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Pion and kaon production in central Pb + Pb collisions at 20-A and 30-A-GeV: Evidence for the onset of deconfinement

The NA49 collaboration Alt, C. ; Anticic, T. ; Baatar, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C77 (2008) 024903, 2008.
Inspire Record 762554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25169

Results on charged pion and kaon production in central Pb+Pb collisions at 20A and 30A GeV are presented and compared to data at lower and higher energies. A rapid change of the energy dependence is observed around 30A GeV for the yields of pions and kaons as well as for the shape of the transverse mass spectra. The change is compatible with the prediction that the threshold for production of a state of deconfined matter at the early stage of the collisions is located at low SPS energies.

13 data tables

Transverse mass spectra for pion production in the central rapidity region for collisions at 20 GeV per nucleon.

Transverse mass spectra for pion production in the central rapidity region for collisions at 30 GeV per nucleon.

Transverse mass spectra for kaon production in the central rapidity region for collisions at 20 GeV per nucleon.

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Excitation function of K+ and pi+ production in Au + Au reactions at 2/A-GeV to 10/A-GeV

The E866 E917 collaborations Ahle, L. ; Akiba, Y. ; Ashktorab, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B476 (2000) 1-8, 2000.
Inspire Record 508374 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28038

Positive pion and kaon production from Au+Au reactions have been measured as a function of beam energy over the range 2.0-10.7~AGeV. Both the kaon and the pion production cross-sections at mid-rapidity are observed to increase steadily with beam kinetic energy. The ratio of K$^+$ to $\pi^+$ mid-rapidity yields increases from 0.0271$\pm0.0015\pm0.0014$ at 2.0~AGeV to 0.202$\pm0.005\pm0.010$ at 10.7~AGeV and is larger than the K$^+$/$\pi^+$ ratio from p+p reactions over the same beam energy region. There is no indication of an onset of any new production mechanism in heavy-ion reactions in this energy range beyond rescattering of hadrons.

4 data tables

The centrality selection at each beam energy is the most central 5% of the total interaction cross-section (SIG(C=interaction) = 6.8b). A single exponential function in MT was fit simultaneously to the two kaonspectra at each beam energy D2(N)/D(MT)/D(YRAP)/2/PI/MT=D(N)/D(YRAP)/2/PI/T/(T+ M(KAON))/EXP((MT-M(KAON))/T). The fits reproduce the spectra well with two free parameters, the inverse slope parameter T and the rapidity density, D(N)/D(YRAP)in that rapidity slice. The mid-rapidity range for 2, 4, 6, 8 AGeV is ABS((YRAP-Ynn)/Ynn) < 0.25, for 10.7 AGeV the width is ABS((YRAP-Ynn)/Ynn) < 0.125, where Ynn is mid-rapidity in the laboratory frame. The errors are statistical only. The 1.96, 4. and 10.74 GeV are E866 data, another - E917 data.

The centrality selection at each beam energy is the most central 5% of the total interaction cross-section (SIG(C=interaction) = 6.8b). A single exponential function in MT was fit simultaneously to the two kaonspectra at each beam energy D2(N)/D(MT)/D(YRAP)/2/PI/MT=D(N)/D(YRAP)/2/PI/T/(T+ M(KAON))/EXP((MT-M(KAON))/T). The fits reproduce the spectra well with two free parameters, the inverse slope parameter T and the rapidity density, D(N)/D(YRAP)in that rapidity slice. The mid-rapidity range for 2, 4, 6, 8 AGeV is ABS((YRAP-Ynn)/Ynn) < 0.25, for 10.7 AGeV the width is ABS((YRAP-Ynn)/Ynn) < 0.125, where Ynn is mid-rapidity in the laboratory frame. The errors are statistical only. The 1.96, 4. and 10.74 GeV are E866 data, another - E917 data.

