Multiparticle Production by 200-GeV/c Hadrons on Gold, Silver, and Magnesium Targets

Brick, D.H. ; Widgoff, M. ; Beilliere, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 2484-2493, 1989.
Inspire Record 282254 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23227

We have used the Fermilab 30-in. bubble-chamber hybrid spectrometer to study multiparticle production in the interactions of 200-GeV/c protons and π+ and K+ mesons with nuclei of gold, silver, and magnesium. We find that the multiplicities of produced particles and negative particles increase linearly with the number of projectile collisions, with no beam or target dependence. The number of secondary collisions in the nucleus increases significantly less rapidly with the number of projectile collisions than has been reported by a streamer chamber experiment. The properties of secondary collisions suggest that they arise from rescattering of recoil nucleons rather than intranuclear cascade of produced particles. Dispersions of multiplicity distributions at fixed impact parameter are in better agreement with a model of independent sources than with Koba-Nielsen-Olesen scaling.

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MEASUREMENTS OF THE MULTIPLICITIES IN THE COLLISION OF HADRONS WITH HEAVY NUCLEI AT 200-GEV/C

Brick, D.H. ; Rudnicka, H. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 201 (1982) 189-196, 1982.
Inspire Record 181081 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34199

We report on the interactions of an incident 200 GeV / c beam composed of 33% protons, 16% kaons, and 48% pions on targets of silver and gold mounted in the Fermilab 30″ bubble chamber. Within our limited statistics, we find the total cross sections and average multiplicities to agree with previously published data. We find the KNO scaling distribution curve to be broader for heavy nuclei than for hydrogen. We present the first data for V 0 production on gold and silver. We also present, for the first time, evidence for a positive charge excess among the sample of relativistic tracks from interactions on gold and silver. We observe a trend where the positive charge excess increases with target atomic number and with increasing charged particle multiplicity. We find the charge excess to exist among the sample of particles having greater than 2 GeV / c momentum and to persist in the sample with momentum greater than 4 GeV / c .

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Neutral strange particle production in 200-GeV/c p / pi+ / K+ interactions on Au, Ag, and Mg.

Brick, D.H. ; Widgoff, M. ; Beilliere, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 45 (1992) 734-742, 1992.
Inspire Record 339321 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22671

We have used the Fermilab 30-in. bubble-chamber-hybrid spectrometer to study neutral-strange-particle production in the interactions of 200-GeV/c protons and π+ and K+ mesons with nuclei of gold, silver, and magnesium. Average multiplicities and inclusive cross sections for K0 and Λ are measured, and a power law is found to give a good description of their A dependence. The exponent characterizing the A dependence is consistent with being the same for K0 and Λ production, and also the same for proton and π+ beams. Average K0 and Λ multiplicities, as well as their ratio, have been measured as functions of the numbers of projectile collisions νp and secondary collisions νs in the nucleus, and indicate that rescattering contributes significantly to enhancement of Λ production but not to K0 production. The properties of events with multiple K0's or Λ's also corroborate this conclusion. K0 rapidities are in the central region and decrease gently with increasing νp, while Λ rapidities are in the target-fragmentation region and are independent of νp. K0 and Λ multiplicities increase with the rapidity loss of the projectile, but their rapidities do not.

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Average Charged Particle Multiplicities in $\pi^- P$ Inclusive Reactions at 147-{GeV}/$c$

Brick, D. ; Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 19 (1979) 743, 1979.
Inspire Record 140350 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4430

The experimentally determined average charged-particle multiplicities, 〈nX〉, of the systems, X, produced in the following reactions for 147 GeV/c incident pion momentum are presented as functions of the square of the invariant mass of X, MX2, and of |t|:π−p→πfast−X, π−p→pX, π−p→Δ++X, π−p→(π−π+)ρ0X, and π−p→Λ0X. Details of the analysis are discussed. These data can be fit by the expression 〈nX〉=A+B ln MX2+C|t| and the coefficients obtained for B are equal within their uncertainties. C is significantly different from zero only for π−p→πfast−X. These results and 〈nX〉 data from other inclusive and total-inelastic-reaction studies are discussed in terms of a simple model which assumes contributions to 〈nX〉 from the target-fragmentation, the central, and the beam-fragmentation regions in the case of total-inelastic reactions. For inclusive reactions, either the beam or target fragmentation is replaced by an exchange-particle-fragmentation contribution. The s, t, and MX2 dependence of the parameters of the model are deduced from triple-Regge considerations. The data are found to be consistent with the model and values are presented for the parameters.

