Measurement of double-differential cross sections for top quark pair production in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV and impact on parton distribution functions

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2017.
Inspire Record 1516191 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77008

Normalized double-differential cross sections for top quark pair (ttbar) production are measured in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The analyzed data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The measurement is performed in the dilepton e+/- mu-/+ final state. The ttbar cross section is determined as a function of various pairs of observables characterizing the kinematics of the top quark and ttbar system. The data are compared to calculations using perturbative quantum chromodynamics at next-to-leading and approximate next-to-next-to-leading orders. They are also compared to predictions of Monte Carlo event generators that complement fixed-order computations with parton showers, hadronization, and multiple-parton interactions. Overall agreement is observed with the predictions, which is improved when the latest global sets of proton parton distribution functions are used. The inclusion of the measured ttbar cross sections in a fit of parametrized parton distribution functions is shown to have significant impact on the gluon distribution.

18 data tables

The measured normalized $t\bar{t}$ double-differential cross sections in different bins of $y(t)$ and $p_{T}(t)$, along with their relative statistical and systematic uncertainties expressed as percentages.

The correlation matrix of statistical uncertainties for the normalized $t\bar{t}$ double-differential cross sections as a function of $y(t)$ and $p_{T}(t)$. The values are expressed as percentages. For bin indices see Table 5.

Sources and values of the relative systematic uncertainties in percent of the measured normalized $t\bar{t}$ double-differential cross sections as a function of $y(t)$ and $p_{T}(t)$. For bin indices see Table 5.

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Measurement of the $t\bar{t}$ production cross section using events in the e$\mu$ final state in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1497736 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76735

The cross section of top quark-antiquark pair production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV is measured by the CMS experiment at the LHC, using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.2 inverse femtobarns. The measurement is performed by analyzing events in which the final state includes one electron, one muon, and two or more jets, at least one of which is identified as originating from hadronization of a b quark. The measured cross section is 792 +/- 8 (stat) +/- 37 (syst) +/- 21 (lumi) pb, in agreement with the expectation from the standard model.

3 data tables

Summary of the individual contributions to the uncertainty in the $\sigma_{t\bar{t}}$ measurement.

Measurement of the $t\bar{t}$ production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV.

Number of dilepton events obtained after applying the full selection. The results are given for the individual sources of background, $t\bar{t}$ signal with a top quark mass of 172.5 GeV and $\sigma_{t\bar{t}}$ = 832 +/- 46 pb, and data. The uncertainties correspond to statistical and systematic components.


Measurement of the mass of the top quark in decays with a J/$\psi$ meson in pp collisions at 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1480862 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75539

A first measurement is presented of the top quark mass using the decay channel $ \mathrm{ t } \to ( \mathrm{ W } \to\ell\nu )$, $( \mathrm{ b } \to \mathrm{ J } / \psi + \mathrm{X} \to \mu \mu + \mathrm{X} ) $, in events selected in proton-proton collisions and recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{-1}$, with 666 $\mathrm{ t \bar{t} }$ and single top quark candidate events containing a reconstructed $\mathrm{ J } / \psi$ candidate decaying into an oppositely-charged muon pair. The mass of the ($\mathrm{ J } / \psi+\ell$) system, where $\ell$ is an electron or a muon from W boson decay, is used to extract a top quark mass of 173.5 $\pm$ 3.0 (stat) $\pm$ 0.9 (syst) GeV.

2 data tables

Number of selected events from simulations and observed in data. The uncertainties are statistical.

Summary of the impact of systematic uncertainties on the top quark mass according to the contributions from each source.


Measurement of the W boson helicity fractions in the decays of top quark pairs to lepton+jets final states produced in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1466294 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74337
3 data tables

Measurement of the W longitudinal (F0), left- (FL) and righ- (FR) components of the boson helicity fractions from electron+jets final states in top quark pair decays. The helicity fractions F0 and FL are measured simultaneously and are strongly anti-correlated, with statistical correlation coefficient -0.950.

Measurement of the W longitudinal (F0), left- (FL) and righ- (FR) components of the boson helicity fractions from muon+jets final states in top quark pair decays. The helicity fractions F0 and FL are measured simultaneously and are strongly anti-correlated, with statistical correlation coefficient -0.957.

