Precise measurement of neutrino and anti-neutrino differential cross sections

The NuTeV collaboration Tzanov, M. ; Naples, D. ; Boyd, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 74 (2006) 012008, 2006.
Inspire Record 691719 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11120

The NuTeV experiment at Fermilab has obtained a unique high statistics sample of neutrino and anti-neutrino interactions using its high-energy sign-selected beam. We present a measurement of the differential cross section for charged-current neutrino and anti-neutrino scattering from iron. Structure functions, F_2(x,Q^2) and xF_3(x,Q^2), are determined by fitting the inelasticity, y, dependence of the cross sections. This measurement has significantly improved systematic precision as a consequence of more precise understanding of hadron and muon energy scales.

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Measurement of the Nucleon Strange-Antistrange Asymmetry at Next-to-Leading Order in QCD from NuTeV Dimuon Data

The NuTeV collaboration Mason, D. ; Brau, J. ; Drucker, R.B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 99 (2007) 192001, 2007.
Inspire Record 774494 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42701

We present a new measurement of the difference between the nucleon strange and antistrange quark distributions from dimuon events recorded by the NuTeV experiment at Fermilab. This analysis is the first to use a complete next to leading order QCD d escription of charm production from neutrino scattering. Dimuon events in neutrino deep inelastic scattering allow direct and independent study of the strange and antistrange content of the nucleon. We find a positive strange asymmetry with a significance of 1.6sigma . We also report a new measurement of the charm mass.

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Precise Measurement of Dimuon Production Cross-Sections in $\nu_{\mu}$ Fe and $\bar{\nu}_{\mu}$ Fe Deep Inelastic Scattering at the Tevatron.

The NuTeV collaboration Goncharov, M. ; Adams, T. ; Alton, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 64 (2001) 112006, 2001.
Inspire Record 553499 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42034

We present measurements of the semi-inclusive cross sections for νμ- and ν¯μ-nucleon deep inelastic scattering interactions with two oppositely charged muons in the final state. These events dominantly arise from the production of a charm quark during the scattering process. The measurement was obtained from the analysis of 5102 νμ-induced and 1458 ν¯μ-induced events collected with the NuTeV detector exposed to a sign-selected beam at the Fermilab Tevatron. We also extract a cross-section measurement from a reanalysis of 5030 νμ-induced and 1060 ν¯μ-induced events collected from the exposure of the same detector to a quad-triplet beam by the Chicago Columbia Fermilab Rochester (CCFR) experiment. The results are combined to obtain the most statistically precise measurement of neutrino-induced dimuon production cross sections to date. These measurements should be of broad use to phenomenologists interested in the dynamics of charm production, the strangeness content of the nucleon, and the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element Vcd.

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Measurement of the Multiple-Muon Charge Ratio in the MINOS Far Detector

The MINOS collaboration Adamson, P. ; Anghel, I. ; Aurisano, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 052017, 2016.
Inspire Record 1419065 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77051

The charge ratio, $R_\mu = N_{\mu^+}/N_{\mu^-}$, for cosmogenic multiple-muon events observed at an under- ground depth of 2070 mwe has been measured using the magnetized MINOS Far Detector. The multiple-muon events, recorded nearly continuously from August 2003 until April 2012, comprise two independent data sets imaged with opposite magnetic field polarities, the comparison of which allows the systematic uncertainties of the measurement to be minimized. The multiple-muon charge ratio is determined to be $R_\mu = 1.104 \pm 0.006 {\rm \,(stat.)} ^{+0.009}_{-0.010} {\rm \,(syst.)} $. This measurement complements previous determinations of single-muon and multiple-muon charge ratios at underground sites and serves to constrain models of cosmic ray interactions at TeV energies.

