Proton - lambda correlations in central Au+Au collisions at S(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 74 (2006) 064906, 2006.
Inspire Record 696676 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98927

We report on p-Lambda, p-Lambda bar, p bar-Lambda and p bar-Lambda bar correlation functions constructed in central Au-Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The proton and lambda source size is inferred from the p-Lambda and p bar-Lambda bar correlation functions. They are found to be smaller than the pion source size also measured by the STAR detector. This could be a consequence of the collision fireball's collective expansion. The p-Lambda bar and p bar-Lambda correlations, which are measured for the first time, exhibit a large anti-correlation. Annihilation channels and/or a negative real part of the spin-averaged scattering length must be included in the final-state interactions calculation to reproduce the measured correlation function.

8 data tables

Invariant mass of the selected $\Lambda$ background not substracted with $0.3 < p_t < 2.0$ GeV/c. The y axis represents the number of candidates used in this analysis.

Invariant mass of the selected $\bar{\Lambda}$ background not substracted with $0.3 < p_t < 2.0$ GeV/c. The y axis represents the number of candidates used in this analysis.

The purity and momentum-resolution corrected correlation functions $C_{true}(k^{*})$ for $p-\Lambda$, $\bar{p}-\bar{\Lambda}$ (a), $\bar{p}-\Lambda$, $p-\bar{\Lambda}$ (b). Curves correspond to fits done using the Lednicky and Lyuboshitz analytical model [12].

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Forward Lambda production and nuclear stopping power in d + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 76 (2007) 064904, 2007.
Inspire Record 752244 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98961

We report the measurement of Lamda and Anti-Lamda yields and inverse slope parameters in d + Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV at forward and backward rapidities (y = +- 2.75), using data from the STAR forward time projection chambers. The contributions of different processes to baryon transport and particle production are probed exploiting the inherent asymmetry of the d + Au system. Comparisons to model calculations show that the baryon transport on the deuteron side is consistent with multiple collisions of the deuteron nucleons with gold participants. On the gold side HIJING based models do not describe the measured particle yields while models with initial state nuclear effects and/or hadronic rescattering do. The Multi-Chain Model can provide a good description of the net baryon density in d + Au collisions at RHIC, and the derived parameters of the model agree with those from nuclear collisions at lower energies.

18 data tables

(Color online) a) Invariant mass distribution of $\Lambda$ candidates on the deuteron side with estimated $K_{s}^{0}$ background distribution, b) and c) show the background subtracted $\Lambda$ and $\overline{\Lambda}$ invariant mass distributions. The widths of the peaks are due to the limited momentum resolution of the detectors, and are reproduced by simulations.

(Color online) a) Invariant mass distribution of $\Lambda$ candidates on the deuteron side with estimated $K_{s}^{0}$ background distribution, b) and c) show the background subtracted $\Lambda$ and $\overline{\Lambda}$ invariant mass distributions. The widths of the peaks are due to the limited momentum resolution of the detectors, and are reproduced by simulations.

(Color online) a) Invariant mass distribution of $\Lambda$ candidates on the deuteron side with estimated $K_{s}^{0}$ background distribution, b) and c) show the background subtracted $\Lambda$ and $\overline{\Lambda}$ invariant mass distributions. The widths of the peaks are due to the limited momentum resolution of the detectors, and are reproduced by simulations.

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$\rho^0$ photoproduction in ultraperipheral relativistic heavy ion collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 77 (2008) 034910, 2008.
Inspire Record 771169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98962

Photoproduction reactions occur when the electromagnetic field of a relativistic heavy ion interacts with another heavy ion. The STAR collaboration presents a measurement of rho^0 and direct pi^+pi^- photoproduction in ultra-peripheral relativistic heavy ion collisions at sqrt(s_{NN})=200 GeV. We observe both exclusive photoproduction and photoproduction accompanied by mutual Coulomb excitation. We find a coherent cross-section of sigma(AuAu) -> Au^*Au^*rho^0 = 530 pm 19 (stat.) pm 57 (syst.) mb, in accord with theoretical calculations based on a Glauber approach, but considerably below the predictions of a color dipole model. The rho^0 transverse momentum spectrum (p_{T}^2) is fit by a double exponential curve including both coherent and incoherent coupling to the target nucleus/ we find sigma_{inc}/sigma_{coh} = 0.29 pm 0.03 (stat.) pm 0.08 (syst.). The ratio of direct pi^+pi^- to rho^0 production is comparable to that observed in gamma p collisions at HERA, and appears to be independent of photon energy. Finally, the measured rho^0 spin helicity matrix elements agree within errors with the expected s-channel helicity conservation.

10 data tables

ZDC spectra obtained with the minimum bias sample after the $\rho^{0}$ selection cuts are applied, and fit with three Gaussians. The east ZDC is shown on the left and the west ZDC is shown on the right. The ratio of numbers of candidates in the West ZDC of 1n:2n:3n is 1: 0.48 $\pm$ 0.03: 0.42 $\pm$ 0.03, while in the East ZDC, we find 1n:2n:3n is 1: 0.46 $\pm$ 0.03: 0.42 $\pm$ 0.03.

ZDC spectra obtained with the minimum bias sample after the $\rho^{0}$ selection cuts are applied, and fit with three Gaussians. The east ZDC is shown on the left and the west ZDC is shown on the right. The ratio of numbers of candidates in the West ZDC of 1n:2n:3n is 1: 0.48 $\pm$ 0.03: 0.42 $\pm$ 0.03, while in the East ZDC, we find 1n:2n:3n is 1: 0.46 $\pm$ 0.03: 0.42 $\pm$ 0.03.

