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Measurement of the $pp \to ZZ$ production cross section and constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings in four-lepton final states at $\sqrt s=$8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B740 (2015) 250-272, 2015.
Inspire Record 1298807 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67317

A measurement of the inclusive ZZ production cross section and constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings in proton–proton collisions at s=8 TeV are presented. The analysis is based on a data sample, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.6 fb−1 , collected with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The measurements are performed in the leptonic decay modes ZZ→ℓℓℓ′ℓ′ , where ℓ=e,μ and ℓ′=e,μ,τ . The measured total cross section σ(pp→ZZ)=7.7±0.5 (stat)−0.4+0.5 (syst)±0.4(theo)±0.2 (lumi) pb , for both Z bosons produced in the mass range 60<mZ<120 GeV , is consistent with standard model predictions. Differential cross sections are measured and well described by the theoretical predictions. The invariant mass distribution of the four-lepton system is used to set limits on anomalous ZZZ and ZZγ couplings at the 95% confidence level: −0.004<f4Z<0.004 , −0.004<f5Z<0.004 , −0.005<f4γ<0.005 , and −0.005<f5γ<0.005 .

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Measurement of the shape of the boson rapidity distribution for $p \bar{p} \to Z/gamma^* \to e^{+} e^{-}$ + $X$ events produced at $\sqrt{s}$ of 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, Maris A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D76 (2007) 012003, 2007.
Inspire Record 744624 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42743

We present a measurement of the shape of the boson rapidity distribution for p\bar{p}-> Z/gamma*-> e+e- +X events at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The measurement is made for events with electron-positron mass 71< M_ee < 111 GeV and uses 0.4 fb^-1 of data collected at the Fermilab Tevatron collider with the D0 detector. This measurement significantly reduces the uncertainties on the rapidity distribution in the forward region compared with previous measurements. Predictions of NNLO QCD are found to agree well with the data over the full rapidity range.

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Precise study of the $Z/\gamma^*$ boson transverse momentum distribution in $p\bar{p}$ collisions using a novel technique

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abolins, Maris A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 106 (2011) 122001, 2011.
Inspire Record 871787 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.56732
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Charged jet evolution and the underlying event in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at 1.8 TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D65 (2002) 092002, 2002.
Inspire Record 564673 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42044
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Measurement of the normalized $Z/\gamma^* -> \mu^+\mu^-$ transverse momentum distribution in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abolins, Maris A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B693 (2010) 522-530, 2010.
Inspire Record 856972 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55457

We present a new measurement of the Z/gamma* transverse momentum distribution in the range 0 - 330GeV, in proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV. The measurement uses 0.97 fb-1 of integrated luminosity recorded by the D0 experiment and is the first using the Z/gamma*->mu+mu- + X channel at this center-of-mass energy. This is also the first measurement of the Z/gamma* transverse momentum distribution that presents the result at the level of particles entering the detector, minimizing dependence on theoretical models. As any momentum of the Z/gamma* in the plane transverse to the incoming beams must be balanced by some recoiling system, primarily the result of QCD radiation in the initial state, this variable is an excellent probe of the underlying process. Tests of the predictions of QCD calculations and current event generators show they have varied success in describing the data. Using this measurement as an input to theoretical predictions will allow for a better description of hadron collider data and hence it will increase experimental sensitivity to rare signals.

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Forward-backward asymmetry of Drell-Yan lepton pairs in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B718 (2013) 752-772, 2013.
Inspire Record 1122847 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.65322
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The underlying event in hard interactions at the Tevatron $\bar{p}p$ collider

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Albrow, M.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D70 (2004) 072002, 2004.
Inspire Record 647490 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22135