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Proton - Helium Elastic Scattering From 40-{GeV} to 400-{GeV}

Jenkins, E. ; Bujak, A. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; et al.
Inspire Record 133837 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24088
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Measurement of the Inclusive Charged Current Cross-section for Neutrino and Anti-neutrino Scattering on Isoscalar Nucleons

Auchincloss, Priscilla S. ; Blair, R. ; Haber, C. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 48 (1990) 411-432, 1990.
Inspire Record 27761 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15124

This paper reports on measurements of the total cross section for the inclusive reaction vμ+N, as a function of incident energy. Neutrinos and antineutrinos with energy in the range 3

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A Measurement of the neutral current electroweak parameters using the Fermilab narrow band neutrino beam

Reutens, P.G. ; Merritt, F.S. ; Oreglia, M.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 45 (1990) 539-550, 1990.
Inspire Record 305243 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15280

We report a measurement of the electroweak parameters sin2θw and ϱ based on the ratios of neutral current to charged current events measured in the Fermilab narrow-band neutrino beam at energies of 30–240 GeV. The data are fully corrected for radiative effects, heavy-quark production, and other effects. The best value for sin2θw obtained, sin2θw=0.239±0.011, is consistent with the most recent values fromW andZ production, as well as from other neutrino experiments.

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Experimental information on the pion gluon distribution function

The E609 collaboration Bordner, A. ; Kuehn, C.E. ; Arenton, M. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 72 (1996) 249-254, 1996.
Inspire Record 432187 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14095

An experiment performed at Fermilab used double-arm calorimeter triggers to study di-jet production by 400 GeV protons and 200 GeVπ− mesons incident on liquid hydrogen. The observed ratio of positive to negative leading particles in the jets was compared forpp andπp production using a tree level parton scattering model. The results are moderately sensitive to the form of the pion gluon distribution function and yieldx g(x)⋍(1−x)2.75±0.40±0.75.

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phi meson production from p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.8-TeV

The E735 collaboration Alexopoulos, T. ; Allen, C. ; Anderson, E.W. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 67 (1995) 411-416, 1995.
Inspire Record 405368 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14115

Fermilab experiment E735 located at the CO intersection region of the\(\sqrt s= 1.8\) TeV\(p\bar p\) collider analysed over 900 Φ→K+K− events. Measured were the transverse momentum spectrum, the correlation between the average transverse momentum <pt> and the charged particle multiphcityNc, as well as the probability of Φ production per charged track,NΦ/Nc, versusNc. We have also made an estinate of the total inclusive cross section for Φ mesons,\(\sigma (p\bar p \to \phi X) = 7.3 \pm 2.2 mb\).

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Mass splitting and production of sigma(c)0 and sigma(c)++ measured in 500-GeV pi- n interactions

The E791 collaboration Aitala, E.M. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 379 (1996) 292-298, 1996.
Inspire Record 417432 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16213

>From a sample of $2722 \pm 78$ $\Lambda_c~+$ decaying to the $pK~-\pi~+$ final state, we have observed, in the hadroproduction experiment E791 at Fermilab, $143 \pm 20$ $\Sigma_c~0$ and $122 \pm 18$ $\Sigma_c~{++}$ through their decays to $\Lambda_c~+ \pi~{\pm}$. The mass difference $M(\Sigma_c~0) - M(\Lambda_c~+$) is measured to be $(167.38\pm 0.29\pm 0.15)\,\mbox{MeV}$; for $M(\Sigma_c~{++}) - M(\Lambda_c~+)$, we find $(167.76\pm 0.29\pm0.15)\,\mbox{MeV}$. The rate of $\Lambda_c~+$ production from decays of the $\Sigma_c$ triplet is $(22\pm 2\pm 3)\,\mbox{\%}$ of the total $\Lambda_c~+$ production assuming equal rate of production from all three, as measured for $\Sigma_c~0$ and $\Sigma_c~{++}$. We do not observe a statistically significant $\Sigma_c$ baryon-antibaryon production asymmetry. The $x_F$ and $p_t~2$ spectra of $\Lambda_c~+$ from $\Sigma_c$ decays are observed to be similar to those for all $\Lambda_c~+$'s produced.

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Ward, C.P. ; Ward, D.R. ; Ansorge, R.E. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 153 (1979) 299-333, 1979.
Inspire Record 146577 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8129

We present new data on charged particle production in p p interactions at 100 GeV/ c . Comparisons are made between p p annihilations (estimated by differences) between corresponding p p and pp data samples) and e + e − annihilation into hadrons. A technique for separating the inclusive proton and pion spectra is described and the resulting pion spectra are studied in terms of Feynman x , rapidity and p T . Comparison with pp data allows us to estimate the pion spectra in p p annihilations and we find agreement with predictions of Mueller-Regge theory. We also present results on semi-inclusive π ± and proton production, give updated topological cross sections and describe further attempts to isolate effects due to annihilations. Finally we investigate the diffractive excitation of the antiproton into low-mass states by studying events with a slow recoil proton.

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Large x(F) spin asymmetry in pi0 production by 200-GeV polarized protons

The E581 & E704 collaborations Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 56 (1992) 181-184, 1992.
Inspire Record 314230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14557

The spin asymmetryAN for inclusive π0 production by 200-GeV transversely-polarized protons on a liquid hydrogen target has been measured at Fermilab over a wide range ofxF, with 0.5<pT<2 GeV/c. AtxF>0.3, the asymmetry rises with increasingxF and reaches a value ofAN=0.15±0.03 in the region 0.6<xF<0.8. This result provides new input regarding the question of the internal spin structure of transversely-polarized protons.

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Production of $\pi^0$ and $\eta$ mesons at large transverse momenta in $pp$ and $pBe$ Interactions at 530 and 800 GeV/c.

The Fermilab E706 collaboration Apanasevich, L. ; Bacigalupi, J. ; Baker, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 68 (2003) 052001, 2003.
Inspire Record 585866 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11186

We present results on the production of high transverse momentum pizero and eta mesons in pp and pBe interactions at 530 and 800 GeV/c. The data span the kinematic ranges: 1 < p_T < 10 GeV/c in transverse momentum and 1.5 units in rapidity. The inclusive pizero cross sections are compared with next-to-leading order QCD calculations and to expectations based on a phenomenological parton-k_T model.

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Diffractive production of $\rho^0(770)$ mesons in muon proton interactions at 470-GeV

The E665 collaboration Adams, M.R. ; Aderholz, M. ; Aïd, S. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 74 (1997) 237-261, 1997.
Inspire Record 441201 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14214

The diffractive production of ρ0(770 @#@) mesons in muon-proton interactions is studied in the kinematic region 0.15 GeV2< Q2< 20 GeV2 and 20 GeV < ? < 420 GeV. The data were obtained in the Fermilab fixed-target experiment E665 with primary muons of 470 GeV energy. Results are presented on the Q2, x and ? dependence of the cross section, on the shape of the ρ+ρt - mass spectrum, on the slope of the diffraction peak and on the production and decay angular distributions of the ρ0(770). The cross section for diffractive production of ρ0 by virtual photons on protons depends mainly on Q2. At fixed Q2, no significant dependence on x or ? is observed. The extrapolation to Q2 = 0 yields a photoproduction cross section of (10.30 ± 0.33) μb. The slope of the t′ distribution has a value of (7.0 ± 0.2) GeV−2, with a tendency to decrease as Q2 increases. The production and decay angular distributions of the ρ0 depend strongly on Q2 and are consistent with s-channel helicity conservation. The ratio R = σl/σt deduced from the decay angular distributions rises strongly with Q2, passing the value of 1 at Q2≈ 2 GeV2.

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Backward emitted protons in interactions of neutrinos with nuclei in photoemulsion. FNAL-564 experiment

Dayon, M. ; Rappoport, V. ; Smirnitsky, V. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 56 (1992) 391-393, 1992.
Inspire Record 345621 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14532

Backward emitted protons with momentump>0.3 GeV/c in interactions of neutrino in the energy range 10–200 GeV with photoemulsion nuclei were investigated. Energy spectrum slope parameter of backward protons was measured to beT0=48.9±7.9 MeV. TheA-dependence power index of relative mean yield of backward protons was found to bea=0.68±0.12. A drop in the mean yield of backward protons at the four momentum squared over ∼15 (GeV/c)2 (the neutrino energy over ∼50 GeV) was observed.

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Brick, D. ; Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 20 (1979) 2123-2134, 1979.
Inspire Record 147455 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4386

The production of KS, Λ, Λ¯, and γ in π−p collisions at 147 GeV/c is analyzed. Cross sections, rapidity, Feynman-x, and pT2 distributions are presented and compared to charged-particle production. The energy dependence of multiplicities in π−p and pp collisions is shown. A new scaling form for the correlation of neutral- and charged-particle multiplicities is presented for compilations of πp and pp data.

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Average Charged Particle Multiplicities in $\pi^- P$ Inclusive Reactions at 147-{GeV}/$c$

Brick, D. ; Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 19 (1979) 743, 1979.
Inspire Record 140350 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4430

The experimentally determined average charged-particle multiplicities, 〈nX〉, of the systems, X, produced in the following reactions for 147 GeV/c incident pion momentum are presented as functions of the square of the invariant mass of X, MX2, and of |t|:π−p→πfast−X, π−p→pX, π−p→Δ++X, π−p→(π−π+)ρ0X, and π−p→Λ0X. Details of the analysis are discussed. These data can be fit by the expression 〈nX〉=A+B ln MX2+C|t| and the coefficients obtained for B are equal within their uncertainties. C is significantly different from zero only for π−p→πfast−X. These results and 〈nX〉 data from other inclusive and total-inelastic-reaction studies are discussed in terms of a simple model which assumes contributions to 〈nX〉 from the target-fragmentation, the central, and the beam-fragmentation regions in the case of total-inelastic reactions. For inclusive reactions, either the beam or target fragmentation is replaced by an exchange-particle-fragmentation contribution. The s, t, and MX2 dependence of the parameters of the model are deduced from triple-Regge considerations. The data are found to be consistent with the model and values are presented for the parameters.

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$\rho^0$ Production in $\pi^- p$ Interactions at 100-{GeV}/$c$, 200-{GeV}/$c$ and 360-{GeV}/$c$

Higgins, P.D. ; Shephard, W.D. ; Biswas, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 19 (1979) 65, 1979.
Inspire Record 7275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4591

Inclusive and semi-inclusive cross sections for gp0 production in 100, 200, and 360 GeV/c π−p interactions are presented. Differential cross sections for ρ0 production as functions of c.m. rapidity and transverse momentum are compared with the corresponding differential cross sections for pion production. Effects of various methods of estimating background on the values obtained for ρ0 production cross sections are discussed. About 10% of the final-state charged pions appear to come from ρ0 decay. Thus, while ρ0 production and decay is a significant source of final-state pions, other sources must contribute the majority of the produced pions.

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Rho0 Production in 205-GeV/c p p Interactions

Singer, R. ; Fields, T.H. ; Hyman, L.G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 60 (1976) 385-388, 1976.
Inspire Record 2818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6484

Inclusive and semi-inclusive ρ 0 production are studied in 205 GeV/ c pp interactions. The number of ρ 0 per inelastic event is 0.33 ± 0.06, so that (13 ± 2)% of the π − are products of ϱ 0 decay. The ρ 0 are found to be produced mainly near y = 0 and tend to have larger average transverse momentum than do pions.