The invariant mass distribution for the coherently produced $\rho^{0}$ candidates from the minimum bias sample with the cut on the $\rho^{0}$ transverse momentum $p_{T}$ < 150 MeV/c. The hatched area is the contribution from the combinatorial background. The solid line corresponds to Eq. 3 which encompasses the Breit-Wigner (dashed), the mass independent contribution from the direct $\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ production (dash-dotted), and the interference term(dotted).

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Spectra of identified high-$p_{T}$ $\pi^\pm$ and $p(\bar{p})$ in Cu$+$Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 81 (2010) 054907, 2010.
Inspire Record 837075 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98965

We report new results on identified (anti)proton and charged pion spectra at large transverse momenta (3<$p_{T}$<10 GeV/c) from Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV using the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). This study explores the system size dependence of two novel features observed at RHIC with heavy ions: the hadron suppression at high-$p_{T}$ and the anomalous baryon to meson enhancement at intermediate transverse momenta. Both phenomena could be attributed to the creation of a new form of QCD matter. The results presented here bridge the system size gap between the available pp and Au+Au data, and allow the detailed exploration for the on-set of the novel features. Comparative analysis of all available 200 GeV data indicates that the system size is a major factor determining both the magnitude of the hadron spectra suppression at large transverse momenta and the relative baryon to meson enhancement.

9 data tables

Transverse momentum spectra of pions (a) and protons (b) produced in Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV. Data are presented for four centrality classes: 0-10%, 10-20%, 20-40% and 40-60%. Closed and open symbols are used for particles and antiparticles, respectively. For clarity, data are separated by powers of four.

Transverse momentum spectra of pions (a) and protons (b) produced in Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV. Data are presented for four centrality classes: 0-10%, 10-20%, 20-40% and 40-60%. Closed and open symbols are used for particles and antiparticles, respectively. For clarity, data are separated by powers of four.

Anti-particle to particle ratios, as a function of transverse momentum for pions (a) and protons (b). Data for the four centrality classes show little centrality dependence. Errors are statistical only.

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Version 3
Single electron yields from semileptonic charm and bottom hadron decays in Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 93 (2016) 034904, 2016.
Inspire Record 1393529 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99752

The PHENIX Collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured open heavy-flavor production in minimum bias Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV via the yields of electrons from semileptonic decays of charm and bottom hadrons. Previous heavy-flavor electron measurements indicated substantial modification in the momentum distribution of the parent heavy quarks due to the quark-gluon plasma created in these collisions. For the first time, using the PHENIX silicon vertex detector to measure precision displaced tracking, the relative contributions from charm and bottom hadrons to these electrons as a function of transverse momentum are measured in Au$+$Au collisions. We compare the fraction of electrons from bottom hadrons to previously published results extracted from electron-hadron correlations in $p$$+$$p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV and find the fractions to be similar within the large uncertainties on both measurements for $p_T>4$ GeV/$c$. We use the bottom electron fractions in Au$+$Au and $p$$+$$p$ along with the previously measured heavy flavor electron $R_{AA}$ to calculate the $R_{AA}$ for electrons from charm and bottom hadron decays separately. We find that electrons from bottom hadron decays are less suppressed than those from charm for the region $3<p_T<4$ GeV/$c$.

4 data tables

Bottom and charm hadron invariant yields as a function of $p_{T}$.

Bottom hadron election fraction with respect to heavy flavor electron as a function of $p_{T}$.

Bottom and charm hadron $R_{AA}$ as a function of $p_{T}$.

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Charged and strange hadron elliptic flow in Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 62.4 and 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 81 (2010) 044902, 2010.
Inspire Record 843985 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98575

We present the results of an elliptic flow analysis of Cu+Cu collisions recorded with the STAR detector at 62.4 and 200GeV. Elliptic flow as a function of transverse momentum is reported for different collision centralities for charged hadrons and strangeness containing hadrons $K_{S}^{0}$, $\Lambda$, $\Xi$, $\phi$ in the midrapidity region $|eta|<1.0$. Significant reduction in systematic uncertainty of the measurement due to non-flow effects has been achieved by correlating particles at midrapidity, $|\eta|<1.0$, with those at forward rapidity, $2.5<|\eta|<4.0$. We also present azimuthal correlations in p+p collisions at 200 GeV to help estimating non-flow effects. To study the system-size dependence of elliptic flow, we present a detailed comparison with previously published results from Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV. We observe that $v_{2}$($p_{T}$) of strange hadrons has similar scaling properties as were first observed in Au+Au collisions, i.e.: (i) at low transverse momenta, $p_T<2GeV/c$, $v_{2}$ scales with transverse kinetic energy, $m_{T}-m$, and (ii) at intermediate $p_T$, $2<p_T<4GeV/c$, it scales with the number of constituent quarks, $n_q$. We have found that ideal hydrodynamic calculations fail to reproduce the centrality dependence of $v_{2}$($p_{T}$) for $K_{S}^{0}$ and $\Lambda$. Eccentricity scaled $v_2$ values, $v_{2}/\epsilon$, are larger in more central collisions, suggesting stronger collective flow develops in more central collisions. The comparison with Au+Au collisions which go further in density shows $v_{2}/\epsilon$ depend on the system size, number of participants $N_{part}$. This indicates that the ideal hydrodynamic limit is not reached in Cu+Cu collisions, presumably because the assumption of thermalization is not attained.

26 data tables

Charged hadron azimuthal correlations as a function of pT in 0-60% Cu+Cu and p+p collisions at 200 GeV using TPC and FTPC flow vectors.

Charged hadron azimuthal anisotropy v2 as a function of pT in 0-60% Cu+Cu collisions at 200 GeV using TPC flow vectors, and those with subtracting the azimuthal correlations in p+p collisions.

Charged hadron azimuthal anisotropy v2 as a function of pT in 0-60% Cu+Cu collisions at 200 GeV using FTPC flow vectors, and those with subtracting the azimuthal correlations in p+p collisions.