Measurement of the W longitudinal (F0), left- (FL) and righ- (FR) components of the boson helicity fractions from lepton+jets final states in top quark pair decays. The helicity fractions F0 and FL are measured simultaneously and are strongly anti-correlated, with statistical correlation coefficient -0.959, and total correlation, considering both statistical and systematic uncertainties, of -0.87.


Measurement of the top quark mass using charged particles in pp collisions at $\sqrt s =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 092006, 2016.
Inspire Record 1430902 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72898
3 data tables

Combined measurement of the top quark mass.

Number of observed events and expected purity of top quark production ($t\bar{t}$ and single top quarks) for the five channels investigated in this analysis.

Summary of the systematic uncertainties in the final measurement. In cases where there are two variations of one source of uncertainty, the first and second numbers correspond, respectively, to the down and up variations. The total uncertainties are taken as the separate quadratic sum of all positive and negative shifts. For the contributions marked with a (*), the shift of the single variation including its sign is given, but the uncertainty is counted symmetrically in both up and down directions for the total uncertainty calculation.


Measurement of the t-tbar production cross section in the e-mu channel in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 and 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1608 (2016) 029, 2016.
Inspire Record 1426692 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74208

The inclusive cross section for top quark pair production is measured in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV, corresponding to 5.0 and 19.7 fb$^{−1}$, respectively, with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The cross sections are measured in the electron-muon channel using a binned likelihood fit to multi-differential final state distributions related to identified b quark jets and other jets in the event. The measured cross section values are 173.6 ± 2.1(stat)$_{− 4.0}^{+ 4.5}$ (syst) ± 3.8(lumi)pb at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ TeV, and 244.9 ± 1.4(stat)$_{− 5.5}^{+ 6.3}$ (syst) ± 6.4(lumi)pb at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV, in good agreement with QCD calculations at next-to-next-to-leading-order accuracy. The ratio of the cross sections measured at 7 and 8 TeV is determined, as well as cross sections in the fiducial regions defined by the acceptance requirements on the two charged leptons in the final state. The cross section results are used to determine the top quark pole mass via the dependence of the theoretically predicted cross section on the mass, giving a best result of 173. 8$_{− 1.8}^{+ 1.7}$ GeV. The data at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV are also used to set limits, for two neutralino mass values, on the pair production of supersymmetric partners of the top quark with masses close to the top quark mass.

3 data tables

Measurement of the visible $t\bar{t}$ production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ and $8$ TeV. The visible cross section is defined for events containing an oppositely charged $\rm{e}\mu$ pair from the decay chain ${\rm t} \rightarrow {\rm W b} \rightarrow {\ell} \nu {\rm b}$ (including ${\rm W} \rightarrow \tau \nu \rightarrow {\ell} \nu \nu \nu$) and with both leptons satisfying $p_T > 20\, \rm{GeV}$ and $|{\eta}| < 2.4$.

Measurement of the inclusive $t\bar{t}$ production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ and $8$ TeV.

Top quark pole mass at NNLO+NNLL extracted by comparing the measured $t\bar{t}$ production cross sections at 7 and 8 TeV with predictions employing different PDF sets. The uncertainties of the CT14 PDF set are scaled to 68% confidence level.


Measurement of spin correlations in $t\bar{t}$ production using the matrix element method in the muon+jets final state in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B758 (2016) 321-346, 2016.
Inspire Record 1405439 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70230
1 data table

The result of the template fit of distributions for uncorrelated and SM-like correlated ttbar spins.


Measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt(s) =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 052002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1398582 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69538
1 data table

The first measurement of the $t\bar{t}$ production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV.


Measurement of the top quark mass using proton-proton data at ${\sqrt{(s)}}$ = 7 and 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 072004, 2016.
Inspire Record 1393269 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71988
9 data tables

Measurement of $m_{t}$ as a function of the transverse momentum of the hadronically decaying top quark.

Measurement of $m_{t}$ as a function of the invariant mass of the tt¯ system.

Measurement of $m_{t}$ as a function of the transverse momentum of the tt¯ system.

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Measurement of the charge asymmetry in top quark pair production in pp collisions at $\sqrt(s) =$ 8 TeV using a template method

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 034014, 2016.
Inspire Record 1388178 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69208
1 data table

The measured $t\bar{t}$ production asymmetry $A_c^y$.


