Measurement of the light anti-quark flavor asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Hawker, E.A. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 80 (1998) 3715-3718, 1998.
Inspire Record 468098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42153

A precise measurement of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on hydrogen and deuterium targets is reported. Over 140,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs with dimuon mass M_{mu+ mu-} >= 4.5 GeV/c^2 were recorded. From these data, the ratio of anti-down (dbar) to anti-up (ubar) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-x. A strong x dependence is observed in the ratio dbar/ubar, showing substantial enhancement of dbar with respect to ubar for x<0.2. This result is in fair agreement with recent parton distribution parameterizations of the sea. For x>0.2, the observed dbar/ubar ratio is much nearer unity than given by the parameterizations.

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Parton energy loss limits and shadowing in Drell-Yan dimuon production

The NuSea collaboration Vasilev, M.A. ; Beddo, M.E. ; Brown, C.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 2304-2307, 1999.
Inspire Record 501230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19445

A precise measurement of the ratios of the Drell-Yan cross section per nucleon for an 800 GeV/c proton beam incident on Be, Fe and W targets is reported. The behavior of the Drell-Yan ratios at small target parton momentum fraction is well described by an existing fit to the shadowing observed in deep-inelastic scattering. The cross section ratios as a function of the incident parton momentum fraction set tight limits on the energy loss of quarks passing through a cold nucleus.

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Improved measurement of the anti-d / anti-u asymmetry in the nucleon sea

The NuSea collaboration Towell, R.S. ; McGaughey, P.L. ; Awes, T.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D64 (2001) 052002, 2001.
Inspire Record 554316 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22184

Measurements of the ratio of Drell-Yan yields from an 800 \rm{GeV/c} proton beam incident on liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets are reported. Approximately 360,000 Drell-Yan muon pairs remained after all cuts on the data. From these data, the ratio of anti-down ($\bar{d}$) to anti-up ($\bar{u}$) quark distributions in the proton sea is determined over a wide range in Bjorken-$x$. These results confirm previous measurements by E866 and extend them to lower $x$. From these data, $(\bar{d}-\bar{u})$ and $\int(\bar{d}-\bar{u})dx$ are evaluated for $0.015&lt;x&lt;0.35$. These results are compared with parameterizations of various parton distribution functions, models and experimental results from NA51, NMC, and HERMES.

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Measurement of $\Upsilon$ Production for $p+p$ and $p+d$ Interactions at 800 GeV/c

The NuSea collaboration Zhu, L.Y. ; Reimer, Paul E. ; Mueller, B.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 100 (2008) 062301, 2008.
Inspire Record 763967 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42715

We report a high statistics measurement of Upsilon production with an 800 GeV/c proton beam on hydrogen and deuterium targets. The dominance of the gluon-gluon fusion process for Upsilon production at this energy implies that the cross section ratio, $\sigma (p + d \to \Upsilon) / 2\sigma (p + p\to \Upsilon)$, is sensitive to the gluon content in the neutron relative to that in the proton. Over the kinematic region 0 < x_F < 0.6, this ratio is found to be consistent with unity, in striking contrast to the behavior of the Drell-Yan cross section ratio $\sigma(p+d)_{DY}/2\sigma(p+p)_{DY}$. This result shows that the gluon distributions in the proton and neutron are very similar. The Upsilon production cross sections are also compared with the p+d and p+Cu cross sections from earlier measurements.

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Observation of polarization in bottomonium production at $\sqrt{s}$ = 38.8-GeV

The NuSea collaboration Brown, C.N. ; Awes, T.C. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 2529-2532, 2001.
Inspire Record 536629 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19423

We present a measurement of the polarization observed for bottomonium states produced in p-Cu collisions at sqrt(s)=38.8 GeV. The angular distribution of the decay dimuons of the Upsilon(1S) state show no polarization at small xF and pT but significant positive transverse production polarization for either pT > 1.8 GeV/c or for xF > 0.35. The Upsilon(2S+3S) unresolved states show a large transverse production polarization at all values of xF and pT measured. These observations are compared with an NRQCD calculation that predicts a transverse polarization in bottomonium production arising from quark-antiquark fusion and gluon-gluon fusion diagrams.

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Measurement of J / psi and psi-prime suppression in p-A collisions at 800-GeV/c

The NuSea collaboration Leitch, M.J. ; Lee, W.M. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 3256-3260, 2000.
Inspire Record 507188 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55127

Measurements of the suppression of the yield per nucleon of J/Psi and Psi' production for 800 GeV/c protons incident on heavy relative to light nuclear targets have been made with very broad coverage in xF and pT. The observed suppression is smallest at xF values of 0.25 and below and increases at larger values of xF. It is also strongest at small pT. Substantial differences between the Psi' and J/Psi are observed for the first time in p-A collisions. The suppression for the Psi' is stronger than that for the J/Psi for xF near zero, but becomes comparable to that for the J/Psi for xF > 0.6.

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