For comparison of inclusive jet cross sections measured at hadron-hadron colliders to next-to-leading order (NLO) parton-level calculations, the energy deposited in the jet cone by spectator parton interactions must first be subtracted. The assumption made at the Tevatron is that the spectator parton interaction energy is similar to the ambient level measured in minimum bias events. In this paper, we test this assumption by measuring the ambient charged track momentum in events containing large transverse energy jets at $\sqrt{s}=1800$ GeV and $\sqrt{s}=630$ GeV and comparing this ambient momentum with that observed both in minimum bias events and with that predicted by two Monte Carlo models. Two cones in $\eta$--$\phi$ space are defined, at the same pseudo-rapidity, $\eta$, as the jet with the highest transverse energy ($E_T^{(1)}$), and at $\pm 90^o$ in the azimuthal direction, $\phi$. The total charged track momentum inside each of the two cones is measured. The minimum momentum in the two cones is almost independent of $E_T^{(1)}$ and is similar to the momentum observed in minimum bias events, whereas the maximum momentum increases roughly linearly with the jet $E_T^{(1)}$ over most of the measured range. This study will help improve the precision of comparisons of jet cross section data and NLO perturbative QCD predictions. %this is new The distribution of the sum of the track momenta in the two cones is also examined for five different $E_T^{(1)}$ bins. The HERWIG and PYTHIA Monte Carlos are reasonably successful in describing the data, but neither can describe completely all of the event properties.

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Measurement of direct photon pair production cross sections in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B690 (2010) 108-117, 2010.
Inspire Record 846997 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54534
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Study of hadronic event-shape variables in multijet final states in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1410 (2014) 87, 2014.
Inspire Record 1305624 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66571

Event-shape variables, which are sensitive to perturbative and nonperturbative aspects of quantum chromodynamic (QCD) interactions, are studied in multijet events recorded in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s} = 7 $ TeV. Events are selected with at least one jet with transverse momentum p$_{T}$ > 110 GeV and pseudorapidity |η| < 2.4, in a data sample corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5 fb$^{−1}$. The distributions of five event-shape variables in various leading jet p$_{T}$ ranges are compared to predictions from different QCD Monte Carlo event generators.

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Measurement of the inclusive jet cross-section in $p \bar{p}$ collisions at $s^{(1/2)}$ =1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 101 (2008) 062001, 2008.
Inspire Record 779574 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57758

We report on a measurement of the inclusive jet cross section in $p \bar{p}$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt s=$1.96 TeV using data collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0.70 fb$^{-1}$. The data cover jet transverse momenta from 50 GeV to 600 GeV and jet rapidities in the range -2.4 to 2.4. Detailed studies of correlations between systematic uncertainties in transverse momentum and rapidity are presented, and the cross section measurements are found to be in good agreement with next-to-leading order QCD calculations.

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Measurement of the triple-differential cross section for photon+jets production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1406 (2014) 009, 2014.
Inspire Record 1266056 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64869

A measurement of the triple-differential cross section, $ {{{{{\mathrm{d}}^3}\sigma }} \left/ {{\left( {\mathrm{d}\mathrm{p}_T^{\gamma}\mathrm{d}{\eta^{\gamma }}\mathrm{d}{\eta^{\mathrm{jet}}}} \right)}} \right.} $ , in photon + jets final states using a data sample from proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s} $ = 7 TeV is presented. This sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.14 fb$^{−1}$ collected by the CMS detector at the LHC. Photons and jets are reconstructed within a pseudorapidity range of |η| < 2.5, and are required to have transverse momenta in the range 40 < $ p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{jet}} $ < 300 GeV and $ p_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{jet}} $ > 30 GeV, respectively. The measurements are compared to theoretical predictions from the sherpa leading-order QCD Monte Carlo event generator and the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation from jetphox. The predictions are found to be consistent with the data over most of the examined kinematic region.

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Measurement of Z/gamma*+jet+X angular distributions in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96.TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abolins, Maris A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B682 (2010) 370-380, 2010.
Inspire Record 826756 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52513

We present the first measurements at a hadron collider of differential cross sections for Z+jet+X production in delta phi(Z, jet), |delta y(Z, jet)| and |y_boost(Z, jet)|. Vector boson production in association with jets is an excellent probe of QCD and constitutes the main background to many small cross section processes, such as associated Higgs production. These measurements are crucial tests of the predictions of perturbative QCD and current event generators, which have varied success in describing the data. Using these measurements as inputs in tuning event generators will increase the experimental sensitivity to rare signals.

