Measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry in low-mass bottom-quark pairs produced in proton-antiproton collisions

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, Timo Antero ; Amerio, Silvia ; Amidei, Dante E ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 112003, 2016.
Inspire Record 1416824 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77045

We report a measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry, $A_{FB}$, in $b\bar{b}$ pairs produced in proton-antiproton collisions and identified by muons from semileptonic $b$-hadron decays. The event sample was collected at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV with the CDF II detector and corresponds to 6.9 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity. We obtain an integrated asymmetry of $A_{FB}(b\bar{b})=(1.2 \pm 0.7)$\% at the particle level for $b$-quark pairs with invariant mass, $m_{b\bar{b}}$, down to $40$ GeV/$c^2$ and measure the dependence of $A_{FB}(b\bar{b})$ on $m_{b\bar{b}}$. The results are compatible with expectations from the standard model.

1 data table match query

Results of the $A_{\rm{FB}}$ measurements as functions of $b\bar{b}$ invariant mass. The integral values for each bin are shown.


Measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ production in $p \bar{p}$ collisions

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 032002, 2016.
Inspire Record 1404885 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76972

We study $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ production asymmetries in $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$, $p \bar{p} \rightarrow J/\psi \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$, and $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \mu^\pm \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$ events recorded by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV. We find an excess of $\Lambda$'s ($\bar{\Lambda}$'s) produced in the proton (antiproton) direction. This forward-backward asymmetry is measured as a function of rapidity. We confirm that the $\bar{\Lambda}/\Lambda$ production ratio, measured by several experiments with various targets and a wide range of energies, is a universal function of "rapidity loss", i.e., the rapidity difference of the beam proton and the lambda.

2 data tables match query

Forward-backward asymmetry $A_{FB}$ of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ with $p_T > 2.0$ GeV in minimum bias events $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$, events $p \bar{p} \rightarrow J/\psi \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$, and events $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \mu^\pm \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$.

Forward-backward asymmetry $A_{FB}$ of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ in bins of $p_T$ in events $p \bar{p} \rightarrow \mu^\pm \Lambda (\bar{\Lambda}) X$.


First measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry in bottom-quark pair production at high mass

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, Timo Antero ; Amerio, Silvia ; Amidei, Dante E ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 92 (2015) 032006, 2015.
Inspire Record 1364882 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73682

We measure the particle-level forward-backward production asymmetry in $b\bar{b}$ pairs with masses $m(b\bar{b})$ larger than 150 GeV/$c^2$, using events with hadronic jets and employing jet charge to distinguish $b$ from $\bar{b}$. The measurement uses 9.5/fb of ppbar collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV recorded by the CDF II detector. The asymmetry as a function of $m(b\bar{b})$ is consistent with zero, as well as with the predictions of the standard model. The measurement disfavors a simple model including an axigluon with a mass of 200 GeV/$c^2$ whereas a model containing a heavier 345 GeV/$c^2$ axigluon is not excluded.

1 data table match query

Values of maximum a posteriori signal asymmetry as a function of $b\bar{b}$ mass. The error bars represent the 68% credible intervals.


Measurement of $d(\sigma)/dM$ and Forward-Backward Charge Asymmetry for High Mass Drell-Yan $e^+e^-$ Pairs from $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 131802, 2001.
Inspire Record 558278 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42899

We report on a measurement of the mass dependence of the forward-backward charge asymmetry, A_FB, and production cross section dsigma/dM for e+e- pairs with mass M_ee>40 GeV/c2. The data sample consists of 108 pb-1 of p-pbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.8 TeV taken by the Collider Detector at Fermilab during 1992-1995. The measured asymmetry and dsigma/dM are compared with the predictions of the Standard Model and a model with an extra Z' gauge boson.

1 data table match query

The E+ E- production cross section and the forward-backward asymmetry. The errors contain the statistical and systematic uncertainties combined in quadrature, but not the additional uncertainty of the luminosity.