Inclusive and differential measurements of the $t\overline{t}$ charge asymmetry in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B757 (2016) 154-179, 2016.
Inspire Record 1382590 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68759
16 data tables

Corrected asymmetry as a function of $|y_\mathrm{t\bar{t}}|$ in the fiducial phase space. The value 9999 is used as a placeholder for infinity. The correlation matrix for these values can be found in a separate table.

Correlation matrix for the asymmetries as a function of $|y_\mathrm{t\bar{t}}|$ in the fiducial phase space. Both statistical and systematic effects are considered.

Corrected asymmetry as a function of $p_\text{T}^\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ in the fiducial phase space. The value 9999 is used as a placeholder for infinity. The correlation matrix for these values can be found in a separate table.

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Measurement of jet multiplicity distributions in $\mathrm {t}\overline{\mathrm {t}}$ production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C74 (2015) 3014, 2015.
Inspire Record 1290126 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64426
6 data tables

Normalised differential TOP TOPBAR production cross section as a function of the jet multiplicity for jets with PT(JET) > 30 GeV in the dilepton channel. The statistical and main experimental and model systematic uncertainties are displayed.

Normalised differential TOP TOPBAR production cross section as a function of the jet multiplicity for jets with PT(JET) > 60 GeV in the dilepton channel. The statistical and main experimental and model systematic uncertainties are displayed.

Normalised differential TOP TOPBAR production cross section as a function of the jet multiplicity for jets with PT(JET) > 35 GeV in the lepton+jets channel. The statistical and main experimental and model systematic uncertainties are displayed.

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Measurement of the ratio $\mathcal B(t \to Wb)/\mathcal B(t \to Wq)$ in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B736 (2014) 33-57, 2014.
Inspire Record 1289223 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64489

The ratio of the top-quark branching fractions $R = B(t \to Wb)/B(t \to Wq)$, where the denominator includes the sum over all down-type quarks (q = b, s, d), is measured in the $t\bar{t}$ dilepton final state with proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV from an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse-femtobarns, collected with the CMS detector. In order to quantify the purity of the signal sample, the cross section is measured by fitting the observed jet multiplicity, thereby constraining the signal and background contributions. By counting the number of b jets per event, an unconstrained value of R = 1.014 $\pm$ 0.003 (stat) $\pm$ 0.032 (syst) is measured, in good agreement with the standard model prediction. A lower limit R greater than 0.955 at the 95% confidence level is obtained after requiring R lower than one, and a lower limit on the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element |$V_tb$| greater than 0.975 is set at 95% confidence level. The result is combined with a previous CMS measurement of the t-channel single-top-quark cross section to determine the top-quark total decay width, $\Gamma_t$ = 1.36 $\pm$ 0.02 (stat)$^{+0.14}_{-0.11}$ (syst) GeV.

3 data tables

The measured TOP TOPBAR production cross section.

The measured ratio of branching fractions, R = BR(TOP --> W BOTTOM) / BR(TOP --> W QUARK) where the denominator includes the sum over all down-type quarks (QUARK = BOTTOM, STRANGE, DOWN). The combined measurement and the individual measurements from the three channels considered are presented.

An indirect measurement of the top-quark total decay width.


Measurements of the $t\bar{t}$ charge asymmetry using the dilepton decay channel in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1404 (2014) 191, 2014.
Inspire Record 1281538 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64729
4 data tables

The unfolded ASYMC and ASYMC(LEPTON) measurements.

Measurements of the unfolded ASYMC(LEPTON) values in bins of M(TOP TOPBAR).

Measurements of the unfolded ASYMC(LEPTON) values in bins of ABS(YRAP(TOP TOPBAR)).

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Measurement of the $t \bar{t}$ production cross section in the dilepton channel in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1402 (2014) 024, 2014.
Inspire Record 1275617 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64868

The top-antitop quark (t t-bar) production cross section is measured in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.3 inverse femtobarns. The measurement is performed by analysing events with a pair of electrons or muons, or one electron and one muon, and at least two jets, one of which is identified as originating from hadronisation of a bottom quark. The measured cross section is 239 +/- 2 (stat.) +/- 11 (syst.) +/- 6 (lum.) pb, for an assumed top-quark mass of 172.5 GeV, in agreement with the prediction of the standard model.

2 data tables

The total efficiencies etotal, i.e. the products of event acceptance, selection efficiency and branching fraction for the respective TOP TOPBAR final states, as estimated from simulation for a top-quark mass of 172.5 GeV, and the measured TOP TOPBAR production cross sections, where the uncertainties are from statistical, systematic and integrated luminosity components, respectively.

