, mass range 790 ⩽ m π + K s 0 ⩽ 990 MeV and t range 0.01 ⩽ − t ⩽ 0.60 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The π + K S 0 mass spectrum is dominated by the K ∗+ (892) resonance and a Breit-Wigner fit yields a mass m = 893.5 ± 1.1 MeV and a width Γ = 33.2 ± 4.1 MeV which is much narrower than measured hitherto. The t distribution of K ∗+ (892) events shows a dip in the forward direction and an exponential fall off thereafter, consistent with dominance of helicity flip amplitudes. The spin density matrix is almost saturated by ρ 11 and ρ 1−1 which are very close to their maximum allowed value of 1 2 throughout the measured t range except in the very forward direction where ρ 00 and Re ρ 10 deviate from zero. Natural parity exchanges, therefore, dominate with unnatural parity exchanges being restricted to a small region in the forward direction. A Regge pole analysis of the differential cross sections of the present measurement in conjunction with previously measured total cross sections supports the f-coupled-pomeron hypothesis.
SUBTRACTED BACKGROUND IS PHASE SPACE.
SUBTRACTED BACKGROUND IS AN INCOHERENT S-WAVE WITH EXPONENTIAL T-DEPENDENCE WITH SLOPE OF 6 GEV**-2.
Axis error includes +- 15/15 contribution.
INCLUDING 1 PCT SYSTEMATIC ERROR ON CORRECTIONS.
FIT 'A', ALLOWING FOR DELTA-K* INTERFERENCE (TWO OTHER FITS GIVEN IN PAPER).
S-CHANNEL HELICITY FRAME.
The production and decay of the quasi-two-body final states KΔ(1232) and K ∗ (892)N produced in K + d interactions below 1.5 GeV/ c have been studied in a bubble chamber experiment.
RESONANCE CROSS SECTIONS COMPUTED BY MULTIPLYING THE PRODUCTION PERCENTAGES GIVEN BY THE INTERFERENCE MODEL BY THE CHANNEL CROSS SECTIONS GIVEN IN G. GIACOMELLI ET AL., NP B37, 577 (1972).
DIFFERENTIAL CROSS SECTIONS FROM DEUTERIUM DATA, NORMALIZED TO THE EXPERIMENTAL INTEGRATED CROSS SECTIONS QUOTED IN T 2.
LEGENDRE COEFFICIENTS FROM DEUTERIUM DATA.
FROM K0 P PI+ FINAL STATE.
DOUBLE RESONANCE CHANNEL CROSS SECTIONS CORRECTED FOR BACKGROUND, BREIT-WIGNER TAILS AND DIFFRACTIVE PROCESSES.
Data are presented on the production of the KN π final states in K + p interactions at 7.3 GeV/ c . The energy dependence of the KN π final state cross sections, the effective-mass distributions, and the spectra of c.m. longitudinal momenta are given, and features of these data are compared with predictions of the generalized Veneziano (GV) model. Furthermore, we present the momentum transfer and decay angular distributions for K ∗ (890), K ∗ (1420) and Δ (1236) production within the KN π final states and discuss these quasi-two-body reactions in terms of the GV model.
BREIT-WIGNER RESONANCE FITS WITH BACKGROUND CONTRIBUTION.
BREIT-WIGNER RESONANCE FITS WITH BACKGROUND.
CORRECTED FOR BACKGROUND, BREIT-WIGNER TAILS AND T-ACCEPTANCE. SYSTEMATIC ERROR INCLUDED.
DATA FOR K PI PRODUCTION AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS ARE IN THE PRECEDING PAPER, R. BALDI ET AL., NP B134, 365 (1978).
BREIT-WIGNERS PLUS PHASE SPACE TO DETERMINE RESONANCE PRODUCTION CROSS SECTIONS.
DATA AT NEIGHBOURING MOMENTA ARE GROUPED TOGETHER. THE RESONANCE PRODUCTION TOTAL CROSS SECTIONS ARE FITTED BY P**-N. THIS TABLE GIVES THE VALUES FOR EACH GROUP OF MOMENTA OF THE FITTED TOTAL CROSS SECTIONS WHICH ARE USED TO NORMALIZE THE DIFFERENTIAL CROSS SECTIONS.