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NEUTRAL PARTICLE PRODUCTION IN PI P INTERACTIONS AT 147-GeV/c AND COMPARISON TO CHARGED PARTICLE PRODUCTION

Brick, D. ; Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 20 (1979) 2123-2134, 1979.
Inspire Record 147455 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4386

The production of KS, Λ, Λ¯, and γ in π−p collisions at 147 GeV/c is analyzed. Cross sections, rapidity, Feynman-x, and pT2 distributions are presented and compared to charged-particle production. The energy dependence of multiplicities in π−p and pp collisions is shown. A new scaling form for the correlation of neutral- and charged-particle multiplicities is presented for compilations of πp and pp data.

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Measurement of the double spin asymmetry A-LL for inclusive multi gamma pair production with 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam and polarized proton target

The FNAL E581/704 collaboration Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 336 (1994) 269-274, 1994.
Inspire Record 378852 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28569

The invariant double-differential cross section, E 1 E 2 d 6 σ / d p 3 1 d p 3 2 , and the double-spin asymmetry, A LL , for inclusive multi-γ pair production in which γ-rays came from neutral mesons were measured with a 200 GeV / c longitudinally-polarized proton beam and a longitudinally-polarized proton target. Most of the multi-γ pairs comes from two-jet type events which are sensitive to partonic interaction. The A LL values were found to be consistent with zero. The invariant double-differential cross section for inclusive π 0 π 0 production was also measured. These measured cross sections are consistent with LUND Monte Carlo simulations. Using the LUND Monte Carlo simulation package with the Carlitz-Kaur model of spin dependent distribution functions of valence quarks, the A LL values have been compared with theoretical predictions of gluon polarization, ΔG / G . The results put restrictions on the size of ΔG / G in the region of 0.05 ⪅ x ⪅ 0.35.

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Study of the Delta (970) Meson

Conforto, B. ; Conforto, G. ; Key, A.W. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 23 (1978) 419-423, 1978.
Inspire Record 136906 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37384
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Charged Jet Evolution and the Underlying Event in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at 1.8 TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 65 (2002) 092002, 2002.
Inspire Record 564673 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42044

The growth and development of “charged particle jets” produced in proton-antiproton collisions at 1.8 TeV  are studied over a transverse momentum range from 0.5 GeV/c to 50 GeV/c. A variety of leading (highest transverse momentum) charged jet observables are compared with the QCD Monte Carlo models HERWIG, ISAJET, and PYTHIA. The models describe fairly well the multiplicity distribution of charged particles within the leading charged jet, the size of the leading charged jet, the radial distribution of charged particles and transverse momentum around the leading charged jet direction, and the momentum distribution of charged particles within the leading charged jet. The direction of the leading “charged particle jet” in each event is used to define three regions of η−φ space. The “toward” region contains the leading “charged particle jet,” while the “away” region, on the average, contains the away-side jet. The “transverse” region is perpendicular to the plane of the hard 2-to-2 scattering and is very sensitive to the “underlying event” component of the QCD Monte Carlo models. HERWIG, ISAJET, and PYTHIA with their default parameters do not describe correctly all the properties of the “transverse” region.

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Shadowing in inelastic scattering of muons on carbon, calcium and lead at low x(Bj)

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aïd, S. ; Anthony, P.L. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 67 (1995) 403-410, 1995.
Inspire Record 394981 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41664

Nuclear shadowing is observed in the per-nucleon cross-sections of positive muons on carbon, calcium and lead as compared to deuterium. The data were taken by Fermilab experiment E665 using inelastically scattered muons of mean incident momentum 470 GeV/c. Cross-section ratios are presented in the kinematic region 0.0001 < XBj <0.56 and 0.1 < Q**2 < 80 GeVc. The data are consistent with no significant nu or Q**2 dependence at fixed XBj. As XBj decreases, the size of the shadowing effect, as well as its A dependence, are found to approach the corresponding measurements in photoproduction.