The TOP TOPBAR cross section obtained by combining all final states.


Search for baryon number violation in top-quark decays

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B731 (2014) 173-196, 2014.
Inspire Record 1257387 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62206

A search for baryon number violation (BNV) in top-quark decays is performed using pp collisions produced by the LHC at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. The top-quark decay considered in this search results in one light lepton (muon or electron), two jets, but no neutrino in the final state. Data used for the analysis were collected by the CMS detector and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 inverse femtobarns. The event selection is optimized for top quarks produced in pairs, with one undergoing the BNV decay and the other the standard model hadronic decay to three jets. No significant excess of events over the expected yield from standard model processes is observed. The upper limits at 95% confidence level on the branching fraction of the BNV top-quark decay are calculated to be 0.0016 and 0.0017 for the muon and the electron channels, respectively. Assuming lepton universality, an upper limit of 0.0015 results from the combination of the two channels. These limits are the first that have been obtained on a BNV process involving the top quark.

3 data tables

Muon channel: expected and observed yields in the tight selections for an assumed BNV decay branching fraction of zero. The uncertainties include both statistical and systematic contributions.

Electron channel: expected and observed yields in the tight selections for an assumed BNV decay branching fraction of zero. The uncertainties include both statistical and systematic contributions.

Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on the BNV decay branching fraction.


Searches for new physics using the $t\bar{t}$ invariant mass distribution in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=8  TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 111 (2013) 211804, 2013.
Inspire Record 1253367 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62178

Searches for anomalous top quark-antiquark production are presented, based on pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns, were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. The observed ttbar invariant mass spectrum is found to be compatible with the standard model prediction. Limits on the production cross section times branching fraction probe, for the first time, a region of parameter space for certain models of new physics not yet constrained by precision measurements.

11 data tables

Comparison between data and SM prediction for reconstructed M(ttbar) distributions for the boosted semi-leptonic analysis with 0 b-tagged jets.

Comparison between data and SM prediction for reconstructed M(ttbar) distributions for the boosted semi-leptonic analysis with 1 or more b-tagged jets.

Comparison between data and SM prediction for reconstructed M(ttbar) distributions for the all-hadronic analysis.

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Measurement of the $t\bar{t}$ production cross section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV with lepton + jets final states

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B720 (2013) 83-104, 2013.
Inspire Record 1208913 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66907

A measurement of the t t-bar production cross section in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV is presented. The results are based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 inverse femtobarns collected by the CMS detector at the LHC. Selected events are required to have one isolated, high transverse momentum electron or muon, large missing transverse energy, and hadronic jets, at least one of which must be consistent with having originated from a b quark. The measured cross section is 158.1 +/- 2.1 (stat.) +/- 10.2 (syst.) +/- 3.5 (lum.) pb, in agreement with standard model predictions.

3 data tables

Measured cross section for t-tbar production for the combined result as well as the electron+jets and muon+jets channels separately.

Results of the fit to the combined electron + jets and muon + jets sample, and each channel individually. The contributions from the background processes are quoted as scale factors with respect to their theoretical predictions. The scale factors do not account for a full treatment of the systematic uncertainties and are strictly valid only in the context of the fit. For brevity, the QCD parameters are not shown.

Correlation matrix of the combined fit to the electron + jets plus muon + jets samples. Only non-QCD parameters are shown.


First Measurement of the Cross Section for Top-Quark Pair Production in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M. ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B695 (2011) 424-443, 2011.
Inspire Record 874738 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63811

The first measurement of the cross section for top-quark pair production in pp collisions at the LHC at center-of-mass energy sqrt(s)= 7 TeV has been performed using 3.1 {\pm} 0.3 inverse pb of data recorded by the CMS detector. This result utilizes the final state with two isolated, highly energetic charged leptons, large missing transverse energy, and two or more jets. Backgrounds from Drell-Yan and non-W/Z boson production are estimated from data. Eleven events are observed in the data with 2.1 {\pm} 1.0 events expected from background. The measured cross section is 194 {\pm} 72 (stat.) {\pm} 24 (syst.) {\pm} 21 (lumi.) pb, consistent with next-to-leading order predictions.

1 data table

Total cross section. The second systematic error represents the uncertainty on the luminosity.