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Rapidity distributions in exclusive Z + jet and $\gamma$ + jet events in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D88 (2013) 112009, 2013.
Inspire Record 1258128 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.65267

Rapidity distributions are presented for events containing either a Z boson or a photon with a single jet in proton-proton collisions produced at the CERN LHC. The data, collected with the CMS detector at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV, correspond to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 inverse femtobarns. The individual rapidity distributions of the boson and the jet are consistent within 5% with expectations from perturbative QCD. However, QCD predictions for the sum and the difference in rapidities of the two final-state objects show discrepancies with CMS data. In particular, next-to-leading-order QCD calculations, and two common Monte Carlo event generators using different methods to match matrix-element partons with parton showers, appear inconsistent with the data as well as with each other.

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Measurement of the shape of the boson transverse momentum distribution in $p \bar{p} \to Z / \gamma^{*} \to e^+ e^- + X$ events produced at $\sqrt{s}$=1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 100 (2008) 102002, 2008.
Inspire Record 769689 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50920

We present a measurement of the shape of the Z/gamma* boson transverse momentum (qT) distribution in ppbar -> Z/gamma* -> ee+X events at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV using 0.98 fb-1 of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The data are found to be consistent with the resummation prediction at low qT, but above the perturbative QCD calculation in the region of qT>30 GeV/c. Using events with qT<30 GeV/c, we extract the value of g2, one of the non-perturbative parameters for the resummation calculation. Data at large boson rapidity y are compared with the prediction of resummation and with alternative models that employ a resummed form factor with modifications in the small Bjorken x region of the proton wave function.

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Measurement of the Differential Cross-Section for the Production of an Isolated Photon with Associated Jet in $p \bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B666 (2008) 435-445, 2008.
Inspire Record 782968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50549

The process $p\bar{p} \to \gamma$ + jet + X is studied using 1.0 $fb^{-1}$ of data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron $p\bar{p}$ collider at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}$=1.96 TeV. Photons are reconstructed in the central rapidity region |$y^{\gamma}$|< 1.0 with transverse momenta in the range 30<$p^{\gamma}_T$<400 GeV while jets are reconstructed in either the central |$y^{jet}$|< 0.8 or forward 1.5 <|$y^{jet}$|<2.5 rapidity intervals with $p^{jet}_T$> 15 GeV. The differential cross section $d^3\sigma/dp^{\gamma}_T dy^\gamma dy^{jet}$ is measured as a function of $p^{\gamma}_T$ in four regions, differing by the relative orientations of the photon and the jet in rapidity. Ratios between the differential cross sections in each region are also presented. Next-to-leading order QCD predictions using different parameterizations of parton distribution functions and theoretical scale choices are compared to the data. The predictions do not simultaneously describe the measured normalization and Pt_gamma dependence of the cross section in any of the four measured regions.

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Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt s=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B741 (2015) 12-37, 2015.
Inspire Record 1303894 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67318

Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta ( pT ) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta ( HT ), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb −1 . The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MadGraph + pythia and sherpa , and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BlackHat + sherpa . The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high- HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.

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Measurement of the two-jet differential cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1800$ GeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D64 (2001) 012001, 2001.
Inspire Record 538041 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42933

A measurement is presented of the two-jet differential cross section, d^3\sigma/dE_T d\eta_1 d\eta_2, at center of mass energy sqrt{s} = 1800 GeV in proton-antiproton collisions. The results are based on an integrated luminosity of 86 pb^-1 collected during 1994-1995 by the CDF collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The differential cross section is measured as a function of the transverse energy, E_T, of a jet in the pseudorapidity region 0.1 &lt; |eta_1| &lt; 0.7 for four different pseudorapidity bins of a second jet restricted to 0.1 &lt; |\eta_2| &lt; 3.0. The results are compared with next-to-leading order QCD calculations determined using the CTEQ4 and MRST sets of parton distribution functions. None of the sets examined in this analysis provides a good description of the data.

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Study of double parton scattering using W + 2-jet events in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1403 (2014) 032, 2014.
Inspire Record 1272853 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66908

Double parton scattering is investigated in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV where the final state includes a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, and two jets. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5 inverse femtobarns, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. Observables sensitive to double parton scattering are investigated after being corrected for detector effects and selection efficiencies. The fraction of W + 2-jet events due to double parton scattering is measured to be 0.055 +/- 0.002 (stat.) +/- 0.014 (syst.). The effective cross section, sigma[eff], characterizing the effective transverse area of hard partonic interactions in collisions between protons is measured to be 20.7 +/- 0.8 (stat.) +/- 6.6 (syst.) mb.