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Measurement of the $\gamma + D^{*\pm}$ cross section in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 77 (1996) 5005-5010, 1996.
Inspire Record 420169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42264

We have measured the cross section of γ+D*± production in p¯p collisions at s=1.8TeV using the Collider Detector at Fermilab. In this kinematic region, the Compton scattering process (gc→γc) is expected to dominate and thus provide a direct link to the charm quark density in the proton. From the 45±18 γ+D*± candidates in a 16.4pb−1 data sample, we have determined the production cross section to be 0.38±0.15(stat)±0.11(syst) nb for the rapidity range |y(D*±)|<1.2 and |y(γ)|<0.9, and for the transverse momentum range pT(D*±)>6GeV/c and 16<pT(γ)<40GeV/c. The measured cross section is compared to a theoretical prediction.

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Single spin asymmetries in inclusive charged pion production by transversely polarized anti-protons

The Fermilab E704 collaboration Bravar, A. ; Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 77 (1996) 2626-2629, 1996.
Inspire Record 419445 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42283

The analyzing power AN in inclusive π− and π+ production has been measured with a 200 GeV/c transversely polarized antiproton beam over a wide xF range (0.2≤xF≤0.9) and at moderate pT (0.2≤pT≤1.5GeV/c). The asymmetry AN increases with increasing xF from zero to large positive values for π−'s, and decreases from zero to large negative values for π+'s. A threshold for the onset of the asymmetry is observed about pT∼0.5GeV/c, below which AN is essentially zero and above which AN increases (decreases) with pT for π−'s ( π+'s) in the covered pT range.

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Search for new gauge bosons decaying into dileptons in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 (1997) 2192-2197, 1997.
Inspire Record 442760 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42195

We have searched for heavy neutral gauge bosons (Z′) in dielectron and dimuon decay modes using 110pb−1 of p¯p collisions at s=1.8TeV collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. We present a limit on the production cross section times branching ratio of a Z′ boson decaying into dileptons as a function of Z′ mass. For mass MZ′>600GeV/c2, the upper limit is 40 fb at 95% confidence level. We set the lower mass limits of 690, 590, 620, 595, 565, 630, and 600GeV/c2 for ZSM′, Zψ, Zη, Zχ, ZI, ZLR, and ZALRM, respectively.

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Measurement of $b\bar{b}$ production correlations, $B^0 \overline{B}^0$ mixing, and a limit on epsilon(B) in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 55 (1997) 2546-2558, 1997.
Inspire Record 422180 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42252

We present measurements of correlated bb¯ cross sections, μ−μ correlations, the average B0B¯0 mixing parameter χ¯, and a limit on the CP-violating parameter εB. For these measurements, we use muon pairs from bb¯ double semileptonic decays. The data used in this analysis were taken with the Collider Detector at Fermilab and represent an integrated luminosity of 17.4±0.6 pb−1. The results concerning bb¯ production correlations are compared to predictions of next-to-leading order QCD computations.

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The mu tau and e tau decays of top quark pairs produced in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 (1997) 3585-3590, 1997.
Inspire Record 442202 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42200

We present evidence for dilepton events from t tbar production with one electron or muon and one hadronically decaying tau lepton from the decay t tbar -> (l nu_l) (tau nu_tau) b bbar, (l=e, mu), using the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). In a 109 pb~-1 data sample of p pbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV we expect 1 signal event and a total background of 2 events; we observe 4 candidate events (2 e tau and 2 mu tau). Three of these events have jets identified as b candidates, compared to an estimated background of 0.28+-0.02 events.

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Observation of $WZ$ Production

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, Anthony Allen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 98 (2007) 161801, 2007.
Inspire Record 744786 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42741

We report the first observation of the associated production of a W boson and a Z boson. This result is based on 1.1 fb-1 of integrated luminosity from ppbar collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. We observe 16 WZ candidates passing our event selection with an expected background of 2.7 +/- 0.4 events. A fit to the missing transverse energy distribution indicates an excess of events compared to the background expectation corresponding to a significance equivalent to six standard deviations. The measured cross section is sigma(ppbar -> WZ) = 5.0^{+1.8}_{-1.6} pb, consistent with the standard model expectation.

