PARTIAL CROSS SECTIONS. DATA AT 1.305 TO 1.434 GEV/C FOR FINAL STATES K- P, K- P PI0 AND K- N PI+ COME FROM THE HAIFA GROUP, S. DADO ET AL.
We report a study of 20 exclusive reactions measured at the AGS at 5.9 GeV/c incident momentum, 90° center of mass. This experiment confirms the strong quark flow dependence of two-body hadron-hadron scattering at large angle. At 9.9 GeV/c an upper limit had been set for the ratio of cross sections for (p¯p→p¯p)(pp→pp) at 90° c.m., with the ratio less than 4%. The present experiment was performed at lower energy to gain sensitivity, but was still within the fixed angle scaling region. A ratio R(p¯ppp)≈140 was measured at 5.9 GeV/c, 90° c.m. in comparison to a ratio near 1.7 for small angle scattering. In addition, many other reactions were measured, often for the first time at 90° c.m. in the scaling region, using beams of π±, K±, p, and p¯ on a hydrogen target. There are similar large differences in cross sections for other reactions: R(K−p→π+Σ−K−p→π−Σ+)≈112, for example. The relative magnitudes of the different cross sections are consistent with the dominance of quark interchange in these 90° reactions, and indicate that pure gluon exchange and quark-antiquark annihilation diagrams are much less important. The angular dependence of several elastic cross sections and the energy dependence at a fixed angle of many of the reactions are also presented.
Cross sections at 90 degrees in the centre-of-mass.
CORRECTED TO INCLUDE BW TAILS AND THE FRACTION OF EVENTS OUTSIDE THE T-ACCEPTANCE OF THE SPECTROMETER.
FITS OF THE FORM -A*TP*EXP(BTP) ARE MADE BY THE AUTHORS AND THE VALUES OF A AND B ARE GIVEN HERE. MASS REGIONS OF THE FIT ARE:-. K*(890) 0.84 < M <0.94 GEV. K*(1430) 1.36 < M <1.5 GEV. K*(1780) 1.68 < M <1.88 GEV.
FITS OF FORM -A*TP*EXP(BTP) ARE MADE BY THE AUTHORS AND THE VALUES OF A AND B ARE GIVEN HERE. MASS REGIONS OF THE FIT ARE:-. K*(890) 0.84 < M <0.94 GEV. K*(1430) 1.36 < M <1.5 GEV. K*(1780) 1.68 < M <1.88 GEV.
Mesons decaying into π 0 or η and one charged meson were studied using a liquid-argon calorimeter in a non-magnetic double-arm spectrometer. Cross sections and energy dependences are presented. The ϱ ± production mechanisms are discussed in detail: ω and π exchange contribute the largest fractions, but also A 2 exchange is present. ϱ ± production by ω exchange is shown to follow the energy behaviour predicted by the Regge trajectory α ω ( t ) = 0.4 − | t |.
Axis error includes +- 0.0/0.0 contribution (13 TO 25////STATISTICAL ERRORS ARE SMALLER THAN THE SYSTEMATIC ERRORS).
<AK0 PI-> EFFECTIVE-MASS DISTRIBUTION FITTED WITH BREIT-WIGNER FUNCTIONS AND CUBIC POLYNOMIAL BACKGROUND. FITTED MASS OF KN(1800)- IS 1762 +- 9 MEV.
THE LARGE BACKGROUND UNDER THE K*(1420)- IS SUBTRACTED USING A LINEAR FIT.
NOT CORRECTED FOR PRESENCE OF BACKGROUND.
CHANNELS CONTRIBUTING TO K- P --> AK0 PI- P. M/ETA IS ABSOLUTE VALUE OF Z-COMPONENT OF SPIN/EXCHANGE NATURALITY.
THESE CROSS SECTIONS ARE GIVEN IN TABLE 1B OF W. CAMERON ET AL., NP B146, 327 (1978).
LEGENDRE POLYNOMIAL COEFFICIENTS FOR ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION OF CROSS SECTION.
LEGENDRE POLYNOMIAL COEFFICIENTS FOR ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION OF DENSITY MATRIX ELEMENT RHO(MM=33,XYZ=SH).
FROM AK0 P PI- FINAL STATE.
DOUBLE RESONANCE CHANNEL CROSS SECTIONS FROM BREIT-WIGNER FIT CORRECTED FOR BACKGROUND AND DIFFRACTIVE PROCESSES.
CORRECTED FOR BACKGROUND, BREIT-WIGNER TAILS AND T-ACCEPTANCE. SYSTEMATIC ERROR INCLUDED.
DATA FOR K PI PRODUCTION AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS ARE IN THE PRECEDING PAPER, R. BALDI ET AL., NP B134, 365 (1978).
MEASURED OFF GRAPH.
MEASURED OFF GRAPH.
PARTIAL WAVE ANALYSIS ASSUMING SPIN-COHERENCE TO OBTAIN SPIN-PARITY STRUCTURE AND T DEPENDENCE OF P-WAVE AND D-WAVE AMPLITUDES.
NORMALIZED TO SIG(K- P --> ANYTHING) OF 24.3 +- 0.8 MB.
FORWARD CROSS SECTION OPTICAL POINT FROM TWO PARAMETER EXPONENTIAL FIT OVER 0.12 < -T < 0.68 GEV**2.
THE ERRORS QUOTED (EXCEPT FOR THE FIRST REACTION) ARE MAINLY AN ESTIMATE OF THE SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTIES.