Observation of s-channel production of single top quarks at the Tevatron

The CDF D0 collaborations Aaltonen, Timo Antero ; Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 231803, 2014.
Inspire Record 1282028 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64717

We report the first observation of single-top-quark production in the s channel through the combination of the CDF and D0 measurements of the cross section in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data correspond to total integrated luminosities of up to 9.7 fb-1 per experiment. The measured cross section is $\sigma_s = 1.29^{+0.26}_{-0.24}$ pb. The probability of observing a statistical fluctuation of the background to a cross section of the observed size or larger is $1.8 \times 10^{-10}$, corresponding to a significance of 6.3 standard deviations for the presence of an s-channel contribution to the production of single-top quarks.

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Measurement of top quark polarisation in t-channel single top quark production

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1604 (2016) 073, 2016.
Inspire Record 1403169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38092
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Measurement of the Differential Cross Section $d{\sigma}/d(\cos {\theta}t)$ for Top-Quark Pair Production in $p-\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Amerio, S. ; Amidei, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 111 (2013) 182002, 2013.
Inspire Record 1238100 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64392

We report a measurement of the differential cross section, d{\sigma}/d(cos {\theta}t), for top-quark-pair production as a function of the top-quark production angle in proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV. This measurement is performed using data collected with the CDF II detector at the Tevatron, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9.4/fb. We employ the Legendre polynomials to characterize the shape of the differential cross section at the parton level. The observed Legendre coefficients are in good agreement with the prediction of the next-to-leading-order standard-model calculation, with the exception of an excess linear-term coefficient, a1 = 0.40 +- 0.12, compared to the standard-model prediction of a1 = 0.15^{+0.07}_{-0.03}.

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Measurement of the Top Quark Mass and $p\bar{p}$ -> $t\bar{t}$ Cross Section in the All-Hadronic Mode with the CDFII Detector

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, J. ; Alvarez Gonzalez, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D81 (2010) 052011, 2010.
Inspire Record 844530 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.56660

We present a measurement of the top quark mass and of the top-antitop pair production cross section using p-pbar data collected with the CDFII detector at the Tevatron Collider at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.9 fb-1. We select events with six or more jets satisfying a number of kinematical requirements imposed by means of a neural network algorithm. At least one of these jets must originate from a b quark, as identified by the reconstruction of a secondary vertex inside the jet. The mass measurement is based on a likelihood fit incorporating reconstructed mass distributions representative of signal and background, where the absolute jet energy scale (JES) is measured simultaneously with the top quark mass. The measurement yields a value of 174.8 +- 2.4(stat+JES) ^{+1.2}_{-1.0}(syst) GeV/c^2, where the uncertainty from the absolute jet energy scale is evaluated together with the statistical uncertainty. The procedure measures also the amount of signal from which we derive a cross section, sigma_{ttbar} = 7.2 +- 0.5(stat) +- 1.0 (syst) +- 0.4 (lum) pb, for the measured values of top quark mass and JES.

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Measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt(s) =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 052002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1398582 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69538
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Measurement of the top quark mass using charged particles in pp collisions at $\sqrt s =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 092006, 2016.
Inspire Record 1430902 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72898
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Measurement of the Single Top Quark Production Cross Section at CDF

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Akimoto, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 101 (2008) 252001, 2008.
Inspire Record 796674 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52338

We report a measurement of the single top quark production cross section in 2.2 ~fb-1 of p-pbar collision data collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV. Candidate events are classified as signal-like by three parallel analyses which use likelihood, matrix element, and neural network discriminants. These results are combined in order to improve the sensitivity. We observe a signal consistent with the standard model prediction, but inconsistent with the background-only model by 3.7 standard deviations with a median expected sensitivity of 4.9 standard deviations. We measure a cross section of 2.2 +0.7 -0.6(stat+sys) pb, extract the CKM matrix element value |V_{tb}|=0.88 +0.13 -0.12 (stat+sys) +- 0.07(theory), and set the limit |V_{tb}|>0.66 at the 95% C.L.

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The mu tau and e tau decays of top quark pairs produced in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 (1997) 3585-3590, 1997.
Inspire Record 442202 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42200

We present evidence for dilepton events from t tbar production with one electron or muon and one hadronically decaying tau lepton from the decay t tbar -> (l nu_l) (tau nu_tau) b bbar, (l=e, mu), using the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). In a 109 pb~-1 data sample of p pbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV we expect 1 signal event and a total background of 2 events; we observe 4 candidate events (2 e tau and 2 mu tau). Three of these events have jets identified as b candidates, compared to an estimated background of 0.28+-0.02 events.

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Search for the top quark decaying to a charged Higgs boson in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Amidei, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 73 (1994) 2667-2671, 1994.
Inspire Record 383998 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50929
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Observation of the associated production of a single top quark and a $W$ boson in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt s = $8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 231802, 2014.
Inspire Record 1276827 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61399

The first observation of the associated production of a single top quark and a W boson is presented. The analysis is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 12.2 inverse femtobarns of proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Events with two leptons and a jet originating from a b quark are selected. A multivariate analysis based on kinematic and topological properties is used to separate the signal from the dominant t t-bar background. An excess consistent with the signal hypothesis is observed, with a significance which corresponds to 6.1 standard deviations above a background-only hypothesis. The measured production cross section is 23.4 +- 5.4 pb, in agreement with the standard model prediction.

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Measurement of the W-boson helicity in top-quark decays from $t\bar{t}$ production in lepton+jets events in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1310 (2013) 167, 2013.
Inspire Record 1249595 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64900

The W-boson helicity fractions in top-quark decays are measured with ttbar events in the lepton+jets final state, using proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, collected in 2011 with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 inverse femtobarns. The measured fractions of longitudinal, left-, and right-handed helicity are F0 = 0.682 +/- 0.030 (stat.) +/- 0.033 (syst.), FL = 0.310 +/- 0.022 (stat.) +/- 0.022 (syst.), and FR = 0.008 +/- 0.012 (stat.) +/- 0.014 (syst.), consistent with the standard model predictions. The measured fractions are used to probe the existence of anomalous Wtb couplings. Exclusion limits on the real components of the anomalous couplings gL, gR are also derived.

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Search for pair production of third-generation scalar leptoquarks and top squarks in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B739 (2014) 229-249, 2014.
Inspire Record 1309874 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66933

A search for pair production of third-generation scalar leptoquarks and supersymmetric top quark partners, top squarks, in final states involving tau leptons and bottom quarks is presented. The search uses events from a data sample of proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC with sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. The number of observed events is found to be in agreement with the expected standard model background. Third-generation scalar leptoquarks with masses below 740 GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level, assuming a 100% branching fraction for the leptoquark decay to a tau lepton and a bottom quark. In addition, this mass limit applies directly to top squarks decaying via an R-parity violating coupling lambda'[333]. The search also considers a similar signature from top squarks undergoing a chargino-mediated decay involving the R-parity violating coupling lambda'[3jk]. Each top squark decays to a tau lepton, a bottom quark, and two light quarks. Top squarks in this model with masses below 580 GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level. The constraint on the leptoquark mass is the most stringent to date, and this is the first search for top squarks decaying via lambda'[3jk].

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Search for Standard Model Production of Four Top Quarks in the Lepton + Jets Channel in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1411 (2014) 154, 2014.
Inspire Record 1318946 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67344

A search is presented for standard model (SM) production of four top quarks $ \left(t\overline{t}t\overline{t}\right) $ in pp collisions in the lepton + jets channel. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.6 fb$^{−1}$ recorded at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The expected cross section for SM $ t\overline{t}t\overline{t} $ production is $ {\sigma}_{t\overline{t}t\overline{t}}^{\mathrm{SM}}\approx 1\,\mathrm{f}\mathrm{b} $ . A combination of kinematic reconstruction and multivariate techniques is used to distinguish between the small signal and large background. The data are consistent with expectations of the SM, and an upper limit of 32 fb is set at a 95% confidence level on the cross section for producing four top quarks in the SM, where a limit of 32 ± 17 fb is expected.

