Energy Dependence of the Charge Asymmetry a ($T (\pi$), $\theta$) in $\pi d$ Elastic Scattering

Smith, G.R. ; Gill, D.R. ; Ottewell, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 38 (1988) 240-250, 1988.
Inspire Record 250814 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26223

Angular distributions of charge asymmetry A(Tπ,θ), have been measured for πd elastic scattering. Data were obtained in the backward hemisphere for pion bombarding energies of 143, 180, 220, and 256 MeV. The results are compared with predictions employing different mass and width parameters for the delta isobars.

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Inclusive hadron photoproduction from longitudinally polarized protons and deuterons

The E155 collaboration Anthony, P.L. ; Arnold, R.G. ; Averett, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 458 (1999) 536-544, 1999.
Inspire Record 495554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28074

We report measurements of the asymmetry A_parallel for inclusive hadron production on longitudinally polarized proton and deuteron targets by circularly polarized photons. The photons were produced via internal and external bremsstrahlung from an electron beam of 48.35 GeV. Asymmetries for both positive and negative signed hadrons, and a subset of identified pions, were measured in the momentum range 10<P<30 GeV at 2.75 and 5.5 degrees. Small non-zero asymmetries are observed for the proton, while the deuteron results are consistent with zero. Recent calculations do not describe the data well.

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STUDY OF CORRELATIONS BETWEEN THE TRANSVERSE MOMENTA OF THE SECONDARY HADRONS IN anti-p p INTERACTIONS AT 32-GeV/c

Bogolyubsky, M.Yu. ; Borovikov, A.A. ; Bumazhnov, V.A. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 44 (1986) 631, 1986.
Inspire Record 223258 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28957
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Measurement of forward - backward charge asymmetry in the process of b quark production in e+ e- annihilation around s**(1/2) = 60-GeV

The VENUS collaboration Shirakata, M. ; Utsumi, M. ; Abe, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 278 (1992) 499-505, 1992.
Inspire Record 322085 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29242

We have measured the forward-backward charge asymmetry in the process of b-quark production in e + e − annihilation at TRISTAN. It was made possible by detecting prompt leptons from b-quarks. The obtained asymmetry is A = −0.55±0.15±0.08. If corrected for B-meson mixing effects with the assumptions given in the text, the asymmetry becomes A = f −0.78±0.21±0.11, which is consistent with the prediction of the standard model, namely the assignment of the b-quark to the isospin doublet of the third quark generation.

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A Measurement of the $e^+ e^- \to b \bar{b}$ Forward - Backward Charge Asymmetry at $\sqrt{s}=29$-{GeV}

The MAC collaboration Band, H.R. ; Camporesi, T. ; Chadwick, G.B. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 218 (1989) 369-373, 1989.
Inspire Record 276692 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29845

High p ⊥ inclusive muon events produced in e + e − annihilations at √ s =29 GeV have been analyzed to obtain a measurement of the b b forward-backward charge asymmetry. The result A b =0.034±0.070±0.035 differs from the theoretical expectation (−0.16) unless substantial B 0  B 0 mixing is assumed.

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Inclusive Electron Production From Heavy Quarks in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at 34.6-{GeV} Center-of-mass Energy

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 146 (1984) 443-449, 1984.
Inspire Record 202782 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30507

The production of electrons by bottom and charm hadrons has been studied in e + e − annihilation at 34.6 GeV center of mass energy. It is observed that the b quark fragmentation function is peaked at large values of the scaling variable z with 〈 z b 〉 = 0.84 +0.15 + 0.15 −0.10 − 0.11 . For c quarks 〈 z c 〉 = 0.57 +0.10 + 0.05 −0.09 − 0.06 is observed. A forward-backward charge asymmetry of A = −0.25 ± 0.22 was measured in b production.

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Measurement of $\Z^0 \to b \bar{b}$ Decay Properties

The L3 collaboration Adeva, B. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 241 (1990) 416-424, 1990.
Inspire Record 295040 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29716

We have measured the properties of Z 0 → b b decays using a sample of 944 inclusive muon events, corresponding to 18 000 hadron events obtained with the L3 detector at LEP. We measured the partial decay width of the Z 0 into b b , Γ b b =353±48 MeV , and we determined the vector coupling of the Z 0 to the b quark; g rmv 2 (b)=0.095±0.047. We measured the forward-backward charge asymmetry in e + e − → b b events at √ s ≈ M v , and obtained A b b =13.3±9.9% .