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Multiplicity fluctuations in Au+Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 68 (2003) 044905, 2003.
Inspire Record 623047 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99051

We present the results of charged particle fluctuations measurements in Au + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=130$ GeV using the STAR detector. Dynamical fluctuations measurements are presented for inclusive charged particle multiplicities as well as for identified charged pions, kaons, and protons. The net charge dynamical fluctuations are found to be large and negative providing clear evidence that positive and negative charged particle production is correlated within the pseudorapidity range investigated. Correlations are smaller than expected based on model-dependent predictions for a resonance gas or a quark gluon gas which undergoes fast hadronization and freeze-out. Qualitative agreement is found with comparable scaled p+p measurements and a HIJING model calculation based on independent particle collisions, although a small deviation from the 1/N scaling dependence expected from this model is observed.

3 data tables

Dynamical fluctuations, $ν_{+−,dyn}$, measured in $|\eta| ≤ 0.5$ as a function of the collision centrality estimated with the total (uncorrected) multiplicity, M, in $|\eta| < 0.75$. Only statistical errors are listed. Systematic errors estimated at $5\%$.

$\langle N\rangle ν_{+−,dyn}$ measured in $|\eta| ≤ 0.5$ vs M (opened circles) compared to the charge conservation limit (dotted line), resonance gas expectation based on ref.[5](solid line); and HIJING calculation (solid squares). Only statistical errors are listed. Systematic errors estimated at $10\%$.

Fluctuations $ν_{+−,dyn}$ for the $6\%$ most central collisions as a function of the range of integrated pseudorapidities. The expected limit due to charge conservation is shown as a dotted line.


Rho0 production and possible modification in Au+Au and p+p collisions at S(NN)**1/2 = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 92 (2004) 092301, 2004.
Inspire Record 624475 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99052

We report results on rho(770)^0 -> pi+pi- production at midrapidity in p+p and peripheral Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV. This is the first direct measurement of rho(770)^0 -> pi+pi- in heavy-ion collisions. The measured rho^0 peak in the invariant mass distribution is shifted by ~40 MeV/c^2 in minimum bias p+p interactions and ~70 MeV/c^2 in peripheral Au+Au collisions. The rho^0 mass shift is dependent on transverse momentum and multiplicity. The modification of the rho^0 meson mass, width, and shape due to phase space and dynamical effects are discussed.

5 data tables

The raw $\pi^{+} \pi^{-}$ invariant mass distributions after subtraction of the like-sign reference distribution for minimum bias p+p (top) and peripheral Au+Au (bottom) interactions.

The raw $\pi^{+} \pi^{-}$ invariant mass (solid line) and the like-sign reference distributions (open circles) for peripheral Au+Au collisions.

The $\rho^{0}$ mass as a function of $p_{T}$ for minimum bias $p$+$p$ (filled circles), high multiplicity $p$+$p$ (open triangles), and peripheral Au+Au (filled squares) collisions. The error bars indicate the systematic uncertainty. Statistical errors are negligible. The $\rho^{0}$ mass was obtained by fitting the data to the BW×PS functional form described in the text. The dashed lines represent the average of the $\rho^{0}$ mass measured in $e^{+} e^{−}$. The shaded areas indicate the ρ0 mass measured in $p$+$p$ collisions. The open triangles have been shifted downward on the abscissa by $50$ MeV/$c$ for clarity.

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Inclusive $\pi^0$, $\eta$, and direct photon production at high transverse momentum in $p+p$ and $d+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 81 (2010) 064904, 2010.
Inspire Record 840766 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99155

We report a measurement of high-p_T inclusive pi^0, eta, and direct photon production in p+p and d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV at midrapidity (0 < eta < 1). Photons from the decay pi^0 -> gamma gamma were detected in the Barrel Electromagnetic Calorimeter of the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The eta -> gamma gamma decay was also observed and constituted the first eta measurement by STAR. The first direct photon cross section measurement by STAR is also presented, the signal was extracted statistically by subtracting the pi^0, eta, and omega(782) decay background from the inclusive photon distribution observed in the calorimeter. The analysis is described in detail, and the results are found to be in good agreement with earlier measurements and with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

9 data tables

Cross sections for inclusive $\pi^0$ production in p + p and d + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV. The solid lines correspond to NLO pQCD calculations. The measured $\pi^0$ cross sections were not corrected for feed-down contributions $\eta$ -> 3$\pi^0$, $\eta$ -> $\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$, and $K_S^0$ -> $\pi^0\pi^0$, which were expected to be negligible. Normalization uncertainties of 11.7% for p+p and 5.3% for d+Au are not shown.

The $\eta/\pi^0$ ratio measured in p + p collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV, compared to the PHENIX measurements [27] and to the $m_T$ scaling predictions. Shaded bands in plot are $p_T$-correlated systematic uncertainties and the error bars are statistical uncertainties.

The $\eta/\pi^0$ ratio measured in d + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV, compared to the PHENIX measurements [27] and to the $m_T$ scaling predictions. Shaded bands in plot are $p_T$-correlated systematic uncertainties and the error bars are statistical uncertainties.

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phi meson production in Au + Au and p+p collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, John ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 612 (2005) 181-189, 2005.
Inspire Record 651461 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99154

We report the STAR measurement of Phi meson production in Au+Au and p+p collisions at sqrt (s)=200 GeV. Using the event mixing technique, the Phi spectra and yields are obtained at mid-rapidity for five centrality bins in Au+Au collisions and for non-singly-diffractive p+p collisions. It is found that the Phi transverse momentum distributions from Au+Au collisions are better fitted with a single-exponential while the p+p spectrum is better described by a double-exponential distribution. The measured nuclear modification factors indicate that Phi production in central Au+Au collisions is suppressed relative to peripheral collisions when scaled by the number of binary collisions. The systematics of <pt> versus centrality and the constant Phi/K- ratio versus beam species, centrality, and collision energy rule out kaon coalescence as the dominant mechanism for Phi production.