The centrality selection at each beam energy is the most central 5% of the total interaction cross-section (SIG(C=interaction) = 6.8b). The spectra were fit with a scaled exponential, D2(N)/D(YRAP)/D(MT)/2/PI/MT=D(N)/D(YRAP)/2/PI/(T**(2-L))/GAMMA(2-L,M(PION)/T)/MT**L/EXP(MT/T), where GAMMA(2-L,M(PION)/T), the complementary incomplete gamma function, is introduced in the normalization so that D(N)/D(YRAP) is a fitted parameter (and other free parameters are L and T). The mid-rapidity range for 2, 4 (E866 data), 6, 8 AGeV (E917 data) beam energy is ABS((YRAP-Ynn)/Ynn) < 0.25, for 10.7 AGeV (E917 data) the width is ABS((YRAP-Ynn)/Ynn) <0.125, where Ynn is mid-rapidity in the laboratory frame. The errors are statistical only.

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Centrality dependence of pi+ / pi-, K+ / K-, p and anti-p production from s(NN)**(1/2) = 13-=GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC

The PHENIX collaboration Adcox, K. ; Adler, S.S. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 242301, 2002.
Inspire Record 568437 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19421

Identified pi^[+/-] K^[+/-], p and p-bar transverse momentum spectra at mid-rapidity in sqrt(s_NN)=130 GeV Au-Au collisions were measured by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC as a function of collision centrality. Average transverse momenta increase with the number of participating nucleons in a similar way for all particle species. The multiplicity densities scale faster than the number of participating nucleons. Kaon and nucleon yields per participant increase faster than the pion yields. In central collisions at high transverse momenta (p_T greater than 2 GeV/c), anti-proton and proton yields are comparable to the pion yields.

21 data tables

Transverse momentum spectra for PI+ in the midrapidity range for the centrality region 0 to 5 PCT. Errors are combined statistical and systematics.

Transverse momentum spectra for PI- in the midrapidity range for the centrality region 0 to 5 PCT. Errors are combined statistical and systematics.

Transverse momentum spectra for K+ in the midrapidity range for the centrality region 0 to 5 PCT. Errors are combined statistical and systematics.

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Energy dependence of pion and kaon production in central Pb + Pb collisions

The NA49 collaboration Afanasiev, S.V. ; Anticic, T. ; Barna, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C66 (2002) 054902, 2002.
Inspire Record 586383 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31729

Measurements of charged pion and kaon production in central Pb+Pb collisions at 40, 80 and 158 AGeV are presented. These are compared with data at lower and higher energies as well as with results from p+p interactions. The mean pion multiplicity per wounded nucleon increases approximately linearly with s_NN^1/4 with a change of slope starting in the region 15-40 AGeV. The change from pion suppression with respect to p+p interactions, as observed at low collision energies, to pion enhancement at high energies occurs at about 40 AGeV. A non-monotonic energy dependence of the ratio of K^+ to pi^+ yields is observed, with a maximum close to 40 AGeV and an indication of a nearly constant value at higher energies.The measured dependences may be related to an increase of the entropy production and a decrease of the strangeness to entropy ratio in central Pb+Pb collisions in the low SPS energy range, which is consistent with the hypothesis that a transient state of deconfined matter is created above these energies. Other interpretations of the data are also discussed.

33 data tables

The centrality of the collisions expressed as a percentage of the inelastic cross section (7.15nb), and the mean numbers of wounded nuclei.

The inverse slope parameter of the fitted transverse mass spectra.

The rapidity density averaged over the rapidity interval -0.6 to 0.6.

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Strange meson enhancement in Pb Pb collisions

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I. ; Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B471 (1999) 6-12, 1999.
Inspire Record 504074 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31360
4 data tables

Inverse slope paramters of the (1/MT)*DN/DMT distribution.

Rapidity distributions for K+ and K- production.. Statistical and systematic errors added in quadrature.

Rapidity distributions for PI+ and PI- production.. Statistical and systematic errors added in quadrature.