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Multiplicity of Charged Particles in 800-{GeV} $p p$ Interactions

The LEBC-MPS collaboration Ammar, R. ; Aziz, T. ; Banerjee, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 178 (1986) 124-128, 1986.
Inspire Record 231133 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6558

Results are reported concerning the charged-particle multiplicity distribution obtained in an exposure of the high-resolution hydrogen bubble chamber LEBC to a beam of 800 GeV protons at the Fermilab MPS. This is the first time that such data have been available at this energy. The distribution of the number n ch of charged particles produced in inelastic interactions obeys KNO-scaling. The average multiplicity is 〈 n ch 〉 = 10.26±0.15. For n ch ⩾8 the data can be well fitted to a negative binomial. The difference between the overall experimental multiplicity distribution and that resulting from the latter fit is in agreement with the contribution expected from diffractive processes.

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Ward, D.R. ; Ansorge, R.E. ; Bust, C.P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 141 (1978) 203-219, 1978.
Inspire Record 132549 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8291

We present results on inclusive Δ ++ (1236) production in 100 GeV/ c p p interactions. In the region | t | < 1 GeV 2 we find a cross section of 1.29 ± 0.15 mb. Comparisons with pp interactions at high energies show Δ ++ production in pp and p p interactions to be very similar. The decay angular distributions of the Δ ++ are consistent with production predominantly through pion-exchange and the properties of the system recoiling from the Δ ++ are similar to those of real π + p interactions. However, the p π + background is found to show qualitatively similar behaviour. In contrast to the indications of Δ ++ production through pion exchange we also find evidence that events proceeding through diffraction dissociation are more likely to contain Δ ++ than other events. We present results on the forward production of Δ ++ in association with Δ ++ and protons.

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A Measurement of alpha(s)(Q**2) from the Gross-Llewellyn Smith sum rule

Kim, J.H. ; Harris, Deborah A. ; Arroyo, C.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 3595-3598, 1998.
Inspire Record 475039 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19536

We extract a set of values for the Gross-Llewellyn Smith sum rule at different values of 4-momentum transfer squared ($Q^{2}$), by combining revised CCFR neutrino data with data from other neutrino deep-inelastic scattering experiments for $1 < Q^2 < 15 GeV^2/c^2$. A comparison with the order $\alpha^{3}_{s}$ theoretical predictions yields a determination of $\alpha_{s}$ at the scale of the Z-boson mass of $0.114 \pm^{.009}_{.012}$. This measurement provides a new and useful test of perturbative QCD at low $Q^2$, because of the low uncertainties in the higher order calculations.

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Inclusive production of $\Omega^-$ and $\overline{\Omega}^+$ by $K^0_l$ carbon interactions in the energy range 80-GeV/c - 280-GeV/c

Hartouni, Edward P. ; Atiya, M.S. ; Holmes, Stephen D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 54 (1985) 628-630, 1985.
Inspire Record 216075 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20341

We have measured the total cross sections of Ω− and Ω¯+ forward (xF>~0) inclusive production in KL0-carbon interactions in the range EK0=80 to 280 GeV to be 3.5±1.4 and 2.4±1.0 μb, respectively. We observe that the xF distributions for both of these states are increasing from xF=0 to xF≈0.6. The p⊥2 distributions are described as an exponential function in p⊥ with an average p⊥2 of 0.540 GeV2/c2.

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$J/\psi$ Photoproduction from 60-GeV/c to 300-GeV/c

Binkley, Morris E. ; Bohler, C. ; Butler, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 48 (1982) 73, 1982.
Inspire Record 168767 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20597

Measurements of the energy and t dependence of diffractive Jψ photoproduction are presented. A significant rise in the cross section over the energy range 60-300 GeV is observed. It is found that (30±4)% of the events are inelastic.

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Polarization of Muoproduced J/psi (3100)

Clark, A.R. ; Johnson, K.J. ; Kerth, L.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 45 (1980) 2092, 1980.
Inspire Record 155741 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20697

The polarization and Q2 dependence of muoproduced ψ→μ+μ− have been analyzed in a magnetized-steel calorimeter at Fermilab. The reaction γVN→ψN is found to be helicity conserving. Even after allowance for possible Q2 dependence of the decay angular distribution, the ψ muoproduction cross section falls more steeply in Q2 than predicted by ψ dominance.

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