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Measurement of the W boson helicity in events with a single reconstructed top quark in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 1501 (2015) 053, 2015.
Inspire Record 1320561 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66567

A measurement of the W boson helicity is presented, where the W boson originates from the decay of a top quark produced in pp collisions. The event selection, optimized for reconstructing a single top quark in the final state, requires exactly one isolated lepton (muon or electron) and exactly two jets, one of which is likely to originate from the hadronization of a bottom quark. The analysis is performed using data recorded at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC in 2012. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{−1}$. The measured helicity fractions are F$_{L}$ = 0.298 ± 0.028 (stat) ± 0.032(syst), F$_{0}$ = 0.720 ± 0.039 (stat) ± 0.037(syst), and F$_{R}$ = −0.018 ± 0.019 (stat) ± 0.011(syst). These results are used to set limits on the real part of the tWb anomalous couplings, g$_{L}$ and g$_{R}$.

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Measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in $p\bar{p}$ collisions using multijet final states

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D60 (1999) 012001, 1999.
Inspire Record 475565 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42156

We have studied tbar-t production using multijet final states in pbar-p collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.8 TeV, with an integrated luminosity of 110.3 pb(-1). Each of the top quarks with these final states decays exclusively to a bottom quark and a W boson, with the W bosons decaying into quark-antiquark pairs. The analysis has been optimized using neural networks to achieve the smallest expected fractional uncertainty on the tbar-t production cross section, and yields a cross section of 7.1 +/- 2.8(stat.) +/- 1.5(syst.) pb, assuming a top quark mass of 172.1 GeV/c^(2). Combining this result with previous D0 measurements, where one or both of the W bosons decay leptonically, gives a tbar t production cross section of 5.9 +/- 1.2(stat) +/- 1.1(syst) pb.

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Search for electroweak production of single top quarks in $p\bar{p}$ collisions

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D63 (2000) 031101, 2000.
Inspire Record 531764 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42976

We present a search for electroweak production of single top quarks in the electron+jets and muon+jets decay channels. The measurements use ~90 pb^-1 of data from Run 1 of the Fermilab Tevatron collider, collected at 1.8 TeV with the DZero detector between 1992 and 1995. We use events that include a tagging muon, implying the presence of a b jet, to set an upper limit at the 95% confidence level on the cross section for the s-channel process ppbar->tb+X of 39 pb. The upper limit for the t-channel process ppbar->tqb+X is 58 pb.

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Search for new particles decaying to $t\bar{t}$ in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 2062-2067, 2000.
Inspire Record 524552 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42991

We use 106 $\ipb$ of data collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab to search for narrow-width, vector particles decaying to a top and an anti-top quark. Model independent upper limits on the cross section for narrow, vector resonances decaying to $\ttbar$ are presented. At the 95% confidence level, we exclude the existence of a leptophobic $\zpr$ boson in a model of topcolor-assisted technicolor with mass $M_{\zpr}$ $<$ 480 $\gev$ for natural width $\Gamma$ = 0.012 $M_{\zpr}$, and $M_{\zpr}$ $<$ 780 $\gev$ for $\Gamma$ = 0.04 $M_{\zpr}$.

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Measurement of the top quark $p_T$ distribution

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 102001, 2001.
Inspire Record 536123 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42992
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Search for top squark pair production in the dielectron channel

The D0 collaboration Abachi, S. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D57 (1998) 589-593, 1998.
Inspire Record 427311 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41662

This report describes the first search for top squark pair production in the channel stop_1 stopbar_1 -> b bbar chargino_1 chargino_1 -> ee+jets+MEt using 74.9 +- 8.9 pb~-1 of data collected using the D0 detector. A 95% confidence level upper limit on sigma*B is presented. The limit is above the theoretical expectation for sigma*B for this process, but does show the sensitivity of the current D0 data set to a particular topology for new physics.