3 data tables

Transverse mass distributions for $\phi$ meson from Au+Au (circles) and p+p (squares) collisions at 200 GeV. For clarity, some Au+Au distributions for different centralities are scaled by factors. The top 5% data are obtained from the central trigger data set. All other distributions are obtained from the minimum-bias data set. Dashed lines represent the exponential fits to the distributions and the dotted-dashed line is the result of a double-exponential fit to the distribution from p+p collisions. Error bars are statistical errors only. (x500), (x30), etc. in plot refers to the scaling of data for clearer visual results.

Results of $\phi$ meson inverse slope parameter, $<p_T>$, and dN/dy from NSD p+p and Au+Au collisions at RHIC. All values are for |y| < 0.5. Systematic uncertainties: for Au, 11% on both dN/dy and $<p_T>$. For p+p, 15% on dN/dy and 5% on $<p_T>$.

$R_{CP}$ (a): The ratio of central (top 5%) over peripheral (60-80%) ($R_{CP}$) normalized by $<N_{bin}>$. The ratios for the $\Lambda$ and $K_S^0$, shown by dotted-dashed and dashed lines, are taken from [13]; $R_{AA}$ (b) and (c) are the ratios of central Au + Au (top 5%) to p + p and peripheral Au + Au (60-80%) to p + p, respectively. The values of $R_{AA}$ for charged hadrons are shown as open circles [25]. The width of the gray bands represent the uncertainties in the estimation of $<N_{bin}>$ summed in quadrature with the normalization uncertainties of the spectra. Errors on the $\phi$ data points are the statistical plus 15% systematic errors. Overall normalization errors from binary scaling are listed in the header of each column.


Measurements of phi meson production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 79 (2009) 064903, 2009.
Inspire Record 797805 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99047

We present results for the measurement of $\phi$ meson production via its charged kaon decay channel $\phi \to K^+K^-$ in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=62.4$, 130, 200 GeV, and in p+p and d+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV from the STAR experiment at RHIC. The mid-rapidity ($|y|<0.5$) $\phi$ meson spectra in central Au+Au collisions are found to be well described by a single exponential distribution. On the other hand, the spectra from p+p, d+Au and peripheral Au+Au collisions show power-law tails at intermediate and high transverse momenta ($p_{T}$) and are described better by Levy distributions. The constant $\phi/K^-$ yield ratio vs. beam species, collision centrality and colliding energy is in contradiction with expectations from models having kaon coalescence as the dominant mechanism for $\phi$ production at RHIC. The $\Omega/\phi$ yield ratio as a function of $p_{T}$ is consistent with a model based on the recombination of thermal $s$ quarks up to $p_{T}\sim 4$ GeV/c, but disagrees at higher transverse momenta. The measured nuclear modification factor, $R_{dAu}$, for the $\phi$ meson increases above unity at intermediate $p_{T}$, similar to that for pions and protons, while $R_{AA}$ is suppressed due to jet quenching in central Au+Au collisions. Number of constituent quark scaling of both $R_{cp}$ and $v_{2}$ for the $\phi$ meson with respect to other hadrons in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$=200 GeV at intermediate $p_{T}$ is observed. These observations support quark coalescence as being the dominant mechanism of hadronization in the intermediate $p_{T}$ region at RHIC.

81 data tables

Background-subtracted invariant mass distributions at 0.4 < $p_{T}$ < 0.8 GeV/c in d + Au 200 GeV collisions (0–100%) with (solid points) and without (open points) the $\delta$-dipangle cut. The dashed curves show a Breit-Wigner (see the text for details) + linear background function fit to the case with the $\delta$-dip-angle cut.

Background-subtracted invariant mass distributions at 0.4 < $p_{T}$ < 0.8 GeV/c in d + Au 200 GeV collisions (0–100%) with (solid points) and without (open points) the $\delta$-dipangle cut. The dashed curves show a Breit-Wigner (see the text for details) + linear background function fit to the case with the $\delta$-dip-angle cut.

Upper panels: same-event (full points) and mixed-event (solid line) $K^{+}K^{-}$ invariant mass distributions at 0.6 < $p_{T}$ < 1.4 GeV/c in p + p 200 GeV collisions (a), 0.8 < $p_{T}$ < 1.2 GeV/c in Au + Au 62.4 GeV collisions (60–80%) (c), and 0.8 < $p_{T}$ < 1.2 GeV/c in Au + Au 200 GeV collisions (0–10%) (e). Lower panels: the corresponding $\phi$ meson mass peaks after subtracting the background. Dashed curves show a Breit-Wigner + linear background function fit in (b), (d). In (f), both linear and quadratic backgrounds are shown as dashed and dot-dashed lines, respectively.

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Multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions of photons in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 62.4-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 95 (2005) 062301, 2005.
Inspire Record 676188 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98929

We present the first measurement of multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions of photons in the pseudorapidity region 2.3 $\le$ $\eta$ $\le$ 3.7 for different centralities in Au + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 62.4 GeV. We find that the photon yield in this pseudorapidity range scales with the number of participating nucleons at all collision centralities studied. The pseudorapidity distribution of photons, dominated by neutral pion decays, has been compared to those of identified charged pions, photons, and inclusive charged particles from heavy ion and nucleon-nucleon collisions at various energies. The photon production in the measured pseudorapidity region has been shown to be consistent with the energy and centrality independent limiting fragmentation scenario.

3 data tables

${dN_{\gamma}}\over{d\eta}$ for various event centrality classes compared to HIJING and AMPT model calculations.

Variation of $N_{\gamma}$ per participant pair in PMD coverage $(2.3 \leq \eta \leq 3.7)$ as a function of $N_{part}$. The lower band reflects uncertainties in $N_{part}$ calculations.