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Observation of a diffractive contribution to dijet production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D87 (2013) 012006, 2013.
Inspire Record 1184941 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68117

The cross section for dijet production in proton-proton collisions at s=7  TeV is presented as a function of ξ˜, a variable that approximates the fractional momentum loss of the scattered proton in single-diffractive events. The analysis is based on an integrated luminosity of 2.7  nb-1 collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at low instantaneous luminosities, and uses events with jet transverse momentum of at least 20 GeV. The dijet cross section results are compared to the predictions of diffractive and nondiffractive models. The low-ξ˜ data show a significant contribution from diffractive dijet production, observed for the first time at the LHC. The associated rapidity gap survival probability is estimated.

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Measurements of differential cross sections of Z/gamma*+jets+X events in proton anti-proton collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B678 (2009) 45-54, 2009.
Inspire Record 815094 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51854

We present cross section measurements for Z/gamma*+jets+X production, differential in the transverse momenta of the three leading jets. The data sample was collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron proton anti-proton collider at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 1 fb-1. Leading and next-to-leading order perturbative QCD predictions are compared with the measurements, and agreement is found within the theoretical and experimental uncertainties. We also make comparisons with the predictions of four event generators. Two parton-shower-based generators show significant shape and normalization differences with respect to the data. In contrast, two generators combining tree-level matrix elements with a parton shower give a reasonable description of the the shapes observed in data, but the predicted normalizations show significant differences with respect to the data, reflecting large scale uncertainties. For specific choices of scales, the normalizations for either generator can be made to agree with the measurements.

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Measurement of dijet angular distributions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV and searches for quark compositeness and extra spatial dimensions

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 103 (2009) 191803, 2009.
Inspire Record 824127 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52427

We present the first measurement of dijet angular distributions in ppbar collisions at sqrt{s}=1.96TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measurement is based on a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 0.7fb-1 collected with the D0 detector. Dijet angular distributions have been measured over a range of dijet masses, from 0.25TeV to above 1.1TeV. The data are in good agreement with the predictions of perturbative QCD and are used to constrain new physics models including quark compositeness, large extra dimensions, and TeV-1 scale extra dimensions. For all models we set the most stringent direct limits to date.

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Study of the underlying event at forward rapidity in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9, 2.76, and 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1304 (2013) 072, 2013.
Inspire Record 1218372 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66750

The underlying event activity in proton-proton collisions at forward pseudo-rapidity (−6.6 < η < −5.2) is studied with the CMS detector at the LHC, using a novel observable: the ratio of the forward energy density, dE/dη, for events with a charged-particle jet produced at central pseudorapidity (|η (jet)| < 2) to the forward energy density for inclusive events. This forward energy density ratio is measured as a function of the central jet transverse momentum, p (T), at three different pp centre-of-mass energies ( , 2.76, and 7 TeV). In addition, the evolution of the forward energy density is studied in inclusive events and in events with a central jet. The results are compared to those of Monte Carlo event generators for pp collisions and are discussed in terms of the underlying event. Whereas the dependence of the forward energy density ratio on jet p (T) at each separately can be well reproduced by some models, all models fail to simultaneously describe the increase of the forward energy density with in both inclusive events and in events with a central jet.

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Studies of jet mass in dijet and W/Z + jet events

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1305 (2013) 090, 2013.
Inspire Record 1224539 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60335
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Measurement of the dijet invariant mass cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B693 (2010) 531-538, 2010.
Inspire Record 846483 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54666

The inclusive dijet production double differential cross section as a function of the dijet invariant mass and of the largest absolute rapidity of the two jets with the largest transverse momentum in an event is measured in proton anti-proton collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV using 0.7 fb^{-1} integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measurement is performed in six rapidity regions up to a maximum rapidity of 2.4. Next-to-leading order perturbative QCD predictions are found to be in agreement with the data.

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