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Production and Muonic Decay of Heavy Quarks in e+ e- Annihilation at 34.5-GeV

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 22 (1984) 219, 1984.
Inspire Record 194775 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16252

The production of prompt muons ine+e− annihilation has been studied at centre of mass energies near 34.5 GeV. The measured semi-muonic branching ratios ofb andc quarks areB(b»Xμv) =0.117±0.028±0.01 andB(c→Xμv)=0.082 ±0.012a−0.01+0.02. The fragmentation functions of heavy quarks are hard, <zb>=0.85a−0.12–0.07+0.10+0.02 and <zc> =0.77a−0.07–0.11+0.05+0.03. Limits have been set on flavour changing neutral current decays:B(b→Xµ+µ−) <0.02 andB(b→Xµ+µ− (95% confidence level).

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A Measurement of the Weak Axial Couplings of the $b$ and $c$ Quark

The JADE collaboration Elsen, E. ; Allison, J. ; Ambrus, K. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 46 (1990) 349-360, 1990.
Inspire Record 282535 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15241

The forward-backward charge asymmetries of theb andc quarks are measured with the JADE detector at PETRA at\(\sqrt s= 35\) GeV and 44 GeV using both electrons and muons to tag the heavy quarks. At\(\sqrt s= 35\) GeV, a simultaneous fit for the two asymmetries yields the resultAb=−9.3±5.2% (state.) ndAc=−9.6±4.0% (stat.). The systematic errors are comparable with the statistical uncertainties. Combining the measurements at both energies and alternately constraining the weak coupling of thec andb quark to their Standard Model values (ac=1,ab=−1) increases the precision of the measurement of coupling constant of the other quark. Using this procedureab=−0.72±0.34 andac=0.79±0.40, where the numbers are corrected for\(B\bar B - mixing\) and the errors include both statistical and systematic contributions. The mixing parameter for continuum\(b\bar b - production\) is determined to be χ-0.24±0.12 if both heavy quark coupling constants are constrained to their values in the Standard Model.

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Heavy Quark Charge Asymmetries With the Cello Detector

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Criegee, L. ; Field, J.H. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 47 (1990) 333-342, 1990.
Inspire Record 282536 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15243

The production ofb andc quarks ine+e− annihilation has been studied with the CELLO detector in the range from 35 GeV up to the highest PETRA energies. The heavy quarks have been tagged by their semileptonic decays. The charge asymmetries forb quarks at 35 and 43 GeV have been found to beAb=−(22.2±8.1)% andAb=−(49.1±16.5)%, respectively, using a method incorporating jet variables and their correlations for the separation of the heavy quarks from the back ground of the lighter quarks. Forc quarks we obtainAc=−(12.9±8.8)% andAc=+(7.7±14.0)%, respectively. The axial vector coupling constants of the heavy quarksc andb are found to beac=+(0.29±0.46) andab=−(1.15±0.41) taking\(B^0 \overline {B^0 } \) mixing into account. The results are in agreement with the expectations from the standard model.

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Measurement of the forward - backward asymmetry of e+ e- ---> c anti-c at s**(1/2) = 57.95-GeV

The TOPAZ collaboration Nakano, E. ; Enomoto, R. ; Abe, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 314 (1993) 471-476, 1993.
Inspire Record 361662 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28846

Measurements of the forward-backward asymmetry of e + e − → cc events were carried out at a mean √s energy of 57.95 GeV at TRISTAN, KEK. The cc events were tagged either by the full-reconstruction of D ∗± or the inclusive P T spectrum of π s ± from D ∗± → D 0 ( D 0 )π s ± . The forward-backward asymmetry was measured to be A FB c = −0.49 −0.13 +0.14 (stat.) ± 0.06 (syst.), consistent with the standard model.

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Spin asymmetries from O-16(gamma(pol.),p pi-) near Delta resonance energies

Hicks, K. ; Baghaei, H. ; Caracappa, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 55 (1997) R12-R15, 1997.
Inspire Record 456890 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25766

Spin asymmetries for the 16O(γ→,pπ−) reaction are reported for incident photon energies of 293 ± 20 MeV, proton angles ranging from 28° to 140° (lab), and pion angles of 35° to 115°. The data are compared with calculations in a quasifree plane-wave impulse approximation model. This model is in good agreement with the data at small momentum transfer q, but does not follow the trend of the data at large q. Sensitivity to the Δ-nucleus potential and to modification of the Δ lifetime from nuclear medium effects are explored using a simple modification of the Δ propagator in the calculations.