(Color Online) Estimated ${dN_{\pi^{0}}}\over{dy}$ from ${dN_{\gamma}}\over{dy}$ normalized to $N_{part}$, as compared to ${dN_{\pi^{\pm}}}\over{dy}$ normalized to $N_{part}$, as a function of $y-y_{beam}$ for central collisions at various collision energies.


Longitudinal double-spin asymmetry and cross section for inclusive neutral pion production at midrapidity in polarized proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 80 (2009) 111108, 2009.
Inspire Record 836952 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99156

We report a measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry A_LL and the differential cross section for inclusive Pi0 production at midrapidity in polarized proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV. The cross section was measured over a transverse momentum range of 1 < p_T < 17 GeV/c and found to be in good agreement with a next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculation. The longitudinal double-spin asymmetry was measured in the range of 3.7 < p_T < 11 GeV/c and excludes a maximal positive gluon polarization in the proton. The mean transverse momentum fraction of Pi0's in their parent jets was found to be around 0.7 for electromagnetically triggered events.

3 data tables

Cross sections for inclusive $\pi^0$ production in p + p and d + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV, compared to a NLO pQCD calculations [8] based on the DDS set of fragmentation functions [24], and to the STAR $\pi^{+-}$ measurement [25]. Normalization uncertainty of 11.7% is not included.

Mean transverse momentum fraction of $\pi^0$s in their associated jets, as a function of pion $p_T$, for electromagnetically triggered events. Systematic errors are shown by the shaded band around the data points. The curves are results from simulations with the PYTHIA event generator. The solid curve includes detector effects simulated by geant, while the dashed curve uses jet finding at the pythia particle level.

Longitudinal double-spin asymmetry for inclusive $\pi^0$ production at midrapidity in p+p collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV, compared to NLO pQCD calculations based on the gluon distributions from the GRSV [33], GS-C [34], and DSSV [12] global analyses. The systematic error (shaded band) does not include a 9.4% normalization uncertainty due to the beam polarization measurement.


Scaling Properties of Hyperon Production in Au+Au Collisions at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 98 (2007) 062301, 2007.
Inspire Record 718755 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98928

We present the scaling properties of Lambda, Xi, Omega and their anti-particles produced at mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at RHIC at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV. The yield of multi-strange baryons per participant nucleon increases from peripheral to central collisions more rapidly than the Lambda yield, which appears to correspond to an increasing strange quark density of matter produced. The value of the strange phase space occupancy factor gamma_s, obtained from a thermal model fit to the data, approaches unity for the most central collisions. We also show that the nuclear modification factors, R_CP, of Lambda and Xi are consistent with each other and with that of protons in the transverse momentum range 2.0 < p_T < 5.0 GeV/c. This scaling behaviour is consistent with a scenario of hadron formation from constituent quark degrees of freedom through quark recombination or coalescence.

6 data tables

Transverse momentum distributions of (a) $\Lambda(\overline{\Lambda})$ for $|y|<1.0$, (b) $\Xi^{-}(\overline{\Xi}^{+})$ for $|y|<0.75$ and (c) $\Omega^{-}+\overline{\Omega}^{+}$ for $|y|<0.75$ in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ as a function of centrality. The $\Lambda$ spectra were corrected for weak decay of $\Xi$, $\Xi^{0}$ and $\Omega$. Scale factors were applied to the spectra for clarity. Only statistical errors are shown. The dashed curves show a Boltzmann fit to the $\Lambda$, $\Xi^{-}$ and $\Omega^{-}+\overline{\Omega}^{+}$ data, the fits to the $\overline{\Lambda}$ and $\overline{\Xi}^{+}$ are omitted for clarity.

Transverse momentum distributions of (a) $\Lambda(\overline{\Lambda})$ for $|y|<1.0$, (b) $\Xi^{-}(\overline{\Xi}^{+})$ for $|y|<0.75$ and (c) $\Omega^{-}+\overline{\Omega}^{+}$ for $|y|<0.75$ in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ as a function of centrality. The $\Lambda$ spectra were corrected for weak decay of $\Xi$, $\Xi^{0}$ and $\Omega$. Scale factors were applied to the spectra for clarity. Only statistical errors are shown. The dashed curves show a Boltzmann fit to the $\Lambda$, $\Xi^{-}$ and $\Omega^{-}+\overline{\Omega}^{+}$ data, the fits to the $\overline{\Lambda}$ and $\overline{\Xi}^{+}$ are omitted for clarity.

Transverse momentum distributions of (a) $\Lambda(\overline{\Lambda})$ for $|y|<1.0$, (b) $\Xi^{-}(\overline{\Xi}^{+})$ for $|y|<0.75$ and (c) $\Omega^{-}+\overline{\Omega}^{+}$ for $|y|<0.75$ in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ as a function of centrality. The $\Lambda$ spectra were corrected for weak decay of $\Xi$, $\Xi^{0}$ and $\Omega$. Scale factors were applied to the spectra for clarity. Only statistical errors are shown. The dashed curves show a Boltzmann fit to the $\Lambda$, $\Xi^{-}$ and $\Omega^{-}+\overline{\Omega}^{+}$ data, the fits to the $\overline{\Lambda}$ and $\overline{\Xi}^{+}$ are omitted for clarity.