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Ratios of charged anti-particles to particles near mid-rapidity in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The PHOBOS collaboration Back, B.B. ; Baker, M.D. ; Barton, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 102301, 2001.
Inspire Record 555572 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41707

We have measured the ratios of antiparticles to particles for charged pions, kaons and protons near mid-rapidity in central Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeV. For protons, we observe pbar/p = 0.60 +/- 0.04 (stat.) +/- 0.06 (syst.) in the transverse momentum range 0.15 < p_T < 1.0 GeV/c. This leads to an estimate of the baryo-chemical potential mu_B of 45 MeV, a factor of 5-6 smaller than in central Pb+Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 17.2 GeV.

1 data table

130 GeV is sqrt(S) per nucleon-nucleon collision.


An Excitation function of K- and K+ production in Au + Au reactions at the AGS

The E866 E917 collaborations Ahle, L. ; Akiba, Y. ; Ashktorab, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B490 (2000) 53-60, 2000.
Inspire Record 531905 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31473

Mid-rapidity spectra and yields of K$^-$ and K$^+$ have been measured for Au+Au collisions at 4, 6, 8, and 10.7 AGeV. The K$^-$ yield increases faster with beam energy than for K$^+$ and hence the K$^-$/K$^+$ ratio increases with beam energy. This ratio is studied as a function of both $\sqrt{s}$ and $\sqrt{s}$-$\sqrt{s_{th}}$ which allows the direct comparison of the kaon yields with respect to the production threshold in p+p reactions. For equal $\sqrt{s}$ - $\sqrt{s_{th}}$ the measured ratio K$^-$/K$^+$=0.2 at energies above threshold in contrast to the K$^-$/K$^+$ ratio of near unity observed at energies below threshold. The use of the K$^-$/K$^+$ ratio to test the predicted changes of kaon properties in dense nuclear matter is discussed.

3 data tables

Only statistical errors are presented.

Only statistical errors are presented.

Only statistical errors are presented.


Medium effects in kaon and anti-kaon production in nuclear collisions at subthreshold beam energies

The KaoS collaboration Laue, F. ; Sturm, Christian Thomas ; Bottcher, I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 82 (1999) 1640-1643, 1999.
Inspire Record 493975 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31244

Production cross sections of K$^+$ and K$^-$ mesons have been measured in C+C collisions at beam energies per nucleon below and near the nucleon-nucleon threshold. At a given beam energy, the spectral slopes of the K$^-$ mesons are significantly steeper than the ones of the K$^+$ mesons. The excitation functions for K$^+$ and K$^-$ mesons nearly coincide when correcting for the threshold energy. In contrast, the K$^+$ yield exceeds the K$^-$ yield by a factor of about 100 in proton-proton collisions at beam energies near the respective nucleon-nucleon thresholds.

9 data tables

D3(SIG)/D3(p) is fitted to exp(-E(K)/SLOPE). The quoted erros on the cross sections include systematic effects.

D3(SIG)/D3(p) is fitted to exp(-E(K)/SLOPE). The quoted erros on the cross sections include systematic effects.

D3(SIG)/D3(p) is fitted to exp(-E(K)/SLOPE). The quoted erros on the cross sections include systematic effects.

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Kaon and proton ratios from central Pb + Pb collisions at the CERN SPS

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A638 (1998) 419-422, 1998.
Inspire Record 481886 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36250
2 data tables

Data obtained from the fit of MT spectra.

Data obtained from the fit of MT spectra.


Charged particle production in S S collisions at 200-GeV/c per nucleon

The WA94 collaboration Andrighetto, A. ; Antinori, F. ; Bayes, A.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B412 (1997) 148-154, 1997.
Inspire Record 460283 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28242
3 data tables

Distributions are fitted with (1/MT**1.5)*DSIG/DMT = CONST*EXP(-MT/SLOPE).