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Angular and polarization dependence of Compton scattering from He-4 in the Delta resonance region

Kraus, A. ; Selke, O. ; Wissmann, F. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 432 (1998) 45-50, 1998.
Inspire Record 487231 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28171

Using linearly polarized tagged photons from coherent bremsstrahlung, differential cross sections and beam asymmetries for Compton scattering by 4 He have been measured at MAMI in the energy interval between 150 MeV and 500 MeV for scattering angles of θ γ lab =37°, 93° and 137°, thus largely increasing the available data base. Improved calculations in terms of the Δ -hole model completely fail to describe the data at large scattering angles. The same proved to be true for a schematic model, even after taking into account properties of nuclear photo-absorption in very detail.

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Measurement of the forward - backward asymmetries for charm and bottom quark pair productions at S**(1/2) = 58-GeV with electron tagging

The TOPAZ collaboration Nakano, E. ; Enomoto, R. ; Iwasaki, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 340 (1994) 135-142, 1994.
Inspire Record 39496 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28532

We have measured, with electron tagging, the forward-backward asymmetries of charm- and bottom-quark pair productions at $\langle \sqrt{s} \rangle$=58.01GeV, based on 23,783 hadronic events selected from a data sample of 197pb$~{-1}$ taken with the TOPAZ detector at TRISTAN. The measured forward-backward asymmetries are $A_{FB}~c = -0.49 \pm 0.20(stat.) \pm 0.08 (sys.)$ and $A_{FB}~b = -0.64 \pm 0.35(stat.) \pm 0.13 (sys.)$, which are consistent with the standard model predictions.

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Polarization at Small Angles in Anti-proton - Carbon Elastic Scattering at {LEAR} Energies

The SING collaboration Martin, A. ; Birsa, R. ; Bos, K. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 487 (1988) 563-590, 1988.
Inspire Record 261245 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37001

A double-scattering experiment of antiprotons on carbon has been carried out at the Low-Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR) at CERN, to measure the polarization parameter A p C in antiproton-carbon elastic scattering at small angles. The polarization parameter has been inferred from the azimuthal distribution of the antiprotons after the second scattering. Data have also been collected with a liquid-hydrogen target as the second scatterer, thus allowing the sign of A p C to be determined. The experiment has been performed at two momenta of the extracted antiproton beam, 800 and 1100 MeV/c. A small positive value of the polarization has been observed, compatible with energy independence and a linear increase with the momentum transfer q . Parametrizing A p C as a c q , we get a c = +0.72 0.10 +0.09 ( GeV / c ) −1 . This result is compared with potential model predictions for N̄N amplitudes through a Glauber theory calculation.

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Recoil properties of nuclei produced in the photospallation of Cu-65

Arakelian, A.A. ; Balabekian, A.R. ; Danagulian, A.S. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 534 (1991) 535-540, 1991.
Inspire Record 325657 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36689

Photospallation 65 Cu by bremsstrahlung photons at 4.5 GeV maximum energy has been investigated using the thick-target thick-catcher method. Kinetic properties of some product nuclei were obtained in terms of the two-step mechanism. The observed results coincide with similar data for reactions of Cu induced by 28 GeV protons. This provides additional support for the hypotheses of limiting target fragmentation and factorization.

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Azimuthal Correlations of Identical Pions in Pion - Nucleus and Pion - Nucleon Interactions at $p=40$-{GeV}/$c$

Grishin, V.G. ; Jenik, L. ; Kanarek, T. ;
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 34 (1981) 223, 1981.
Inspire Record 156944 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39234
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SYSTEMATICS OF TARGET RECOIL PROPERTIES OF INTERMEDIATE FRAGMENTS PRODUCED IN THE INTERACTION OF 3.65-A/GeV C-12 IONS AND PROTONS WITH COMPLEX NUCLEI

Kozma, P. ;
1990.
Inspire Record 296397 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39435
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Recoil properties of deep spallation and fragmentation products in the interaction of tantalum with 3.65-A-Gev C-12 ions and protons

Kozma, P. ;
Phys.Scripta 43 (1991) 133-136, 1991.
Inspire Record 299297 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39412

Thick-target recoil properties of deep spallation and fragmentation products of the interaction of tantalum with 3.65 AGeV 12C-ions and 3.65 GeV protons have been studied. The kinematic parameters such as mean product kinetic energies and velocities of the remnant have been deduced from the data by means of the two-step vector velocity model of high-energy reactions. The results have also been used to test the applicability of the factorization hypothesis to the kinematic properties.