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Multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles and photons at forward pseudorapidity in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 62.4-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 73 (2006) 034906, 2006.
Inspire Record 697905 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98930

We present the centrality dependent measurement of multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles and photons in Au + Au collisions at sqrt{s_NN} = 62.4 GeV. The charged particles and photons are measured in the pseudorapidity region 2.9 < eta < 3.9 and 2.3 < eta < 3.7, respectively. We have studied the scaling of particle production with the number of participating nucleons and the number of binary collisions. The photon and charged particle production in the measured pseudorapidity range has been shown to be consistent with energy independent limiting fragmentation behavior. The photons are observed to follow a centrality independent limiting fragmentation behavior while for the charged particles it is centrality dependent. We have carried out a comparative study of the pseudorapidity distributions of positively charged hadrons, negatively charged hadrons, photons, pions, net protons in nucleus--nucleus collisions and pseudorapidity distributions from p+p collisions. From these comparisons we conclude that baryons in the inclusive charged particle distribution are responsible for the observed centrality dependence of limiting fragmentation. The mesons are found to follow an energy independent behavior of limiting fragmentation while the behavior of baryons seems to be energy dependent.

11 data tables

(Color Online) Variation of $N_{ch}$ normalized to the number of participating nucleon pair in the FTPC coverage $(2.9 \leq \eta \leq 3.9)$ and $N_{\gamma}$ normalized to the number of participating nucleon pair in the PMD acceptance $(2.3 \leq \eta \leq 3.7)$ as a function of $N_{part}$. The lower band shows the uncertainty in the ratio due to uncertainties in $N_{part}$ calculations.

(Color Online) Variation of $N_{ch}$ normalized to the number of participating nucleon pair in the FTPC coverage $(2.9 \leq \eta \leq 3.9)$ and $N_{\gamma}$ normalized to the number of participating nucleon pair in the PMD acceptance $(2.3 \leq \eta \leq 3.7)$ as a function of $N_{part}$. The lower band shows the uncertainty in the ratio due to uncertainties in $N_{part}$ calculations.

(Color Online) Variation of $N_{ch}$ normalized to the number of collisions in the FTPC coverage $(2.9 \leq \eta \leq 3.9)$ and $N_{\gamma}$ normalized to number of collisions, in the PMD coverage $(2.3 \leq \eta \leq 3.7)$ as a function of $N_{coll}$. The lower band shows the uncertainty in the ratio due to uncertainties in $N_{coll}$ calculations.

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Longitudinal Spin Transfer to Lambda and anti-Lambda Hyperons in Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 80 (2009) 111102, 2009.
Inspire Record 833423 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99048

The longitudinal spin transfer, $D_{LL}$, from high energy polarized protons to $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons has been measured for the first time in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 200 \mathrm{GeV}$ with the STAR detector at RHIC. The measurements cover pseudorapidity, $\eta$, in the range $|\eta| < 1.2$ and transverse momenta, $p_\mathrm{T}$, up to $4 \mathrm{GeV}/c$. The longitudinal spin transfer is found to be $D_{LL}= -0.03\pm 0.13(\mathrm{stat}) \pm 0.04(\mathrm{syst})$ for inclusive $\Lambda$ and $D_{LL} = -0.12 \pm 0.08(\mathrm{stat}) \pm 0.03(\mathrm{syst})$ for inclusive $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons with $<\eta> = 0.5$ and $<p_\mathrm{T}> = 3.7 \mathrm{GeV}/c$. The dependence on $\eta$ and $p_\mathrm{T}$ is presented.

3 data tables

The spin transfer $D_{LL}$ to (a) $\Lambda$ and (b) $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons produced at positive pseudorapidity with respect to the polarized proton beam from $MB$, $JP$, and $HT$ data versus hyperon transverse momenta $p_{T}$. The sizes of the statistical and systematic uncertainties are indicated by the vertical bars and bands, respectively. For clarity, the HT data points have been shifted slightly in $p_{T}$. The dotted vertical lines indicate the $p_{T}$ intervals in the analysis of HT and JP data.

The spin transfer $D_{LL}$ to (a) $\Lambda$ and (b) $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons produced at positive pseudorapidity with respect to the polarized proton beam from $MB$, $JP$, and $HT$ data versus hyperon transverse momenta $p_{T}$. The sizes of the statistical and systematic uncertainties are indicated by the vertical bars and bands, respectively. For clarity, the HT data points have been shifted slightly in $p_{T}$. The dotted vertical lines indicate the $p_{T}$ intervals in the analysis of HT and JP data.

Comparison of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ spin transfer $D_{LL}$ in polarized proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 200 GeV$ for (a) positive and (b) negative $\eta$ versus $p_{T}$. The vertical bars and bands indicate the sizes of the statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively. The $\bar{\Lambda}$ data points have been shifted slightly in $p_{T}$ for clarity. The dotted vertical lines indicate the $p_{T}$ intervals in the analysis of HT and JP data. The horizontal lines show model predictions evaluated at $\eta$ and largest $p_{T}$ of the data.


Measurements of Higher-Order Flow Harmonics in Au+Au Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Afanasiev, S. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 107 (2011) 252301, 2011.
Inspire Record 900703 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99679

Flow coefficients v_n for n = 2, 3, 4, characterizing the anisotropic collective flow in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV, are measured relative to event planes \Psi_n determined at large rapidity. We report v_n as a function of transverse momentum and collision centrality, and study the correlations among the event planes of different order n. The v_n are well described by hydrodynamic models which employ a Glauber Monte Carlo initial state geometry with fluctuations, providing additional constraining power on the interplay between initial conditions and the effects of viscosity as the system evolves. This new constraint improves precision of the extracted viscosity to entropy density ratio eta/s.

10 data tables

Charged hadron azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$, $v_3$, and $v_4$ vs $p_T$ in 0-10% central Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV. The mean $<p_T>$ in each $p_T$ bins used for the $v_n$ measurement is shown in Fig.2.6.

Charged hadron azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$, $v_3$, and $v_4$ vs $p_T$ in 10-20% central Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV. The mean $<p_T>$ in each $p_T$ bins used for the $v_n$ measurement is shown in Fig.2.6.

Charged hadron azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$, $v_3$, and $v_4$ vs $p_T$ in 20-30% central Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV. The mean $<p_T>$ in each $p_T$ bins used for the $v_n$ measurement is shown in Fig.2.6.