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Direct measurement of the top quark mass at D0

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Acharya, B.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D58 (1998) 052001, 1998.
Inspire Record 466578 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42170

We determine the top quark mass m_t using t-tbar pairs produced in the D0 detector by \sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV p-pbar collisions in a 125 pb^-1 exposure at the Fermilab Tevatron. We make a two constraint fit to m_t in t-tbar -> b W^+bbar W^- final states with one W boson decaying to q-qbar and the other to e-nu or mu-nu. Likelihood fits to the data yield m_t(l+jets) = 173.3 +- 5.6 (stat) +- 5.5 (syst) GeV/c^2. When this result is combined with an analysis of events in which both W bosons decay into leptons, we obtain m_t = 172.1 +- 5.2 (stat) +- 4.9 (syst) GeV/c^2. An alternate analysis, using three constraint fits to fixed top quark masses, gives m_t(l+jets) = 176.0 +- 7.9 (stat) +- 4.8 (syst) GeV/C^2, consistent with the above result. Studies of kinematic distributions of the top quark candidates are also presented.

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Measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry in top quark-antiquark production in ppbar collisions using the lepton+jets channel

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D90 (2014) 072011, 2014.
Inspire Record 1293918 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64123
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Search for $s$-Channel Single-Top-Quark Production in Events with Missing Energy Plus Jets in $p\bar p$ Collisions at $\sqrt s=$1.96  TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, Timo Antero ; Amerio, Silvia ; Amidei, Dante E ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 231805, 2014.
Inspire Record 1281537 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64737

The first search for single top quark production from the exchange of an $s$-channel virtual $W$ boson using events with an imbalance in the total transverse momentum, $b$-tagged jets, and no identified leptons is presented. The full data set collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9.45 fb$^{-1}$ from Fermilab Tevatron proton-antiproton collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV, is used. Assuming the electroweak production of top quarks of mass 172.5 GeV/$c^2$ in the $s$-channel, a cross section of $1.12_{-0.57}^{+0.61}$ (stat+syst) pb, with a significance of 1.9 standard deviations, is measured. This measurement is combined with a previous result obtained from events with an imbalance in total transverse momentum, $b$-tagged jets, and exactly one identified lepton, yielding a cross section of $1.36_{-0.32}^{+0.37}$ (stat+syst) pb, with a significance of 4.2 standard deviations.

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Dependence of the $t\bar{t}$ production cross section on the transverse momentum of the top quark

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B693 (2010) 515-521, 2010.
Inspire Record 842641 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54975
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Experimental Determination of Elastic and Topological Cross-sections in 48.9-GeV/c anti-p p Interactions

Zissa, D.E. ; Barnes, V.E. ; Carmony, D.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D21 (1980) 3059, 1980.
Inspire Record 8434 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24179

The elastic and topological p¯p cross sections have been measured at 48.9 GeV/c in the Fermilab proportional-wire-chamber-30-in.-bubble-chamber hybrid spectrometer. The elastic cross section is 7.81±0.24 mb and the slope of the elastic differential cross section at t=0 is 13.4±0.8 GeV−2. Further, the moments of the inelastic topological-cross-section distribution are 〈nc〉=5.69±0.03, 〈nc〉D=2.10±0.02, and f2cc=1.67±0.12.

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Search for top and bottom squarks from gluino pair production in final states with missing transverse energy and at least three b-jets with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abajyan, Tatevik ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C72 (2012) 2174, 2012.
Inspire Record 1123116 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60218

This letter reports the results of a search for top and bottom squarks from gluino pair production in 4.7 fb^-1 of pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV using the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The search is performed in events with large missing transverse momentum and at least three jets identified as originating from a b-quark. Exclusion limits are presented for a variety of gluino-mediated models with gluino masses up to 1 TeV excluded.

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