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Spin correlation in $t\bar{t}$ production from $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 256-261, 2000.
Inspire Record 524260 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42996

The D0 collaboration has performed a study of spin correlation in tt-bar production for the process tt-bar to bb-bar W^+W^-, where the W bosons decay to e-nu or mu-nu. A sample of six events was collected during an exposure of the D0 detector to an integrated luminosity of approximately 125 pb^-1 of sqrt{s}=1.8 TeV pp-bar collisions. The standard model (SM) predicts that the short lifetime of the top quark ensures the transmission of any spin information at production to the tt-bar decay products. The degree of spin correlation is characterized by a correlation coefficient k. We find that k>-0.25 at the 68% confidence level, in agreement with the SM prediction of k=0.88.

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Asymmetries in the production of Lambda0, Xi-, and Omega- hyperons in 500-GeV/c pi minus: Nucleon interactions

The E791 collaboration Aitala, E.M. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 496 (2000) 9-18, 2000.
Inspire Record 532973 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42997

Using data from Fermilab fixed-target experiment E791, we have measured particle-antiparticle production asymmetries for lambda zero, cascade minus, and omega minus hyperons in pi minus-nucleon interactions at 500 GeV/c. The asymmetries are measured as functions of Feynman-x (x_F) and pt^2 over the ranges of -0.12 GE x_F LE 0.12 and 0 GE pt^2 LE 4 (GeV/c)^2. We find substantial asymmetries, even at x_F = 0. We also observe leading-particle- type asymmetries which qualitatively agree with theoretical predictions.

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Enhanced leading production of D+- and D*+- in 250-GeV pi+- - nucleon interactions

The E769 collaboration Alves, G.A. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 812-815, 1994.
Inspire Record 361344 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42499

A leading charm meson is one with longitudinal momentum fraction, xF>0, whose light quark (or antiquark) is of the same type as one of the quarks in the beam particles. We report on the production asymmetry, A=[σ(leading-σ(nonleading)]/[σ(leading)+σ(nonleading)] as a function of xF. The data consist of 1500 fully reconstructed D± and D*± decays in Fermilab experiment E 769. We find a significant asymmetry for the production of charm quarks is not expected in perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

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Measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in $p \bar{p} \to W + X \to e \nu + X$ events at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 101 (2008) 211801, 2008.
Inspire Record 791230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42683

We present a measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in ppbar->W+X->enu+X events at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV using 0.75 fb-1 of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The asymmetry is measured as a function of the electron transverse momentum and pseudorapidity in the interval (-3.2, 3.2) and is compared with expectations from next-to-leading order calculations in perturbative quantum chromodynamics. These measurements will allow more accurate determinations of the proton parton distribution functions.

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Measurement of the angular distribution of electrons from $W \to e \nu$ decays observed in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 63 (2001) 072001, 2001.
Inspire Record 533572 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41717

We present the first measurement of the electron angular distribution parameter alpha_2 in W to e nu events produced in proton-antiproton collisions as a function of the W boson transverse momentum. Our analysis is based on data collected using the D0 detector during the 1994--1995 Fermilab Tevatron run. We compare our results with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD, which predicts an angular distribution of (1 +/- alpha_1 cos theta* + alpha_2 cos^2 theta*), where theta* is the polar angle of the electron in the Collins-Soper frame. In the presence of QCD corrections, the parameters alpha_1 and alpha_2 become functions of p_T^W, the W boson transverse momentum. This measurement provides a test of next-to-leading order QCD corrections which are a non-negligible contribution to the W boson mass measurement.

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Measurement of A(c) with charmed mesons at SLD

The SLD collaboration Abe, Kenji ; Abe, Koya ; Abe, Toshinori ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 63 (2001) 032005, 2001.
Inspire Record 533573 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41721

We present a direct measurement of the parity-violation parameter $A_c$ in the coupling of the $Z^0$ to $c$-quarks with the SLD detector. The measurement is based on a sample of 530k hadronic $Z^0$ decays, produced with a mean electron-beam polarization of $|P_e| = 73 %$. The tagging of $c$-quark events is performed using two methods: the exclusive reconstruction of $D^{\ast+}$, $D^+$, and $D^0$ mesons, and the soft-pions ($\pi_s$) produced in the decay of $D^{\ast+}\to D^0 \pi_s^+$. The large background from $D$ mesons produced in $B$ hadron decays is separated efficiently from the signal using precision vertex information. The combination of these two methods yields $A_c = 0.688 \pm 0.041.$

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