1.54 GeV ratio is calculated from the fit to the MT distribution.

1.54 GeV ratio is calculated from the fit to the MT distribution.


K+ production in the reaction Ni-58 + Ni-58 at incident energies from 1-A/GeV to 2-A/GeV

The FOPI collaboration Best, D. ; Herrmann, N. ; Hong, B. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A625 (1997) 307-324, 1997.
Inspire Record 441884 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36288

Semi-inclusive triple differential multiplicity distributions of positively charged kaons have been measured over a wide range in rapidity and transverse mass for central collisions of $~{58}$Ni with $~{58}$Ni nuclei. The transverse mass ($m_t$) spectra have been studied as a function of rapidity at a beam energy 1.93 AGeV. The $m_t$ distributions of K~+ mesons are well described by a single Boltzmann-type function. The spectral slopes are similar to that of the protons indicating that rescattering plays a significant role in the propagation of the kaon. Multiplicity densities have been obtained as a function of rapidity by extrapolating the Boltzmann-type fits to the measured distributions over the remaining phase space. The total K~+ meson yield has been determined at beam energies of 1.06, 1.45, and 1.93 AGeV, and is presented in comparison to existing data. The low total yield indicates that the K~+ meson can not be explained within a hadro-chemical equilibrium scenario, therefore indicating that the yield does remain sensitive to effects related to its production processes such as the equation of state of nuclear matter and/or modifications to the K~+ dispersion relation.

1 data table

No description provided.


Charged kaon and pion production at mid-rapidity in proton nucleus and sulphur nucleus collisions

The NA44 collaboration Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; Dodd, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C59 (1999) 328-335, 1999.
Inspire Record 474831 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25575

The NA44 collaboration has measured charged kaon and pion distributions at midrapidity in sulphur and proton collisions with nuclear targets at 200 and 450 GeV/c per nucleon, respectively. The inverse slopes of kaons are larger than those of pions. The difference in the inverse slopes of pions, kaons and protons, all measured in our spectrometer, increases with system size and is consistent with the buildup of collective flow for larger systems. The target dependence of both the yields and inverse slopes is stronger for the sulphur beam suggesting the increased importance of secondary rescattering for SA reactions. The rapidity density, dN/dy, of both K+ and K- increases more rapidly with system size than for pi+ in a similar rapidity region. This trend continues with increasing centrality, and according to RQMD, it is caused by secondary reactions between mesons and baryons. The K-/K+ ratio falls with increasing system size but more slowly than the pbar/p ratio. The pi-/pi+ ratio is close to unity for all systems. From pBe to SPb the K+/p ratio decreases while K-/pbar increases and ({K+*K-}/{p*pbar})**1/2 stays constant. These data suggest that as larger nuclei collide, the resulting system has a larger transverse expansion, baryon density and an increasing fraction of strange quarks.

8 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Kaon production in nucleus nucleus collisions at 92-MeV per nucleon

Legrain, R. ; Lecolley, J.F. ; Lecolley, F.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C59 (1999) 1464-1471, 1999.
Inspire Record 450061 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47065
1 data table

Three different production modes are assumed: (C=ISOTROPIC) isotropic emmision inthe lab frame with a kinetic energy EKIN(K) = 35 MeV, (C=SPECTRUM) isotropic emmision inthe lab frame with a kinetic energy spectrum from S. Gosh, PR C45,R518, (C=FIREBALL) isotropic emmision in the fireball frame with a kinetic ener gy EKIN(K) = 35 MeV.


Hadron yields and hadron spectra from the NA49 experiment

The NA49 collaboration Jones, P.G. ; Afanasev, S.V. ; Alber, T. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A610 (1996) 188C-199C, 1996.
Inspire Record 432742 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36468
4 data tables

CENTRAL COLLISIONS, PRELIMINARY DATA.

CENTRAL COLLISIONS, PRELIMINARY DATA.

CENTRAL COLLISIONS, PRELIMINARY DATA.

