AVERAGE RATIO IS 2.76 +- 0.07 PCT.
AVERAGE RATIO IS 0.52 +- 0.02.
THIS MEASUREMENT WHEN COMBINED WITH THE ETAPRIME PRODUCTION CROSS SECTION OF M. BASILE ET AL., NC 3A, 371 (1971) YIELDS A BR(ETAPRIME --> 2GAMMA) OF 1.7 +- 0.4 PCT.
A novel form of mass spectrometer has been used to measure the masses, widths, and cross sections of the η, ω, X0(958), and φ mesons near their respective thresholds in the reaction π−+p→missingmass+n. The incident momentum is varied in small steps through the threshold while neutrons of a given momentum are detected near zero degrees. The lower limit of the c.m. momentum P* at which measurements have been made ranges from about 50 MeV/c at the φ to about 30 MeV/c at the η. A somewhat low value for the ω mass, 782.3 ± 0.6 MeV, is found. The width of the X0 is < 1.9 MeV (95% confidence level). All four mesons show evidence of S-wave production, with values of σP* of 21.2 ± 1.8, 0.35 ± 0.03, and 0.29 ± 0.06 μb/(MeV/c) for the η, X0, and φ, respectively. A rapid rise in the ω cross section appears to be modified by a final-state interaction. The effect of this rise can probably be seen in some S11 pion-nucleon phase-shift solutions. Evidence is also presented of a sudden drop in the π+π− mass spectrum just above the threshold for the production of a K+K− pair. The paper includes a comprehensive discussion of the method and of the details of the spectrometer.
CROSS SECTIONS NEAR THRESHOLD.
INCLUDING SYSTEMATIC ERRORS.
STATISTICAL ERRORS ONLY.
STATISTICAL ERRORS ONLY.
The ratio R of the differential cross sections for π - p→ η ′n and π - p → η n has been measured with high statistics and small systematic errors at 8.45 GeV/ c . R is generally interpreted as the relative content of nonstrange, ground-state quarks in η' and η. We find that R decreases with increasing ⋎ t ⋎; however, extrapolation to t =0 gives R (0) = 0.672 ± 0.032 (statistical) ± 0.47 (systematic) for the dominant spin flip cross sections, and R (0) = 0.500 ± 0.035 for the spin non-flip, in excellent agreement with results at higher energy. An improved value of the branching fraction ( η '→ γγ )/( η '→all) of 0.0200 ± 0.0018 is obtained.
FROM AVERAGE OF 32.5 AND 48 GEV/C DATA.
The ratio between the cross sections for the reactions π − p→ χ ↳ 2γ 0 n and π − p → η →2 γ n has been measured to be (2.4 ± 0.9) × 10 −2 , (2.1 ± 0.6) × 10 −2 and (2.8 ± 1.3) × 10 −2 at 3.8,6,8 and 12 GeV/ c incident momentum respectively.
ETAPRIME CROSS SECTIONS DEDUCED FROM THEIR RATIO TO ETA PRODUCTION, USING THE RESULTS OF O. GUISAN ET AL., PL 18, 200 (1965).
BY COMPARISON WITH THE KNOWN ETA PRODUCTION CROSS SECTION.
CROSS SECTION OVERALL UNCERTAINTY (APART FROM ETA PRODUCTION) ABOUT 30 PCT.