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Search for Narrow Diphoton Resonances and for $\gamma \gamma + W / Z$ Signatures in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 092002, 2001.
Inspire Record 557012 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42918

We present results of searches for diphoton resonances produced both inclusively and also in association with a vector boson (W or Z) using 100 $pb^{-1}$ of $p\bar{p}$ collisions using the CDF detector. We set upper limits on the product of cross section times branching ratio for both $p\bar{p} \to \gamma \gamma + X$ and $p \bar{p} \to \gamma \gamma + W/Z$. Comparing the inclusive production to the expectations from heavy sgoldstinos we derive limits on the supersymmetry-breaking scale $\sqrt{F}$ in the TeV range, depending on the sgoldstino mass and the choice of other parameters. Also, using a NLO prediction for the associated production of a Higgs boson with a W or Z boson, we set an upper limit on the branching ratio for $H \to \gamma \gamma$. Finally, we set a lower limit on the mass of a 'bosophilic' Higgs boson (e.g. one which couples only to $\gamma, W,$ and $Z$ bosons with standard model couplings) of 82 GeV/$c^2$ at 95% confidence level.

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Polarization of $J/\psi$ and $\psi_{2S}$ Mesons Produced in $p \bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 99 (2007) 132001, 2007.
Inspire Record 747876 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42742

We have measured the polarizations of J/ψ and ψ(2S) mesons as functions of their transverse momentum pT when they are produced promptly in the rapidity range |y|<0.6 with pT≥5  GeV/c. The analysis is performed using a data sample with an integrated luminosity of about 800  pb−1 collected by the CDF II detector. For both vector mesons, we find that the polarizations become increasingly longitudinal as pT increases from 5 to 30  GeV/c. These results are compared to the predictions of nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics and other contemporary models. The effective polarizations of J/ψ and ψ(2S) mesons from B-hadron decays are also reported.

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Double Diffraction Dissociation at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 141802, 2001.
Inspire Record 557212 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42921

We present results from a measurement of double diffraction dissociation in $\bar pp$ collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The production cross section for events with a central pseudorapidity gap of width $\Delta\eta^0>3$ (overlapping $\eta=0$) is found to be $4.43\pm 0.02{(stat)}{\pm 1.18}{(syst) mb}$ [$3.42\pm 0.01{(stat)}{\pm 1.09}{(syst) mb}$] at $\sqrt{s}=1800$ [630] GeV. Our results are compared with previous measurements and with predictions based on Regge theory and factorization.

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Observation of Exclusive Electron-Positron Production in Hadron-Hadron Collisions

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 98 (2007) 112001, 2007.
Inspire Record 732591 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42744

We present the first observation of exclusive $e^+e^-$ production in hadron-hadron collisions, using $p\bar{p}$ collision data at \mbox{$\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV} taken by the Run II Collider Detector at Fermilab, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of \mbox{532 pb$^{-1}$}. We require the absence of any particle signatures in the detector except for an electron and a positron candidate, each with transverse energy {$E_T>5$ GeV} and pseudorapidity {$|\eta|<2$}. With these criteria, 16 events are observed compared to a background expectation of {$1.9\pm0.3$} events. These events are consistent in cross section and properties with the QED process \mbox{$p\bar{p} \to p + e^+e^- + \bar{p}$} through two-photon exchange. The measured cross section is \mbox{$1.6^{+0.5}_{-0.3}\mathrm{(stat)}\pm0.3\mathrm{(syst)}$ pb}. This agrees with the theoretical prediction of {$1.71 \pm 0.01$ pb}.

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Measurement of the Inclusive Jet Cross Section in $\bar{p}p$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 032001, 2001.
Inspire Record 552797 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42928

We present results from the measurement of the inclusive jet cross section for jet transverse energies from 40 to 465 GeV in the pseudo-rapidity range $0.1<|\eta|<0.7$. The results are based on 87 $pb^{-1}$ of data collected by the CDF collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The data are consistent with previously published results. The data are also consistent with QCD predictions given the flexibility allowed from current knowledge of the proton parton distributions. We develop a new procedure for ranking the agreement of the parton distributions with data and find that the data are best described by QCD predictions using the parton distribution functions which have a large gluon contribution at high $E_T$ (CTEQ4HJ).

