Total cross sections have been measured for H, He, 6 Li, C, O and Pb targets for 1 GeV incident energy protons. From the differential elastic scattering data published elsewhere, we also obtain the total elastic scattering and reaction cross sections for H, He, C and O. When our data are combined with other measurements in the same energy region, it is found that the total and reaction cross sections can be fit by the formulae σ T = 47 A 0.82 and σ R = 42 A 0.67 mb. It is also observed that the total and reaction cross sections for negative pions on nuclei can also be fit with these same A -dependencies.
DATA IS DEPEND OF MODEL.
DATA IS DEPEND OF MODEL.
Differential cross sections for the elastic scattering of protons on 2 H, 3 H, 3 He and 4 He have been measured at 600 MeV. Proton-deuterium elastic scattering is investigated in a four-momentum transfer square t -range corresponding to Coulomb-nuclear interference in order to determine the nucleon-nucleon amplitudes at 600 MeV. For the other nuclei, we investigate the t -range corresponding to the first and second maximum, in order to determine the mechanism of the nuclear process. A few physical comments on the results are made.
Differential cross sections for elastic scattering of pions and protons on helium have been measured at incident momenta ranging from 50 to 300 GeV/ c in the t -range 0.008 < | < | < 0.05 (GeV/ c ) 2 . Both recoil α-particles and forward particles were detected in this experiment. The experimental method provided an absolute normalization of the cross sections with an estimated precision of 1%. From the analysis of the data, the diffraction slope parameters and total cross sections have been obtained. The results are compared with Glauber model calculations.
p-He4 elastic scattering has been measured at 1.05-GeV incident proton energy, close to 180° in the center of mass. The steep backward peak observed at lower energies is still present, but its slope appears to decrease.
We have measured the differential cross-section and the analyzing power (polarization) for p-He4 elastic scattering at incident kinetic energies of 0.56, 0.80, 1.03, 1.24, and 1.73 GeV. The experiment used a polarized proton beam incident on a liquid helium target and a single arm magnetic spectrometer to detect elastic scattering. Both the differential cross sections and the analyzing power show structure near −t=0.25 (GeV/c)2 which decreases in magnitude with increasing energy. Both multiple scattering and optical model interpretations of the data are discussed. NUCLEAR REACTIONS elastic scattering, p-He4; GeV energies; measured differential cross section; measured polarization; comparison with theory.
AVERAGED DATA FOR 44.9 AND 45.5 GEV.
The polarization and angular distribution of protons scattered from protons, helium, beryllium, carbon, aluminum, calcium, iron, and tantalum were measured as functions of angle at 725 MeV. A variation of the usual double-elastic-scattering method was used, in that the sense of the first scattering angle was reversed in finding asymmetries, rather than the second angle. Energy analysis of the scattered beam was accomplished by means of a 102-degree magnetic spectrometer allowing a total resolution of ±10 MeV. The data were fitted with an optical model. In the proton-nucleus scattering the polarization reaches a maximum value of about 40% at angles less than the diffraction minimum. Results in proton-proton scatterings are more interesting; however, because of an uncertainty in the analyzing power of carbon, a definite statement cannot be made. One can say, however, that either the polarization in proton-proton scatterings is above 50% at this energy or the analyzing power of carbon at 6 deg and 600 MeV is more than 40%, which is considerably greater than the 30% measured at 725 MeV.
The elastic scattering of 600-MeV protons from light nuclei has been studied at the National Aeronautics Space Administration Space Radiation Effects Laboratory (SREL) synchrocyclotron. Differential cross sections have been obtained for the scattering of protons from hydrogen, deuterium, helium-3, and helium-4. Polarization was measured for deuterium and He4 nuclei. The p−p cross-section data are in excellent agreement with the predictions from the Livermore phase shifts. Small-angle p−D, p−He3 elastic scattering data are compared with calculations based on the multiple-scattering theories of Watson and Glauber.