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Photon and neutral pion production in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 70 (2004) 044902, 2004.
Inspire Record 642374 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98925

We report the first inclusive photon measurements about mid-rapidity (|y|<0.5) from Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_{NN}) = 130 GeV at RHIC. Photon pair conversions were reconstructed from electron and positron tracks measured with the Time Projection Chamber (TPC) of the STAR experiment. With this method, an energy resolution of Delta(E)/E = 2% at 0.5 GeV has been achieved. Reconstructed photons have also been used to measure the transverse momentum (pt) spectra of pi0 mesons about mid-rapidity (|y|<1) via the pi0 -> photon photon decay channel. The fractional contribution of the pi0 -> photon photon decay to the inclusive photon spectrum decreases by 20% +/- 5% between pt = 1.65 GeV/c and pt = 2.4 GeV/c in the most central events, indicating that relative to pi0 -> photon photon decay the contribution of other photon sources is substantially increasing.

9 data tables

Data for the electron-positron invariant mass plots

dE/dx deviant distributions of positive daughters

Data for the number of reconstructed photon conversions as a function of conversion location plots

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Identified baryon and meson distributions at large transverse momenta from Au+Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 97 (2006) 152301, 2006.
Inspire Record 718231 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98860

Transverse momentum spectra of $\pi^{\pm}$, $p$ and $\bar{p}$ up to 12 GeV/c at mid-rapidity in centrality selected Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 200$ GeV are presented. In central Au+Au collisions, both $\pi^{\pm}$ and $p(\bar{p})$ show significant suppression with respect to binary scaling at $p_T > $ 4 GeV/c. Protons and anti-protons are less suppressed than $\pi^{\pm}$, in the range 1.5 $< p_{T} <$6 GeV/c. The $\pi^-/\pi^+$ and $\bar{p}/p$ ratios show at most a weak $p_T$ dependence and no significant centrality dependence. The $p/\pi$ ratios in central Au+Au collisions approach the values in p+p and d+Au collisions at $p_T >$ 5 GeV/c. The results at high $p_T$ indicate that the partonic sources of $\pi^{\pm}$, $p$ and $\bar{p}$ have similar energy loss when traversing the nuclear medium.

8 data tables

Centrality dependence of mid-rapidity ($|y|$ $<$ 0.5) $\pi^{\pm}$, p and $\bar{p}$ in invariant yields versus $p_{T}$ from 200 GeV Au+Au collisions.

Centrality dependence of mid-rapidity ($|y|$ $<$ 0.5) $\pi^{\pm}$, p and $\bar{p}$ in invariant yields versus $p_{T}$ from 200 GeV Au+Au collisions.

Centrality dependence of mid-rapidity ($|y|$ $<$ 0.5) $\pi^{\pm}$, p and $\bar{p}$ in invariant yields versus $p_{T}$ from 200 GeV Au+Au collisions.

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Pion, kaon, proton and anti-proton transverse momentum distributions from $p + p$ and $d +$ Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, John ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 616 (2005) 8-16, 2005.
Inspire Record 628232 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98859

Identified mid-rapidity particle spectra of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, and $p(\bar{p})$ from 200 GeV p+p and d+Au collisions are reported. A time-of-flight detector based on multi-gap resistive plate chamber technology is used for particle identification. The particle-species dependence of the Cronin effect is observed to be significantly smaller than that at lower energies. The ratio of the nuclear modification factor ($R_{dAu}$) between protons $(p+\bar{p})$ and charged hadrons ($h$) in the transverse momentum range $1.2<{p_{T}}<3.0$ GeV/c is measured to be $1.19\pm0.05$(stat)$\pm0.03$(syst) in minimum-bias collisions and shows little centrality dependence. The yield ratio of $(p+\bar{p})/h$ in minimum-bias d+Au collisions is found to be a factor of 2 lower than that in Au+Au collisions, indicating that the Cronin effect alone is not enough to account for the relative baryon enhancement observed in heavy ion collisions at RHIC.

5 data tables

The invariant yields of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, p and their anti-particles as a function of $p_{T}$ from d+Au and NSD p+p events at 200 GeV. The rapidity range was -0.5 $<$ y $<$ 0.0 with the direction of the outgoing Au ions as negative rapidity. Errors are statistical.

The invariant yields of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, p and their anti-particles as a function of $p_{T}$ from d+Au and NSD p+p events at 200 GeV. The rapidity range was -0.5 $<$ y $<$ 0.0 with the direction of the outgoing Au ions as negative rapidity. Errors are statistical.

The invariant yields of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, p and their anti-particles as a function of $p_{T}$ from d+Au and NSD p+p events at 200 GeV. The rapidity range was -0.5 $<$ y $<$ 0.0 with the direction of the outgoing Au ions as negative rapidity. Errors are statistical.

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Centrality and pseudorapidity dependence of charged hadron production at intermediate $p_{T}$ in Au + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 70 (2004) 044901, 2004.
Inspire Record 648464 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98858

We present STAR measurements of charged hadron production as a function of centrality in Au + Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeV. The measurements cover a phase space region of 0.2 < p_T < 6.0 GeV/c in transverse momentum and -1 < eta < 1 in pseudorapidity. Inclusive transverse momentum distributions of charged hadrons in the pseudorapidity region 0.5 < |eta| < 1 are reported and compared to our previously published results for |eta| < 0.5. No significant difference is seen for inclusive p_T distributions of charged hadrons in these two pseudorapidity bins. We measured dN/deta distributions and truncated mean p_T in a region of p_T > p_T^cut, and studied the results in the framework of participant and binary scaling. No clear evidence is observed for participant scaling of charged hadron yield in the measured p_T region. The relative importance of hard scattering process is investigated through binary scaling fraction of particle production.

