Errors of F2(D) are the estimated total uncertainties and those on the ratio and difference are statistical only.
Values of the Gottfried Sum Rule integral (GS) defined as the integral between X(C=MIN) and X = 0.8 of (F2(P)-F2(N))DX/X.
The second systematic (DSYS) error is due to QCD evolution.
First moments of the fitted function G1 evaluated on unmeasured X regions. Total uncertainties due to experimental systematics and theoretical sourc es in the QCD evolution.
First moment of fitted G1 evaluated on the whole X region.
Measurements of the transverse virtual photon asymmetry A2. Statistical errors only.
The virtual-photon deuteron cross section asymmetry A1 from the combined SMC data. Statistical errors only.
The spin dependent structure function G1(D).
We have measured the spin-dependent structure function $g_1~p$ in inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of polarized muons off polarized protons, in the kinematic range $0.003 < x < 0.7$ and $1 GeV~2 < Q~2 < 60 GeV~2$. A next-to-leading order QCD analysis is used to evolve the measured $g_1~p(x,Q~2)$ to a fixed $Q~2_0$. The first moment of $g_1~p$ at $Q~2_0 = 10 GeV~2$ is $\Gamma~p = 0.136\pm 0.013(stat.) \pm 0.009(syst.)\pm 0.005(evol.)$. This result is below the prediction of the Ellis-Jaffe sum rule by more than two standard deviations. The singlet axial charge $a_0$ is found to be $0.28 \pm 0.16$. In the Adler-Bardeen factorization scheme, $\Delta g \simeq 2$ is required to bring $\Delta \Sigma$ in agreement with the Quark-Parton Model. A combined analysis of all available proton and deuteron data confirms the Bjorken sum rule.
Data for Q**2 > 1 GeV**2.
Data for Q**2 > 0.2 GeV**2.
Statistical errors only.
First moment of the spin-dependent structure function G1.
Merged 90 and 280 GeV data.