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Hadron distributions: Recent results from the CERN experiment NA44

The NA44 collaboration Xu, N. ; Bearden, I.G. ; Boggild, H. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A610 (1996) 175C-187C, 1996.
Inspire Record 432743 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36469
1 data table

CENTRAL COLLISIONS: SIG(TRIG)/SIG(GEOM)=10%.


Collective expansion in high-energy heavy ion collisions

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 2080-2083, 1997.
Inspire Record 426801 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52345
3 data tables

(1/MT)*d(N)/d(MT) = A *exp(-MT/SLOPE).

(1/MT)*d(N)/d(MT) = A *exp(-MT/SLOPE).

The SLOPE from the parameterization of (1/MT)*d(N)/d(MT) = A*exp(-MT/SLOPE)is fitted as follows SLOPE = CONST(C=1) + M(hadron)*CONST(C=2)**2.


Observation of enhanced subthreshold K+ production in central collisions between heavy nuclei

Miskowiec, D. ; Ahner, W. ; Barth, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 3650-3653, 1994.
Inspire Record 373335 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19695
2 data tables

No description provided.

The total K+ cross section is determined by extrapolating and integrating the double differential cross section d2(sig)/d(p)/d(omega) over momentum and solid angle.


Charged hadron distributions in p A and A-A collisions at the CERN SPS

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I.G. ; Dodd, J. ; Boggild, H. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A590 (1995) 523C-526C, 1995.
Inspire Record 407678 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36504
2 data tables

No description provided.

PRELIMINARY DATA FOR CENTRAL EVENTS.


Directed flow and particle production in Au + Au collisions from experiment E877 at the AGS

The E877 collaboration Barrette, J. ; Bellwied, R. ; Bennett, S. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A590 (1995) 259C-270C, 1995.
Inspire Record 407657 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36511
1 data table

CENTRAL EVENTS: 10% OF SIG(GEOM).


Recent results from NA44 and a review of HBT

The NA44 collaboration Jacak, B.V. ; Boggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A590 (1995) 215C-232C, 1995.
Inspire Record 407654 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36517
1 data table

PRELIMINARY DATA FOR CENTRAL EVENTS.


Production of charged kaons in central S + S and O + Au collisions at 200-GeV/nucleon

The NA35 collaboration Kowalski, M. ; Bachler, J. ; Bartke, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A544 (1992) 609C-614C, 1992.
Inspire Record 343256 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36667
5 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Recent results from experiment NA35.

The NA35 collaboration Seyboth, P. ; Bachler, J. ; Bartke, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. A544 (1992) 293C-307C, 1992.
Inspire Record 343637 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36668

Enhanced strange particle production, nonstatistical multiplicity fluctuations and two-pion Bose-Einstein correlations were measured in O, S-nucleus reactions at 60 and 200 GeV/nucleon. The results indicate significant collective effects in high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions.

2 data tables

CENTRAL COLLISIONS.

CENTRAL COLLISIONS.


Production of pi+-, K+-, p, and anti-p in relativistic Au + Pt, Si + Pt, and p + Pt collisions

The E886 collaboration Diebold, G.E. ; Bassalleck, B. ; Burger, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C48 (1993) 2984-2994, 1993.
Inspire Record 364483 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26015
13 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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Production of charged kaons in proton - nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at 200-GeV/Nucleon

The NA35 collaboration Bachler, J. ; Bartke, J. ; Bialkowska, H. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C58 (1993) 367-374, 1993.
Inspire Record 342660 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14428
22 data tables

Tranverse mass distribution for all charged kaons in S S collisions for the limited yrap range 1.4 to 2.4.

Tranverse mass distribution for K0S production in the limited rapidity range 1.4 to 2.4. Data are taken from Bartke et al. ZP C48 (1990) 191.

Rapidity distribution for K+ production in p SU interactions.

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Kaon production in 200-GeV/nucleon nucleus-nucleus collisions

The HELIOS collaboration Akesson, T. ; Almehed, S. ; Angelis, A.L.S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B296 (1992) 273-278, 1992.
Inspire Record 338072 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28995
4 data tables

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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