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Charged Particle Multiplicity in Jets in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 211804, 2001.
Inspire Record 560273 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42931

We report on a measurement of the mean charged-particle multiplicity of jets in dijet events with dijet masses in the range 80–630GeV/c2, produced at the Tevatron in pp¯ collisions with s=1.8TeV and recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The data are fit to perturbative-QCD calculations carried out in the framework of the modified leading log approximation and the hypothesis of local parton-hadron duality. The fit yields values for two parameters in that framework: the ratio of parton multiplicities in gluon and quark jets, $r≡N_{partons}^{g−jet} / N_{partons}^{q−jet} = 1.7 \pm 0.3$, and the ratio of the number of charged hadrons to the number of partons in a jet, $K_{LPHD}^{charged} ≡ N_{hadrons}^{charged} / N_{partons} = 0.57 \pm 0.11$.

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Measurement of the two-jet differential cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1800$ GeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 012001, 2001.
Inspire Record 538041 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42933

A measurement is presented of the two-jet differential cross section, d^3\sigma/dE_T d\eta_1 d\eta_2, at center of mass energy sqrt{s} = 1800 GeV in proton-antiproton collisions. The results are based on an integrated luminosity of 86 pb^-1 collected during 1994-1995 by the CDF collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The differential cross section is measured as a function of the transverse energy, E_T, of a jet in the pseudorapidity region 0.1 &lt; |eta_1| &lt; 0.7 for four different pseudorapidity bins of a second jet restricted to 0.1 &lt; |\eta_2| &lt; 3.0. The results are compared with next-to-leading order QCD calculations determined using the CTEQ4 and MRST sets of parton distribution functions. None of the sets examined in this analysis provides a good description of the data.

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Measurement of the $t\bar{t}$ Production Cross Section in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 032002, 2001.
Inspire Record 552302 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42935

We update the measurement of the top production cross section using the CDF detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. This measurement uses $t\bar{t}$ decays to the final states $e+\nu$+jets and $\mu+\nu$+jets. We search for $b$ quarks from $t$ decays via secondary-vertex identification or the identification of semileptonic decays of the $b$ and cascade $c$ quarks. The background to the $t\bar{t}$ production is determined primarily through a Monte Carlo simulation. However, we calibrate the simulation and evaluate its uncertainty using several independent data samples. For a top mass of 175 $GeV/c^2$, we measure $\sigma_{t\bar{t}}=5.1 \pm 1.5$ pb and $\sigma_{t\bar{t}}=9.2 \pm 4.3$ pb using the secondary vertex and the lepton tagging algorithms, respectively. Finally, we combine these results with those from other $t\bar{t}$ decay channels and obtain $\sigma_{t\bar{t}} = 6.5^{+1.7}_{-1.4}$ pb.

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First measurement of the ratio $B(t \to W b)/B(t \to W q)$ and associated limit on the CKM element $|V_{tb}|$

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 3233-3238, 2001.
Inspire Record 538411 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42945

We present the first measurement of the ratio of branching fraction R= B(t-->wb)/B(t-->Wq) from ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.8 TeV. The data set corresponds to 109 pb-1 of data recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab during the 1992-1995 Tevatron run. We measure R=0.94+.31-.24 (stat+syst) or R>0.61 (0.56) at 90 (95) %C.L., in agreement with the standard model predictions. This measurement yields a limit of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix element Vtb under the assumption of three generation unitarity.

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Measurement of the cross section for $t\bar{t}$ production in $p\bar{p}$ collisions using the kinematics of lepton + jets events

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Adelman, J. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 72 (2005) 052003, 2005.
Inspire Record 681525 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42764

We present a measurement of the top pair production cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=1.96 TeV. We collect a data sample with an integrated luminosity of 194$\pm$11 pb$^{-1}$ with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. We use an artificial neural network technique to discriminate between top pair production and background processes in a sample of 519 lepton+jets events, which have one isolated energetic charged lepton, large missing transverse energy and at least three energetic jets. We measure the top pair production cross section to be $\sigma_{t\bar{t}}= 6.6pm 1.1 \pm 1.5$ pb, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic.

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