Indirect measurement of $\sin^2 \theta_W$ (or $M_W$) using $\mu^+\mu^-$ pairs from $\gamma^*/Z$ bosons produced in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at a center-of-momentum energy of 1.96 TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, Timo Antero ; Amerio, Silvia ; Amidei, Dante E ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 89 (2014) 072005, 2014.
Inspire Record 1280719 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64738

Drell-Yan lepton pairs are produced in the process $p\bar{p} \rightarrow \mu^+\mu^- + X$ through an intermediate $\gamma^*/Z$ boson. The forward-backward asymmetry in the polar-angle distribution of the $\mu^-$ as a function of the invariant mass of the $\mu^+\mu^-$ pair is used to obtain the effective leptonic determination $\sin^2 \theta^{lept}_{eff}$ of the electroweak-mixing parameter $\sin^2 \theta_W$, from which the value of $\sin^2 \theta_W$ is derived assuming the standard model. The measurement sample, recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF), corresponds to 9.2 fb-1 of integrated luminosity from $p\bar{p}$ collisions at a center-of-momentum energy of 1.96 TeV, and is the full CDF Run II data set. The value of $\sin^2 \theta^{lept}_{eff}$ is found to be 0.2315 +- 0.0010, where statistical and systematic uncertainties are combined in quadrature. When interpreted within the context of the standard model using the on-shell renormalization scheme, where $\sin^2 \theta_W = 1 - M_W^2/M_Z^2$, the measurement yields $\sin^2 \theta_W$ = 0.2233 +- 0.0009, or equivalently a W-boson mass of 80.365 +- 0.047 GeV/c^2. The value of the W-boson mass is in agreement with previous determinations in electron-positron collisions and at the Tevatron collider.

1 data table match query

The fully corrected measurement of ASYM(FB) as a function of the muon-pair invariant mass.


Lepton asymmetry in W decays from $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Amidei, Dante E. ; Apollinari, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 68 (1992) 1458-1462, 1992.
Inspire Record 323033 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19880

The charge asymmetry of leptons from W-boson decay has been measured using p¯p data from the Collider Detector at Fermilab at √s =1.8 TeV. The observed asymmetry is well described by most of the available parton distributions.

3 data tables match query

Electrons in the central region.

Muons in the central region.

Plug electrons.


Measurement of $\sin^2\theta^{\rm lept}_{\rm eff}$ using $e^+e^-$ pairs from $\gamma^*/Z$ bosons produced in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at a center-of-momentum energy of 1.96 TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, Timo Antero ; Amerio, Silvia ; Amidei, Dante E ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 112016, 2016.
Inspire Record 1456804 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78542

At the Fermilab Tevatron proton-antiproton ($p\bar{p}$) collider, Drell-Yan lepton pairs are produced in the process $p \bar{p} \rightarrow e^+e^- + X$ through an intermediate $\gamma^*/Z$ boson. The forward-backward asymmetry in the polar-angle distribution of the $e^-$ as a function of the $e^+e^-$-pair mass is used to obtain $\sin^2\theta^{\rm lept}_{\rm eff}$, the effective leptonic determination of the electroweak-mixing parameter $\sin^2\theta_W$. The measurement sample, recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF), corresponds to 9.4~fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity from $p\bar{p}$ collisions at a center-of-momentum energy of 1.96 TeV, and is the full CDF Run II data set. The value of $\sin^2\theta^{\rm lept}_{\rm eff}$ is found to be $0.23248 \pm 0.00053$. The combination with the previous CDF measurement based on $\mu^+\mu^-$ pairs yields $\sin^2\theta^{\rm lept}_{\rm eff} = 0.23221 \pm 0.00046$. This result, when interpreted within the specified context of the standard model assuming $\sin^2 \theta_W = 1 - M_W^2/M_Z^2$ and that the $W$- and $Z$-boson masses are on-shell, yields $\sin^2\theta_W = 0.22400 \pm 0.00045$, or equivalently a $W$-boson mass of $80.328 \pm 0.024 \;{\rm GeV}/c^2$.

1 data table match query

Fully corrected $A_{fb}$ measurement for electron pairs with $|y|<1.7$. The measurement uncertainties are bin-by-bin unfolding estimates.


Charged particle nuclear modification factor and pseudorapidity asymmetry in pPb collisions at sqrt(sNN)=5.02 TeV with CMS

The CMS collaboration
2013.
Inspire Record 1263706 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66742

The charged particle transverse momentum spectra in the midrapidity and forward pseudorapidity ranges are presented for pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$~TeV. The data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 26~${\rm nb}^{-1}$ was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. The nuclear modification factor is measured at midrapidity by normalizing the measured pPb spectrum to a pp reference spectrum constructed from previous measurements. In addition, the asymmetries in the charged particle yields between equivalent positive and negative pseudorapidity ranges in the center-of-mass frame are presented as a function of transverse momentum.

3 data tables match query

Charged-particle forward-backward yield asymmetry.

Charged-particle forward-backward yield asymmetry.

Charged-particle forward-backward yield asymmetry.