A complete set of polarization-transfer observables has been measured for quasifree (p→,n→) reactions on H2, C12, and Ca40 at a bombarding energy of 495 MeV and a laboratory scattering angle of 18°. The data span an energy-loss range from 0 to 160 MeV, with a corresponding momentum transfer range of qc.m.=1.7–1.9 fm−1. The laboratory observables are used to construct partial cross sections proportional to the nonspin response and three orthogonal spin responses. These results are compared to the transverse spin response measured in deep inelastic electron scattering and to nuclear responses based on the random phase approximation. The polarization observables for all three targets are remarkably similar and reveal no evidence for an enhancement of the spin-longitudinal nuclear response relative to the spin-transverse response. These results suggest the need for substantial modifications to the standard form assumed for the residual particle-hole interaction.
Differential cross sections for the emission of intermediate-mass fragments (3≤Zf≤14) at 48.5° and 131.5° in the interaction of xenon with 1–19 GeV protons have been measured. The excitation functions rise sharply with energy up to ∼10 GeV and then level off. The energy spectra were fitted with an expression based on the phase transition droplet model. Excellent fits with reasonable parameters were obtained for Ep≥9 GeV. Below 6 GeV, the fits show an increasing contribution with decreasing energy from another mechanism, believed to be binary breakup. A droplet model fit to the cross sections ascribed to the multifragmentation component is able to reproduce the variation of the yields with both fragment mass and proton energy. The results are interpreted in terms of the phase diagram of nuclear matter.
We have measured cross sections for forward neutron production from a variety of targets using proton beams from the Fermilab Main Injector. Measurements were performed for proton beam momenta of 58 GeV/c, 84 GeV/c, and 120 GeV/c. The cross section dependence on the atomic weight (A) of the targets was found to vary as $A^(alpha)$ where $\alpha$ is $0.46\pm0.06$ for a beam momentum of 58 GeV/c and 0.54$\pm$0.05 for 120 GeV/c. The cross sections show reasonable agreement with FLUKA and DPMJET Monte Carlos. Comparisons have also been made with the LAQGSM Monte Carlo.
Total inelastic PP cross section.
Average multiplicities and production cross section for neutral particles from PP interactions at 84 GeV.
Cross sections for neutron production greater than threshold and within an angular range of 20.4 mrad.