9 data tables

Ratio of the number of participants Npart or the number of binary collisions Nbin determined from different models to that from Monte Carlo Glauber calculation.

Ratio of the number of participants Npart or the number of binary collisions Nbin determined from different models to that from Monte Carlo Glauber calculation.

Inclusive $p_{T}$ distributions of ($h^{+}$ + $h^{-}$)/2 within 0.5 $<|\eta|< 1$. The combined statistical and systematic errors are shown.

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Pion Interferometry in Au+Au and Cu+Cu Collisions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 80 (2009) 024905, 2009.
Inspire Record 814937 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97124

We present a systematic analysis of two-pion interferometry in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 62.4 GeV and Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 62.4 and 200 GeV using the STAR detector at RHIC. The multiplicity and transverse momentum dependences of the extracted femtoscopic radii are studied. The scaling of the apparent freeze-out volume with charged particle multiplicity is studied for the RHIC energy domain. The multiplicity scaling of the measured radii is found to be independent of colliding system and collision energy.

12 data tables

HBT parameters for all centralities of 62.4 GeV Au+Au

HBT parameters for 200 and 62.4 GeV Au+Au, 0-5%

Energy dependence of the pi- HBT parameters for central Au+Au, Pb+Pb, and Pb+Au collisions (AGS,SPS and RHIC) at midrapidity and k_T ~ 0.2-0.3 GeV/c.

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$\Upsilon$ cross section in $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt(s) = 200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 82 (2010) 012004, 2010.
Inspire Record 842959 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97119

We report on a measurement of the Upsilon(1S+2S+3S) -> e+e- cross section at midrapidity in p+p collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV. We find the cross section to be 114 +/- 38 (stat.) +23,-24 (syst.) pb. Perturbative QCD calculations at next-to-leading order in the Color Evaporation Model are in agreement with our measurement, while calculations in the Color Singlet Model underestimate it by 2 sigma. Our result is consistent with the trend seen in world data as a function of the center-of-mass energy of the collision and extends the availability of Upsilon data to RHIC energies. The dielectron continuum in the invariant mass range near the Upsilon is also studied to obtain a combined cross section of Drell-Yan plus (b b-bar) -> e+e-.

7 data tables

Unlike-sign pair invariant mass distribution with |y_ee| < 0.5.

Like-sign pair invariant mass distribution with |y_ee| < 0.5.

Background subtracted unlike-sign invariant mass distribution.

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Azimuthal Charged-Particle Correlations and Possible Local Strong Parity Violation

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 103 (2009) 251601, 2009.
Inspire Record 830686 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98578

Parity-odd domains, corresponding to non-trivial topological solutions of the QCD vacuum, might be created during relativistic heavy ion collisions. These domains are predicted to lead to charge separation of quarks along the system's orbital momentum axis. We investigate a three particle azimuthal correlator which is a \P even observable, but directly sensitive to the charge separation effect. We report measurements of charged hadrons near center-of-mass rapidity with this observable in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV using the STAR detector. A signal consistent with several expectations from the theory is detected. We discuss possible contributions from other effects that are not related to parity violation.

3 data tables

$\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha}+\phi_{\beta}−2\Psi_{RP})\rangle$ in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV calculated using Eq. 2. The thick solid (Au+Au) and dashed (Cu+Cu) lines represent HIJING calculations of the contributions from 3-particle correlations. Shaded bands represent uncertainty from the measurement of $v_{2}$. Collision centrality increases from left to right.

Dependence of $\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha}+\phi_{\beta}−2\Psi_{RP})\rangle$ on $\frac{1}{2}(p_{t,\alpha}+p_{t,\beta})$ calculated using no upper cut on particles’ $p_{t}$. Shaded bands represent $v_{2}$ uncertainty.

$\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha} + \phi_{\beta} − 2\Psi_{RP})\rangle$ results from 200 GeV Au+Au collisions are compared to calculations with event generators HIJING (with and without an “elliptic flow afterburner”),UrQMD (connected by dashed lines), and MEVSIM. Thick lines represent HIJING reaction-plane-independent background.


Observation of charge-dependent azimuthal correlations and possible local strong parity violation in heavy ion collisions

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 81 (2010) 054908, 2010.
Inspire Record 830676 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98577

Parity-odd domains, corresponding to non-trivial topological solutions of the QCD vacuum, might be created during relativistic heavy-ion collisions. These domains are predicted to lead to charge separation of quarks along the orbital momentum of the system created in non-central collisions. To study this effect, we investigate a three particle mixed harmonics azimuthal correlator which is a \P-even observable, but directly sensitive to the charge separation effect. We report measurements of this observable using the STAR detector in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 and 62~GeV. The results are presented as a function of collision centrality, particle separation in rapidity, and particle transverse momentum. A signal consistent with several of the theoretical expectations is detected in all four data sets. We compare our results to the predictions of existing event generators, and discuss in detail possible contributions from other effects that are not related to parity violation.

19 data tables

$\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha}+\phi_{\beta}−2\phi_{c})\rangle$ as a function of reference multiplicity for different charge combinations, before corrections for acceptance effects. In the legend the signs indicate the charge of particles $\alpha$, $\beta$, and c. The results shown are for Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV obtained in the Reversed Full Field.

$\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha}+\phi_{\beta}−2\phi_{c})\rangle$ as a function of reference multiplicity for different charge combinations, before corrections for acceptance effects. In the legend the signs indicate the charge of particles $\alpha$, $\beta$, and c. The results shown are for Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV obtained in the Full Field.

$\langle cos(\phi_{\alpha}+\phi_{\beta}−2\phi_{c})\rangle$ as a function of reference multiplicity for different charge combinations, after corrections for acceptance effects. In the legend the signs indicate the charge of particles $\alpha$, $\beta$, and c. The results shown are for Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV obtained in the Reversed Full Field.

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